SWAPE, sw[=a]p, _n._ (_prov._) a pump-handle: a large oar or sweep: a sconce for holding a light.--_v.i._ to sweep: to place aslant.--_n._ SWAPE'-WELL, a well from which water is raised by a well-sweep.
SWARD, swawrd, _n._ the grassy surface of land: green turf--also SWARTH.--_v.t._ to cover with sward.--_adjs._ SWARD'ED, SWARD'Y, covered with sward. [A.S. _sweard_; Dut. _zwoord_, Ger. _schwarte_.]
SWARE, sw[=a]r (_B._), _pa.t._ of _swear_.
SWARF, swarf, _v.i._ to faint.--_n._ a swoon.
SWARF, swarf, _n._ the grit from a grindstone in grinding cutlery wet.
SWARM, swawrm, _n._ a body of humming or buzzing insects: a cluster of insects, esp. of bee: a great number: throng.--_v.i._ to gather as bees: to appear in a crowd: to throng: to abound: to breed multitudes.--_v.t._ to cause to breed in swarms. [A.S. _swearm_; Ger. _schwarm_; from the same root as Ger. _schwirren_.]
SWARM, swawrm, _v.i._ to climb a tree by scrambling up by means of arms and legs (with _up_).
SWARTH, swawrth, _n._ (_Shak._). Same as SWATH.
SWARTH, swawrth, _n._ a wraith, apparition of a person about to die.
SWARTHY, swawrth'i, _adj._ of a blackish complexion: dark-skinned: tawny--also SWART, SWARTH.--_adv._ SWARTH'ILY.--_ns._ SWARTHI'INESS; SWART'-STAR (_Milt._), the dog-star, so called because at the time of its appearance it darkens the complexion. [A.S. _sweart_; Ice. _svartr_, Ger.
SWARVE, swawrv, _v.i._ to swerve.
SWASH, swosh, _v.t._ to dash or splash.--_v.i._ to make a splashing noise, to wash up against.--_ns._ SWASH'-BUCK'LER, a bully, a blusterer; SWASH'ER (_Shak._), one who swashes, a blusterer.--_adj._ SWASH'ING, slashing, crushing.--_n.pl._ SWASH'-LETT'ERS, Italic capitals with top and bottom flourishes, intended to fill out ugly gaps.--_ns._ SWASH'-PLATE, a disc set obliquely on a revolving axis, to give a reciprocating motion to a bar along its length; SWASH'-WORK, lathe-work in which the cuts are inclined to the axis of rotation.--_adj._ SWASH'Y, swaggering. [Scand.; cf. dial. Sw.
_svasska_, Norw. _svakka_, prov. Eng. _swack_, a blow.]
SWASTIKA, swas'ti-ka, _n._ the same as _Fylfot_ (q.v.).--Also SVAS'TIKA and _Gammadion_. [Sans., 'fortunate.']
SWAT, swot (_Spens._), _pa.t._ of _sweat_.
SWATCH, swach, _n._ a strip of cloth as a sample. [_Swath_.]
SWATH, swawth, _n._ a line of grass or corn cut by the scythe: the sweep of a scythe.--_adj._ SWATH'Y. [A.S. _swathu_, a track; Dut. _zwade_, also a scythe.]
SWATHE, sw[=a]th, _v.t._ to bind with a band or bandage.--_n._ a bandage.
[A.S. _swethian_; cf. _Swaddle_.]
SWATS, swats, _n._ (_Scot._) new ale: thin sowens.
SWATTER, swat'[.e]r, _v.i._ (_prov._) to spill water about. [Cf. Dut.
_swaddren_, to dabble in water.]
SWAY, sw[=a], _v.t._ to swing or wield with the hand: to incline to one side: to influence by power or moral force: to govern: to hoist, raise.--_v.i._ to incline to one side: to govern: to have weight or influence.--_n._ the sweep of a weapon: that which moves with power: preponderance: power in governing: influence or authority inclining to one side: a thatcher's binding-switch.--_adj._ SWAYED (_Shak._), bent down and injured in the back by heavy burdens--said of a horse. [Prob. Scand., as Ice. _sveigja_, Dan. _svaie_, to sway; akin to _swing_.]
SWEAL, sw[=e]l, _v.t._ to scorch.--_v.i._ to melt and run down: to burn away slowly. [A.S. _swelan_.]
SWEAR, sw[=a]r, _v.i._ to affirm, calling God to witness: to give evidence on oath: to utter the name of God or of sacred things profanely.--_v.t._ to utter, calling God to witness: to administer an oath to: to declare on oath:--_pa.t._ sw[=o]re; _pa.p._ sworn.--_n._ SWEAR'ER.--SWEAR AT, to aim profanity at: to be very incongruous with, esp. in colour; SWEAR BY, to put complete confidence in; SWEAR IN, to inaugurate by oath; SWEAR OFF, to renounce, promise to give up. [A.S. _swerian_; Dut. _zweren_, Ger.
