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THALWEG, tal'v[=a]h, _n._ the deepest part of a valley. [Ger., _thal_, valley, _weg_, way.]

THAMMUZ=_Tammuz_ (q.v.).

THAN, _th_an, _conj._ when, as, if compared with--a word placed after the comparative of an adjective or adverb between the things compared. [A.S.

_thonne_, in its use a relative or conjunctive adverb, equivalent to our when, used after comparatives to introduce the standard of comparison; closely allied to _thone_, accus. masc. of def. art. Cf. _The_.]

THANATOID, than'a-toid, _adj._ looking like dead: deadly.--_adj._ THANATOGNOMON'IC, indicating death.--_ns._ THANATOG'RAPHY, an account of one's death; THANATOL'OGY, the scientific consideration of death; THANATOPH[=O]'BIA, a morbid dread of death; THANATOP'SIS, a view of, or reflection upon, death; THANAT[=O]'SIS, death of a part, gangrene. [Gr.

_thanatos_, death.]

THANE, th[=a]n, _n._ a member of a class in the old English community that stood distinctly below the old nobility (_eorlas_, &c.), but above the mere landowners or _ceorls_--a kind of nobility of service rather than blood.--_ns._ TH[=A]'NAGE, THANE'DOM, the jurisdiction or the dignity of a thane; THANE'HOOD, THANE'SHIP. [A.S. _thegen_, _thegn_, a servant, nobleman--_thihan_, to grow; cog. with Ice. _thegn_, a man, warrior, Ger.

_degen_, a soldier, servant, Gr. _teknon_, child.]

THANK, thangk, _v.t._ to express gratitude for a favour.--_n._ (usually in _pl._) expression of gratitude for favour received, often elliptically=My thanks to you.--_adj._ THANK'FUL, full of thanks: grateful.--_adv._ THANK'FULLY.--_n._ THANK'FULNESS.--_adj._ THANK'LESS, unthankful: not expressing thanks or favours: not gaining thanks.--_adv._ THANK'LESSLY, in a thankless manner: unthankfully.--_ns._ THANK'LESSNESS, the state of being thankless: ingratitude; THANK'-OFF'ERING, an offering made to express thanks for mercies received; THANKS'GIVER, one who gives thanks, or acknowledges a favour; THANKS'GIVING, act of giving thanks: a public acknowledgment of divine goodness and mercy: a day set apart for this, esp.

that in the United States on the last Thursday of November: a form of giving thanks, a grace, that form preceding the last two prayers of morning or evening prayer or of the litany--the _General Thanksgiving_; THANK'WORTHINESS, the state of being thankworthy.--_adj._ THANK'WORTHY, worthy of, or deserving, thanks.--_n._ THANK'-YOU-MA'AM, a ridge or hollow across a road--from the sudden bobbing of the head of a person in a vehicle crossing it. [A.S. _thanc_, _thonc_, will, thanks; cog. with Ger. _dank_; from the root of _think_.]

THAPSIA, thap'si-a, _n._ a genus of umbelliferous plants round the Mediterranean. [L.,--Gr., a plant that dyed yellow, prob. _Thapsia garganica_, brought from _Thapsus_, Sicily.]

THARGELIA, thar-g[=e]'li-a, one of the more important ancient Greek festivals, held at Athens in honour of Apollo; in the month of _Thargelion_ (May-June).

THAT, _th_at, _pron. demons._ and _rel._--as a _demons._ (_pl._ THOSE) it points out a person or thing: the former or more distant thing: not this but the other: as a _rel._, who or which.--_conj._ used to introduce a clause: because: for: in order that. [A.S. _thaet_, neut. of the article _the_ (_e_, _eo_, _aet_, usually replaced by _se_, _seo_, _aet_); cog.

with Ger. _das_, _dass_; Gr. _to_, Sans. _tat_. Cf. _The_.]

THATCH, thach, _v.t._ to cover, as a roof, with straw, reeds, &c.--_n._ straw, &c., used to cover the roofs of buildings and stacks.--_ns._ THATCH'ER; THATCH'ING, the act or art of covering with thatch: the materials used for thatching. [A.S. _thaec_, thatch, whence _theccan_, to cover; cog. with Ger. _decken_, L. _teg[)e]re_, Gr. _stegein_, to cover.]

THAUMASITE, thaw'ma-s[=i]t, _n._ a dull white mineral calcium compound.

[Gr. _thaumazein_, to wonder.]

THAUMATROPE, thaw'ma-tr[=o]p, _n._ a variation of the Zoetrope (q.v.). [Gr.

_thauma_, wonder, _tropos_--_trepein_, to turn.]

