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TUATH, t[=u]'ath, _n._ an ancient Irish territorial division.

TUB, tub, _n._ a two-handed open wooden vessel: a vessel made of staves and hoops: a small cask: anything like a tub: the quantity a tub holds: (_slang_) a pulpit: a clumsy boat: a receptacle for bathing water: the act of bathing in a tub.--_v.t._ to set, to bathe, in a tub.--_v.i._ to take a bath in a tub.--_n._ TUB'BING, the art of, or the material for, making tubs: in mining, a method of keeping out the water in sinking a shaft in watery ground: a tub-bath: rowing in clumsy boats.--_adjs._ TUB'BISH, round and fat; TUB'BY, sounding like an empty tub: dull: wanting elasticity of sound: round like a tub.--_ns._ TUB'-FAST (_Shak._) a process of treating venereal disease by sweating in a hot tub; TUB'FUL, as much as a tub will hold; TUB'-GIG, a Welsh car; TUB'-THUMP'ER (_slang_), a ranting preacher; TUB'-WHEEL, a kind of bowl-shaped water-wheel like the turbine, with spiral flanges at the exterior. [Low Ger. _tubbe_; Dut. _tobbe_.]

TUBA, t[=u]'ba, _n._ a large, low-pitched trumpet-shaped instrument: in organs, a reed-stop of large scale: (_anat._) a tube, or tubular organ:--_pl._ T[=U]'Bae, T[=U]'BAS (-b[=e], -bas). [L.]

TUBE, t[=u]b, _n._ a pipe: a long hollow cylinder for the conveyance of fluids, &c.: a canal: the body of a musical instrument: a telescope: a cylindrical receptacle for holding semi-fluid substances, as pigments.--_v.t._ to furnish with, enclose in, a tube.--_n._ T[=U]'BAGE, the act or process of lining a heavy gun by insertion of a tube of wrought-iron, &c.: (_med._) the insertion of a tube into the larynx, &c.--_adjs._ T[=U]'BAL, T[=U]'BAR.--_n._ TUBE'-WELL, a pipe used to obtain water from beneath the ground, having a sharp point and a number of perforations just above the point.--_adjs._ TUBIC'OLAR, T[=U]'BICOLE, TUBIC'OLOUS, inhabiting a tube: spinning a tubular web; T[=U]'BIFLOROUS, having tubular flowers; T[=U]'BIFORM, shaped like a tube.--_n._ T[=U]'BING, the act of making tubes: tubes collectively: material for tubes.--_adjs._ T[=U]'B[=U]LAR, having the form of a tube: having a sound like that made by the passage of air through a tube; T[=U]B[=U]L[=A]'RIAN, hydriform in tubular shape with wide disc; T[=U]'B[=U]LATE, -D, T[=U]'B[=U]LOUS, T[=U]'B[=U]LOSE, formed like a tube: formed of tubes.--_n._ T[=U]'B[=U]LE, a small tube.--_adj._ T[=U]'B[=U]LIFORM, having the form of a small tube.

[Fr.,--L. _tubus_, a pipe.]

TUBER, t[=u]'b[.e]r, _n._ a knob in roots: a rounded, fleshy underground stem, as in the potato, formed by a part of the stem becoming thick and fleshy: a swelling.--_ns._ TUBER'CULUM, T[=U]'BERCULE, a little tuber: a small rounded elevation on a bodily organ.--_adjs._ TUBERIF'EROUS, bearing tubers; T[=U]'BERIFORM.--_ns._ TUBEROS'ITY, T[=U]'BEROUSNESS.--_adjs._ T[=U]'BEROUS, T[=U]'BER[=O]SE, having, or consisting of, tubers: knobbed.

[L. _tuber_, a swelling, from root of L. _tum[=e]re_, to swell.]

TUBERCLE, t[=u]'b[.e]r-kl, _n._ a small tuber or swelling: a pimple: a small knob on leaves: the characteristic product of a specific micro-organism, the _Bacillus tuberculosis_--a new formation belonging to the group of Granulomata or granulative growths, which, in virtue of their recognised infectiveness, have been classed as Infective Granulomata.--_adjs._ T[=U]'BERCLED, having tubercles; TUBER'CULAR; TUBER'CULATE, -D, TUBER'CULOSE, TUBER'CULOUS, pertaining to tubercles: pimpled: affected with, or caused by, tubercles.--_ns._ TUBER'CULIN, -E, a liquid prepared by Koch in 1890, a forty to fifty per cent. glycerine solution of a pure cultivation of the tubercle bacillus, injected into the subcutaneous tissues of persons affected with tuberculosis; TUBERCULIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ TUBER'CULISE.--_adjs._ TUBER'CULOID; TUBER'CUL[=O]SED.--_ns._ TUBERCUL[=O]'SIS, a specific infective disease induced by the invasion of the _Bacillus tuberculosis_, and characterised by the presence of tubercle or other tubercular formations--consumption or phthisis; TUBER'CULUM, a tubercle. [L. _tuberculum_, dim. of _tuber_.]