SWEARD, sw[=e]rd, _n._ (_Spens._) sword.
SWEAT, swet, _n._ the moisture from the skin, the state of one who sweats, diaphoresis: labour: drudgery.--_v.i._ to give out sweat or moisture: to toil, drudge for poor wages: to suffer penalty, smart.--_v.t._ to give out, as sweat: to cause to sweat: to squeeze money or extortionate interest from, to compel to hard work for mean wages: to wear away or pare down by friction or other means, as coins: to scrape the sweat from a horse.--_ns._ SWEAT'ER, one who sweats, or that which causes sweating, a diaphoretic: a heavy kind of jersey used by persons in training for athletic contests, to reduce their weight: one who sweats coins: a London street ruffian in Queen Anne's time who prodded weak passengers with his sword-point; SWEAT'INESS; SWEAT'ING-BATH, a bath to promote perspiration; SWEAT'ING-HOUSE, -ROOM, a house, room, for sweating persons: a room for sweating cheese and carrying off the superfluous juices; SWEAT'ING-SICK'NESS, an extremely fatal epidemic disorder which ravaged Europe, and esp. England, in the 15th and 16th centuries--a violent inflammatory fever, with a fetid perspiration over the whole body; SWEAT'ING-SYS'TEM, the practice of working poor people at starvation wages, esp. in making up clothes in their own houses.--_adj._ SWEAT'Y, wet with sweat: consisting of sweat: laborious. [A.S. _swat_, sweat, _sw['ae]tan_, to sweat; Dut. _zweet_; Low Ger. _sweet_, Ger.
SWEATH-BAND, sw[=e]th'-band, _n._ (_Spens._) a swaddling-band. [_Swathe_.]
SWEDE, sw[=e]d, _n._ a native of _Sweden_; a Swedish turnip.--_adj._ SW[=E]D'ISH, pertaining to Sweden, to Swedish turnips, gloves of undressed kid, &c.
SWEDENBORGIAN, sw[=e]-dn-bor'ji-an, _n._ one who holds the religious doctrines of Emanuel Swedenborg, a Swedish philosopher (1688-1772), founder of the New Jerusalem Church.--_n._ SWEDENBOR'GIANISM.
SWEENY, sw[=e]'ni, _n._ atrophy of a muscle.
SWEEP, sw[=e]p, _v.t._ to wipe or rub over with a brush or broom: to carry along or off by a long brushing stroke or force: to destroy or carry off at a stroke: to strike with a long stroke: to carry with pomp: to drag over: to pass rapidly over.--_v.i._ to pass swiftly and forcibly: to pass with pomp: to move with a long reach:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ swept.--_n._ act of sweeping: extent of a stroke, or of anything turning or in motion: prevalence, range: direction of a curve: the act of bringing into a general movement: rapid or wide-spread destructiveness: a curved approach before a building: a chimney-sweeper: (_pl._) oars of great length used during a calm or in still water, either to assist the rudder or to propel the vessel.--_n._ SWEEP'ER.--_adv._ SWEEP'INGLY, in a sweeping manner.--_n._ SWEEP'INGNESS.--_n.pl._ SWEEP'INGS, things collected by sweeping: rubbish.--_ns._ SWEEP'-NET, a net that embraces a large compass: SWEEP'STAKE (_Shak._), one who wins all--usually in _pl._ SWEEP'STAKES, a method of gambling by which several persons contribute each certain stakes, the whole of which fall to one in case of a certain event happening; SWEEP'-WASH'ER, one who scrapes a little gold or silver from the sweepings of refineries.--_adj._ SWEEP'Y, swaying, sweeping, curving. [A.S. _swapan_; Ger. _schweifen_, Cf. _Swoop_.]
SWEER, SWEIR, sw[=e]r, _adj._ (_Scot._) lazy, unwilling. [A.S. _sw['ae]r_, _swar_, heavy.]
