SURVEY, sur-v[=a]', _v.t._ to see or look over: to inspect: to superintend: to examine: to measure and estimate, as land--(_obs._) SURVIEW'.--_ns._ SUR'VEY, oversight: view: examination: the measuring of land, or of a country: general view: a description of the condition, use, &c. of property to be insured: an auction at which a farm is let for three lives: (_U.S._) a district for the collection of customs under a particular officer; SURVEY'ING, the art of ascertaining the boundaries and superficial extent of any portion of the earth's surface; SURVEY'OR, an overseer: a measurer of land; SURVEY'ORSHIP. [O. Fr. _surveoir_--L. _super_, over, _vid[=e]re_, to see.]
SURVIVE, sur-v[=i]v', _v.t._ to live beyond: to outlive.--_v.i._ to remain alive.--_n._ SURV[=I]'VAL, a surviving or living after: any custom or belief surviving in folklore from a more or less savage earlier state of society, long after the philosophy or rationale of it is forgotten.--_p.adj._ SURV[=I]'VING, continuing alive: outliving.--_ns._ SURV[=I]'VOR, one who survives or lives after another; SURV[=I]'VORSHIP.--SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST, the preservation of favourable variations, attended with the destruction of injurious ones, such being the result of Natural Selection (see Natural). [Fr.,--L. _super_, beyond, _viv[)e]re_, to live.]
SURYA, s[=oo]r'ya, _n._ the sun-god in Hindu mythology. [Sans. _s[=u]rya_, the sun.]
SUSCEPTIBLE, sus-sep'ti-bl, _adj._ capable of receiving anything: impressible: disposed to admit.--_ns._ SUSCEPTIBIL'ITY, SUSCEP'TIBLENESS, quality of being susceptible: capability: sensibility.--_adv._ SUSCEP'TIBLY.--_adj._ SUSCEP'TIVE, capable of receiving or admitting: readily admitting.--_ns._ SUSCEP'TIVENESS; SUSCEPTIV'ITY; SUSCEP'TOR; SUSCIP'IENCY.--_adj._ SUSCIP'IENT. [Fr.,--L. _suscip[)e]re_, _susceptum_, to take up--_sub_, up, _cap[)e]re_, to take.]
SUSCITATE, sus'i-t[=a]t, _v.t._ to excite, rouse.--_n._ SUSCIT[=A]'TION.
[L. _suscit[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_sub_, under, _cit[=a]re_, to arouse.]
SUSPECT, sus-pekt', _v.t._ to mistrust: to imagine to be guilty: to doubt: to have a slight opinion that something exists, but without sufficient evidence, to conjecture.--_v.i._ to imagine guilt, to be suspicious.--_n._ a person suspected.--_adv._ SUSPEC'TEDLY.--_n._ SUSPEC'TEDNESS.--_adj._ SUSPECT'LESS, not suspected. [L. _suspic[)e]re_, _suspectum_, to look at secretly--_sub_, up, _spec[)e]re_, to look at.]
SUSPEND, sus-pend', _v.t._ to hang one thing beneath another: to make to depend on: to make to stop for a time: to delay: to debar from any privilege, office, emolument, &c. for a time.--_ns._ SUSPEN'DED-ANIM[=A]'TION, the temporary cessation of the outward signs and of some of the functions of life--due to asphyxia, drowning, strangulation; SUSPEN'DER, one who, or that which, suspends, one of a pair of straps crossing the shoulders to support the trousers; SUSPENSE', state of being suspended: act of withholding the judgment: uncertainty: indecision: stop betwixt two opposites; SUSPENSIBIL'ITY, susceptibility of being suspended.--_adj._ SUSPEN'SIBLE, capable of being suspended.--_ns._ SUSPEN'SION, act of suspending: interruption: delay: temporary privation of office or privilege: a conditional withholding; SUSPEN'SION-BRIDGE, a bridge in which the roadway is supported by chains, which pass over elevated piers, and are secured below at each end.--_adj._ SUSPEN'SIVE.--_adv._ SUSPEN'SIVELY.--_n._ SUSPEN'SOR, a suspensory bandage.--_adj._ SUSPENS[=O]'RIAL.--_n._ SUSPENS[=O]'RIUM, that which holds up a part, esp. the arrangement joining the lower jaw to the cranium in vertebrates below mammals.--_adj._ SUSPEN'SORY, that suspends: doubtful.--_n._ that which suspends: a bandage: having the effect of delaying or staying.--SUSPEND PAYMENT, to publicly stop paying debts from insolvency. [L. _suspend[)e]re_--_sub_, beneath, _pend[=e]re_, _pensum_, to hang.]
