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STUPE, st[=u]p, _n._ a fomentation, or rather the tow or cloth dipped in it, and used in its application.--_v.t._ to treat with a stupe.--_adjs._ ST[=U]'P[=E]OUS, covered with long loose filaments or scales--also ST[=U]'P[=O]SE; ST[=U]'PUL[=O]SE, finely stupose. [L.,--Gr. _stupp[=e]_, tow.]

STUPEFY, st[=u]'pe-f[=i], _v.t._ to make stupid or senseless: to deaden the perception: to deprive of sensibility:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ st[=u]'pefied.--_adj._ ST[=U]PEF[=A]'CIENT, stupefying.--_n._ anything that stupefies, a narcotic drug.--_n._ ST[=U]PEFAC'TION, the act of making stupid or senseless: insensibility: stupidity.--_adj._ ST[=U]PEFAC'TIVE, causing stupefaction or insensibility.--_ns._ ST[=U]'PEF[=I]EDNESS; ST[=U]'PEF[=I]ER.--_adj._ ST[=U]'PENT, struck with stupor. [L.

_stup[=e]re_, to be struck senseless, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

STUPENDOUS, st[=u]-pen'dus, _adj._ wonderful, amazing, astonishing for its magnitude, force, enormity.--_adv._ ST[=U]PEN'DOUSLY.--_n._ ST[=U]PEN'DOUSNESS. [L. _stupendus_.]

STUPID, st[=u]'pid, _adj._ struck senseless: insensible: deficient or dull in understanding: formed or done without reason or judgment: foolish: unskilful.--_ns._ STUPE (_coll._), a stupid person; ST[=U]PID'ITY, ST[=U]'PIDNESS.--_adv._ ST[=U]'PIDLY. [Fr.,--L. _stupidus_.]

STUPOR, st[=u]'por, _n._ the state of being struck senseless: suspension of sense either complete or partial: insensibility, intellectual or moral: excessive amazement or astonishment.--_adj._ ST[=U]'POROUS.

STUPRUM, st[=u]'prum, _n._ forcible violation of chastity: rape.--_v.t._ ST[=U]'PR[=A]TE, to ravish.--_n._ ST[=U]PR[=A]'TION. [L.,--_stupr[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to debauch.]

STURDY, stur'di, _adj._ (_comp._ STUR'DIER, _superl._ STUR'DIEST) resolute: firm: forcible: strong: robust: stout: (_obs._) stubborn or obstinate.--_adv._ STUR'DILY.--_n._ STUR'DINESS. [O. Fr. _estourdi_, pa.p.

of _estourdir_ (Fr. _etourdir_), It. _stordire_, to stun; acc. to Diez, through an assumed Low L. form from L. _torpidus_, stupefied.]

STURDY, stur'di, _n._ the _gid_, a disease affecting young sheep with staggering and stupor, caused by a species of tapeworm in the brain.--_adj._ STUR'DIED.

STURGEON, stur'jun, _n._ a genus of large Ganoid fishes, yielding palatable flesh, caviare from their roe, isinglass from their air-bladders. [O. Fr.

_esturgeon_, from Old High Ger. _sturjo_--_st[=o]ren_, to spread.]

STURNIDae, stur'ni-d[=e], a family of oscine passerine birds, its representative genus, STUR'NUS, the starlings.--_adjs._ STUR'NIFORM; STUR'NOID.

STURT, sturt, _n._ strife, wrath, vexation.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ to vex, annoy: start with fear.

STUTTER, stut'[.e]r, _v.i._ to hesitate in speaking: to stammer.--_n._ the act of stuttering: a hesitation in speaking.--_n._ STUTT'ERER, one who stutters.--_adj._ STUTT'ERING, hesitating in speaking: stammering.--_adv._ STUTT'ERINGLY. [A freq. of obs. _stut_, to stutter, M. E. _stoten_--Ice.

_stauta_; cog. with Ger. _stossen_.]