SWEET, sw[=e]t, _adj._ pleasing to the taste or senses: tasting like sugar: fragrant: melodious: beautiful, grateful to the eye: fresh, as opposed to salt or to sour: pure: recent, not stale, sour, or putrid: mild, soft, gentle: kind, obliging.--_n._ a sweet substance: a term of endearment: (_pl._) sweetmeats, confections: sweet dishes served at table, puddings, tarts, jellies, &c.--_v.t._ (_obs._) to sweeten.--_adj._ SWEET'-AND-TWEN'TY (_Shak._), at once fair and young.--_ns._ SWEET'-BAY, the laurel (_Laurus nobilis_); SWEET'BREAD, the pancreas of an animal used for food, both delicate and nutritious.--_adj._ SWEET'-BREATHED, sweet-smelling.--_ns._ SWEET'-BR[=I]'ER, a thorny shrub of the rose kind resembling the brier, having a sweet smell; SWEET'-CORN, a variety of maize.--_v.t._ SWEET'EN, to make sweet: to make pleasing, mild, or kind: to increase the agreeable qualities of: to make pure and healthy.--_ns._ SWEET'ENER, one who, or that which, sweetens; SWEET'ENING, act of sweetening: that which sweetens; SWEET'-FLAG, -RUSH, an aromatic plant of the genus _Acorus_ of the arum family; SWEET'HEART, a lover or mistress.--_n.pl._ SWEET'IES, confections.--_n._ SWEET'ING, a sweet apple: (_Shak._) a darling, a word of endearment.--_adj._ SWEET'ISH, somewhat sweet to the taste.--_ns._ SWEET'ISHNESS; SWEET'-JOHN, a flower of the narrow-leaved varieties of a species of pink, _Dianthus barbatus_, as distinguished from other varieties called _Sweet-william_; SWEET'LEAF, a small tree in the southern United States, having sweetish leaves relished by cattle and horses; SWEET'-LIPS, one whose lips are sweet--a term of endearment: the ballanwrasse, or _Labrus maculatus_.--_adv._ SWEET'LY.--_ns._ SWEET'-MAR'JORAM, a fragrant species of marjoram; SWEET'MEAT, a confection made wholly or chiefly of sugar; SWEET'-NAN'CY, the double-flowered variety of _Narcissus poeticus_; SWEET'NESS; SWEET'-OIL, olive-oil; SWEET'-PEA, a pea cultivated for its fragrance and beauty; SWEET'-POT[=A]'TO, a twining plant common in tropical and sub-tropical countries, having large sweetish edible tubers.--_adj._ SWEET'-SCENT'ED, having a sweet smell.--_n._ SWEET'-SOP, a tropical American evergreen, also its pulpy fruit.--_adj._ SWEET'-TEM'PERED, having a mild, amiable disposition.--_ns._ SWEET'-WA'TER, a white variety of the European grape, with very sweet juice; SWEET'-WILL'IAM, the bunch-pink, _Dianthus barbatus_, a garden flower of many colours and varieties; SWEET'WOOD, a name applied to various trees and shrubs of the laurel family found in South America and the West Indies.--BE SWEET ON, or UPON, to be in love with. [A.S. _swete_; Ger. _susz_, Gr. _h[=e]dys_, L. _suavis_, sweet, Sans. _svad_, to taste.]
SWELL, swel, _v.i._ to grow larger: to expand: to rise into waves: to heave: to be inflated: to bulge out: to grow louder: to be bombastic, to strut: to become elated, arrogant, or angry: to grow upon the view: to grow more violent: to grow louder, as a note.--_v.t._ to increase the size of: to aggravate: to increase the sound of: to raise to arrogance: to augment the sound of:--_pa.p._ swelled or swollen (sw[=o]ln).--_n._ act of swelling: a bulge or protuberance: increase in size: an increase and a succeeding decrease in the volume of a tone: a gradual rise of ground: a wave or billow or succession of them in one direction, as after a storm: a distinct set of pipes in an organ, enclosed in a case furnished with movable shutters which being more or less opened by means of a pedal, produce a swell of sound: (_geol._) an upward protrusion of strata from whose central region the beds dip quaquaversally at a low angle: a strutting foppish fellow, a dandy.--_adj._ fashionable.--_n._ SWELL'DOM, the fashionable world generally.--_adj._ SWELL'ING (_B._), inflated, proud, haughty.--_n._ protuberance: a tumour: a rising, as of passion: (_B._) inflation by pride.--_adj._ SWELL'ISH, foppish, dandified.--_ns._ SWELL'-MOB, well-dressed pickpockets collectively; SWELL'-MOBS'MAN, a well-dressed pickpocket. [A.S. _swellan_; Ger. _schwellen_.]
SWELT, swelt, _v.i._ (_Spens._) to swelter.
SWELTER, swelt'[.e]r, _v.i._ to be faint or oppressed with heat: to perspire copiously from heat.--_v.t._ to cause to faint, to overpower, as with heat.--_p.adj._ SWELT'ERING.--_adv._ SWELT'ERINGLY.--_adj._ SWELT'RY, sultry, oppressive with heat. [A.S. _sweltan_, to die; Ice. _svelta_, to hunger.]
SWEPT, swept, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _sweep_.
