STRATOCRACY, str[=a]-tok'ra-si, _n._ military despotism. [Gr. _stratos_, an army, _kratein_, to rule.]
STRATOGRAPHY, str[=a]-tog'ra-fi, _n._ description of an army and whatever pertains to it.--_adjs._ STRATOGRAPH'IC, -AL.--_adv._ STRATOGRAPH'ICALLY.
[Gr. _stratos_, an army, _graphein_, to write.]
STRATUM, str[=a]'tum, _n._ a bed of earth or rock formed by natural causes, and consisting usually of a series of layers: any bed or layer:--_pl._ STR[=A]'TA.--_adj._ STRAT'IFORM, formed like strata.--_ns._ STRATIG'RAPHER, STRATIG'RAPHIST, a student of stratigraphical geology.--_adjs._ STRATIGRAPH'IC, -AL, concerned with the relative position of the strata forming the earth's crust.--_adv._ STRATIGRAPH'ICALLY.--_n._ STRATIG'RAPHY, the order and position of the stratified groups: the study or description of these, descriptive geology.--_adj._ STR[=A]'TOSE, arranged in layers, stratified.--_n.pl._ STRAT'[=U]LA. thin layers in rock-strata. [L.
_stratum_--_stern[)e]re_, _stratum_, to spread out.]
STRATUS, str[=a]'tus, _n._ the fall or night-cloud, the lowest of clouds, a widely-extended horizontal sheet, of varied thickness.--_ns._ STR[=A]'TO-CIR'RUS, better CIRRO-STRATUS (see CIRRUS); STR[=A]'TO-C[=U]'MULUS, better CUMULO-STRATUS (see CUMULUS). [L. _stratus_, a coverlet--_stern[)e]re_, _stratum_, to spread.]
STRAUGHT, strawt, obsolete _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _stretch_.
STRAUNGE, strawnj. _adj._ (_Spens._), same as STRANGE: foreign, borrowed.
STRAVAIG, stra-v[=a]g', _v.i._ (_Scot._) to wander about idly.--_n._ STRAVAIG'ER. [Cf. _Extravagant_.]
STRAW, straw, _n._ the stalk on which corn grows, and from which it is thrashed: a quantity of these when thrashed: anything worthless, the least possible thing.--_ns._ STRAW'BERRY, the delicious and fragrant fruit of any of the species of the genus _Fragaria_, the plant itself; STRAW'BERRY-LEAF, a symbolic ornament on the coronets of dukes, marquises, and earls--in _pl._ a dukedom; STRAW'BERRY-MARK, a soft reddish naevus or birth-mark; STRAW'BERRY-TREE, a species of Arbutus, which produces a fruit resembling the strawberry; STRAW'-BOARD, a kind of mill-board or thick card-board, made of straw after it has been boiled with lime or soda to soften it; STRAW'-COL'OUR, the colour of dry straw, a delicate yellow.--_adj._ STRAW'-COL'OURED, of the colour of dry straw, of a delicate yellowish colour.--_ns._ STRAW'-CUT'TER, an instrument for chopping straw for fodder; STRAW'-EMBROI'DERY, embroidery done by sewing straw on net; STRAW'-HOUSE, a house for holding thrashed straw; STRAW'ING (_slang_), the sale of straws on the streets in order to cover the giving to the purchaser of things forbidden to be sold, as indecent books, &c.; STRAW'-PLAIT, a narrow band of plaited wheat-straw, used in making straw hats, bonnets, &c.; STRAW'-STEM, the fine stem of a wine-glass pulled out from the material of the bowl, instead of being attached separately: a wine-glass having such a stem.--_adj._ STRAW'Y, made of, or like, straw.--MAN OF STRAW (see under MAN). [A.S. _streaw_; Ger. _stroh_, from the root of _strew_.]
STRAWED (_B._), for strewed, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _strew_.
STRAY, str[=a], _v.i._ to wander: to go from the enclosure, company, or proper limits: to err: to rove: to deviate from duty or rectitude.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to cause to stray.--_n._ a domestic animal that has strayed or is lost: a straggler, a waif, a truant: the act of wandering.--_adj._ STRAYED, wandering, astray.--_ns._ STRAY'ER, one who strays, a wanderer; STRAY'LING, a little waif or stray. [O. Fr. _estraier_, to wander--_estree_, a street--L. _strata_, a street.]
