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SAUTER, s[=o]-t[=a]', _v.t._ to fry lightly and quickly. [Fr.]

SAUTEREAU, s[=o]-te-r[=o]', _n._ the jack or hopper of a pianoforte, &c.


SAUTERELLE, s[=o]-te-rel', _n._ an instrument for tracing angles. [Fr.]

SAUTERNE, s[=o]-t[.e]rn', _n._ an esteemed white wine produced at Sauterne, in the Gironde, France.

SAUTOIRE, SAUTOIR, s[=o]-twor', _n._ (_her._) a ribbon worn diagonally.


SAUVAGESIA, saw-v[=a]-j[=e]'si-a, _n._ a genus of polypetalous plants of the violet family. [Named from the French botanist P. A. Boissier de la Croix de _Sauvages_ (1710-95).]

SAUVEGARDE, s[=o]v'gard, _n._ a monitor-lizard: a safeguard. [Fr.]

SAVAGE, sav'[=a]j, _adj._ wild: uncivilised: fierce: cruel: brutal: (_her._) nude: naked.--_n._ a human being in a wild state: a brutal, fierce, or cruel person: a barbarian.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ to make savage, to play the savage.--_n._ SAV'AGEDOM, a savage state: savages collectively.--_adv._ SAV'AGELY.--_ns._ SAV'AGENESS; SAV'AGERY, fierceness: ferocity: wild growth of plants; SAV'AGISM. [O. Fr. _salvage_--L.

_silvaticus_, pertaining to the woods--_silva_, a wood.]

SAVANNA, SAVANNAH, sa-van'a, _n._ a tract of level land, covered with low vegetation: a treeless plain.--_ns._ SAVANN'A-FLOW'ER, a genus of the milk-weed family, West Indies; SAVANN'A-SPARR'OW, the sparrow common through North America; SAVANN'A-WATT'LE, a name of certain West Indian trees, also called _Fiddlewood_. [Sp. _savana_, _sabana_, a sheet, a meadow--Low L. _sabanum_--Gr. _sabanon_, a linen cloth.]

SAVANT, sav-ang', _n._ a learned man. [Fr., pr.p. of _savoir_, to know.]

SAVE, s[=a]v, _v.t._ to bring safe out of evil: to rescue: to reserve: to spare: to deliver from the power of sin and from its consequences: to husband: to hoard: to be in time for: to obviate, to prevent something worse.--_v.i._ to be economical.--_prep._ except.--_adjs._ SAV'ABLE, SAVE'ABLE.--_ns._ SAV'ABLENESS; SAVE'-ALL, a contrivance intended to save anything from being wasted.--_v.t._ SAVE'GUARD (_Spens._), to protect.--_ns._ S[=A]'VER, one who saves; SAVE'-REV'ERENCE, or _Sir-reverence_, an apologetic phrase in conversation to cover anything offensive.--_adj._ S[=A]'VING, disposed to save or be economical: incurring no loss: preserving from wrong: frugal: implying a condition, as a saving clause: exceptional: (_theol._) securing salvation.--_prep._ excepting.--_n._ that which is saved: (_pl._) earnings.--_adv._ S[=A]'VINGLY, so as to secure salvation.--_ns._ S[=A]'VINGNESS; S[=A]'VINGS-BANK, a bank for the receipt of small deposits by poor persons, and their accumulation at compound interest.--SAVE APPEARANCES, to keep up an appearance of wealth, comfort, or propriety. [Fr. _sauver_--L.

_salv[=a]re_--_salvus_, safe.]

SAVELOY, sav'e-loi, _n._ a kind of sausage made of meat chopped and seasoned, orig. of brains. [Fr. _cervelat_, _cervelas_, a saveloy--It.

_cervelata_--_cervello_, brain--L. _cerebellum_, dim. of _cerebrum_, the brain.]

SAVIGNY, sa-v[=e]'nyi, _n._ a red wine of Burgundy.

SAVIN, SAVINE, sav'in, _n._ a low much-branched and widely-spreading shrub (_Juniperus Sabina_), with very small imbricated evergreen leaves, its fresh tops yielding an irritant volatile oil, anthelmintic and abortifacient: the American red cedar. [O. Fr. _sabine_--L. _sabina_ (_herba_), Sabine herb.]

SAVIOUR, s[=a]'vyur, _n._ one who saves from evil: a deliverer, a title applied to Jesus Christ, who saves men from the power and penalty of sin.

