_theos_, a god, _krasis_, a mixing.]
THEOCRITEAN, th[=e]-ok-ri-t[=e]'an, _adj._ after the manner of _Theocritus_ (3d century B.C.), the greatest of Greek pastoral poets: pastoral, idyllic.
THEODICY, th[=e]-od'i-si, _n._ a name given to the exposition of the theory of Divine Providence, with a view especially to the vindication of the sanctity and justice of God in establishing the present order of things, in which evil, moral as well as physical, so largely appears to prevail.--_adj._ THEODIC[=E]'AN. [Gr. _theos_, God, _dik[=e]_, justice.]
THEODOLITE, th[=e]-od'[=o]-l[=i]t, _n._ an instrument used in land-surveying for the measurement of angles horizontal and vertical, being neither more nor less than an altitude and azimuth instrument, proportioned and constructed so as to be conveniently portable.--_adj._ THEODOLIT'IC.
[Ety. unknown; Gr. _theasthai_, to see + _hodos_, way + _litos_, smooth; _theasthai_ + _dolichos_, long, &c.]
THEOGONY, th[=e]-og'[=o]-ni, _n._ the birth and genealogy of the gods, esp.
as told in ancient poetry.--_adj._ THEOGON'IC.--_n._ THEOG'ONIST, a writer on theogony. [Gr. _theogonia_--_theos_, a god, _gon[=e]_, _genos_, race--_genein_, to beget.]
THEOLOGY, th[=e]-ol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the science which treats of God, and of man's duty to Him--_Natural_, as discoverable by the light of reason alone; or _Positive_ or _Revealed_, based on the study of divine revelation.--_ns._ THEOL'OGASTER (-gas-), a shallow fellow who pretends to a knowledge of theology; THEOL'OGATE (-g[=a]t), the course of study for R.C. priests; THEOL'OGER, a theologian; THEOL[=O]'GIAN, one well versed in theology: a divine, a professor of or writer on divinity, esp. in R.C.
usage, a theological lecturer attached to a cathedral church--also THEOL[=O]'GUS (-gus).--_adjs._ THEOLOG'IC, -AL, pertaining to theology or divinity.--_adv._ THEOLOG'ICALLY.--_n._ THEOLOG'ICS, theological disputation.--_v.t._ THEOL'OGISE, to render theological.--_v.i._ to make a system of theology.--_ns._ THEOL'OGISER, one who theologises; THEOL'OGIST, a student in the science of theology: a theologian; TH[=E]'OLOGUE (-log), a theologian, esp. a theological student. [Gr. _theologia_--_theos_, God, _logos_, a treatise.]
THEOMACHY, th[=e]-om'a-ki, _n._ a fighting against the gods, as by the Titans and giants: (_Bacon_) opposition to the divine will.--_n._ THEOM'ACHIST. [Gr. _theomachia_--_theos_, a god, _mach[=e]_, a battle.]
THEOMANCY, th[=e]'[=o]-man-si, _n._ divination by means of oracles, sibyls, and other persons inspired immediately by some divinity.--_adj._ TH[=E][=O]MAN'TIC. [Gr., _theos_, a god, _manteia_, divination.]
THEOMANIA, th[=e]-[=o]-m[=a]'ni-a, _n._ a madman's belief that he himself is God, or that God dwells in him.--_n._ THEOM[=A]'NIAC, one who shows theomania. [Gr., _theos_, God, _mania_, madness.]
THEOMORPHIC, th[=e]-[=o]-mor'fik, _adj._ having the form or likeness of a god.--_n._ THEOMOR'PHISM. [Gr., _theos_, a god, _morph[=e]_, form.]
THEOPASCHITE, th[=e]-[=o]-pas'k[=i]t, _n._ a by-name applied to such as accepted the formula, that, in the passion of Christ, 'God had suffered and been crucified.' It was applied to the Monophysites.--_n._ THEOPAS'CHITISM.
[Gr., _theos_, God, _paschein_, to suffer.]
THEOPATHY, th[=e]-[=o]p'a-thi, _n._ religious emotion aroused by meditation about God.--_adj._ THEOPATHET'IC.
THEOPHANY, th[=e]-of'a-ni, _n._ a manifestation or appearance of deity or the gods to man, esp. the appearance of God to the patriarchs in the form of an angel or in human form: the incarnation and second coming of Christ.--_adj._ THEOPHAN'IC. [Gr., _theos_, God, _phainomai_, I appear.]
THEOPHILANTHROPY, th[=e]-[=o]-fil-an'thr[=o]-pi, _n._ a deistical system of religion drawn up under the French Directory in 1796, and designed to take the place of Christianity.--_adj._ THEOPHILANTHROP'IC.--_ns._ THEOPHILAN'THROPISM; THEOPHILAN'THROPIST; TH[=E]'OPHILE, one who loves God.
