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STRIGOPS, str[=i]'gops, _n._ a genus containing the kakapo or nocturnal New Zealand parrot, the owl-parrots. [L. _strix_, _strigis_, owl, Gr. _[=o]ps_, face.]

STRIKE, str[=i]k, _v.t._ to give a blow to: to hit with force, to smite: to pierce: to dash: to stamp: to coin: to thrust in: to cause to sound: to let down, as a sail: to ground upon, as a ship: to punish: to affect strongly: to affect suddenly with alarm or surprise: to make a compact or agreement, to ratify: to take down and remove: to erase (with _out_, _off_): to come upon unexpectedly: to occur to: to appear to: to assume: to hook a fish by a quick turn of the wrist: (_slang_) to steal: (_B._) to stroke.--_v.i._ to give a quick blow: to hit: to dash: to sound by being struck: to touch: to run aground: to pass with a quick effect: to dart: to take root: to lower the flag in token of respect or surrender: to give up work in order to secure higher wages or the redress of some grievance: (_U.S._) to do menial work for an officer: to become saturated with salt: to run, or fade in colour:--_pa.t._ struck; _pa.p._ struck (_obs._ strick'en).--_n._ act of striking for higher wages: (_geol_.) the direction of the outcrop of a stratum--the line which it makes when it appears at the surface of the earth, always being at right angles to the dip of the bend: (_U.S._) any dishonest attempt to extort money by bringing in a bill in the hope of being bought off by those interested: full measure, esp. of malt: the whole coinage made at one time: an imperfect matrix for type: the metal plate into which a door-latch strikes as the door closes: the crystalline appearance of hard soaps.--_ns._ STRIKE'-PAY, an allowance paid by a trades-union to men on strike; STR[=I]K'ER, one who, or that which, strikes: a green-hand on shipboard.--_adj._ STR[=I]K'ING, affecting: surprising: forcible: impressive: exact.--_adv._ STR[=I]K'INGLY.--_n._ STR[=I]K'INGNESS, quality of being striking, or of affecting or surprising.--STRIKE A BALANCE, to bring out the relative state of a debtor and creditor account; STRIKE A TENT, to take it down; STRIKE DOWN, to prostrate by a blow or by illness; STRIKE FOR, to start suddenly for; STRIKE FROM, to remove with a stroke; STRIKE HANDS (_B._), to become surety for any one; STRIKE HOME, to strike right to the point aimed at; STRIKE IN, to enter suddenly: to interpose; STRIKE INTO, to enter upon suddenly, to break into; STRIKE OFF, to erase from an account, to deduct: to print: to separate by a blow; STRIKE OIL, to find petroleum when boring for it: to make a lucky hit; STRIKE OUT, to efface: to bring into light: to direct one's course boldly outwards: to strike from the shoulder: to form by sudden effort; STRIKE SAIL, to take in sail: to stop; STRIKE UP, to begin to beat, sing, or play; STRIKE WORK, to cease work. [A.S. _strican_; Ger.

_streichen_, to move, to strike.]