SWERVE, sw[.e]rv, _v.i._ to turn, depart from any line, duty, or custom: to incline: to rove, wander.--_n._ an act of swerving.--_adj._ SWERVE'LESS, that does not swerve.--_n._ SWERV'ER, one who swerves. [A.S. _sweorfan_; Dut. _zwerven_.]
SWEVEN, sw[=e]'vn, _n._ (_obs._) a dream.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ to sleep, dream. [A.S. _swefen_, sleep, dream.]
SWIFT, swift, _adj._ moving quickly: fleet, rapid: speedy: ready.--_n._ a genus (_Cypselus_) and family (_Cypselidae_) of picarian birds, resembling the swallows in general appearance and habits, but most closely allied by anatomical structure to the humming-birds--with long pointed wings, a short tail, and remarkable powers of rapid and prolonged flight: the common newt: a reel for winding yarn: the main cylinder of a carding-machine: the current of a stream.--_n._ SWIF'TER, any rope temporarily used to tighten or keep a thing in its place.--_adjs._ SWIFT'-FOOT'ED; SWIFT'-HAND'ED; SWIFT'-HEELED.--_adv._ SWIFT'LY, with swiftness: rapidly.--_n._ SWIFT'NESS, quality of being swift: quickness: fleetness: rapidity: speed.--_adj._ SWIFT'-WINGED. [A.S. _swift_, from same root as _swoop_.]
SWIG, swig, _n._ a pulley with ropes not parallel.--_v.t._ to tighten a rope by hauling at right angles to its lead: to castrate by ligating the scrotum and making the testicles slough off. [Prob. _swag_.]
SWIG, swig, _n._ a large draught: one who drinks deep.--_v.t._ to drink by large draughts, to gulp down. [Prob. conn. with A.S. _swelgan_, to swallow.]
SWILL, swil, _v.t._ or _v.i._ to drink greedily or largely, to drink habitually, to drench one's self with: to wash, rinse.--_n._ a large draught of liquor: the liquid mixture given to swine.--_ns._ SWILL'ER; SWILL'ING.--_n.pl._ SWILL'INGS, hog wash. [A.S. _swilian_, to wash; cf. Sw.
_sqvala_, to gush.]
SWIM, swim, _v.i._ to float, as opposed to sink: to move on or in water: to be borne along by a current: to glide along with a waving motion: to be dizzy: to be drenched: to overflow: to abound.--_v.t._ to pass by swimming: to make to swim or float:--_pr.p._ swim'ming; _pa.t._ swam; _pa.p._ swum or swam.--_n._ act of swimming: any motion like swimming: air-bladder of a fish.--_adj._ SWIM'MABLE, capable of being swum.--_ns._ SWIM'MER, one who swims: a web-footed aquatic bird; SWIM'MERET, one of the abdominal appendages which in the lobster and other Crustacea are used in swimming; SWIM'MING, the act of floating or moving on or in the water: dizziness; SWIM'MING-BATH, a bath large enough for swimming in.--_adv._ SWIM'MINGLY, in a gliding manner, as if swimming: smoothly, successfully.--_ns._ SWIM'MINGNESS, the state of swimming: a melting look, tearfulness; SWIM'MING-POND, an artificial pond adapted for swimming in; SWIM'MING-SCHOOL, a place where swimming is taught; SWIM'MING-STONE, a cellular variety of flint--_float-stone_.--IN THE SWIM, in the main current, of affairs, business, &c. [A.S. _swimman_; Ger. _schwimmen_.]
SWINCK, swingk, _v.i._ (_Spens._). Same as SWINK.
SWINDGE, swindj, _v.t._ (_Milt._). Same as SWINGE (1).
SWINDLE, swin'dl, _v.t._ to cheat under the pretence of fair dealing.--_n._ the act of swindling or defrauding: anything not really what it appears to be.--_adj._ SWIN'DLEABLE, capable of being swindled.--_ns._ SWIN'DLER, one who defrauds by imposition: a cheat or rogue; SWIN'DLERY, roguery, swindling practices.--_adj._ SWIN'DLING, cheating. [Ger. _schwindler_, a cheat--_schwindeln_, to be giddy, _schwinden_empty, to sink; A.S.
_swindan_, to droop.]
SWINE, sw[=i]n, _n.sing._ and _pl._ a well-known quadruped with bristly skin and long snout, fed for its flesh: a pig: pigs collectively.--_ns._ SWINE'HERD, a herd or keeper of swine; SWINE'-POX, chicken-pox; SWIN'ERY, a place where pigs are kept; SWINE'S'-SNOUT, the dandelion; SWINE'-STONE (same as STINK-STONE); SWINE'-STY, a pig-sty. [A.S. _swin_, a pig; Ger.