THEOPNEUSTY, th[=e]'op-n[=u]s-ti, _n._ divine inspiration.--_adj._ THEOPNEUS'TIC. [Gr., _theos_, God, _pneustos_, inspired--_pnein_, to breathe.]
THEORBO, th[=e]-orb'[=o], _n._ a large lute with two necks, one above the other, formerly used for the bass.--_n._ THEORB'IST. [It. _tiorba_.]
THEOREM, th[=e]'[=o]-rem, _n._ a proposition to be proved.--_adjs._ THEOREMAT'IC, THEOREM'IC.--_n._ THEOREM'AT[=I]ST.--_adjs._ THEORET'IC, -AL, pertaining to theory: not practical: speculative.--_adv._ THEORET'ICALLY.--_n.pl._ THEORET'ICS, the speculative parts of a science.--_n._ TH[=E]'ORIC (_Shak._), theory, speculation.--_v.i._ TH[=E]'ORISE, to form a theory: to form opinions solely by theories: to speculate.--_ns._ TH[=E]'OR[=I]SER; TH[=E]'ORIST, a theoriser: one given to theory and speculation; TH[=E]'ORY, an explanation or system of anything: an exposition of the abstract principles of a science or art: speculation as opposed to practice. [Gr. _the[=o]r[=e]ma_--_the[=o]rein_, to view--_theasthai_, to see.]
THEOSOPHY, th[=e]-os'[=o]-fi, _n._ immediate divine illumination or inspiration claimed to be possessed by specially gifted men, who also possess abnormal control over natural forces.--_ns._ TH[=E]'[=O]SOPH, THEOS'OPHER, THEOS'OPHIST, one who claims to believe in immediate divine illumination.--_adjs._ THEOSOPH'IC, -AL, pertaining to theosophy.--_adv._ THEOSOPH'ICALLY.--_v.i._ THEOS'OPHISE, to practise theosophy.--_n._ THEOS'OPHISM, theosophical tenets.--_adj._ THEOSOPHI'STICAL, theosophical.
[Gr. _the[=o]sophia_--_theos_, God, _sophia_, wisdom.]
THEOTECHNY, th[=e]-[=o]-tek'ni, _n._ the scheme of divine intervention, the art of introducing deities into poetry.--_adj._ THEOTECH'NIC. [Gr., _theos_, a god, _techn[=e]_, art.]
THEOTOCOS, th[=e]-ot'[=o]-kos, _n._ the mother of God, a title of the Virgin Mary repudiated by Nestorius--it being not God the Logos but only the human nature which had a mother and suffered pain and death.--Also THEOT'OKOS. [Gr., _theos_, God, _tiktein_, _tekein_, to bring forth.]
THERAPEUTae, ther-a-p[=u]'t[=e], _n.pl._ a traditional ascetic sect, allied to the Essenes, living chiefly on the Lake Mareotis, near Alexandria.
THERAPEUTIC, ther-a-p[=u]'tik, _adj._ pertaining to the healing art: curative.--_adv._ THERAPEU'TICALLY.--_n.sing._ THERAPEU'TICS, that part of medicine concerned with the treatment and cure of diseases.--_n._ THERAPEU'TIST, one versed in therapeutics. [Gr. _therapeuein_, to take care of, to heal.]
THERE, _th_[=a]r, _adv._ in that place--opp. to _Here_, at that point--it is used to begin sentences when the subject comes after the verb.--_interj._ expressing certainty, alarm, &c., and in interjectional phrases equivalent to _that_, as 'There's a good boy.'--_advs._ THEREABOUT'
or -ABOUTS', about or near that place: near that number, quantity, or degree; THEREAFT'ER, after or according to that; THERE'AMONG, among them; THERE'-ANENT' (_Scot._), concerning that matter; THEREAT', at that place or occurrence: on that account; THERE'AWAY, from that place or direction, thence: in those parts, thereabout; THEREBY', by that means: in consequence of that; THEREFOR', for that, this, or it; THEREFORE (_th_[.e]r'fur), for that or this reason: consequently; THEREFROM', from that or this; THEREIN', in that or this place, time, or thing; THEREINAFT'ER, later in the same document; THEREIN'TO, into that place.--_n._ THERE'NESS, the property of having relative situation or existence.--_advs._ THEREOF', of that or this; THEREON', on that or this; THEREOUT', out of that or this: outside; THERETHROUGH', through that, by that means; THERETO', THEREUN'TO, to that or this; THERE'TOFORE, before that time; THEREUN'DER, under that; THEREUPON', upon or in consequence of that or this: immediately; THEREWITH', with that or this, thereupon; THERE'WITHAL, with that or this: at the same time, over and above. [A.S. _aer_, _er_; conn. with the stem of _the_.]
