TERAPHIM, ter'a-fim, _n.pl._ a Hebrew word of uncertain derivation, denoting a certain kind of images, idols, or household gods, of a human figure, associated with divination, and commonly used in the popular worship:--sing. TER'APH. [Heb.]
TERATOLOGY, ter-a-tol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the study of malformations or abnormal growths, animal or vegetable.--_adj._ TERATOGEN'IC, producing monsters.--_n._ TERATOG'ENY, the production of monsters.--_adjs._ TER'ATOID, monstrous; TERATOLOG'IC, -AL, pertaining to teratology.--_ns._ TERATOL'OGIST, one skilled in teratology; TERAT[=O]'MA, an anomalous congenital tumour, often containing many different tissues.--_adj._ TERAT[=O]'MATOUS.--_n._ TERAT[=O]'SIS, monstrosity. [Gr. _teras_, _teratos_, a monster.]
TERBIUM, ter'bi-um, _n._ a rare metal found in certain yttrium minerals.--_adj._ TER'BIC.
TERCE, t[.e]rs, _n._ (_Scots law_) a widow's right, where she has no conventional provision, to a liferent of a third of the husband's heritable property: the office of the third hour, which should be said between sunrise and noon. [_Tierce_.]
TERCEL, t[.e]rs'el, _n._ Same as TIERCEL.
TERCENTENARY, t[.e]r-sen'te-n[=a]-ri, _adj._ including or relating to an interval of three hundred years.--_n._ the 300th anniversary of anything.--_adj._ TERCENTEN'NIAL.
TERCET, ter'set, _n._ a triplet.
TERCINE, ter'sin, _n._ (_bot._) a layer of the primine coat of an ovule.
TEREBENE, ter'[=e]-b[=e]n, _n._ a light-yellow liquid, obtained by treating oil of turpentine with sulphuric acid, used as a disinfectant.--_adj._ TEREB'IC, pertaining to turpentine.--_n._ TER'EBINTH, the turpentine-tree.--_adj._ TEREBINTH'INE. [L.,--Gr. _terebinthos_.]
TEREBRA, ter'[=e]-bra, _n._ a Roman engine for making a breach in a wall: the borer or ovipositor of various insects.--_adj._ TER'EBRANT.--_n._ a borer, a bore.--_v.t._ TER'EBR[=A]TE, to bore.--_adj._ provided with a borer.--_n._ TEREBR[=A]'TION. [L.]
TEREBRATULA, ter-[=e]-brat'[=u]-la, _n._ a genus of deep-sea Brachiopods, from the form of the ventral valve of their shell termed Lamp-shells.--_n._ TEREBRAT'ULID, one of this genus.--_adj._ TEREBRAT'[=U]LIFORM.--_n._ TEREBRAT'ULITE, a fossil terebratulid.--_adj._ TEREBRAT'[=U]LOID (also _n._).
TEREDO, t[=e]-r[=e]'do, _n._ the ship-worm, a worm very destructive in boring into wood.--Also TER'EDINE. [L.,--Gr. _ter[=e]d[=o]n_, from _teirein_, to wear away.]
TEREK, ter'ek, _n._ a kind of sandpiper, of the genus TER[=E]'KIA.
TERENTIAN, ter-en'shi-an, _adj._ pertaining to the Roman comic poet _Terence_, P. Terentius Afer (b. 195 B.C.).
TERES, t[=e]'r[=e]z, _n._ a terete muscle.--_adjs._ TERETE', cylindrical and tapering, columnar; TERETICAU'DATE, round-tailed. [L. _teres_, _ter[)e]tis_, smooth, _ter[)e]re_, to rub.]
TERGAL, ter'gal, _adj._ pertaining to the back, dorsal.--_adjs._ TER'GANT (_her._), turning the back, recursant; TERGIF'EROUS, bearing on the back.--_n._ TER'GITE, the tergum or back of one of the somites or segments of an arthropod, &c.--_adj._ TERGIT'IC.--_n._ TER'GUM, the back, dorsum, or notum, as of an arthropod:--_pl._ TER'GA. [L. _tergum_, the back.]
TERGEMINATE, ter-jem'i-n[=a]t, _adj._ thrice double.--Also TERGEM'INAL, TERGEM'INOUS.
TERGIVERSATION, t[.e]r-ji-v[.e]r-s[=a]'shun, _n._ a shuffling or shifting: subterfuge: fickleness of conduct.--_v.i._ TER'GIVERSATE, to practise or use evasion.--_n._ TER'GIVERS[=A]TOR. [L., from _tergum_, the back, _vers[=a]ri_, to turn.]