SAVOIR-FAIRE, sav-wor-f[=a]r', _n._ the faculty of knowing just what to do and how to do it: tact. [Fr.]

SAVOIR-VIVRE, sav-wor-v[=e]'vr, _n._ good breeding: knowledge of polite usages. [Fr.]

SAVONETTE, sav-[=o]-net', _n._ a kind of toilet soap: a West Indian tree whose bark serves as soap.

SAVORY, s[=a]'vor-i, _n._ a genus of plants of the natural order _Labiatae_, nearly allied to thyme. The Common Savory gives an aromatic pungent flavour to viands. [_Savour._]

SAVOUR, SAVOR, s[=a]'vur, _n._ taste: odour: scent: (_B._) reputation: characteristic property: pleasure.--_v.i._ to have a particular taste or smell: to be like: to smack.--_v.t._ to smell: to relish: to season.--_adv._ S[=A]'VOURILY.--_n._ S[=A]'VOURINESS.--_adjs._ S[=A]'VOURLESS, wanting savour; S[=A]'VOURLY, well seasoned: of good taste; S[=A]'VOURY, having savour or relish: pleasant: with gusto: morally pleasant. [Fr. _saveur_--L. _sapor_--_sap[)e]re_, to taste.]

SAVOY, sa-voi', _n._ a cultivated winter variety of cabbage, forming a large close head like the true cabbage, but having wrinkled leaves--originally from _Savoy_.--_ns._ SAVOY'ARD, a native of Savoy, since 1860 part of France; SAVOY'-MED'LAR, a tree related to the June-berry or shad-bush.

SAVVY, SAVVEY, sav'i, _v.t._ to know: to understand.--_v.i._ to possess knowledge.--_n._ general ability. [Sp. _sabe_--_saber_, to know--L.

_sap[)e]re_, to be wise.]

SAW, saw, _pa.t._ of _see_.

SAW, saw, _n._ an instrument for cutting, formed of a blade, band, or disc of thin steel, with a toothed edge.--_v.t._ to cut with a saw.--_v.i._ to use a saw: to be cut with a saw:--_pa.t._ sawed; _pa.p._ sawed or sawn.--_ns._ SAW'-BACK, the larva of an American bombycid moth; SAW'-BONES, a slang name for a surgeon; SAW'DUST, dust or small pieces of wood, &c., made in sawing; SAW'ER; SAW'-FILE, a three-cornered file used for sharpening the teeth of saws; SAW'-FISH, a genus of cartilaginous fishes distinguished by the prolongation of the snout into a formidable weapon bordered on each side by sharp teeth; SAW'-FLY, the common name of a number of hymenopterous insects, injurious to plants; SAW'-FRAME, the frame in which a saw is set; SAW'-GRASS, a marsh plant of the southern states of the American Union, with long slender leaves; SAW'-HORN, any insect with serrate antennae; SAW'MILL, a mill for sawing timber; SAW'PIT, a pit where wood is sawed; SAW'-SET, an instrument for turning the teeth of saws alternately right and left; SAW'-SHARP'ENER, the greater titmouse; SAW'-T[=A]'BLE, the platform of a sawing-machine; SAW'-TEM'PERING, the process by which the requisite hardness and elasticity are given to a saw.--_adj._ SAW'-TOOTHED, having teeth like those of a saw: (_bot._) having tooth-like notches, as a leaf.--_ns._ SAW'-WHET, the Acadian owl; SAW'-WHET'TER, the marsh titmouse; SAW'YER, one who saws timber: a stranded tree in a river in America: any wood-boring larva: the bowfin fish. [A.S.

_saga_; Ger. _sage_.]

SAW, saw, _n._ a saying: a proverb: a degree: a joke. [A.S.

_sagu_--_secgan_, to say.]

SAW, saw, _n._ (_Scot._) salve.

SAWDER, saw'd[.e]r, _n._ flattery, blarney.

SAWNEY, SAWNY, saw'ni, _n._ a Scotchman. [For _Sandy_ from _Alexander_.]

SAX, saks, _n._ a knife, a dagger: a slate-cutter's hammer. [A.S. _seax_, a knife.]

SAX, a Scotch form of _six_.

SAXATILE, sak'sa-til, _adj._ rock inhabiting. [L. _saxatilis_--_saxum_, a rock.]

SAXE, saks, _n._ (_phot._) a German albuminised paper.

SAXHORN, saks'horn, _n._ a brass wind-instrument having a long winding tube with bell opening, invented by Antoine or Adolphe _Sax_, of Paris, about 1840.

