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TETRAGAMY, te-trag'a-mi, _n._ marriage for the fourth time. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, _gamos_, marriage.]

TETRAGON, tet'ra-gon, _n._ a figure of four angles.--_adj._ TETRAG'ONAL.

[Gr. _tetragonon_--_tetra-_, four _g[=o]nia_, an angle.]

TETRAGRAM, tet'ra-gram, _n._ a word of four letters: the TETRAGRAMMATON: (_geom._) a quadrilateral.--_n._ TETRAGRAM'MATON, the name JeHoVaH as written with four Hebrew letters, regarded as a mystic symbol: similarly some other sacred word of four letters, as the Latin _Deus_. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, _gramma_, a letter.]

TETRAGYNOUS, tet-raj'i-nus, _adj._ (_bot._) having four styles or pistils--also TETRAGYN' TETRAGYN'IA.


TETRAHEDRON, tet-ra-h[=e]'dron, _n._ a solid figure enclosed by four bases or triangles.--_adjs._ TETRAH[=E]'DRAL, having four sides: bounded by four triangles; TETRAHEXAH[=E]'DRAL.--_n._ TETRAHEX'AH[=E]DRON, a solid of twenty-four triangular faces. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, _hedra_, a base.]

TETRALOGY, te-tral'[=o]-ji, _n._ a group of four dramas, three tragic and one satiric, exhibited together at the festivals of Dionysos at Athens: any series of four related dramatic or operatic works.

TETRAMERA, te-tram'e-ra, a division of beetles with four-jointed tarsi.--_adj._ TETRAM'ERAL, four-parted.--_n._ TETRAM'ERISM, division into four parts.--_adj._ TETRAM'EROUS, having four parts. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, _meros_, part.]

TETRAMETER, te-tram'e-t[.e]r, _adj._ having four measures, each of two iambic or trochaic feet.--_n._ a verse of four measures. [Gr.

_tetrametros_--_tetra-_, four, _metron_, measure.]

TETRANDRIA, te-tran'dri-a, _n._ the fourth class of the Linnaean classification of plants, containing those with four stamens in a flower.--_adjs._ TETRAN'DRIAN, TETRAN'DROUS. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, _an[=e]r_, _andros_, a man.]

TETRAO, tet'r[=a]-o, _n._ the chief genus of the family _Tetraonidae_, which also includes quails and partridges. From these the grouse (forming a subfamily, _Tetraoninae_) are distinguished. The genus _Tetrao_ is represented by the Capercailzie and the Blackcock or Black Grouse.

[L.,--Gr. _tetra[=o]n_, a pheasant.]

TETRAPETALOUS, tet-ra-pet'a-lus, _adj._ (_bot._) having four distinct petals or flower-leaves.

TETRAPHYLLOUS, tet-ra-fil'us, _adj._ having four leaves: consisting of four distinct leaves or leaflets. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, _phyllon_, a leaf.]

TETRAPLA, tet'ra-pla, _n._ a Bible consisting of four different versions in parallel columns, originally the edition of the Old Testament published by Origen, containing four Greek versions (those of Aquila, Symmachus, Theodotion, and the Septuagint). [Gr. _tetraplous_, fourfold.]

TETRAPOD, tet'ra-pod, _n._ an insect distinguished by having but four perfect legs.--_adj._ four-footed, with four legs--also TETRAP'ODOUS.--_n._ TETRAP'ODY, a group of four feet. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, _pous_, _podos_, foot.]

TETRAPOLITAN, tet-ra-pol'i-tan, _adj._ pertaining to a TETRAP'OLIS or a group of four towns.--TETRAPOLITAN CONFESSION, the Confession which the four cities of Strasburg, Constance, Memmingen, and Lindau presented to the Diet of Augsburg (11th July 1530), and, properly speaking, the first Confession of the Reformed Church.

TETRAPTEROUS, te-trap'te-rus, _adj._ having four wings.--Also TETRAP'TERAN.

