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TOMCAT, tom'kat, _n._ a full-grown male cat. [_Tom_.]

TOME, t[=o]m, _n._ part of a book: a volume of a large work: a book.

[Fr.,--L. _tomus_--Gr. _tomos_--_temnein_, to cut.]

TOMENTUM, t[=o]-men'tum, _n._ (_bot._) a species of pubescence.--_adjs._ TOMEN'TOSE, TOMEN'TOUS. [L.]

TOMFOOL, tom'f[=oo]l, _n._ a great fool: a trifling fellow.--_v.i._ to act foolishly.--_n._ TOMFOOL'ERY, foolish trifling or jesting: buffoonery.--_adj._ TOM'FOOLISH. [_Tom_.]

TOMIUM, t[=o]'mi-um, _n._ the cutting edge of a bird's bill.--_adj._ T[=O]'MIAL. [Gr. _tomos_, _temnein_, to cut.]

TOMMY, tom'i, _n._ a penny roll, bread, provisions: the system of giving food as part wages.--_v.t._ to oppress by the tommy or truck-system.--_ns._ TOMM'Y-SHOP, a truck-shop; TOM'-NOD'DY, the puffin or sea-parrot: a fool.--TOMMY ATKINS, or TOMM'Y, a generic name for the English private soldier.--SOFT TOMMY, soft bread, as opposed to hard tack or sea-biscuit.

TO-MORROW, t[=oo]-mor'[=o], _n._ the morrow after this.--_adv._ on the morrow. [A.S. _to morgen_.]

TOMPION, tom'pi-on, _n._ the inking-pad of the lithographic printer.--Also TOM'PON. [_Tampion_.]

TOMPION, tom'pi-on, _n._ (_obs._) a watch.

TOMTIT, tom'tit, _n._ the titmouse. [_Tom_, a common name like Jack, and _tit_, as in _titmouse_.]


TOM-TOM, tom'-tom, _n._ the drum used in India by musicians, jugglers, &c.: a gong.--_v.i._ TAM'-TAM, to beat on a tom-tom.

TOMUNDAR, to-mun'-dar, _n._ the head chief of a Baluchi tribe.

TON, tun, _n._ a measure of capacity, varying with the substance measured--timber, wheat, gravel, lime, coke, &c.--in the carrying capacity of ships, 40 cubic feet: a measure of weight, equal to 20 cwt. or 2240 lb.

avoirdupois. [A.S. _tunne_, a vat, tub; Ger. _tonne_, cask.]

TON, ton, _n._ fashion, style.--_adj._ TON'ISH, stylish.--_adv._ TON'ISHLY.

TONALITE, t[=o]'nal-[=i]t, _n._ an igneous rock having a granitic structure, and composed essentially of plagioclase, biolite, and quartzite.

TO-NAME, t[=oo]'-n[=a]m, _n._ a byname, nickname, or name in addition to Christian name and surname.

TONE, t[=o]n, _n._ the character of a sound: quality of the voice: harmony of the colours of a painting, also its characteristic or prevailing effect as due to the management of chiaroscuro and to the effect of light upon the quality of colour: (_phot._) the shade or colour of a finished positive picture: (_gram._) syllabic stress, special accent given to a syllable: character or style: state of mind: mood: a healthy state of the body.--_v.t._ to utter with an affected tone: to intone, to utter in a drawling way: to give tone or quality to, in respect either of sound or colour: to alter or modify the colour.--_adj._ T[=O]'NAL.--_n._ TONAL'ITY.--_adjs._ TONED, having a tone (in compounds); TONE'LESS.--TONE DOWN, to give a lower tone to, to moderate, to soften, to harmonise the colours of as to light and shade, as a painting. [L. _tonus_--Gr. _tonos_, a sound--_tein[=o]_, to stretch.]

TONG, tung, _n._ (_Spens._) the tongue of a buckle.

TONGA, tong'ga, _n._ a light two-wheeled cart for four, in use in Burma.

TONGA-BEAN, tong'ga-b[=e]n, _n._ Same as TONKA-BEAN.

TONGS, tongz, a domestic instrument, consisting of two jointed pieces or shafts of metal, used for lifting. [A.S. _tange_; Ice. _tong_, Ger. _zange_.]

