SQUAMA, skw[=a]'ma, _n._ a scale: the bractea of a deciduous spike, any scaly bracted leaf:--_pl._ SQU[=A]'Mae.--_n.pl._ SQU[=A]M[=A]'TA, a division of reptiles, including lizards and serpents.--_adjs._ SQU[=A]'MATE, SQU[=A]'MOUS, SQUAM[=A]'CEOUS, SQU[=A]'MOSE, covered with, or consisting of, scales: scaly.--_ns._ SQU[=A]ME, a scale or squama; SQU[=A]MEL'LA, a small scale.--_adjs._ SQU[=A]MIF'EROUS, SQU[=A]MIG'EROUS, bearing squamae or scales; SQU[=A]'MIFORM, SQU[=A]'MOID, like a scale.--_ns._ SQU[=A]M[=O]'SAL, the squamous portion of the temporal bone; SQUAM'ULA, a very small scale--also SQUAM'ULE.--_adjs._ SQUAM'ULATE, SQUAM'ULIFORM. [L.
_squamosus_--_squama_, a scale.]
SQUANDER, skwon'd[.e]r, _v.t._ to spend lavishly or wastefully: to waste money or powers.--_n._ SQUAN'DERER.--_adv._ SQUAN'DERINGLY, in a squandering manner, by squandering. [Skeat explains as a nasalised form of Lowland Scotch _squatter_, to splash water about, prov. Eng. _swatter_, to throw water about. These are frequentatives from Dan. _sqvatte_, to splash, spurt, squander; Sw. _sqvatta_, to squirt, _Ice_. _skvetta_, to squirt out water.]
SQUARE, skw[=a]r; _adj._ having four equal sides and angles: forming a right angle: having a straight front or an outline formed by straight lines: exact suitable, fitting: true, that does equal justice, fair, honest: even, leaving no balance, settled, as accounts: directly opposed, complete, unequivocal: solid, full, satisfying.--_n._ that which is square: a square figure: a four-sided space enclosed by houses: a square body of troops: the length of the side of any figure squared: an instrument for measuring right angles: (_arith_.) the product of a quantity multiplied by itself: due proportion, order, honesty, equity, fairness.--_v.t._ to form like a square: to form with four equal sides and angles: (_arith_.) to multiply by itself: to reduce to any given measure or standard, to adjust, regulate: (_naut_.) to place at right angles with the mast or keel.--_v.i._ to suit, fit: to accord or agree: to take an attitude of offence and defence, as a boxer.--_adj._ SQUARE'-BUILT, of a square build or shape.--_adv._ SQUARE'LY, in a square form or manner.--_ns._ SQUARE'-MEAS'URE, [Illustration] a system of measures applied to surfaces, of which the unit is the square of the lineal unit; SQUARE'NESS.--_adj._ SQUARE'-PIERCED (_her_.), designating a charge perforated with a square opening so as to show the field.--_n._ SQU[=A]'RER, one who, or that which, squares: (_Shak._) a fighting, quarrelsome person.--_adj._ SQUARE'-RIGGED, having the chief sails square, and extended by yards suspended by the middle at right angles to the masts--opposed to _Fore-and-aft_.--_ns._ SQUARE'-ROOT, that root which being multiplied into itself produces the given number or quantity; SQUARE'-SAIL, a four-sided sail extended by yards suspended by the middle at right angles to the mast.--_adj._ SQUARE'-TOED.--_n._ SQUARE'-TOES, an old-fashioned, punctilious person.--_adj._ SQU[=A]'RISH.--SQUARE THE CIRCLE, to determine the area of a circle in square measure.--ON THE SQUARE, honestly. [O. Fr. _esquarre_ (Fr. _equerre_)--L. _ex-quadr[=a]re_, to square--_quadrus_, conn. with _quatuor_, four.]
SQUARROSE, skwar'[=o]s, _adj._ rough, with projecting or deflexed scales.--_adj._ SQUARR'ULOSE, diminutively squarrose.
SQUARSON, skwar'sn, _n._ one who is both a beneficed clergyman and a squire or land-owner in a parish.--_n._ SQUAR'SONAGE, the residence of such.