SAXICAVA, sak-sik'a-va, _n._ a genus of bivalve molluscs.--_adj._ SAXIC'AVOUS. [L. _saxum_, a rock, _cavus_, hollow.]

SAXICOLA, sak-sik'[=o]-la, _n._ the stone-chats: the wheat-ear.--_adjs._ SAXIC'[=O]LINE, SAXIC'[=O]LOUS, living among rocks. [L. _saxum_, a rock, _col[)e]re_, inhabit.]

SAXIFRAGE, sak'si-fr[=a]j, _n._ a genus of plants of the natural order _Saxifrageae_ or _Saxifragaceae_, its species chiefly mountain and rock plants.--_adjs._ SAXIFRAG[=A]'CEOUS, SAXIF'R[=A]GAL, SAXIF'R[=A]GANT, SAXIF'R[=A]GOUS.--_n._ SAXIF'R[=A]GINE, a gunpowder in which barium nitrate takes the place of sulphur.--_adj._ SAXIG'ENOUS, growing on rocks.--BURNET SAXIFRAGE, the _Pimpinella Saxifraga_, whose leaves are eaten as a salad; GOLDEN SAXIFRAGE, a low half-succulent herb with yellow flowers. [Fr.,--L.

_saxum_, a stone, _frang[)e]re_, to break.]

SAXON, saks'un, _n._ one of the people of North Germany who conquered England in the 5th and 6th centuries: the language of the Saxons: one of the English race: a native or inhabitant of Saxony in its later German sense: a Lowlander of Scotland: modern English.--_adj._ pertaining to the Saxons, their language, country, or architecture.--_n._ SAX'ONDOM, the Anglo-Saxon world.--_adj._ SAXON'IC.--_v.t._ SAX'ONISE, to impregnate with Saxon ideas.--_ns._ SAX'ONISM, a Saxon idiom; SAX'ONIST, a Saxon scholar.--SAXON ARCHITECTURE, a style of building in England before the Norman Conquest, marked by the peculiar 'long and short' work of the quoins, the projecting fillets running up the face of the walls and interlacing like woodwork, and the baluster-like shafts between the openings of the upper windows resembling the turned woodwork of the period; SAXON BLUE, a deep liquid blue used in dyeing; SAXON GREEN, a green colour; SAXON SHORE (_Litus Saxonicum_), in Roman times, the coast districts of Britain from Brighton northwards to the Wash, peculiarly exposed to the attacks of the Saxons from across the North Sea, and therefore placed under the authority of a special officer, the 'Count of the Saxon Shore.' [A.S.

_Seaxe_--_seax_, Old High Ger. _sahs_, a knife, a short sword.]

SAXONY, sak'sni, _n._ a woollen material: flannel.

SAXOPHONE, sak's[=o]-f[=o]n, _n._ a brass wind-instrument, with about twenty finger-keys, like the clarinet. [_Sax_, the inventor--Gr.

_ph[=o]n[=e]_, the voice.]

SAY, s[=a], _v.t._ to utter in words: to speak: to declare: to state: to answer: to rehearse: to recite: to take for granted.--_v.i._ to speak: to relate: to state:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ said (sed).--_n._ something said: a remark: a speech: a saw.--_ns._ SAY'ER, one who says: a speaker: one who assays; SAY'ING, something said: an expression: a maxim; SAY'-SO, an authoritative declaration: a rumour, a mere report.--SAY TO, to think of.--IT IS SAID, or THEY SAY, it is commonly reputed; IT SAYS, equivalent to 'it is said;' THAT IS TO SAY, in other words. [A.S. _secgan_ (saegde, gesaegd); Ice. _segja_, Ger. _sagen_.]

SAY, s[=a], _n._ (_Spens._) assay, proof, temper (of a sword): (_Shak._) taste, relish: a sample: trial by sample.--_v.t._ to assay, to try.--_n._ SAY'MASTER, one who makes proof. [A contr. of _assay_.]

SAY, s[=a], _n._ a thin kind of silk: a kind of woollen stuff.--_adj._ (_Shak._) silken. [O. Fr. _saie_--Low L. _seta_, silk--L. _seta_, a bristle.]

SAY, s[=a], _n._ (_Scot._) a strainer for milk.

SAYETTE, s[=a]-et', _n._ a kind of serge: a woollen yarn. [Fr. _sayette_, dim. of _saye_, serge.]

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