SPROD, sprod, _n._ (_prov._) a second-year salmon.
SPRONG, sprong (_Spens._), _pa.t._ of _spring_.
SPROUT, sprowt, _n._ a germ or young shoot: (_pl._) young shoots from old cabbages.--_v.i._ to shoot: to push out new shoots.--_adj._ SPROUT'ED, budded.--BRUSSELS SPROUTS (see BRUSSELS). [According to Skeat, not from A.S. _spreotan_, nor _sprtan_, but from Old Friesic _spruta_, to sprout, Low Ger. _spruten_, Dut. _spruiten_, Ger. _spriessen_.]
SPRUCE, spr[=oo]s, _adj._ smart: neat, dapper: over-fastidious, finical.--_n._ Prussian leather.--_v.t._ to smarten.--_v.i._ to become spruce or smart.--_n._ SPRUCE'-FIR, or merely SPRUCE, any tree of the genus _Picea_ of the pine family (_Coniferae_), or the wood of such a tree.--_adv._ SPRUCE'LY.--_n._ SPRUCE'NESS.--_v.t._ SPRU'CIFY, to smarten.
[O. Fr. _Pruce_--Late L. _Prussia_, Ger. _Preussen_.]
SPRUCE-BEER, spr[=oo]s'-b[=e]r, _n._ beer flavoured with a decoction of the young shoots of the spruce-fir. [Ger. _sprossen-bier_, _sprossen_, young shoots, Englished as _Pruce-beer_, i.e. Prussian beer.]
SPRUE, spr[=oo], _n._ in casting, one of the passages leading to the mould, also the metal which solidifies in it--_deadhead_.--_n._ SPRUE'-HOLE, ingate or pouring-hole in a mould.
SPRUG, sprug, _v.t._ and _v.i._ (_prov._) to smarten, to dress neatly.
SPRUG, sprug, _n._ (_prov._) a sparrow.
SPRUIT, spr[=oo]'it, _n._ a small head-stream, a stream flowing through a village, dry in summer. [S. Afr. Dut.]
SPRUNG, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _spring_.--_adj._ (_coll._) tipsy, tight.
SPRUNNY, sprun'i, _adj._ (_prov._) neat.--_n._ a sweetheart.
SPRUNT, sprunt, _v.i._ to spring up: sprout, germinate.--_n._ a steep bit in a road: a rebellious curl, &c.--_adv._ SPRUNT'LY, gaily, bravely.--SPRUNT UP, to bristle up.
SPRY, spr[=i], _adj._ vigorous, lively, gay, pert. [Scand.; Sw. prov.
_sprygg_, very active.]
SPUD, spud, _n._ a small narrow spade with a short handle: any short thick thing, a baby's hand, a potato, &c.--_adj._ SPUD'DY, short and fat. [Prob.
Scand., Dan. _spyd_, a spear.]
SPUE. Same as SPEW.
SPULZIE, SPUILZIE, spul'y[=e], _n._ (_Scot._) spoil.--Also SPUL'YE, SPUL'YIE. [_Spoil_.]
SPUME, sp[=u]m, _n._ scum or froth thrown up by liquid: foam.--_v.i._ to throw up scum: to foam.--_adj._ SP[=U]'M[=E]OUS, frothy.--_n._ SP[=U]MES'CENCE, frothiness.--_adjs._ SP[=U]MES'CENT, foaming; SP[=U]MIF'EROUS, producing foam.--_n._ SP[=U]'MINESS, the quality of being spumy or frothy.--_adjs._ SP[=U]'MOUS, SP[=U]'MY, consisting of froth: frothy: foamy. [L. _spuma_--_spu[)e]re_ to spew.]
SPUN, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of spin.--_adj._ SPUN'-OUT, unduly lengthened.--_n._ SPUN'-YARN, rope-yarn twisted into a cord.
SPUNGE, spunj, v. and _n._ a form of _sponge_.
SPUNK, spungk, _n._ touchwood, tinder, a fungus from which tinder is made, punk, amadou: (_Scot._) a small fire, a fiery spark, a lucifer-match: mettle, spirit, pluck.--_v.i._ to take fire, flame up.--_adj._ SPUNK'Y, spirited: fiery-tempered. [Cf. Ir. _sponc_, tinder, sponge--L. _spongia_, a sponge--Gr. _sponggia_.]