TONGUE, tung, _n._ the fleshy organ in the mouth, used in tasting, swallowing, and speech: power of speech: manner of speaking: speech: discourse: a language: anything like a tongue in shape: the catch of a buckle: the pointer of a balance: a point of land.--_adjs._ TONGUED, having a tongue.; TONGUE'LESS, having no tongue.--_n._ TONGUE'LET, a little tongue.--_p.adj._ TONGUE'-SHAPED, shaped like a tongue: (_bot._) linear and fleshy and blunt at the point, as a leaf.--_n._ TONGUE'STER, a babbler.--_adjs._ TONGUE'-TIED, -TACKED, having an impediment, as if the tongue were tied: unable to speak freely.--_n._ TONGUE'-WORK, babble, chatter.--HOLD ONE'S TONGUE (see HOLD). [A.S. _tunge_; Ice. _tunga_, Ger.

_zunge_, the tongue; L. _lingua_ (old form _dingua_).]

TONIC, ton'ik, _adj._ relating to tones or sounds: (_med._) giving tone and vigour to the system: giving or increasing strength.--_n._ a medicine which gives tone and vigour to the system.--_n._ TONIC'ITY, the healthy state of muscular fibres when at rest.--TONIC SPASM (see SPASM).

TONIC SOLFA, ton'ik s[=o]l-fa', _n._ a modern system of musical notation, in which the notes are indicated by letters, and time and accent by dashes and colons.

TO-NIGHT, t[=oo]-n[=i]t', _n._ this night: the night after the present day.

TONITE, t[=o]'n[=i]t, _n._ an explosive made from pulverised gun-cotton.

TONKA-BEAN, tong'ka-b[=e]n, _n._ the seed of a large tree of Guiana, used for flavouring snuff.--Also TON'QUIN-BEAN.

TONNAGE, tun'[=a]j, _n._ in regard to ships, a measure both of cubical capacity and of dead-weight carrying capability--the _freight ton_ simply means 40 cubic feet of space available for cargo, and is therefore two-fifths of a register ton: a duty on ships, estimated per ton.--Also TUN'NAGE.

TONSIL, ton'sil, _n._ one of two glands at the root of the tongue, so named from its shape.--_n._ TONSIL[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the tonsils.--_adjs._ TON'SILLAR, TON'SILAR, TONSILIT'IC. [L. _tonsilla_, a stake, a tonsil, dim.

of _tonsa_, an oar.]

TONSILE, ton'sil, _adj._ that may be clipped.--_n._ TON'SOR, a barber.--_adj._ TONS[=O]'RIAL, pertaining to a barber or to shaving. [L.

_tonsilis_--_tond[=e]re_, _tonsum_, to clip.]

TONSURE, ton'sh[=oo]r, _n._ act of clipping the hair, or of shaving the head: a religious observance of the R.C. and Eastern Churches, which consists in shaving or cutting part of the hair of the head as a sign of the dedication of the person to the special service of God, and commonly to the public ministry of religion.--_adj._ TON'SURED, having the crown of the head shaven as a priest: shaven: bald. [L. _tonsura_, a shearing--_tond[=e]re_.]

TONTINE, ton-t[=e]n', _n._ a kind of life-annuity, increasing as the subscribers die: a loan raised with the benefit of survivorship--also _adj._--_n._ TONTIN'ER. [From Lorenzo _Tonti_, a Neapolitan, its inventor.]

TONY, t[=o]'ni, _n._ a simpleton. [_Antony_.]

TONY, t[=o]'ni, _adj._ (_U.S._) genteel, high-toned.

TOO, t[=oo], _adv._ over: more than enough: extremely: likewise.--_adj._ TOO-TOO, quite too: extreme, superlative: (_slang_) extravagantly and affectedly sentimental, gushing. [A form of _to_, sig. lit. 'added to.']

TOOART, t[=oo]'art, _n._ a eucalyptus of south-western Australia, with remarkably heavy and durable wood.--Also TU'ART, TEW'ART.

TOOK, t[=oo]k, _pa.t._ and obsolete _pa.p._ of _take_.