SQUASH, skwosh, _v.t._ to press into pulp: to crush flat.--_v.i._ to form a soft mass as from a fall: to make a noise similar to such.--_n._ a sudden fall or shock of soft bodies: anything soft and easily crushed, anything soft or unripe, as a peascod.--_ns._ SQUASH'ER; SQUASH'INESS, state of being squashy.--_adj._ SQUASH'Y, like a squash: muddy. [O. Fr. _esquacher_ (Fr. _ecacher_), to crush--L. _ex_, out, _coact[=a]re_, to restrain--_cog[)e]re_, _coactum_, to drive together.]
SQUASH, skwosh, _n._ a term loosely used, esp. in the United States, for two or three kinds of gourd, including the pumpkin. [Amer. Ind. _asquash_ (pl. of _asq_), green.]
SQUAT, skwot, _v.i._ to sit down upon the hams or heels: to cower, as an animal: to settle on new land without title:--_pr.p._ squat'ting; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ squat'ted.--_adj._ short and thick, dumpy, clumsy.--_ns._ SQUATOC'RACY, the squatters of Australia collectively; SQUAT'TER, a settler on new land without title: one who leases pasture-land from the government; SQUAT'TINESS.--_v.i._ SQUAT'TLE (_Scot._), to squat down.--_adj._ SQUAT'TY, very short and thick. [O. Fr. _esquatir_, to crush--L. _ex-_, _coactus_, pa.p. of _cog[)e]re_, to drive together.]
SQUATTER, skwot'[.e]r, _v.i._ to plunge through water.
SQUAW, skwaw, _n._ an American Indian woman, esp. a wife.--_n._ SQUAW'MAN, a white man with an Indian wife.
SQUEAK, skw[=e]k, _v.i._ to utter a shrill and usually short cry.--_n._ a sudden, shrill cry.--_v.i._ SQUAWK, to utter a harsh cry: (_U.S._) to back out in a mean way.--_n._ a loud squeak.--_n._ SQUEAK'ER, one who squeaks: a young bird.--_adv._ SQUEAK'INGLY.--A NARROW SQUEAK, a narrow escape.
[Imit.; cf. Sw. _sqvaka_, to croak, Ger. _quieken_, to squeak.]
SQUEAL, skw[=e]l, _v.i._ to utter a shrill and prolonged sound: to turn informer.--_n._ a shrill loud cry.--_n._ SQUEAL'ER, a young pigeon: an informer. [Scand.; Sw. dial. _sqvala_, to cry out.]
SQUEAMISH, skw[=e]m'ish, _adj._ sickish at stomach: easily disgusted or offended: fastidious in taste.--_adv._ SQUEAM'ISHLY.--_n._ SQUEAM'ISHNESS.
[Scand.; Ice. _sveimr_, stir; prob. also influenced by qualmish.]
SQUEEGEE, skw[=e]'j[=e], _n._ a wooden implement edged with rubber for clearing water away from decks, floors, windows, &c.: a photographer's roller for squeezing the moisture from a print--also SQUIL'GEE.--_v.t._ to smooth down with a squeegee.
SQUEEZE, skw[=e]z, _v.t._ to crush or press between two bodies: to embrace closely: to force through a small hole: to cause to pass: to extort, oppress, harass.--_v.i._ to push between close bodies: to press: to crowd.--_n._ act of squeezing: pressing between bodies: an impression of an inscription, &c., made by taking a rubbing.--_n._ SQUEEZABIL'ITY.--_adj._ SQUEEZ'ABLE.--_ns._ SQUEEZ'ER, one who, or that which, squeezes: (_pl._) playing-cards having the number of spots marked in the right-hand corner of each; SQUEEZ'ING, the act of exerting pressure.--_adj._ SQUEEZ'Y, suggesting squeezing, small, contracted. [M. E. _queisen_--A.S. _cwisan_.]
SQUELCH, skwelch, _n._ a heavy blow or a heavy fall.--_v.t._ to crush down.