TUBEROSE, t[=u]'be-r[=o]s, or t[=u]b'r[=o]z, _n._ a genus of _Liliaceae_--the Common Tuberose, a garden and greenhouse bulb, having creamy-white, fragrant flowers. [From L. _tuberosa_, tuberous, used in the botanical name _Polianthes tuberosa_; the second pronunciation shows popular confusion with rose.]

TUBISEN, t[=u]'bi-sen, _n._ a trumpeter.--_v.i._ TUBIC'INATE, to blow a trumpet. [L.]

TUCAN, t[=oo]'kan, _n._ the Mexican pocket-gopher.

TUCK, tuk, n, a rapier: a blow, tap: a blast, flourish. [O. Fr. _estoc_; perh. cog. with Ger. _stock_, a stock.]

TUCK, tuk, _v.t._ to draw or press in or together: to stuff, cram: to fold under: to gather up: to enclose by pressing clothes closely around: (_slang_) to eat (with _in_).--_n._ a horizontal fold in a garment: (_naut._) the afterpart of a ship, immediately under the stern or counter, where the ends of the bottom planks are collected and terminate by the _tuck-rail_: (_slang_) eatables, pastry.--_n._ TUCK'ER, a piece of cloth tucked or drawn over the bosom, worn by women and children: (_slang_) food, also work that scarcely yields a living wage.--_v.t._ (_Amer. slang_) to tire exceedingly.--_ns._ TUCK'-IN (_slang_), a hearty meal--also TUCK'-OUT; TUCK'-SHOP (_slang_), a confectioner's or a pastry-cook's shop.--TUCK UP, to gather up: to contract: to make tucks: (_slang_) to hang. [A.S.

_tucian_, to pull; cog. with Low Ger. _tukken_, Ger. _zucken_; also with A.S. _teon_, Ger. _ziehen_, to draw.]

TUCKAHOE, tuk'a-h[=o], _n._ an edible but tasteless underground fungus growing as a saprophyte on the roots of the trees in the southern United States--also called _Indian bread_.

TUCKET, tuk'et, _n._ (_Shak._) a flourish on a trumpet.--_n._ TUCK'ET-S[=O]'NANCE (_Shak._), the sound or signal of the tucket. [It.

_toccata_, a touch--_toccare_, to touch.]

TUDOR, t[=u]'dor, _adj._ pertaining to the royal line of the _Tudors_ (1485-1603): pertaining to the Tudor style of architecture.--TUDOR FLOWER, a trefoil ornament frequent in Tudor architecture; TUDOR ROSE, the conventional five-lobed flower adopted as a badge by Henry VII.; TUDOR STYLE (_archit._), a rather indefinite term applied to the Late Perpendicular, and the transition from that to Elizabethan--it is characterised by a flat arch, shallow mouldings, and a profusion of panelling on the walls.

TUESDAY, t[=u]z'd[=a], _n._ the third day of the week. [A.S. _Tiwes daeg_, the day of Tiw (the god of war)=Ger. _die(n)s-tag_; cf. L. _dies Martis_.

_Tiw_ (Ice. _Tr_, Old High Ger. _Zio_) is cog. with Gr. _Zeus_, _Dios_, and L. _Ju-piter_, _Jovis_.]

TUFA, t[=u]'fa, _n._ a variety of calcium carbonate usually deposited from springs--calcareous tufa; the word was formerly used as synonymous with _tuff_.--_adj._ TUF[=A]'CEOUS. [It. _tufa_--L. _tofus_, a soft stone.]

TUFF, tuf, _n._ generally _volcanic tuff_, the name given to the comminuted rock-debris ejected from a volcanic orifice. [Fr. _tuf_, _tuffe_--It.

_tufo_, _tufa_--L. _tofus_.]

TUFT, tuft, _n._ a green knoll: a grove, clump. [A.S _toft_--Ice. _topt_, _tupt_, a piece of ground.]