SUSPERCOLLATE, sus-p[.e]r-kol'[=a]t, _v.t._ to hang. [_Sus. per coll._, abbrev. for L. _suspensio per collum_, hanging by the neck.]
SUSPICION, sus-pish'un, _n._ act of suspecting: the imagining of something without evidence or on slender evidence: mistrust: (_coll._) a slight quantity of, as of spirits.--_adj._ SUSPI'CIOUS, full of suspicion: showing suspicion: inclined to suspect: liable to suspicion, doubtful.--_adv._ SUSPI'CIOUSLY.--_n._ SUSPI'CIOUSNESS.
SUSPIRE, sus-p[=i]r', _v.i._ to fetch a deep breath, to sigh, to breathe.--_n._ SUSPIR[=A]'TION, act of sighing.--_adj._ SUSPIR'IOUS, sighing. [L. _susp[=i]r[=a]re_--_sub_, under, _spir[=a]re_, to breathe.]
SUSTAIN, sus-t[=a]n', _v.t._ to hold up: to bear: to maintain: to relieve: to prove: to sanction: to prolong.--_adjs._ SUSTAIN'ABLE, that may be sustained; SUSTAINED', kept up at one uniform pitch.--_ns._ SUSTAIN'ER, one who, or that which, sustains; SUSTAIN'MENT, act of sustaining, sustenance; SUS'TENANCE, that which sustains: maintenance: provisions.--_adj._ SUSTENTAC'ULAR, supporting, pertaining to a SUSTENTAC'ULUM, a support or sustaining tissue, esp. an inferior spine of the tarsus in spiders of the genus _Epeira_.--_v.t._ SUS'TENT[=A]TE, to sustain.--_n._ SUSTENT[=A]'TION, that which sustains: support: maintenance.--_adj._ SUSTEN'TATIVE, sustaining.--_ns._ SUS'TENT[=A]TOR, a sustaining part or structure; SUSTEN'TION, the act of sustaining; SUSTEN'TOR, one of two posterior projections of a butterfly-chrysalis.--SUSTENTATION FUND, the scheme by which the ministers of the Free Church of Scotland are supported by voluntary contributions not local or congregational, but with a national altruism or solidarity paid into a great central fund, out of which equal stipends are paid to all alike. [L. _sustin[=e]re_--_sub_, up, _ten[=e]re_, to hold.]
SUSURRANT, s[=u]-sur'ant, _adj._ murmuring, whispering.--_n._ SUSURR[=A]'TION, a soft murmur.--_adv._ SUSUR'RINGLY.--_adj._ SUSUR'ROUS, whispering, rustling.--_n._ SUSUR'RUS, a soft murmuring, a whispering. [L.
_susurr[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to whisper.]
SUTILE, s[=u]'til, _adj._ done by stitching. [L. _sutilis_--_su[)e]re_, to sew.]
SUTLER, sut'l[.e]r, _n._ a person who follows an army and sells liquor or provisions: a camp-hawker.--_n._ SUT'LERY, a sutler's work: a sutler's store.--_adj._ SUT'LING, pertaining to sutlers: engaged in the occupation of a sutler. [Old Dut. _soetelaar_, _zoetelaar_, a small trader--_zoetelen_, to do mean work; Low Ger. _suddeln_, to do dirty work.]
SUTOR, s[=u]'tor, _n._ a cobbler.--_adj._ SUT[=O]'RIAL. [L.]