THEREOLOGY, ther-[=e]-ol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the art of healing, therapeutics.--_n._ THEREOL'OGIST, one versed in thereology. [Gr.
_therein_=_therapeuein_, to tend the sick, _logia_--_legein_, to speak.]
THERIACA, th[=e]-r[=i]'a-ka, _n._ one of the various preparations of opium: a medicine in the form of an electuary, supposed to be an antidote to snakebites, &c.--also TH[=E]'RIAC.--_adjs._ TH[=E]'RIAC, -AL, TH[=E]'RIAL, medicinal. [L.,--Gr. _th[=e]riak[=e]_--_th[=e]rion_, a wild beast.]
THERIANTHROPISM, th[=e]-ri-an'thr[=o]-pizm, _n._ the representation of deities in combined man and beast forms.--_adj._ THERIANTHROP'IC, pertaining to super human beings of combined human and bestial forms, or their worship.--_n._ TH[=E]'RIOMANCY, divination by observation of beasts.--_adjs._ THERIOMOR'PHIC, THERIOMOR'PHOUS, beast-like.--_n._ THERIOT'OMY, the dissection of beasts, zootomy.
THERIATRICA, th[=e]-ri-at'ri-ka, _n._ the art of veterinary medicine.
THERMAL, th[.e]r'mal, _adj._ pertaining to heat: warm.--_n._ THERM, a thermal unit.--_n.pl._ THER'Mae, hot springs or baths.--_adv._ THER'MALLY.--_n._ THERMATOL'OGY, the science of the treatment of disease by heat, esp. by thermal mineral waters.--_adj._ THER'MIC, thermal.--_adv._ THER'MICALLY.--_ns._ THERMOBAROM'ETER, an apparatus for measuring pressure of the atmosphere from the boiling-point of water; THERMOCHEM'ISTRY, that branch of chemistry which treats of the relations between chemical action and heat; THER'MOCHROSY, the property possessed by rays of radiant heat of having varying wave-lengths and degrees of refrangibility; THER'MO-CURR'ENT, a thermo-electric current.--_adj._ THER'MO-DYNAM'IC.--_n._ THER'MO-DYNAM'ICS, the branch of physics which treats of heat as a mechanical agent.--_adj._ THER'MO-ELEC'TRIC.--_ns._ THER'MO-ELECTRIC'ITY, electricity developed by the unequal heating of bodies; THER'MO-ELECTROM'ETER, an instrument for measuring the strength of a current of electricity by its effect in producing heat; THERMOGEN'ESIS, the production of heat, esp. in the body by physiological processes.--_adjs._ THERMOGENET'IC, THERMOGEN'IC.--_ns._ THER'MOGRAM, the record made by a thermograph; THER'MOGRAPH, an automatic self-registering thermometer; THERMOG'RAPHY, any process of writing involving the use of heat; THER'MO-MAG'NETISM, magnetism as modified or produced by the action of heat on the body magnetised or on the medium surrounding it; THERMOMET'ROGRAPH, a self-registering thermometer; THER'MO-PILE, a thermo-electric battery used as a thermometer; THER'MOSCOPE, an instrument for detecting changes of temperature without measuring them accurately.--_adj._ THERMOSCOP'IC.--_adv._ THERMOSCOP'ICALLY.--_n._ THER'MOSTAT, an appliance for showing temperatures automatically by the expansion of substances--used in regulating steam pressures, &c.--_adj._ THERMOSTAT'IC.--_adv._ THERMOSTAT'ICALLY.--_adjs._ THERMOT'IC, -AL, pertaining to heat.--_n._ THERMOT'ICS, the science of heat. [Gr. _thermos_, hot--_therm[=e]_, heat--_therein_, to heat.]
THERMIDOR, ther-mi-d[=o]r', _n._ the eleventh month in the calendar of the first French Republic, lasting from the 19th of July to the 18th of August.
The 9th Thermidor of the Republican year 2 (July 27, 1794) is historically memorable as the date of Robespierre's fall and the termination of the Reign of Terror.--_n._ THERMID[=O]'RIAN, one who took part in this fortunate coup d'etat.
THERMOMETER, th[.e]r-mom'e-t[.e]r, _n._ an instrument for measuring the variations of sensible heat or temperature.--_adjs._ THERMOMET'RIC, -AL, pertaining to, or made with, a thermometer.--_adv._ THERMOMET'RICALLY.--For the _Centigrade_ and the _Fahrenheit_ scale and their relations to each other, see Centigrade and Fahrenheit. In the Reaumur scale, still largely used in Russia and Germany, the freezing-point is marked zero, and the space between this and boiling-point is divided into 80 degrees. To reduce it to Fahrenheit, multiply by 2 and add 32; to Centigrade, increase the number by one-fourth of itself. Thus: F = 9/5 C + 32 = 9/4 R + 32; C = 5/9 (F - 32) = 5/4 R; R = 4/9 (F - 32) = 4/5 C.--MAXIMUM THERMOMETER, one that registers the maximum temperature to which it is exposed; MINIMUM THERMOMETER, one that registers the minimum temperature to which it is exposed. [Gr. _therm[=e]_, heat, _metron_, a measure.]