SPUR, spur, _n._ an instrument on a horseman's heels, with sharp points for goading the horse: that which goads or instigates: something projecting: the hard projection on a cock's leg: a small range of mountains extending laterally from a larger range.--_v.t._ to urge on with spurs: to urge onward: to impel: to put spurs on.--_v.i._ to press forward: to travel in great haste:--_pr.p._ spur'ring; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ spurred.--_v.t._ SPUR'-GALL (_Shak._), to gall or wound with a spur.--_ns._ SPUR'-GEAR, -GEAR'ING, gearing in which spur-wheels are used.--_adj._ SPUR'-HEELED, having a long straight hind-claw.--_n._ SPUR'-LEATH'ER, the strap by which the spur is fastened to the foot.--_p.adj._ SPURRED, wearing spurs: having shoots like spurs: affected with ergot, as rye.--_ns._ SPUR'RER, one who, or that which, spurs; SPUR'RIER, one who makes spurs; SPUR'-ROY'AL, an ancient English coin, worth fifteen shillings, so called from having a star on one side resembling the rowel of a spur; SPUR'-WAY, a bridle-road; SPUR'-WHANG=_Spur-leather_; SPUR'-WHEEL (_mech._), a wheel with the cogs on the face of the edge like a spur.--_adj._ SPUR'-WINGED, with a horny spur on the pinion, as with the plovers, &c. [A.S. _spora_; Ice. _spori_, Ger.
SPURGE, spurj, _n._ a genus of plants of the natural order _Euphorbiaceae_, all the species containing a resinous milky juice mostly very acrid.--_n._ SPURGE'-LAU'REL, a European evergreen shrub, with yellowish-green flowers, thick leaves, and poisonous berries. [O. Fr. _espurge_ (Fr. _epurge_)--L.
_expurg[=a]re_, to purge--_ex_, off, _purg[=a]re_, to clear.]
SPURIae, sp[=u]'ri-[=e], _n.pl._ the bastard quills forming the alula in birds.
SPURIOUS, sp[=u]r'i-us, _adj._ illegitimate: bastard: not genuine: false: resembling an organ, but without its function, or having the functions of an organ while morphologically different.--_adv._ SP[=U]R'IOUSLY.--_n._ SP[=U]R'IOUSNESS. [L. _spurius_, false.]
SPURN, spurn, _v.t._ to drive away as with the foot: to kick: to reject with disdain.--_n._ disdainful rejection.--_n._ SPURN'ER, one who spurns.
[A.S. _speornan_; cog. with _spur_.]
SPURNE, spurn, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to spur.
SPURRY, spur'i, _n._ a plant of the genus _Spergula_. [O. Fr. _sporrie_, of Teut. origin; cf. Ger. _sporgel_.]
SPURT, spurt, _v.t._ to spout, or send out in a sudden stream, as water.--_v.i._ to gush out suddenly in a small stream: to flow out forcibly or at intervals.--_n._ a sudden or violent gush of a liquid from an opening: a jet: a sudden short effort, a special exertion of one's self for a short time, in running, rowing, &c. [Formerly _spirt_--Ice. _sprettr_, a spurt--_spretta_, to start, to sprout.]
SPURTLE, spur'tl, _n._ (_Scot._) a short stick for stirring porridge, broth, &c.--_n._ SPUR'TLE-BLADE, a sword.
SPUTTER, sput'[.e]r, _v.i._ to spit in small drops, as in rapid speaking: to throw out moisture in scattered drops: to speak rapidly and indistinctly, to jabber.--_v.t._ to throw out with haste and noise: to utter hastily and indistinctly.--_n._ moist matter thrown out in particles.--_n._ SPUTT'ERER, one who sputters. [The freq. of _spout_ (q.v.).]
SPUTUM, sp[=u]'tum, _n._ spittle, the matter expectorated:--_pl._ SP[=U]'TA. [L.,--_spu[)e]re_, to spit.]