SUTRA, s[=oo]t'ra, _n._ in Sanskrit literature, the technical name of aphoristic rules, and of works consisting of such rules--the groundworks of the ritual, grammatical, metrical, and philosophical literature of India being written in this form.
SUTTEE, sut-t[=e]', _n._ a usage long prevalent in India, in accordance with which, on the death of her husband, the faithful widow burned herself on the funeral pyre along with her husband's body.--_n._ SUTTEE'ISM, the practice of self-immolation among Hindu widows. [Sans. _sati_, a true wife.]
SUTTLE, sut'l, _adj._ light. [_Subtle_.]
SUTURE, s[=u]'t[=u]r, _n._ the mode of connection between the various bones of the cranium and face--_serrated_, when formed by the union of two edges of bone with projections and indentations fitting into one another--_squamous_, when formed by the overlapping of the bevelled edges of two contiguous bones: (_surg._) the sewing up of a wound by one or other mode, so as to maintain the opposed surfaces in contact: (_bot._) the seam at the union of two margins in a plant.--_adj._ S[=U]'T[=U]RAL, relating to a suture.--_adv._ S[=U]'T[=U]RALLY.--_n._ S[=U]T[=U]R[=A]'TION.--_adj._ S[=U]'T[=U]RED, having, or united by, sutures. [L. _sutura_--_su[)e]re_, to sew.]
SUVERSED, su-verst', _adj._ versed and belonging to the supplement.
SUZERAIN, s[=u]'ze-r[=a]n, _n._ a feudal lord: supreme or paramount ruler.--_n._ S[=U]'ZERAINTY, the dominion of a suzerain: paramount authority. [O. Fr.,--_sus_--Late L. _susum_, for _sursum_=_sub-versum_, above; the termination in imitation of Fr. _souverain_, Eng. _sovereign_.]
SVELT, svelt, _adj._ in art, free, easy, bold. [Fr.,--It.]
SWAB, swob, _n._ a mop for cleaning or drying floors or decks, or for cleaning out the bore of a cannon: a bit of sponge, &c., for cleansing the mouth of a sick person: (_slang_) a naval officer's epaulet: a lubber or clumsy fellow in sailor's slang.--_v.t._ to clean or dry with a swab:--_pr.p._ swab'bing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ swabbed.--_n._ SWAB'BER, one who uses a swab: a baker's implement for cleaning ovens. [Dut. _zwabber_, a swabber, _zwabberen_, to swab; Ger. _schwabber_.]
SWACK, swak, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to drink greedily.
SWACK, swak, _adj._ (_Scot._) active, nimble.
SWAD, swad, _n._ a country lout.
SWADDLE, swod'l, _v.t._ to swathe or bind tight with clothes, as an infant.--_ns._ SWADD'LER, an Irish papist's name for a Methodist, &c.; SWADD'LING-BAND, SWADD'LING-CLOTH, a cloth for swaddling an infant:--_pl._ SWADD'LING-CLOTHES (_B._). [A.S. _swethel_, a swaddling-band, _swathu_, a bandage.]
SWADDY, swod'i, _n._ a soldier, esp. a militiaman.
SWAG, swag, _n._ (_slang_) anything obtained by plunder: baggage, esp. that carried by one tramping through the bush, a swagman's pack: the subsidence of a mine-roof: a festoon or hanging cluster of flowers.--_ns._ SWAG'GER, SWAG'MAN, one who carries his swag about with him in his search for work; SWAG'SHOP, a place where cheap and trashy goods are sold. [Prob. _swag_ (v.).]
SWAG, swag, _v.i._ to sink down by its own weight.--_adj._ SWAG'-BELL'IED, having a large projecting belly. [Prob. conn. with _sway_.]
SWAGE, sw[=a]j, _n._ a tool used for making mouldings on sheet-iron.
SWAGE, sw[=a]j, _v.t._ and _v.i._ (_Milt._) to assuage.