STRAYNE, str[=a]n, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to stretch out, to embody or express in strains. [_Strain_.]
STRAYT, str[=a]t, _n._ (_Spens._) a street.
STREAK, str[=e]k, _n._ a line or long mark different in colour from the ground, a band of marked colour of some length, a stripe: a slight characteristic, a trace, a passing mood: (_min._) the appearance presented by the surface of a mineral when scratched: a strake or line of planking: a short piece of iron forming one section of a pieced tire on the wheel of an artillery-carriage.--_v.t._ to form streaks in: to mark with streaks.--_adj._ STREAKED, streaky, striped: (_U.S._) confused.--_n._ STREAK'INESS.--_adj._ STREAK'Y, marked with streaks, striped: uneven in quality. [A.S. _strica_, a stroke--_strican_, to go, Ger. _strich_; cf.
_Strike_. Skeat makes it Scand., Sw. _strek_, Dan. _streg_, a dash.]
STREAK, str[=e]k, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to lay out a corpse for burial.--_v.i._ to stretch out.
STREAK, str[=e]k, _v.i._ (_U.S._) to run swiftly.
STREAM, str[=e]m, _n._ a current of water, air, or light, &c.: anything flowing out from a source: anything forcible, flowing, and continuous: drift, tendency.--_v.i._ to flow in a stream: to pour out abundantly: to be overflown with: to issue in rays: to stretch in a long line.--_v.t._ to discharge in a stream: to wave.--_ns._ STREAM'ER, an ensign or flag streaming or flowing in the wind: a luminous beam shooting upward from the horizon; STREAM'-GOLD, placer-gold, the gold of alluvial districts; STREAM'-ICE, pieces of drift ice swept down in a current; STREAM'INESS, streamy quality; STREAM'ING, the working of alluvial deposits for the ores contained.--_adj._ STREAM'LESS, not watered by streams.--_ns._ STREAM'LET, STREAM'LING, a little stream; STREAM'-TIN, disintegrated tin-ore found in alluvial ground.--_adj._ STREAM'Y, abounding in streams: flowing in a stream. [A.S. _stream_; Ger. _straum_, Ice. _straumr_.]
STREET, str[=e]t, _n._ a road in a town lined with houses, broader than a lane: those who live in a street: the part of the street for vehicles: the body of brokers.--_ns._ STREET'AGE, toll for the use of a street; STREET'CAR, a passenger-car on the streets of a city, drawn by horses, cable traction, or electricity; STREET'-DOOR, the door of a house which opens upon a street; STREET'-RAIL'ROAD, a railroad or tramway constructed on a public street; STREET'-SWEEP'ER, one who, or that which, sweeps the streets clean; STREET'-WALK'ER, a whore who prowls about the streets; STREET'-WARD, an officer who formerly took care of the streets; STREET'-WAY, the roadway. [A.S. _str['ae]t_ (Dut. _straat_, Ger. _strasse_, It. _strada_)--L. _strata_ (_via_), a paved (way), from _stern[)e]re_, _stratum_, to strew.]
STREIGHT, str[=a]t, _adj._ (_Spens._) narrow, strict, close.--_adv._ strictly, closely.--_n._ same as STRAIT.--_adv._ STREIGHT'LY=_Straitly_.--_n._ STREIGHT'NESS=_Straitness_.
STRELITZ, strel'its, _n._ one of the ancient Muscovite guards, a kind of hereditary standing army, abolished by Peter the Great.
STRELITZIA, strel-it'si-a, _n._ a genus of South African plants of the banana family, with large showy flowers--_Strelitzia Reginae_, also _Queen-plant_, _Bird-of-Paradise flower_--with fine orange and purple flowers. [From Queen Charlotte, wife of George III., of the house of Mecklenburg-_Strelitz_.]
STRENE, str[=e]n, _n._ (_obs._) race, offspring. [_Strain_.]