STRING, string, _n._ a small cord or slip of anything for tying, small cord, twine: a ribbon: nerve, tendon, a vegetable fibre: the chord (slender piece of wire or catgut stretched) of a musical instrument: (_pl._) stringed instruments collectively: a cord on which things are filed, a succession or series of things: a drove of horses: in billiards, the buttons strung on a wire by which the score is kept, the score itself: an expedient, object in view or of pursuit: the highest range of planks in a ship's ceiling.--_v.t._ to supply with strings: to put in tune: to put on a string: to make tense or firm: to take the strings off.--_v.i._ to stretch out into a long line: to form itself into strings: at billiards, to drive the ball against the end of the table and back, in order to determine which player is to open the game:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ strung.--_ns._ STRING'-BAND, a band composed chiefly of stringed instruments; STRING'-BOARD, a board which faces the well-hole of a staircase, and receives the ends of the steps; STRING'-COURSE, a projecting horizontal course or line of mouldings running quite along the face of a building.--_adj._ STRINGED, having strings.--_ns._ STRING'ER, one who, or that which, strings: a lengthwise timber on which a rail is fastened resting on a transverse cross-tie or sleeper: any main lengthways timber in a bridge or other building: a small screw-hook to which piano-strings are sometimes attached: (_naut._) a shelf-piece, an inside horizontal plank, supporting beam-ends, any heavy timber similarly carried round a vessel to strengthen her for special heavy service, as whaling, &c.; STRING'INESS.--_adj._ STRING'LESS, having no strings.--_ns._ STRING'-OR'GAN, a reed-organ having a graduated set of vibrators or free reeds connected by rods which cause to vibrate corresponding wires or strings stretched over a sounding-board; STRING'-PEA, a pea with edible pods; STRING'-PIECE, a supporting timber forming the edge of the framework of a floor or staircase, &c.; STRING'-PLATE; a metal plate bearing the spring-block of a pianoforte.--_adj._ STRING'Y, consisting of strings or small threads: fibrous: capable of being drawn into strings.--_n._ STRING'Y-BARK, one of a class of Australian gum-trees with very fibrous bark.--HARP UPON ONE STRING (see under HARP); HAVE ONE ON A STRING, to gain complete influence or control over some one: to place a person under great anxiety; HAVE TWO STRINGS TO ONE'S BOW, to have more than one expedient for attaining the object in view. [A.S. _strenge_, cord--_strang_, strong; Dut.

_streng_, Ice. _strengr_, Ger. _strang_; conn. with L. _string[)e]re_, to draw tight.]

STRINGENT, strin'jent, _adj._ binding strongly: urgent.--_n._ STRIN'GENCY, state or quality of being stringent: severe pressure.--_advs._ STRINGEN'DO (_mus._) hastening the time; STRIN'GENTLY, in a stringent manner.--_n._ STRIN'GENTNESS. [L. _stringens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _string[)e]re_.]

STRINGHALT, string'hawlt, _n._ a peculiar catching up of a horse's limbs, usually of one or both hind-limbs, a variety of chorea or St Vitus's dance.

STRINKLE, string'kl, _v.t._ and _v.i._ (_Scot._) to sprinkle sparingly.--_n._ STRINK'LING. [_Sprinkle_.]

STRIP, strip, v.t to pull off in strips or stripes: to tear off: to deprive of a covering: to skin, to peel, to husk: to make bare: to expose: to remove the overlying earth from a deposit: to deprive: to impoverish or make destitute: to plunder: to press out the last milk at a milking: to press out the ripe roe or milt from fishes, for artificial fecundation: to separate the leaves of tobacco from the stems.--_v.i._ to undress: to lose the thread, as a screw: to come off:--_pr.p._ strip'ping; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ stripped.--_n._ a long narrow piece of anything (cf.

_Stripe_).--_ns._ STRIP'LEAF, tobacco which has been stripped of the stalks before packing; STRIP'PER, one who, or that which, STRIP'PINGS, the last milk drawn from a cow at a milking.--STRIP OFF, to pull or take off: to cast off. [A.S. _strpan_; Ger. _streifen_.]

STRIPE, str[=i]p, _n._ a blow, esp. one made with a lash, rod, &c.: a wale or discoloured mark made by a lash or rod: a line, or long narrow division of a different colour from the ground: kind, particular sort: striped cloth.--_v.t._ to make stripes upon: to form with lines of different colours.--_adjs._ STR[=I]PED, having stripes of different colours; STR[=I]'PY, stripelike. [Old Dut. _strijpe_, a stripe in cloth; Dut.

_streep_, Low Ger. _stripe_, Ger. _streif_.]

STRIPLING, strip'ling, _n._ a youth: one yet growing. [Dim. of _strip_.]

STRIVE, str[=i]v, _v.i._ to make efforts (with _with_, _against_, _for_): to endeavour earnestly: to labour hard: to struggle, to fight: to contend: to aim:--_pa.t._ str[=o]ve; _pa.p._ striv'en.--_ns._ STR[=I]V'ER; STR[=I]V'ING.--_adv._ STR[=I]V'INGLY, with striving, struggles, or earnest efforts. [O. Fr. _estriver_--_estrif_, strife--Scand., Ice. _stridh_, strife.]