[Gr., _tetra-_, four, _pteron_, a wing.]

TETRAPTOTE, tet'rap-t[=o]t, _n._ a noun with but four cases. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, _pt[=o]sis_, a case.]

TETRARCH, tet'rark, or t[=e]', _n._ under the Romans, the ruler of the fourth part of a province: a subordinate prince: the commander of a subdivision of a Greek phalanx.--_ns._ TET'RARCHATE, TET'RARCHY, office or jurisdiction of a tetrarch: the fourth part of a province. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, _arch[=e]s_, a ruler.]

TETRASEMIC, tet-ra-s[=e]'mik, _adj._ (_pros._) equivalent to four short syllables, as a dactyl, anapaest, or spondee. [Gr., tetra-, four, _s[=e]ma_, a sign.]

TETRASPERMOUS, tet-ra-sper'mus, _adj._ four-seeded. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, sperma, seed.]

TETRASPORE, tet'ra-sp[=o]r, _n._ a reproductive body, composed of four spores or germs, found in algae.--_adjs._ TETRASPOR'IC, TET'RASPOROUS. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, spora, seed.]

TETRASTICH, tet'ra-stik, _n._ a stanza, &c., of four lines, a quartet.--_adjs._ TETRASTICH'IC, TETRAS'TICHOUS. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, _stichos_, a row.]

TETRASTYLE, tet'ra-st[=i]l, _n._ a temple or other building having four front columns in its portico: a group of four pillars.--_adj._ having four pillars. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, _stylos_, a column.]

TETRASYLLABLE, tet'ra-sil-a-bl, _n._ a word of four syllables.--_adjs._ TETRASYLLAB'IC, -AL, consisting of four syllables.

TETRATHEISM, tet'ra-th[=e]-izm, _n._ the belief in four elements in the Godhead--the three persons of the Trinity and a divine essence out of which each of these originates. [Gr., _tetra-_, four, _theos_, God.]

TETT, tet, _n._ (_obs._) a plait.

TETTER, tet'[.e]r, _n._ a popular name for several eruptive diseases of the skin.--_v.t._ to affect with such.--_adj._ TETT'EROUS. [A.S. _teter_.]

TETTIX, tet'iks, _n._ a cicada: an ornament for the hair of that shape.

[Gr., 'grasshopper.']

TEUCH, TEUGH, t[=u]h, _adj._ a Scotch form of _tough_.

TEUCRIAN, t[=u]'kri-an, _adj._ relating to the ancient Trojans (_Teucri_) or to the Troad.--_n._ a Trojan.

TEUTON, t[=u]'ton, _n._ one of the ancient inhabitants of Germany, esp. of a tribe living north of the Elbe who invaded Gaul, along with the Cimbri, and were cut to pieces by Marius near Aix in 102 B.C.: one belonging to that division of the Aryans including High and Low Germans and Scandinavians.--_adj._ TEUTON'IC, belonging to the race so called, including Germans, Scandinavians, English, &c.: also to their language.--_ns._ TEUTON'ICISM, TEU'TONISM, a Germanism; TEUTONIS[=A]'TION, the act of Germanising.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ TEU'TONISE, to Germanise, to adopt German ways.--TEUTONIC KNIGHTS, one of the three military-religious orders of knighthood founded during the period of the Crusades, their distinguishing habiliment a white mantle with a black cross. [L.

_Teutones_--Goth. _thiuda_, a nation. Cf. _Dutch_.]

TEW, t[=u], _v.t._ to make anything ready, to work up: to beat, mix, pound: to taw, as leather: to scourge, drub.--_v.i._ to work, to bustle, to potter about.--_n._ trouble, worry.