THAUMATURGY, thaw'ma-tur-ji, _n._ the art of working wonders or miracles.--_adj._ THAUMAN'TIAN (_Ruskin_), wonderful.--_ns._ THAUMATOG'ENY, the doctrine of the miraculous origination of life; THAUMATOG'RAPHY, description of natural wonders; THAUMATOL'ATRY, undue wonder-worship; THAU'MATURGE, a wonder-worker.--_adjs._ THAUMATUR'GIC, -AL, THAUMATUR'GICS, wonderful, especially magical, performances: feats of legerdemain.--_ns._ THAUMATUR'GISM, thaumaturgy; THAUMATUR'GIST, a wonder-worker; THAUMATUR'GUS, a wonder-worker: a worker of miracles, applied to certain saints. [Gr.,--_thauma_, a wonder, _ergon_, work.]

THAW, thaw, _v.i._ to melt or grow liquid, as ice: to become so warm as to melt ice.--_v.t._ to cause to melt.--_n._ the melting of ice or snow by heat: the change of weather which causes it.--_adj._ THAW'Y, inclined to thaw. [A.S. _thawian_; cog. with Ger. _thauen_, to thaw, to fall in dew.]

THE, _th_e, or (when emphatic) _th_[=e], _demons. pron._ usually called the definite article, used to denote a particular person or thing: also to denote a species. [A.S. _the_, rarely used as nom. masc. of def. art., but common as an indeclinable relative. Cf. _That_.]

THE, _th_e, _adv._ used before comparatives, as, 'the more the better.'

[A.S. _th_, by that, by that much, the instrumental case of the def. art.]

THEANDRIC, th[=e]-an'drik, _adj._ pertaining to the union and co-operation of the divine and human natures. [Gr., _theos_, a god, _an[=e]r_, _andros_, man.]

THEANTHROPOS, th[=e]-an-thr[=o]'pos, _n._ the God-man, Christ as having both a divine and human person.--_adjs._ THEANTHROP'IC, -AL, being at once divine and human: embodying deity in human forms.--_ns._ THEAN'THROPISM, THEAN'THROPY, the ascribing of human qualities to deity, also of divine qualities to man; THEAN'THROPIST, one who believes in theanthropism. [Gr.

_theos_, a god, _anthr[=o]pos_, man.]

THEARCHY, th[=e]'ark-i, _n._ a theocracy: a body of divine rulers.--_adj._ THEAR'CHIC. [Gr. _thearchia_--_theos_, a god, _archein_, to be first, to rule--_arch[=e]_, beginning.]

THEATIN, th[=e]'a-tin, _n._ a member of a R.C. religious brotherhood founded in 1524, taking its name from _Theate_ (It. _Chieti_), of which one of its first founders, John Peter Caraffa, was bishop.

THEATRE, th[=e]'a-t[.e]r, _n._ a place where public representations, chiefly dramatic or musical, are seen, a play-house: any place rising by steps like the seats of a theatre: a building adapted for scholastic exercises, anatomical demonstrations, &c.: scene of action, field of operations: the drama, the stage.--_adjs._ THEAT'RIC, -AL, relating or suitable to a theatre, or to actors: pompous: artificial, affected.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ THEAT'RICALISE, to adapt to dramatic representation: to make stagy.--_ns._ THEAT'RICALISM, THEATRICAL'ITY, staginess, artificiality.--_adv._ THEAT'RICALLY, in a theatrical manner: in a manner suiting the stage.--_n._ THEAT' THEAT'RICALS, dramatic performances.--_v.i._ THEAT'RICISE, to play a part.--_ns._ THEAT'RICISM, theatricality, affectation, staginess; THEATROM[=A]'NIA, a craze for play-going; THEAT'ROPHONE, a telephone connected with a theatre. [Gr.

_theatron_--_theaomai_, I see.]

THEAVE, th[=e]v, _n._ (_prov._) a ewe of the first year.

THEBAINE, th[=e]'ba-in, _n._ an alkaloid obtained from opium.--Also THEB[=A]'IA.

THEBAN, th[=e]'ban, _n._ a native of _Thebes_: (_Shak._) a wise man.--_adjs._ THEB[=A]'IC, TH[=E]'BAN.--_n._ THEB[=A]'ID, the district around Egyptian Thebes.--THEBAN YEAR, the Egyptian year of 365 days.

THECA, th[=e]'ka, _n._ a sheath, case, or sac, a spore-case: a case for a corporal-cloth:--_pl._ TH[=E]'Cae.--_adjs._ TH[=E]'CAL, TH[=E]'CATE.--_ns._ TH[=E]'CAPHORE, a receptacle bearing thecae; TH[=E]'CASPORE, a spore produced in a theca.--_adjs._ THECASP[=O]'ROUS; THECIF'EROUS, bearing thecae; TH[=E]'CIFORM, thecal in use or form.--_n._ TH[=E]'CIUM, the part of the apothecium containing the organs of the fruit in lichens. [Gr.