STRIX, striks, _n._ a genus typical of _Strigidae_. [L. _strix_--Gr.

_strix_, a screech-owl.]

STROAM, str[=o]m, _v.i._ (_prov._) to wander idly about.

STROB, strob, _n._ the angular velocity of one radian per second.--_adj._ STROB'IC, seeming to spin. [Gr. _strobos_--_strephein_, to twist.]

STROBILA, stro-b[=i]'la, _n._ a discomedusan at the stage succeeding the scyphistoma: a segmented tapeworm.--_adj._ STROBIL[=A]'CEOUS.--_v.i._ STROB'ILATE.--_n._ STROBIL[=A]'TION. [Gr. _strobil[=e]_, a twisted plug of lint.]


STROBOSCOPE, strob'[=o]-sk[=o]p, _n._ an apparatus for observing periodic motion by throwing light at intervals on the rotating body.--_adj._ STROBOSCOP'IC. [Gr. _strobos_, a turning, _skopein_, to see.]

STRODE, str[=o]d, _pa.t._ of _stride_.

STROKE, str[=o]k, _n._ a blow: a sudden attack: calamity: the sound of a clock: a dash in writing: the sweep of an oar in rowing, the aftmost oar of a boat: the movement of the piston of a steam-engine: the touch of a pen or pencil: any characteristic feature: an effective action, a feat, a masterly effort: a mental act, the action of any faculty of the mind.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ to act as stroke for, to row the stroke-oar of a boat.--_n._ STROKE'-OAR, the aftmost oar in a boat, or its rower, whose stroke leads the rest. [A.S. _strac_, pa.t. of _strican_, to strike.]

STROKE, str[=o]k, _v.t._ to rub gently in one direction: to rub gently in kindness.--_ns._ STR[=O]K'ER; STR[=O]K'ING. [A.S. _stracian_, a causal of _strican_, as above; cf. Ger. _streicheln_, to stroke, from _streichen_, to rub.]

STROKE, str[=o]k, obsolete _pa.p._ of _strike_.

STROKEN, str[=o]k'n (_Spens._), struck. [_Strike_.]

STROLL, str[=o]l, _v.i._ to ramble idly or leisurely: to wander on foot.--_n._ a leisurely walk: a wandering on foot.--_n._ STROLL'ER. [Skeat explains as formerly _stroule_, _stroyle_, a contracted form, as if for _strugle_. Freq. of Dan. _stryge_, to stroll, Sw. _stryka_, to stroke, also to ramble. Allied to _strike_.]

STROMA, str[=o]'ma, _n._ the subtentacular tissue or substance of an organ or cell: in fungi, the substance in which the perithecia are immersed: the solid mass left after all liquid is expressed from protoplasm.--_adjs._ STROMAT'IC; STR[=O]'MATIFORM; STR[=O]'MATOUS. [Gr. _str[=o]ma_, a covering.]

STROMATOLOGY, str[=o]m-a-tol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the history of the formation of the stratified rocks. [Gr. _str[=o]ma_, a covering, _logos_, discourse.]

STROMBUS, strom'bus, _n._ a genus of marine gasteropods, typical of the family _Strombidae_, their shells, often called conch-shells, frequently used as decorative objects and in the manufacture of cameos. [Gr.

_strombos_, a pine-cone.]

STROND, strond, _n._ (_Shak._) the strand, beach.

STRONG, strong, _adj._ firm: having physical power: hale, healthy: able to endure: solid: well fortified: having wealth or resources: moving with rapidity: impetuous: earnest: having great vigour, as the mind: forcible: energetic, determined, positive: affecting the senses, as smell and taste, forcibly offensive or intense in quality, pungent: loud, stentorian: hard, indigestible: having a quality in a great degree: intoxicating, rich in alcohol: bright: intense: well established, firm, steadily going upward without fluctuation: (_gram._) inflecting by a change of radical vowel instead of by syllabic addition.--_n._ STRONG'HOLD, a place strong to hold out against attack: a fastness or fortified place: a fortress.--_adj._ STRONG'-KNIT, firmly jointed or compacted.--_adv._ STRONG'LY.--_adj._ STRONG'-MIND'ED, having a vigorous mind: unfeminine, applied to women who unsex themselves to obtain the freedom of men.--_ns._ STRONG'-MIND'EDNESS; STRONG'-ROOM, a firmly secured place where valuables are stored; STRONG'-WA'TER, ardent spirits.--STRONG ESCAPE (_Shak._), an escape accomplished by strength. [A.S. _strang_, strong; Ice. _strangr_, Ger.