TERM, t[.e]rm, _n._ any limited period: the time for which anything lasts: the time during which the courts of law are open: certain days on which rent is paid: that by which a thought is expressed, a word or expression: a condition or arrangement (gener. in _pl._): (_alg._) a member of a compound quantity.--_v.t._ to apply a term to: to name or call.--_n._ TERM'ER, one who attends a court term, often with the sense of a shifty rogue: one holding an estate for a term of years--also TERM'OR.--_adj._ TERMINOLOG'ICAL.--_adv._ TERMINOLOGY'ICALLY.--_n._ TERMINOL'OGY, doctrine of terms: the terms used in any art, science, &c.--_adj._ TERM'LESS, having no term or end: (_Spens._) unlimited, boundless.--_adv._ TERM'LY, term by term.--BE ON TERMS WITH, to be on friendly relations with; BRING TO TERMS, to compel to the acceptance of conditions; COME TO TERMS, to come to an agreement: to submit; EAT ONE'S TERMS (see EAT); IN TERMS OF, in the language peculiar to anything, in modes of; KEEP A TERM, to give the regular attendance during a period of study; MAJOR TERM, in a syllogism, that which is the predicate of the conclusion; the MINOR TERM, that which is the subject of the conclusion; MAKE TERMS, to come to an agreement; SPEAK IN TERMS, to speak plainly; STAND UPON ONE'S TERMS (_with_), to insist upon conditions. [Fr. _terme_--L. _terminus_, a boundary.]
TERMA, ter'ma, _n._ the terminal lamina of the brain.--_adj._ TERMAT'IC.--_n._ the termatic artery. [Gr., 'a limit.']
TERMAGANT, t[.e]r'ma-gant, _n._ a boisterous, bold woman.--_adj._ boisterous: brawling: tumultuous.--_n._ TER'MAGANCY, state or quality of being a termagant: turbulence.--_adv._ TER'MAGANTLY. [M. E. _Termagant_ or _Tervagant_, a supposed Mohammedan idol, represented in the old plays and moralities as of a violent character--O. Fr. _Tervagant_, _Tervagan_--It.
_Trivigante_, perh. from the moon as wandering under three names of _Selene_ (_Luna_) in heaven, _Artemis_ (_Diana_) on earth, and _Persephone_ (_Proserpine_) in the lower world.]
TERMES, t[.e]r'm[=e]z, _n._ a genus of pseudoneuropterous insects.
TERMINATE, t[.e]r'min-[=a]t, _v.t._ to set a limit to: to set the boundary: to put an end to: to finish.--_v.i._ to be limited: to end either in space or time: to close.--_adj._ TER'MINABLE, that may be limited: that may terminate or cease.--_n._ TER'MINABLENESS.--_adj._ TER'MINAL, pertaining to, or growing at, the end or extremity: ending a series or part: occurring in every term.--_n.pl._ TERMIN[=A]'LIA, an annual Roman festival in honour of _Terminus_, the god of boundaries.--_adv._ TER'MINALLY.--_n._ TERMIN[=A]'TION, act of terminating or ending: limit: end: result: the ending of words as varied by their signification.--_adjs._ TERMIN[=A]'TIONAL, pertaining to, or forming, a termination; TER'MIN[=A]TIVE, tending to terminate or determine: absolute.--_adv._ TER'MIN[=A]TIVELY.--_n._ TER'MIN[=A]TOR, one who, or that which, terminates: the boundary between the illuminated and dark portions of the moon or of a planet.--_adj._ TER'MIN[=A]TORY. [L. _terminus_.]
TERMINUS, t[.e]r'mi-nus, _n._ the end or extreme point: one of the extreme points of a railway, &c.: the ancient Roman god of boundaries:--_pl._ TER'MINI ([=i]).--_ns._ TER'MINER (_law_), the act of determining; TER'MINISM, the theological doctrine that there is a limit in the life of each man and of mankind for the operation of grace; TER'MINIST, one who believes in terminism.
TERMITE, ter'm[=i]t, _n._ the white ant.--_ns._ TERMIT[=A]'RIUM, TER'MITARY, a mound of termites.--_adj._ TER'MITINE. [L. _termes_, _termitis_, a wood-worm.]
TERN, t[.e]rn, _n._ a long-winged aquatic fowl allied to the gull.--_n._ TER'NERY, a place where terns breed. [Allied to Dan. _terne_, sea-swallow, Ice. _therna_.]
TERN, t[.e]rn, _adj._ threefold: consisting of three: growing in threes.--_n._ that which consists of three things or numbers together: a prize in a lottery got by drawing three favourable numbers.--_adjs._ TER'NAL, threefold; TER'NARY, proceeding by, or consisting of, threes.--_n._ the number three.--_adj._ TER'N[=A]TE, threefold, or arranged in threes.--_adv._ TER'N[=A]TELY.--_n._ TER'NION, a section of paper for a book containing three double leaves or twelve pages. [L. _terni_, three each--_tres_, three.]
TERNE, t[.e]rn, _n._ an inferior tin-plate for roofs and the inside of packing-cases. [Fr. _terne_, dull.]
TERPENE, ter'p[=e]n, _n._ one of several isomeric oily hydrocarbons.