SQUIB, skwib, _n._ a paper tube filled with combustibles, thrown up into the air burning and bursting: a petty lampoon.--_v.t._ to aim squibs at: to lampoon.--_v.i._ to write lampoons: to use squibs: to sound like a squib exploding. [Scand.; Ice. _svipa_, to flash.]
SQUID, skwid, _n._ a kind of cuttle-fish or calamary: a lure used in trolling for fish.--_v.i._ to fish with a squid or spoon-bait.
SQUIGGLE, skwig'l, _v.i._ (_U.S._) to squirm, wriggle: (_prov_.) to rinse out the mouth with a liquid.
SQUILGEE. See SQUEEGEE.
SQUILL, skwil, _n._ a genus of bulbous-rooted plants of order _Liliaceae_, with radical leaves, and flowers in terminal racemes or loose corymbs--the officinal Squill is diuretic and expectorant.--_adj._ SQUILLIT'IC. [Fr.
_squille_--L. _squilla_, _scilla_--Gr. _skilla_.]
SQUINCH, skwinch, _n._ a small stone arch, or series of arches, across an interior angle of a square tower to support the sides of an octagonal spire.
SQUINNY, skwin'i, _v.i._ (_Shak._) to look asquint.
SQUINT, skwint, _adj._ looking obliquely: having the vision distorted.--_v.i._ to look obliquely: to have the vision distorted.--_v.t._ to cause to squint.--_n._ act or habit of squinting: an oblique look: distortion of vision: a hagioscope, a narrow aperture cut in the wall of a church (generally about two feet wide) to enable persons standing in the side-chapels, &c., to see the elevation of the host at the high-altar.--_n._ SQUINT'-EYE, an eye that squints.--_adj._ SQUINT'-EYED, looking obliquely: oblique, malignant.--_n._ SQUINT'ING, technically _Strabismus_, a common deformity which may be defined as a want of parallelism in the visual axes, when the patient endeavours to direct both eyes to an object at the same time.--_adv._ SQUINT'INGLY. [Scand.; Sw.
_svinka_, to shrink, a nasalised form of _svika_, to fail.]
SQUIRE, skw[=i]r, _n._ an esquire, a knight's attendant: a beau or gallant: a country gentleman, an owner of land in England, esp. if of old family: (_U.S._) one who has been a justice of the peace, &c.--_ns._ SQUIRE'AGE, SQUIRE'ARCHY, landed gentry collectively.--_adj._ SQUIRE'ARCHAL.--_ns._ SQUIREEN', a gentleman farmer, one almost a squire; SQUIRE'HOOD, the state or rank of a squire--also SQUIRE'SHIP.--_adjs._ SQUIRE'-LIKE, SQUIRE'LY, like or becoming a squire.--_ns._ SQUIRE'LING, a squire of small possessions; SQUIREOC'RACY, government by the landed classes; SQU[=I]R'ESS, a squire's wife. [_Esquire_.]
SQUIRE, skw[=i]r, _n._ (_Shak._) a square. [_Square_.]
SQUIRM, skwirm, _v.i._ to wriggle or writhe, to climb by wriggling up: to escape with any awkward evasion or lie. [A variant of _squir_=_whir_.]
SQUIRREL, skwir'el, _n._ a nimble, reddish-brown, rodent little animal with hairy tail and large eyes, mainly of arboreal habit.--_ns._ SQUIRR'EL-FISH, a holocentroid tropical fish; SQUIRR'EL-TAIL, any one of several grasses of the genus _Hordeum_, with long hair-like awns: a cap of squirrel-skins, with a tail hanging down behind. [O. Fr. _escurel_--Low L. _scurellus_, dim. of L. _sciurus_--Gr. _skiouros_--_skia_, shade, _oura_, tail.]
SQUIRT, skw[.e]rt, _v.t._ to throw out water in a stream from a narrow opening.--_n._ a small instrument for squirting: a small, quick stream.--_n._ SQUIRT'ER. [Skeat says the _r_ appears to be intrusive; allied to prov. Eng. _squitter_, to squirt, and _squitter_, diarrhoea. From Sw. dial. _skvittar_, to sprinkle all round, freq. of _skwitta_, to squirt, Sw. _sqvatta_, to squirt; cf. Dan. _sqvatte_, to splash.]