TOOL, t[=oo]l, _n._ an instrument used by workmen: one who acts as the mere instrument of another.--_v.t._ to mark with a tool, esp. to ornament or imprint designs upon, of bookbinders: (_slang_) to drive, as a coach or other vehicle: to carry in a vehicle.--_v.i._ to travel in a vehicle, to drive.--_n._ TOOL'ING, workmanship done with a tool. [A.S. _tol_, _tohl_; perh. from the root of _tow_.]

TOOLEY STREET, t[=oo]l'i str[=e]t, _n._ a street in Southwark, at the foot of London Bridge, famous through Canning's story of its three tailors who began their petition to parliament with 'We, the people of England.'

TOOM, t[=oo]m, _adj._ empty.--_n._ a dumping-ground for rubbish. [Ice.

_tomr_, empty.]

TOON, t[=oo]n, _n._ a large tree of the bead-tree family, with red wood and astringent bark.--Also _East Indian mahogany_, _Indian cedar_.

TOOT, t[=oo]t, _v.i._ to pry or peep about: (_obs._) to be prominent.--_n._ TOOT'ER, anything projecting. [A.S. _totian_, to elevate.]

TOOT, t[=oo]t, _v.i._ to make short unmusical sounds on a flute or horn.--_v.t._ to blow, as a horn, &c.--_n._ a sound, as of a horn, a blast: (_U.S._) a spree.--_n._ TOOT'ER, one who toots, or that upon which he toots. [Old Dut. _tuyten_; cf. Ice. _thjota_, to resound, A.S. _theotan_, to howl.]

TOOT, t[=oo]t, _n._ (_slang_) an idle worthless creature: the devil.

TOOTH, t[=oo]th, _n._ one of the hard bodies in the mouth, attached to the skeleton, but not forming part of it, developed from the dermis or true skin, their function primarily the mastication of the food: the taste or palate, relish: anything tooth-like: a prong: one of the projections on a saw or wheel:--_pl._ TEETH.--_v.t._ to furnish with teeth: to cut into teeth.--_ns._ TOOTH'ACHE, an ache or pain in a tooth; TOOTH'-BRUSH, a brush for cleaning the teeth; TOOTH'-DRAW'ER (_Shak._), one whose business is to extract teeth with instruments, a dentist; TOOTH'-DRAW'ING, the act of extracting a tooth: the practice of extracting teeth.--_adjs._ TOOTHED, having teeth: (_bot._) having tooth-like projections on the edge, as a leaf; TOOTH'FUL, full of teeth.--_n._ a small drink of spirits, &c.--_adj._ TOOTH'LESS, having no teeth.--_ns._ TOOTH'-ORNAMENT, a Romanesque and Early Pointed moulding, consisting of a square four-leaved flower pointed in the centre; TOOTH'PICK, an instrument for picking out anything in the teeth; TOOTH'-POW'DER, a powder used with a tooth-brush for cleaning the teeth.--_adj._ TOOTH'SOME, pleasant to the taste.--_ns._ TOOTH'SOMENESS; TOOTH'-WASH, a liquid preparation for cleansing the teeth; TOOTH'WORT, a name for _Lathraea squamaria_, one of the insectivorous plants, as well as for _Dentaria bulbifera_, one of the Cruciferae, common in England, also known as 'coral-wort' and 'tooth-violet.'--_adj._ TOOTH'Y, having teeth: toothsome: biting.--TOOTH AND NAIL, with all possible vigour and fury.--A SWEET TOOTH, a relish for sweet things; IN SPITE OF ONE'S TEETH, IN THE TEETH OF, in defiance of opposition; SHOW ONE'S TEETH, to threaten, to show one's anger and power to injure; THROW, CAST, IN ONE'S TEETH, to fling at one, as a taunt, or in challenge; TO THE TEETH (_Shak._), in open opposition or defiance. [A.S. _toth_ (pl. _teth_, also _tothas_); cog. with Goth. _tunthus_, L. _dens_, _dent-is_, Gr. _o-dous_, _o-dont-os_, Sans.


TOOTLE, t[=oo]t'l, _v.i._ to make a series of feeble sounds, as a poor player on the flute. [Freq. of _toot_.]

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