STY, st[=i], _n._ a small inflamed tumour on the eyelid. [A.S. _stigend_, from _stigan_, to step up.]

STY, st[=i], _n._ an enclosure for swine: any place extremely filthy, any place of gross debauchery. [A.S. _stigo_; Ger. _steige_.]

STYGIAN, stij'i-an, _adj._ relating to _Styx_, one of the rivers of Hades, across which Charon ferries the shades of the departed: hellish, infernal, deadly, impenetrable. [L.,--Gr. _stygein_, to hate.]

STYLE, st[=i]l, _n._ anything long and pointed, esp. a pointed tool for engraving or writing: manner of writing, mode of expressing thought in language: the distinctive manner peculiar to an author: characteristic or peculiar mode of expression and execution (in the fine arts): title: mode of address: practice, esp. in a law-court: manner: form: fashion: mode of reckoning time--_Old Style_, when the system follows the Julian calendar, as still in Russia, and in England before 2d September 1752; _New Style_, when the system follows the Gregorian calendar (eleven days were omitted, thus the 3d September became the 14th): the pin of a dial: (_bot._) the middle portion of the pistil, between the ovary and the stigma (see PISTIL).--_v.t._ to entitle in addressing or speaking of: to name or designate.--_adjs._ STY'LAR, pertaining to the pin of a dial; STY'LATE, like a style, styliform.--_n._ STY'LET, a stiletto: the perforator of a trocar, a probe: a little style.--_adjs._ STY'LETIFORM, shaped like a stylet; STYLIF'EROUS, having a style, stylate; STY'LIFORM, style-shaped; STY'LISH, displaying style: fashionable: showy: pretending to style.--_adv._ STY'LISHLY.--_ns._ STY'LISHNESS; STY'LIST, one with a distinctive and fine literary style.--_adj._ STYLIST'IC.--_adv._ STYLIST'ICALLY.--_adj._ STY'LOID, resembling a style or pen.--_n._ STY'LUS, a style, pen. [Fr.,--L. _stilus_.]

STYLITE, st[=i]'l[=i]t, _n._ one of an early class of anchorets who lived unsheltered on the tops of pillars--Simeon _Stylites_ (c. 390-459) is said to have lived thirty years on such. [Gr. _stylit[=e]s_--_stylos_, a pillar.]

STYLOBATE, st[=i]'l[=o]-b[=a]t, _n._ the substructure of a temple beneath the columns. [Gr. _stylobat[=e]s_--_stylos_, a column, _bainein_, to go.]

STYLOGRAPHY, st[=i]-log'ra-fi, _n._ a mode of writing or tracing lines with a style or pointed instrument on prepared paper, cards, or tablets.--_n._ STYL'OGRAPH, a stylographic pen, a pencil-like pen from which ink is fed to a tubular writing-point through which runs a needle which when pressed on the paper releases the ink.--_adj._ STYLOGRAPH'IC.--_adv._ STYLOGRAPH'ICALLY. [Gr. _stylos_, a style, _graphein_, to write.]

STYMIE, st[=i]'mi, _n._ in golf, a position on the putting-green when the ball of one player lies between that of his opponent and the hole.

STYPTIC, stip'tik, _adj._ drawing together: astringent: that stops bleeding.--_n._ an agent employed in surgery for the purpose of checking the flow of blood by application to the bleeding surface: an astringent medicine.--_n._ STYPTIC'ITY. [Fr.,--L. _stypticus_--Gr.

_styptikos_--_styphein_, to contract.]

STYRAX, st[=i]'raks, _n._ a genus of plants abounding in resinous and aromatic substances, one species of which produces storax, another benzoin.


STYTHE, st[=i]th, _n._ (_prov._) choke-damp.

STYX, stiks. See STYGIAN.

SUABLE, s[=u]'a-bl, _adj._ that may be sued.--_n._ SUABIL'ITY.

SUAGE, sw[=a]j, _v.t._ (_Milt._) to assuage.