TUFT, tuft, _n._ a number of small things in a knot: a cluster: a dense head of flowers: (_university slang_) a titled undergraduate, from the tuft or tassel in the cap: an imperial.--_v.t._ to separate into tufts: to adorn with tufts.--_adjs._ TUFT'ED, TUFT'Y.--_ns._ TUFT'-HUNT'ER, one over-eager to form acquaintance with persons of rank or consequence: a mean hanger-on of the great; TUFT'-HUNT'ING, the practice of a tuft-hunter. [O. Fr.

_tuffe_ (Fr. _touffe_), from the Teut., as Low Ger. _topp_, Ger. _zopf_.]

TUG, tug, _v.t._ to pull with effort: to drag along.--_v.i._ to pull with great effort: to struggle:--_pr.p._ tug'ging; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ tugged.--_n._ a strong pull: a steam-vessel for towing ships: a strong rope.--_ns._ TUG'-BOAT, a strongly-built steamship for towing vessels; TUG'GER, one who tugs.--_adv._ TUG'GINGLY.--_n._ TUG'-OF-WAR, a laborious contest: a contest in which opposing teams tug at the end of a rope, in their efforts to pull one another over a line marked on the ground between them. [Closely conn. with _tuck_ and _tow_ (v.).]

TUILLE, tw[=e]l, _n._ in armour, a steel plate hanging below the tassets.--_n._ TUILLETTE' (_dim._). [Fr.,--L. _tegula_, a tile.]

TUILYIE, TUILZIE, t[=oo]l'yi, _n._ (_Scot._) a struggle.

TUISM, t[=u]'izm, _n._ the theory that all thought is directed to a second person or to one's future self as such.

TUITION, t[=u]-ish'un, _n._ care over a young person: teaching, the fee paid for such.--_adj._ TUI'TIONARY. [L. _tuitio_--_tu[=e]ri_, _tuitus_, to see.]

TULA-WORK, t[=oo]'la-wurk, _n._ niello-work, a kind of decorative work, done chiefly on silver, executed largely at _Tula_ in Russia.

TULCHAN, tul'kan, _n._ a calf's skin stuffed with straw, and set beside a cow, to make her give her milk freely.--TULCHAN BISHOPS, the titular bishops of the Scottish Church, who in 1572 agreed to hold office, letting all the revenues of their charge, except a miserable pittance, be absorbed by the nobles as lay patrons. [Orig. unknown.]

TULIP, t[=u]'lip, _n._ a genus of bulbous plants of the order _Liliaceae_, with over forty species, having highly-coloured bell-shaped flowers.--_adj._ T[=U]'LIP-EARED, prick-eared, as a dog.--_ns._ TULIPOM[=A]'NIA, a craze for the cultivation of tulips; T[=U]'LIP-TREE, a large North American tree, having tulip-like flowers; T[=U]'LIP-WOOD, the soft, fine, straight-grained wood of the tulip-tree. [O. Fr. _tulipe_, _tulippe_, _tulipan_--Turk. _tulbend_, a turban.]

TULLE, t[=oo]l, _n._ a delicate kind of thin silk network fabric of a very open structure used for the trimmings of ladies' dresses, and also for caps and veils. [Fr.: from _Tulle_, in the department of Correze.]

TULLIAN, tul'i-an, _adj._ relating to, or resembling, Marcus _Tullius_ Cicero, the Roman orator.

TULWAR, tul'war, _n._ a Sikh form of sabre.

TUMBLE, tum'bl, _v.i._ to fall: to come down suddenly and violently: to roll: to twist the body, as a mountebank: to fall rapidly, as prices: to go hastily: (_slang_) to understand, twig.--_v.t._ to throw headlong: to turn over: to throw about while examining: to disorder, rumple.--_n._ act of tumbling: a fall: a rolling over, a somersault: confusion.--_ns._ TUM'BLE-BUG, one of several kinds of scarabaeoid beetles, which roll up balls of dung to protect their eggs; TUM'BLE-CAR, a one-horse car.--_adj._ TUM'BLE-DOWN, dilapidated.--_ns._ TUM'BLER, one who tumbles: one who plays any of the feats or tricks of the acrobat or contortionist: a large drinking-glass, so called because formerly, having a pointed base, it could not be set down without tumbling: a kind of domestic pigeon, so called from its tumbling on the wing: a kind of greyhound: a kind of spring-latch in a lock, preventing the bolt being shot in either direction: a piece attached to the hammer of a firearm lock, receiving the thrust of the mainspring and forcing the hammer forward so as to strike and explode the charge: a porpoise: one of a gang of London street ruffians early in the 18th century, whose favourite frolic was to set women on their heads: a tumbril: one of a set of levers from which hang the heddles in some looms; TUM'BLERFUL, as much as will fill a tumbler; TUM'BLER-STAND, a tray for tumblers, as in connection with a soda-water fountain; TUM'BLER-TANK, in plumbing, a flush-tank in which water gathers in one chamber before being tilted over so as to discharge its contents; TUM'BLER-WASH'ER, a revolving stand fitted with projecting pipes on which tumblers are hung to be washed automatically; TUM'BLE-WEED, a name given to several plants whose globular flowering heads are detached in autumn and rolled about, scattering their seed; TUM'BLING, the act of falling.--_adj._ TUM'BLY, uneven.--TUMBLE IN, or HOME, to incline in above the extreme breadth, of a ship's sides: to fit, as a piece of timber into other work: to go to bed; TUMBLE OVER, to toss about carelessly, to upset: to fall over; TUMBLE TO (_slang_), to comprehend; TUMBLE UP, to get out of bed: to throw into confusion. [A.S.