TEXT, tekst, _n._ the original words of an author: that on which a comment is written: a passage of Scripture on which a sermon is supposed to be based.--_ns._ TEXT'-BOOK, a book containing the leading principles of a science; TEXT'-HAND, a large hand in writing--so called because it was the practice to write the text of a book in large-hand; TEXT'-MAN, TEX'T[=U]ALIST, one ready in citing Scripture texts: one who adheres to the text.--_adj._ TEX'T[=U]AL, pertaining to, or contained in, the text: serving for a text.--_adv._ TEX'TUALLY.--_ns._ TEX'TUARY, a textualist; TEX'TUS, the authoritative text, esp. of the Bible.--TEXTUS RECEPTUS, the received text of the Greek Testament. [L. _textus_--_tex[)e]re_, _textum_, to weave.]

TEXTILE, teks'til, _adj._ woven: capable of being woven.--_n._ a woven fabric.--_adj._ TEXT[=O]'RIAL, pertaining to weaving. [L.

_textilis_--_tex[)e]re_, textum, to weave.]

TEXTURE, teks't[=u]r, _n._ anything woven, a web: manner of weaving or connecting: disposition of the parts of a body.--_adj._ TEX'T[=U]RAL. [L.


THACK, thak, _n._ a Scotch form of _thatch_.--UNDER THACK AND RAPE, safely secured under thatch and rope, snug generally.

THAIRM, _th_[=a]rm, _n._ (_Scot._) an intestine: catgut, a musical string.

THALAMUS, thal'a-mus, _n._ the receptacle of a flower, the thallus of a fungus: an inner room, nuptial chamber:--_pl._ THAL'AM[=I].--_adjs._ THAL'AMIC, pertaining to the optic thalamus, a part of the brain near the origin of the optic nerve; THAL'AMI-FL[=O]'RAL, having the parts of the flower inserted on the thalamus or receptacle.--_n._ THAL[=A]'MIUM, the layer of reproductive cells in the apothecia of lichens:--_pl._ THAL[=A]'MIA. [Gr., 'chamber.']

THALASSIC, tha-las'ik, _adj._ pertaining to the smaller seas--opp. to _Oceanic_: (_zool._) pelagic.--_ns._ THALASSOC'RACY, THALASSOC'RATY, the sovereignty of the seas; THALASSOG'RAPHER, a student of the phenomena of the ocean.--_adj._ THALASSOGRAPH'IC.--_ns._ THALASSOG'RAPHY, the science of the ocean, oceanography; THALASSOM'ETER, a tide-gauge. [Gr. _thalassa_, the sea.]

THALER, ta'l[.e]r, _n._ a dollar, in Germany a silver coin worth about 3s.

[Ger. Cf. _Dollar_.]

THALIA, th[=a]-l[=i]'a, _n._ one of the nine muses, who presided over pastoral and comic poetry.--_adj._ TH[=A]L[=I]'AN. [Gr. _Thaleia_, _Thalia_--_thallein_, to bloom.]

THALICTRUM, th[=a]-lik'trum, _n._ a genus of perennial herbs of the Crowfoot family, the meadow-rues: a plant of this genus. [Gr.

_thaliktron_--_thallein_, to bloom.]

THALLIUM, thal'i-um, _n._ a metal closely resembling lead in colour and softness, but slightly heavier, first discovered in 1861, and so called from the presence of an intense green line in the spectrum of the flame in which it is volatilised.--_adjs._ THALL'IC, THALL'IOUS. [Gr. _thallos_, a green shoot.]

THALLUS, thal'us, _n._ a vegetative body showing little or no differentiation into leaf, stem, and root, and characteristic of the THALL'OPHYTES or lower Cryptogamia, including algae, fungi, and lichens.--_adjs._ THALL'IFORM, of the form of a thallus; THALL'INE, THALLOD'IC, pertaining to a thallus.--_n._ THALL'OGEN, a thallophyte.--_adjs._ THALLOG'ENOUS, belonging to the thallogens; THALL'OID, THALL'OSE, resembling a thallus.--_ns._ THALL'[=O]ME, a thallus; THAM'NIUM, the branched shrub-like thallus of fruticulose lichens. [Gr.

_thallos_, a young shoot.]

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