SPY, sp[=i], _n._ one sent into an enemy's country or camp to find out their strength, &c.: one who keeps a watch on others: one who secretly conveys information.--_v.t._ to see: to discover, generally at a distance: to discover by close search: to inspect secretly:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ spied.--_ns._ SPY'AL=_Spial_; SPY'-CRAFT, SPY'ISM, the art or practice of spying; SPY'GLASS, a small hand-telescope; SPY'-HOLE, a peep-hole; SPY'-MON'EY, money paid for secret intelligence. [O. Fr. _espier_--Old High Ger. _speh[=o]n_; L. _spec[)e]re_.]
SPYRE, sp[=i]r, _v.i._ (_Spens._) to shoot forth. [L. _spir[=a]re_, to sprout.]
SQUAB, skwob, _adj._ fat, clumsy: curt, abrupt: unfledged, newly hatched: shy, coy.--_n._ a young pigeon, the young of other animals before the hair or feathers are grown: a short stumpy person: a thickly-stuffed cushion, a sofa padded throughout, an ottoman.--_v.t._ to stuff thickly and sew through, the stitches being concealed by buttons, &c.--_v.i._ to fall heavily.--_adv._ flat: heavily, as a fall.--_adjs._ SQUAB'BISH, thick, heavy; SQUAB'BY, squat.--_ns._ SQUAB'-CHICK, a fledgling; SQUAB'-PIE, a pie made of strips of mutton, onions, and slices of apple. [Prob. Scand.; cf.
Sw. dial. _sqvapp_, a word imitative of a splash, _sqvabb_, loose flesh, _sqvabbig_, flabby.]
SQUABASH, skwa-bash', _v.t._ to crush, smash.
SQUABBLE, skwob'l, _v.i._ to dispute in a noisy manner: to wrangle.--_n._ a noisy, petty quarrel: a brawl.--_n._ SQUABB'LER. [Scand., Sw. dial.
_skvabbel_, a dispute.]
SQUACCO, skwak'[=o], _n._ a small crested African heron.
SQUAD, skwod, _n._ a small body of men assembled for drill, any small group or company of men.--_n._ SQUAD'RON, a body of cavalry, consisting of two troops, or 120 to 200 men: a body of soldiers drawn up in a square: any regularly ranked body, or a group: section of a fleet, commanded by a flag-officer.--_p.adj._ SQUAD'RONED, formed into squadrons.--AWKWARD SQUAD, a body of recruits not yet competent in drill, &c. [O. Fr. _esquadre_--It.
_squadra_, and L. _exquadr[=a]re_, to make square.]
SQUADDY, skwad'i, _adj._ squabby.
SQUAIL, skw[=a]l, _n._ a disc or counter used in the game of squails: (_pl._) a parlour-game in which small discs are snapped from the edge of the table to a centre mark called the _process_: the game of ninepins.--_v.i._ to throw a stick, &c., at any object.--_v.t._ to pelt with sticks, &c.--_n._ SQUAIL'ER, a throwing-stick. [A variant of _kail_.]
SQUALID, skwol'id, _adj._ filthy, foul.--_n._ SQUALID'ITY, the state of being squalid: filthiness.--_adv._ SQUAL'IDLY.--_ns._ SQUAL'IDNESS; SQUAL'OR, state of being squalid: dirtiness: filthiness. [L.
_squalidus_--_squal[=e]re_, to be stiff; akin to Gr. _skellein_, to dry.]
SQUALL, skwawl, _v.i._ to cry out violently.--_n._ a loud cry or scream: a violent gust of wind.--_n._ SQUALL'ER.--_adj._ SQUALL'Y, abounding or disturbed with squalls or gusts of wind: gusty, blustering: threatening a squall.--WHITE SQUALL, a tropical whirlwind, coming on without warning other than a small white cloud. [Scand., Sw. _sqvala_, to gush out.]
SQUALLY, skwawl'i, _adj._ irregularly woven: having bare patches, of a field of corn, &c. [Prob. the same as _scally_. Cf. _Scall_.]
SQUALOID, skw[=a]'loid, _adj._ resembling a SQU[=A]'LUS or shark.--_n._ SQU[=A]'LID, one of the _Squalidae_, a family of sharks.--_adj._ SQU[=A]'LIFORM, having the form of a shark. [L. _squalus_, a shark.]