STRENGTH, strength, _n._ quality of being strong: power of any kind, active or passive: force, vigour, violence: solidity or toughness: power to resist attack: excellence, boldness of conception or treatment: the required consistency or degree of the essential element in any compound: intensity: brightness: validity: vigour of style or expression: security: amount of force: potency of liquors: available force or support: a fortification, stronghold.--_v.t._ STRENGTH'EN, to make strong or stronger: to confirm: to encourage: to increase in power or security.--_v.i._ to become stronger.--_n._ STRENGTH'ENER, one who, or that which, supplies strength.--_adjs._ STRENGTH'ENING, invigorating; STRENGTH'LESS, without strength.--ON THE STRENGTH, on the muster-rolls of; ON, or UPON, THE STRENGTH OF, in reliance upon.--PROOF-STRENGTH (see under PROOF). [A.S.
STRENUOUS, stren'[=u]-us, _adj._ active: vigorous: urgent: zealous: bold: necessitating exertion.--_n._ STRENUOS'ITY, strenuousness: a straining after effect.--_adv._ STREN'UOUSLY.--_n._ STREN'UOUSNESS. [L. _strenuus_, akin to Gr. _str[=e]n[=e]s_, strong.]
STREPENT, strep'ent, _adj._ (_rare_) noisy. [L. _strep[)e]re_, to make a noise.]
STREPERA, strep'e-ra, _n._ an Australian genus of corvine passerine birds, the crow-shrikes.--_adj._ STREP'ERINE. [L. _strep[)e]re_, to make a noise.]
STREPHON, stref'on, _n._ a love-sick shepherd in Sir Philip Sidney's _Arcadia_, hence a love-sick swain generally.--_n._ STREPH'ONADE, a love-song.
STREPITANT, strep'i-tant, _adj._ loud, noisy.
STREPITOSO, strep-i-t[=o]'z[=o], _adv._ (_mus._) in a loud, boisterous manner.
STRESS, stres, _n._ force: pressure: urgency: strain: violence, as of the weather: the relative loudness or emphasis with which certain syllables are pronounced, accent: weight, importance: (_mech._) force exerted in any direction or manner between two bodies--the greatest stress which a substance will bear without being torn asunder being its ultimate strength.--_v.t._ to constrain: lay stress on: to emphasise. [O. Fr.
_estrecir_, from L. _strictus_, _string[)e]re_, to draw tight.]
STRESS, stres, _n._ distress: legal distraining.
STRETCH, strech, _v.t._ to extend: to draw out: to expand: to reach out: to exaggerate, strain, or carry further than is right: to cause to lie at full length: (_slang_) to hang.--_v.i._ to be drawn out: to be extended: to extend without breaking: to exaggerate.--_n._ act of stretching: effort: struggle: reach: extension: state of being stretched: utmost extent of meaning: course: one single uninterrupted sitting, turn, &c.: (_slang_) a year's imprisonment.--_ns._ STRETCH'ER, anything used for stretching, as gloves, hats, &c.: a frame on which a painter's canvas is stretched by means of wedges forced into the corners: a frame for carrying the sick or dead: a footboard for a rower; STRETCH'ER-BOND, a method of building in which bricks or stones are laid lengthwise in successive courses, the joints of the one falling at the middle of that above and below; STRETCH'ING-COURSE, a course of bricks or stones having all the faces outward; STRETCH'ING-FRAME, a machine for stretching cotton rovings before being spun into yarn: a frame on which starched fabrics are dried; STRETCH'ING-[=I]'RON, a currier's tool for dressing leather.--_adj._ STRETCH'Y, apt to stretch too much: liable to stretch one's self from weariness. [A.S. _streccan_--_strec_, _straec_, strong; cf. Ger. _strack_, straight.]
STREW, str[=oo], _v.t._ to spread by scattering: to scatter loosely:--_pa.p._ strewed or strewn.--_ns._ STREW'ING, act of scattering or spreading over: anything fit to be strewed: (_Shak._) litter for cattle; STREW'MENT (_Shak._), anything strewed or scattered in decoration. [A.S.
_streowian_; Ger. _streuen_, L. _stern[)e]re_.]