TERPSICHORE, t[.e]rp-sik'[=o]-r[=e], _n._ one of the nine muses, who presided over choral song and dancing.--_adj._ TERPSICHOR[=E]'AN, relating to _Terpsichore_, or to dancing. [Gr. _terpsichor[=e]_, delighting in dancing--_terpsis_, delight--_terpein_, to enjoy, choros, dancing.]
TERRA, ter'a, _n._ earth.--_ns._ TERR'A-COT'TA, a composition of clay and sand used for statues, hardened like bricks by fire; TERR'ACULTURE, agriculture; TERR'ae-FIL'IUS, a person of humble origin: formerly the title of a scholar at Oxford who composed annually a satirical lampoon in which considerable license was allowed; TERR'A-FIR'MA, a term frequently employed to denote continental land as distinguished from islands: (_coll._) land as distinguished from water; TERR'A-JAPON'ICA, pale catechu or gambier; TERR'A-MARA (-ma'ra), an earthy deposit containing fertilising organic or mineral matter, any deposit containing prehistoric remains.--_adjs._ TERR[=A]'N[=E]AN, being in the earth; TERR[=A]'N[=E]OUS, growing on land.--_ns._ TERR[=A]'RIUM, a vivarium for land animals; TERR'A-ROS'SA, a name given to a ferruginous red earth extensively developed in the limestone districts of south-eastern Europe, esp. in Istria and Dalmatia.
[L. _terra_, earth; L. _cocta_, pa.p. of _coqu[)e]re_, to cook; L.
_firmus_, firm; It. _amara_, bitter; _rosso_, red.]
TERRACE, ter'[=a]s, _n._ a raised level bank of earth: any raised flat place: the flat roof of a house:--_pl._ (_geol._) comparatively level strips of land near the sea, lakes, or rivers, with a sharp descent at the edge towards the water, showing an ancient water-level.--_v.t._ to form into a terrace. [Fr. _terrasse_--It. _terrazza_--L. _terra_, the earth.]
TERRAIN, ter'[=a]n, _n._ (_geol._) any series of rocks continuously related: any tract considered in relation to its fitness for some purpose.
TERRAPIN, ter'a-pin, _n._ the popular name of many species of fresh-water and tidal tortoises of the family _Emydidae_, natives of tropical and the warmer temperate countries. [Supposed to be Amer. Ind. in origin.]
TERRAQUEOUS, ter-[=a]'kw[=e]-us, _adj._ consisting of land and water.--Also TERR[=A]'QU[=E]AN. [Coined from L. _terra_, earth, _aqua_, water.]
TERREEN, ter-[=e]n', _n._ less common form of _tureen_.
TERREMOTIVE, ter-e-m[=o]'tiv, _adj._ seismic.
TERRENE, te-r[=e]n', _adj._ pertaining to the earth: earthy: earthly.--_adv._ TERRENE'LY.--_n._ TERREN'ITY. [L. _terrenus_--_terra_, the earth.]
TERRESTRIAL, te-res'tri-al, _adj._ pertaining to, or existing on, the earth: earthly: living on the ground: representing the earth.--_adv._ TERRES'TRIALLY.--_n._ TERRES'TRIALNESS.--_adj._ TERRES'TRIOUS, terrestrial.
[L. _terrestris_--_terra_, the earth.]
TERRET, ter'et, _n._ one of the two round loops or rings on a pad-tree, through which the driving reins pass.--Also TERR'IT.
TERRIBLE, ter'i-bl, _adj._ fitted to excite terror or awe: awful: dreadful.--_ns._ TERR'IBLE-IN'FANT, an inconveniently outspoken child--the Fr. _enfant terrible_; TERR'IBLENESS, state of being terrible: terror, dread.--_adv._ TERR'IBLY. [L. _terribilis_--_terr[=e]re_, to frighten.]
TERRICOLOUS, te-rik'[=o]-lus, _adj._ terrestrial.--Also TER'RICOLE, TERRIC'OLINE. [L. _terra_, earth, _col[)e]re_, to inhabit.]
TERRIER, ter'i-[.e]r, _n._ a name originally applied to any breed of dog used to burrow underground, but now applied to any small dog--varieties are the _Fox terrier_, _Scotch terrier_ (sometimes _Skye terrier_), _Dandie Dinmont_ (from the stout Borderer in Scott's 'Guy Mannering'), the _Irish terrier_, _Bedlington_, &c.: a hole or burrow where foxes, rabbits, &c.
secure themselves. [Fr. _terrier_--_terre_, the earth--L. _terra_.]
TERRIER, ter'i-[.e]r, _n._ a register or roll of a landed estate. [O.
Fr.,--L. _terrarius_--_terra_, land.]
TERRIFY, ter'i-f[=i], _v.t._ to cause terror in: to frighten greatly: to alarm:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ terr'if[=i]ed.--_adj._ TERRIF'IC, creating or causing terror: fitted to terrify: dreadful.--_adv._ TERRIF'ICALLY. [L.
_terr[=e]re_, to terrify, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]