SUASION, sw[=a]'zhun, _n._ the act of persuading or advising: advice.--_adj._ SU[=A]'SIVE, tending to persuade: persuasive.--_adv._ SU[=A]'SIVELY.--_n._ SU[=A]'SIVENESS. [Fr.,--L. _suasio_--_suad[=e]re_, to advise.]

SUAVE, sw[=a]v, or swav, _adj._ pleasant: agreeable.--_adv._ SU[=A]VE'LY.--_n._ SUAV'ITY. [Fr.,--L. _suavis_, sweet.]

SUB, sub, _n._ (_coll._) a subordinate, a subaltern: subsist money, being a part of a man's wages paid to him while the work is going on.

SUBABDOMINAL, sub-ab-dom'i-nal, _adj._ situated below the abdominal region, in the lower part of the abdomen.

SUBACID, sub-as'id, _adj._ moderately acid, not unpleasantly sour: somewhat sharp or biting.--_n._ SUBACID'ITY.--_adj._ SUBACID'ULOUS, moderately acidulous.

SUBACRID, sub-ak'rid, _adj._ moderately acrid.

SUBACUTE, sub-a-k[=u]t', _adj._ slightly or moderately acute.

SUBAERIAL, sub-[=a]-[=e]'ri-al, _adj._ beneath the sky: in the open air.--_n._ SUB[=A][=E]'RIALIST, one who ascribes the greater inequalities in the earth's surface to atmospheric influences.--_adv._ SUB[=A][=E]'RIALLY.

SUBAGENT, sub-[=a]j'ent, _n._ one employed by an agent to transact business in his stead.

SUBAHDAR, s[=oo]'ba-dar, _n._ under the Mogul government, the title of the governor of a province (SU'BAH): now a native officer ranking as a captain under European officers.--_n._ SU'BAHDARY, the office or jurisdiction of such.

SUBALPINE, sub-al'p[=i]n, _adj._ belonging to a mountainous region next below alpine--i.e. near but not below the timber-line, alpestrine.

SUBALTERN, sub'al-t[.e]rn, or sub-al't[.e]rn, _adj._ inferior: subordinate.--_n._ a subordinate: an officer in the army under the rank of captain: (_logic_) a specific class as included under a general one, or a particular statement as deducible from a universal one.--_adjs._ SUBALTER'NANT, universal as opposed to particular; SUBALTER'NATE, succeeding by turns: subordinate.--_n._ a particular proposition or a species, as opposed to a universal proposition or a genus.--_n._ SUBALTERN[=A]'TION. [Fr.,--Low L. _subalternus_--L. _sub_, under, _alternus_, one after the other, _alter_, the other.]

SUBAPOSTOLIC, sub-ap-os-tol'ik, _adj._ pertaining to the period just after that of the apostles--that of Barnabas, Clement of Rome, Hermas, Ignatius, Papias, and Polycarp. Just after these follow Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, &c.

SUBAQUEOUS, sub-[=a]'kwe-us, _adj._ lying under water: formed under water: living under water.--_adj._ SUBAQUAT'IC, subaqueous: partially aquatic.

SUBARBORESCENT, sub-ar-bor-es'ent, _adj._ somewhat arborescent or tree-like.

SUBARCTIC, sub-ark'tik, _adj._ of a region or climate next to the arctic.

SUBARRHATION, sub-ar-[=a]'shun, _n._ the ancient custom of betrothal by gift of pledges. [L. _sub_, under, _arrha_, earnest-money.]

SUBASTRAL, sub-as'tral, _adj._ situated beneath the stars, terrestrial.

SUBAUDITION, sub-aw-dish'un, _n._ a sense understood not expressed.

SUBAXILLARY, sub-aks'i-lar-i, _adj._ below the armpit: under the axil or angle formed by a branch or leaf.

SUBBING, sub'ing, _n._ (_print._) the act of working as a substitute: the practice of advancing part of the wages while the work is going on.

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