STRIA, str[=i]'a, _n._ a stripe or streak, a small channel or thread-like line running parallel to another: (_archit._) one of the fillets between the flutes of columns, &c.:--_pl._ STR[=I]'ae ([=e]).--_v.t._ STR[=I][=A]TE', to score, stripe.--_adjs._ STR[=I]'[=A]TE, -D, marked with striae or small parallel channels.--_ns._ STR[=I][=A]'TION; STR[=I][=A]'TUM, the _corpus striatum_, the great ganglion of the fore-brain; STR[=I]'ATURE, mode of striation. [L. _stria_, a streak, _stri[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to furrow.]
STRICH, STRICK, strik, _n._ (_Spens._) the screech-owl. [L. _strix_, _strigis_.]
STRICKEN, strik'n (_B._), _pa.p._ of strike.--STRICKEN IN YEARS, advanced in years.--A STRICKEN HOUR, an hour as marked by the clock.
STRICKLE, strik'l, _n._ a straight-edge for levelling the top of a measure of grain: a template.--Also STRICK'LER.
STRICT, strikt, _adj._ exact: extremely nice: observing exact rules, regular: severe: restricted, taken strictly: thoroughly accurate: tense, stiff: closely intimate: absolute, unbroken: constricted.--_n._ STRIC'TION.--_adv._ STRICT'LY, narrowly, closely, rigorously, exclusively.--_ns._ STRICT'NESS; STRICT'URE (_surg._), an unnatural contraction, either congenital or acquired, of a mucous canal, such as the urethra, oesophagus, or intestine: an unfavourable criticism: censure: critical remark. [L. _strictus_, pa.p. of _string[)e]re_, to draw tight.
Cf. _Strain_ and _Stringent_.]
STRIDDLE, strid'l, _v.i._ (_prov._) to straddle.
STRIDE, str[=i]d, _v.i._ to walk with long steps: to straddle.--_v.t._ to pass over at a step: to bestride, ride upon:--_pa.t._ str[=o]de (_obs._ strid); _pa.p._ strid'den.--_n._ a long step, the space passed over in such. [A.S. _stridan_, to stride; Ger. _streiten_, strive.]
STRIDENT, str[=i]'dent, _adj._ creaking, grating, harsh.--_adv._ STR[=I]'DENTLY.--_n._ STR[=I]'DOR, a harsh sound.--_adj._ STRID'[=U]LANT, strident.--_n.pl._ STRID[=U]LAN'TIA, a group of hemipterous insects, the cicadas.--_v.i._ STRID'[=U]LATE, to make a stridulous sound.--_ns._ STRID[=U]L[=A]'TION, the act of stridulating; STRID'[=U]L[=A]TOR, an insect which emits such a sound.--_adjs._ STRID'[=U]L[=A]TORY, stridulant; STRID'[=U]LOUS, emitting a harsh creaking sound. [L. _stridens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _strid[=e]re_, to creak.]
STRIFE, str[=i]f, _n._ contention for superiority: struggle for victory: contest: discord.--_adj._ STRIFE'FUL (_Spens._), full of strife, contentious, discordant--also STRIF'FUL. [M. E. _strif_--O. Fr.
_estrif_--Scand., Ice. _strith_, strife; Ger. _streit_, Dut. _strijd_, strife.]
STRIG, strig, _n._ the footstalk of a flower or leaf.--_v.t._ to strip this off.
STRIGA, str[=i]'ga, _n._ (_bot_.) a sharp bristle or hair-like scale: a stripe, stria: the flute of a column:--_pl._ STR[=I]'Gae.--_adjs._ STR[=I]'GATE, STR[=I]'GOSE, having strigae: streaked; STRIG'ILOSE, minutely strigose. [L. _striga_, a furrow--_string[)e]re_, to contract.]
STRIGES, str[=i]'jez, _n.pl._ the owls or _Strigidae_, a sub-order of _Raptores_.--_adj._ STRIG'INE, owl-like. [L. _strix_, _strigis_, an owl.]
STRIGIL, strij'il, _n._ a flesh-scraper. [L. _strigilis_, a scraper--_string[)e]re_, to contract.]
STRIGILIS, strij'i-lis, _n._ an organ for cleaning the antennae on the first tarsal-joint of a bee's foreleg.