SWAGGER, swag'[.e]r, _v.i._ to swing the body in a blustering defiant way: to brag noisily, to bully.--_n._ boastfulness: insolence of manner.--_adj._ (_slang_) very fashionable.--_n._ SWAGG'ERER.--_adj._ and _n._ SWAGG'ERING.--_adv._ SWAGG'ERINGLY. [A freq. of _swag_=_sway_.]
SWAHILI, swa-h[=e]'li, _n._ the name given to the people of Zanzibar and the opposite coast belonging to the Bantu stock, with an Arab infusion, and speaking a Bantu tongue modified by Arabic.--_adj._ SWAHI'LIAN. [Ar.
_Waswahili_, 'coast people.']
SWAIN, sw[=a]n, _n._ a young man: a peasant: a country lover.--_n._ SWAIN'ING, love-making.--_adj._ SWAIN'ISH, boorish.--_n._ SWAIN'ISHNESS, boorishness. [Ice. _sveinn_, young man, servant, Dan. _svend_, servant.]
SWALE, sw[=a]l, _n._ a shady spot: a lower tract of rolling prairie.
SWALLOW, swol'[=o], _n._ a migratory bird with long wings, which seizes its insect food on the wing: a genus (_Hirundo_) and family (_Hirundinidae_) of passerine birds, with long and pointed wings.--_adj._ SWALL'OW-TAILED, like a swallow's tail in form, forked and pointed--of a dress-coat. [A.S.
_swalewe_; Ger. _schwalbe_.]
SWALLOW, swol'[=o], _v.t._ to receive through the gullet into the stomach: to engulf: to absorb: to occupy: to exhaust.--_n._ SWALL'OWER. [A.S.
_swelgan_, to swallow; cog. with Ger. _schwelgen_.]
SWAM, swam, _pa.t._ of _swim_.
SWAMP, swomp, _n._ wet, spongy land: low ground filled with water.--_v.t._ to sink in, or as in a swamp: to overset, or cause to fill with water, as a boat.--_adj._ SWAMP'Y, consisting of swamp: wet and spongy. [Scand., Dan.
and Sw. _svamp_, a sponge; from the root of _swim_.]
SWAN, swon, _n._ a genus of birds constituting a very distinct section of the Duck family _Anatidae_, having the neck as long as the body, noted for grace and stateliness of movement on the water.--_ns._ SWAN'-GOOSE, the China goose; SWAN'-HERD, one who tends swans; SWAN'-HOP'PING, better SWAN'-MARK'ING and SWAN'-UP'PING, the custom of marking the upper mandible of a swan to show ownership--done annually to the royal swans on the Thames, the occasion being excuse for a festive expedition.--_adj._ SWAN'-LIKE.--_ns._ SWAN'-MAID'EN, a familiar figure in European folklore, changing at will into a maiden or a swan by means of the magic properties of her shift; SWAN'-MARK, the notch made on the swan's upper mandible; SWAN'-NECK, the end of a pipe, &c., curved like a swan's neck; SWAN'NERY, a place where swans are kept and tended.--_adj._ SWAN'NY, swan-like.--_ns._ SWAN'S'-DOWN, the down or under-plumage of a swan, used for powder-puffs, &c.: a soft woollen cloth: a thick cotton with a soft nap on one side; SWAN'-SHOT, a shot of large size, like buck-shot; SWAN'-SKIN, the unplucked skin of a swan: a soft, nappy, fine-twilled flannel; SWAN'-SONG, the fabled song of a swan just before its death: a poet's or musician's last work.
[A.S. _swan_; Ger. _schwan_, Dut. _zwaan_.]
SWANG, swang, _n._ (_prov._) a swamp.
SWANK, swangk, _adj._ (_Scot._) slender, pliant: agile, supple--also SWANK'ING.--_n._ SWANK'Y, an active fellow. [A.S. _swancor_, pliant; Ger.
SWANKY, SWANKIE, swangk'i, _n._ poor thin beer or any sloppy drink, even sweetened water and vinegar.
SWANPAN. See SHWANPAN.
SWAP, swop, _v.t._ to barter.--_n._ an exchange.--_adj._ SWAP'PING, large.