THECLA, thek'la, _n._ a genus of butterflies, containing the _hair-streaks_.

THEE, _th_[=e], _pron._ objective of _thou_. [A.S. _the_, dat. accus. of _thu_ (cf. _Thou_).]

THEE, th[=e], _v.i._ (_Spens._) to prosper, to thrive. [A.S. _theon_, _thion_, to thrive, to grow; Ger. _ge-deihen_, to increase.]

THEFT, theft, _n._ act of thieving.--_adj._ THEFT'[=U]OUS, thievish.--_adv._ THEFT'[=U]OUSLY. [A.S. _theofth_, _thfth_--_theof_, thief.]

THEINE, th[=e]'in, _n._ a bitter crystallisable volatile principle found in tea.--_ns._ TH[=E]'IC, a tea-drunkard; TH[=E]'ISM, a morbid state resulting from over-much tea-drinking.

THEIR, _th_[=a]r, _poss. adj. pron._ of or belonging to them. [A.S. _ara_, gen. pl. of the def. art. (replaced the older _hira_).]

THEIRS, _th_[=a]rz, _poss._ of _they_. [Like _hers_, _ours_, _yours_, a double genitive containing a plural suffix _r_ + a sing. _-s_. These forms were confined in the 13th and 14th centuries to the Northern dialects, and are probably due to Scandinavian influence.]

THEISM, th[=e]'izm, _n._ belief in the existence of God with or without a belief in a special revelation.--_n._ TH[=E]'IST, one who believes in God.--_adjs._ TH[=E]IST'IC, -AL, pertaining to theism, or to a theist: according to the doctrines of theists. [Gr. _theos_, God.]

THEM, _th_em, _pron._ objective of _they_. [A.S. _am_, dat. pl. of the def. art. (this replaced the older _heom_, _hem_). It is the result of two cross influences; the _th_ is taken from Old Norse _eim_, the _e_ from A.S. _hem_.]

THEME, th[=e]m, _n._ a subject set or proposed for discussion, or on which a person speaks or writes, a thesis, a brief essay: a verb in its radical form unmodified by inflections: (_mus._) subject, a short melody developed with variations: an administrative division under the Byzantine empire.--_n._ TH[=E]'MA, that which constitutes a subject of thought.--_adj._ TH[=E]MAT'IC.--_adv._ TH[=E]MAT'ICALLY.--_n._ TH[=E]'MATIST, a writer of themes. [Fr. _theme_--L. _thema_--Gr.

_tith[=e]mi_, I place, set.]

THEMIS, them'is, _n._ daughter of Uranus and G[=e], mother of the Hours and the Fates, the personification of the order of things established by law, custom, and equity. [Gr.]

THEMSELVES, _th_em-selvz', _pron._ _pl._ of _himself_, _herself_, and _itself_. [_Them_ and _self_.]

THEN, _th_en, _adv._ at that time: afterward: immediately: at another time.--_conj._ for that reason, therefore: in that case.--_adj._ being at that time.--_n._ a specific time already mentioned.--BY THEN, by that time.

[A doublet of _than_.]

THENAR, th[=e]'nar, _n._ the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot.--_adj._ of or pertaining to the thenar. [Gr. _thenar_--_theinein_, to stretch.]

THENCE, _th_ens, _adv._ from that time or place: for that reason.--_advs._ THENCE'FORTH, from that time forth or forward; THENCEFOR'WARD, from that time forward or onward. [M. E. _thenne-s_, _thenne_ (cf. _Then_), with the gen. ending _-s_--A.S. _anan_. Cf. _Hence_ and _Whence_.]

THEOBROMA, th[=e]-[=o]-br[=o]'ma, _n._ a small tropical American genus of trees of the sterculia or kola-nut family. The best-known species, _Theobroma cacao_, yields the cocoa and chocolate of commerce.--_n._ THEOBR[=O]'MINE, an alkaloid principle, similar to theine and caffeine, existing in the chocolate nut. [Gr., _theos_, a god, _br[=o]ma_, food.]

THEOCRACY, th[=e]-ok'ra-si, _n._ that constitution of a state in which the Almighty is regarded as the sole sovereign, and the laws of the realm as divine commands rather than human ordinances--the priesthood necessarily becoming the officers of the invisible ruler: the state thus governed.--_ns._ TH[=E]'OCRAT, THEOC'RATIST.--_adjs._ THEOCRAT'IC, -AL.

[Gr. _theokratia_--_theos_, God, _kratein_, to rule.]

THEOCRASY, th[=e]-[=o]-kr[=a]'si, _n._ the mixed worship of polytheism: a mystic intimacy with deity reached through profound contemplation. [Gr.

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