THESAURUS, th[=e]-saw'rus, _n._ a treasury or repository, esp. of knowledge: a lexicon or cyclopaedia. [L.,--Gr. _th[=e]sauros_--_tith[=e]mi_, I place.]
THESE, _th_[=e]z, _demons. pron._, _pl._ of _this_. [A.S. _th['ae]s_, pl. of _thes_, this. Doublet _those_.]
THESIS, th[=e]'sis, _n._ a position or that which is set down or advanced for argument: a subject for a scholastic exercise: an essay on a theme:--_pl._ THESES (th[=e]'s[=e]z).--_adj._ THET'IC.--_adv._ THET'ICALLY.
[L.--Gr. _ti-th[=e]-mi_, I set.]
THESMOPHORIA, thes-m[=o]-ph[=o]'ri-a, _n.pl._ an ancient Greek festival with mysteries, celebrated by married women in honour of Demeter (Ceres) five days about October.
THESMOTHETE, thes'm[=o]-th[=e]t, _n._ a lawgiver, esp. one of the six junior archons in ancient Athens.
THESPIAN, thes'pi-an, _adj._ pertaining to tragedy: tragic. [Gr. _Thespis_, founder of the Greek drama.]
THETCH, thech, _n._ (_Spens._). Same as THATCH.
THETHER, theth'[.e]r, _adv._ (_Spens._). Same as THITHER.
THEURGY, th[=e]'ur-ji, _n._ that kind of magic which affects to work by supernatural agency, as distinguished from natural magic and necromancy.--_adjs._ THEUR'GIC, -AL.--_n._ THEUR'GIST, a magician. [Gr.
_theourgia_--_theos_, a god, _ergein_, to work.]
THEW, th[=u], _n._ (used chiefly in _pl._) muscle or strength: sinews.--_adjs._ THEWED (_Spens._), furnished with thews or sinews; THEW'LESS, weak; THEW'Y, muscular, strong. [Perh. a form of _thigh_.]
THEWED, th[=u]d, _adj._ (_Spens._) mannered, behaved, educated. [A.S.
_theaw_, manner, habit.]
THEY, _th_[=a], _pers. pron._, _pl._ of _he_, _she_, or _it_. [The form _thei_, _tha_, that came into use in the north of England in the 13th cent., replacing the older _hi_, _heo_. It is the A.S. _a_, nom. pl. of the definite article, prob. modified by Scandinavian influence.]
THIBLE, thib'l, _n._ (_prov._) a pot-stick.
THICK, thik, _adj._ dense: imperfectly mobile: compact: not transparent or clear: misty: dull, mentally clouded: crowded: closely set: abundant: frequent, in quick succession: having great depth or circumference: (_coll._) in fast friendship.--_n._ the thickest part of anything: a stupid person.--_adv._ closely: frequently: fast: to a great depth.--_adjs._ THICK'-AND-THIN, thorough, completely devoted; THICK'-COM'ING (_Shak._), coming fast or close together.--_v.t._ THICK'EN, to make thick or close: to strengthen.--_v.i._ to become thick or obscure: to crowd or press.--_ns._ THICK'ENING, something put into a liquid or mass to make it more thick; THICK'ET, a collection of trees or shrubs thickly or closely set: close wood or copse.--_adjs._ THICK'-HEAD'ED, having a thick head or skull: stupid; THICK'ISH, somewhat thick.--_n._ THICK'-KNEE, a stone-plover.--_adj._ THICK'-LIPPED (_Shak._), having thick lips.--_adv._ THICK'LY.--_n._ THICK'NESS.--_adjs._ THICK'-PLEACHED (_Shak._), closely interwoven; THICK'-SET, closely planted: having a short, thick body.--_n._ THICK'-SKIN, a person wanting sensibility: a dull, stupid person, a blockhead.--_adj._ THICK'-SKINNED, having a thick skin: wanting sensibility: dull: obtuse.--_n._ THICK'-SKULL (same as THICK-SKIN).--_adjs._ THICK'-SKULLED, having a thick skull: dull: stupid; THICK'-SPRUNG (_Shak._), that have sprung up thick or close together.--_n._ THICK'UN (_slang_), a sovereign: a crown.--LAY IT ON THICK, to flatter or praise extravagantly; THROUGH THICK AND THIN, in spite of all obstacles, without any wavering. [A.S. _thicce_; cog. with Ger. _dick_.]
THICK, thik, _n._ (_Spens._) a thicket.--_v.i._ (_Spens._) to grow dense.