_streng_, tight.]

STRONGYLE, stron'jil, _n._ a strongyloid nematode worm.--_adj._ STRON'GYLOID. [Gr. _strongylos_, round.]

STRONTIUM, stron'shi-um, _n._ a yellowish, ductile, malleable metal somewhat harder than lead, existing as a carbonate in the mineral _Strontianite_ (first found in 1790 near _Strontian_ in Argyllshire), and as a sulphate in the mineral known as _Celestine_.--_ns._ STRON'TIA, the oxide of strontium--also STRON'TIAN; STRON'TIANITE, carbonate of strontia.

STROOK, str[=oo]k (_Milt._) obsolete _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _strike_.

STROP, strop, _n._ a strip of leather, or of wood covered with leather, &c., for sharpening razors.--_v.t._ to sharpen on a strop:--_pr.p._ strop'ping; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ stropped. [Older form of _strap_.]

STROPHANTHUS, str[=o]-fan'thus, _n._ a genus of tropical African and Asiatic plants of order _Apocynaceae_, often climbers, the seeds of several species in Africa yielding arrow-poison, those of _S. hispidus_ yielding an extremely poisonous bitter principle, STROPHAN'THIN, whose medicinal action is very similar to that of Digitalis. [Gr. _strophos_, twisted band, _anthos_, flower.]

STROPHE, str[=o]f'e, _n._ in the ancient drama, the song sung by the chorus while dancing towards one side of the orchestra, to which its reverse, the _antistrophe_, answers.--_adj._ STROPH'IC. [Gr.]

STROPHIOLE, strof'i-[=o]l, _n._ (_bot._) an aril-like appendage growing from the _raphe_ in the fruits of Viola, &c.--_adjs._ STROPH'IOLATE, -D.

[Gr. _strophion_, dim. of _strophos_, a twisted band.]

STROSSERS, stros'[.e]rz, _n._ (_Shak._) trousers. [A form of _trossers_=_trousers_.]

STROUDING, strowd'ing, _n._ a coarse, warm cloth or blanketing.

STROUP, str[=oo]p, _n._ (_Scot._) a spout, nozzle.

STROUT, strowt, _v.t._ (_Bacon_) to strut, to cause to project or swell out.

STROVE, str[=o]v, _pa.t._ of _strive_.

STROW, str[=o], same as STREW:--_pa.p._ str[=o]wed or str[=o]wn.

STROY, stroi, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to destroy.

STRUB, strub, _v.t._ and _v.i._ (_prov._) to rob.

STRUCK, STRUCKEN, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _strike_.

STRUCTURE, struk't[=u]r, _n._ manner of building: construction: a building, esp. one of large size: arrangement of parts or of particles in a substance: manner of organisation: an organic form.--_adj._ STRUC'T[=U]RAL, morphological.--_n._ STRUCT[=U]RALIS[=A]'TION.--_adv._ STRUC'T[=U]RALLY, in a structural manner.--_adjs._ STRUC'TURED, having a certain structure; STRUC'TURELESS.--_adv._ STRUC'TURELY, in structure, by construction.--_n._ STRUC'T[=U]RIST, one who rears structures. [L. _structura_--_stru[)e]re_, _structum_, to build.]

STRUGGLE, strug'l, _v.i._ to make great efforts with contortions of the body: to make great exertions: to contend: to labour in pain: to be in agony or distress.--_n._ a violent effort with contortions of the body: great labour: agony.--_n._ STRUGG'LER, one who struggles, strives, or contends. [Skeat explains M. E. _strogelen_ as a weakened form of an assumed _strokelen_, a freq. verb, from Ice. _strok-_, stem of _strokinn_, pa.p. of _strjuka_, to strike; cf. Ice. _strokka_, to churn, also Sw.

_stryka_, to strike.]

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