_tumbian_; cf. Old High Ger. _t[=u]mil[=o]n_ (Ger. _taumeln_), Ice.

_tumba_, to dance.]

TUMBREL, tum'brel, TUMBRIL, tum'bril, _n._ a cart with two wheels for conveying the tools of pioneers, artillery stores, &c.: a dung-cart: the name given to the carts which conveyed victims to the guillotine during the French Revolution. [O. Fr. _tomberel_ (Fr. _tombereau_)--_tomber_, to fall, because the body of the cart could be tumbled without unyoking.]

TUMEFY, t[=u]'me-f[=i], _v.t._ to cause to swell.--_v.i._ to swell: to rise in a tumour:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ t[=u]'mef[=i]ed.--_n._ TUMEFAC'TION, tumour: swelling. [L. _tumefac[)e]re_--_tum[=e]re_, to swell, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

TUMID, t[=u]'mid, _adj._ swollen or enlarged: inflated: falsely sublime: bombastic.--_n._ TUMES'CENCE.--_adj._ TUMES'CENT.--_n._ TUMID'ITY.--_adv._ T[=U]'MIDLY.--_n._ T[=U]'MIDNESS. [L. _tumidus_--_tum[=e]re_, to swell.]

TUMOUR, t[=u]'mor, _n._ a morbid swelling on any of the cutaneous, mucous, or serous surfaces in any part of the body, of independent growth. [L.

_tumor_--_tum[=e]re_, to swell.]

TUMP, tump, _n._ (_prov._) a hillock.--_v.t._ to gather a mass of earth round a plant.--_adj._ TUMP'Y, uneven.

TUMP-LINE, tump'-l[=i]n, _n._ a strap across the forehead or breast by means of which a burden is carried through the Canadian forests.


TUM-TUM, tum'-tum, _n._ a West Indian dish of boiled plantains.

TUMULT, t[=u]'mult, _n._ uproar of a multitude: violent agitation with confused sounds: high excitement.--_adv._ TUMULT'[=U]ARILY.--_n._ TUMULT'[=U]ARINESS.--_adjs._ TUMULT'[=U]ARY, TUMULT'[=U]OUS, full of tumult: disorderly: agitated: noisy.--_v.i._ TUMULT'[=U]ATE, to make a tumult.--_n._ TUMULT[=U][=A]'TION.--_adv._ TUMULT'[=U]OUSLY.--_ns._ TUMULT'[=U]OUSNESS; TUMULT'US, commotion. [L. _tumultus_--_tum[=e]re_, to swell.]

TUMULUS, t[=u]'m[=u]-lus, _n._ a mound of earth over a grave: a barrow:--_pl._ T[=U]'M[=U]L[=I].--_adjs._ T[=U]'M[=U]LAR, -Y, T[=U]'M[=U]LOUS.--_v.t._ T[=U]'M[=U]LATE, to cover with a mound.--_n._ T[=U]M[=U]LOS'ITY. [L.,--_tum[=e]re_, to swell.]

TUN, tun, _n._ a large cask: an obsolete liquid measure of capacity--in old ale and beer measure, 216 gallons; in old wine measure, 252 gallons.--_v.t._ to store in a tun.--_ns._ TUN'-BELL'Y, a big pot-belly; TUN'-DISH (_Shak._), a wooden funnel; TUN'NAGE, a tax on imported wines; TUN'NING, the act of brewing, the amount brewed at one time. [A.S.


TUNA, t[=u]'na, _n._ a prickly pear, also its fruit.

TUNDRA, t[=oo]n'dra, _n._ one of the level treeless plains of northern Russia, both in Europe and Asia. [Russ.]

TUNDUN, tun'dun, _n._ a bull-roarer.

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