SQUITCH, skwich, _n._ quitch-grass.
SRADDHA, sra'da, _n._ the offering of rice and flowers to the manes of a deceased ancestor. [Sans.]
STAB, stab, _v.t._ to wound with a pointed weapon: to wound: to injure secretly, or by slander: to roughen a brick wall with a pick so as to hold plaster: to pierce folded sheets, near their back edges, for the passage of thread or wire.--_v.i._ to give a stab or a mortal wound:--_pr.p._ stab'bing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ stabbed.--_n._ a wound with a pointed weapon: an injury given secretly.--_n._ STAB'BER, one who stabs.--_adv._ STAB'BINGLY. [Gael. _stob_, a stake.]
STABAT MATER, st[=a]'bat m[=a]'t[.e]r, _n._ a Latin hymn on the seven dolours of the Virgin, ascribed to Jacopone da Todi, a 13th-cent. Minorite: a musical setting of this sequence. [Its opening words.]
STABLE, st[=a]'bl, _adj._ that stands firm: firmly established: durable: firm in purpose or character: constant, unchangeable.--_ns._ STABIL'ITY, state of being stable: steadiness; ST[=A]'BLENESS.--_adv._ ST[=A]'BLY.
[Fr.,--L. _stabilis_--_st[=a]re_, to stand.]
STABLE, st[=a]'bl, _n._ a building for horses and cattle.--_v.t._ to put or keep in a stable.--_v.i._ to dwell in a stable.--_ns._ ST[=A]'BLE-BOY, -MAN, a boy, or man, who attends in a stable; ST[=A]'BLER, a stable-keeper; ST[=A]'BLE-ROOM, room for stabling horses or cattle; ST[=A]'BLING, act of putting into a stable: accommodation for horses and cattle. [O. Fr.
_estable_ (Fr. _etable_)--L. _stabulum_--_st[=a]re_, to stand.]
STABLISH, stab'lish, _v.t._ old form of _establish_.--_n._ STAB'LISHMENT=_Establishment_.
STACCATO, stak-ka'to, _adj._ (_mus._) with the notes to be played in an abrupt, disconnected manner--opp. to _Legato_: marked by abrupt emphasis: giving a clear distinct sound to each note.--_adj._ STACCATIS'SIMO, as staccato as possible. [It., from _staccare_, for _distaccare_, to separate.]
STACHYS, st[=a]'kis, _n._ a genus of _Labiatae_, containing the Hedge-nettle, the Woundwort, and according to some botanists the Common Betony or Wood Betony. [L.,--Gr. _stachys_, an ear of corn.]
STACK, stak, _n._ a large pile of bay, corn, wood, &c.: a number of chimneys standing together: a pyramid formed by a number of muskets with fixed bayonets interlocked and the stocks spread widely apart.--_v.t._ to pile into a stack: to make up cards for cheating.--_ns._ STACK'-STAND, a frame of wood, iron, or stone, supported on short props, for building a stack upon; STACK'YARD, a yard for stacks. [Scand.; Ice. _stakkr_, a stack of hay.]
STACTE, stak'te, _n._ a Jewish spice, liquid myrrh.
STACTOMETER, stak-tom'e-t[.e]r, _n._ a tube with a small hole at the bottom for measuring a liquid in drops.--Also STALAGMOM'ETER. [Gr. _staktos_, dropping, _metron_, a measure.]
STADDA, stad'a, _n._ a double-bladed hand-saw for cutting the teeth of combs.
STADDLE, stad'l, _n._ anything that serves for support: a staff or crutch: a stack-stand: a small tree. [A.S. _stathol_, foundation; Ger. _stadel_.]
STADIA, st[=a]'di-a, _n._ a temporary surveying station: an instrument for measuring distances.--_n._ STADIOM'ETER, a self-recording theodolite.
STADIUM, st[=a]'di-um, _n._ a Greek measure of length, 600 podes=582 English feet, the Greek foot being .971 of an English foot:--_pl._ ST[=A]'DIA.