TAWNY, taw'ni, _adj._ of the colour of things tanned, a yellowish brown.--_n._ TAW'NINESS. [Fr. _tanne_, pa.p. of _tanner_, to tan.]
TAWS, TAWSE, tawz, _n._ (_Scot._) a leather strap, usually fringed at the end, for chastising children.
TAX, taks, _n._ a rate imposed on property or persons for the benefit of the state: anything imposed: a burdensome duty.--_v.t._ to lay a tax on: to register or enrol for fiscal purposes (Luke ii. 1): to burden: to accuse: to examine accounts in order to allow or disallow items.--_ns._ TAXABIL'ITY, TAX'ABLENESS.--_adj._ TAX'ABLE, capable of being, or liable to be, taxed--_adv._ TAX'ABLY.--_ns._ TAX[=A]'TION, act of taxing; TAX'-CART, a light spring-cart; TAX'ER.--_adj._ TAX'FREE, exempt from taxation.--_ns._ TAX'-GATH'ERER; TAXIM'ETER (see Addenda); TAX'ING-MAS'TER, an officer of a court of law who examines bills of costs; TAX'-PAY'ER. [Fr. _taxe_, a tax--L. _tax[=a]re_, to handle, value, charge--_tang[)e]re_ to touch.]
TAXIARCH, tak'si-ark, _n._ the commander of an ancient Greek taxis or battalion.
TAXIDERMY, taks'i-d[.e]r-mi, _n._ the art of preparing and stuffing the skins of animals.--_adjs._ TAXIDER'MAL, TAXIDER'MIC.--_v.t._ TAX'IDERMISE.--_n._ TAX'IDERMIST. [Fr.,--Gr. _taxis_, arrangement, _derma_, a skin.]
TAXING, taks'ing, _n._ (_Shak._) satire. [_Tax_.]
TAXIS, tak'sis, _n._ (_surg._) the art of putting parts in their natural place by means of pressure: orderly arrangement, classification: a brigade in an ancient Greek army.--_ns._ TAXOL'OGY, the science of classification; TAXON'OMER, a taxonomist.--_adjs._ TAXONOM'IC, -AL.--_adv._ TAXONOM'ICALLY.--_ns._ TAXON'OMIST, one versed in taxonomy; TAXON'OMY, the laws and principles of taxology or orderly classification, also their application to natural history. [Gr.,--_tassein_, to arrange.]
TAXUS, tak'sus, _n._ the yew genus of conifers.
TAYO, ta'y[=o], _n._ a garment like an apron worn by South American Indians.
TAZZA, tat'sa, _n._ a shallow vessel mounted on a foot: a saucer-shaped bowl. [It.]
TCHICK, chik, _n._ a sound made by pressing the tongue against the roof of the mouth and then drawing it back quickly, as in urging a horse on.--_v.i._ to make such a sound. [Imit.]
TEA, t[=e], _n._ the dried leaves of a shrub in China, Japan, Assam, and Ceylon: an infusion of the leaves in boiling water: any vegetable infusion.--_ns._ TEA'-BREAD, light spongy bread or buns to be eaten with tea; TEA'-CADD'Y, a caddy or small box for holding tea; TEA'-CAKE, a light cake to be eaten with tea; TEA'-CAN'ISTER, an air-tight jar or box for holding tea; TEA'-CHEST, a chest or case in which tea is imported; TEA'-CLIP'PER, a fast-sailing ship in the tea-trade; TEA'-C[=O]'SY (see COSY); TEA'-CUP, a small cup used in drinking tea; TEA'-DEAL'ER, one who buys and sells tea; TEA'-FIGHT (_slang_), a tea-party; TEA'-GAR'DEN, a public garden where tea and other refreshments are served; TEA'-GOWN, a loose gown for wearing at afternoon tea at home; TEA'-HOUSE, a Chinese or Japanese house for tea, &c.; TEA'-KETT'LE, a kettle in which to boil water for making tea; TEA'-LEAD, thin sheet-lead, used in lining tea-chests; TEA'-PAR'TY, a social gathering at which tea is served, also the persons present; TEA'-PLANT, the plant or shrub from which tea is obtained; TEA'-POT, a pot or vessel in which the beverage tea is made; TEA'-SAU'CER, a saucer in which a tea-cup is set; TEA'-SER'VICE, -SET, the utensils necessary for a tea-table; TEA'-SPOON, a small spoon used with the tea-cup, smaller still than the dessert-spoon; TEA'-STICK, a stick cut from the Australian tea-tree; TEA'-T[=A]'BLE, a table at which tea is drunk; TEA'-TAST'ER, one who ascertains the quality of tea by tasting it.--_n.pl._ TEA'-THINGS, the tea-pot, cups, &c.--_ns._ TEA'-TREE, the common tea-plant or shrub; a name of various Australian myrtaceous and other plants; TEA'-URN, a vessel for boiling water or keeping it hot, used on the tea-table.--BLACK TEA, that which in the process of manufacture is fermented between rolling and firing (heating with charcoal in a sieve), while GREEN TEA is that which is fired immediately after rolling. Among black teas are _bohea_, _congou_, _souchong_, and _pekoe_; among green, _hyson_, _imperial_, and _gunpowder_. The finest black is _Pekoe_; the finest green, _Gunpowder_. [From South Chinese _te_ (pron. _t[=a]_), the common form being _ch'a_ or _ts'a_.]
TEACH, t[=e]ch, _v.t._ to show: to impart knowledge to: to guide the studies of: to exhibit so as to impress upon the mind: to impart the knowledge of: to accustom: to counsel.--_v.i._ to practise giving instruction:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ taught (tawt).--_n._ TEACHABIL'ITY.--_adj._ TEACH'ABLE, capable of being taught: apt or willing to learn.--_ns._ TEACH'ABLENESS; TEACH'ER, one who teaches or instructs; TEACH'ING, the act of teaching or instructing: instruction.--_adj._ TEACH'LESS, indocile. [A.S. _t['ae]can_, to show, teach; Ger. _zeigen_, to show; allied to L. _doc[=e]re_, to teach, Gr. _deiknunai_, to show.]
TEAD, t[=e]d, _n._ (_Spens._) a torch, a flambeau. [L. _taeda_.]
TEAGLE, t[=e]'gl, _n._ (_prov._) a hoist or lift. [Prob. a form of _tackle_.]
TEAGUE, t[=e]g, _n._ an Irishman.
TEAK, t[=e]k, _n._ a tree in the East Indies and Africa, also its wood, remarkable for its hardness and durability. [Malayalam _tekka_.]
TEAL, t[=e]l, _n._ a web-footed water-fowl allied to the duck, but smaller.
[Dut. _teling_, _taling_.]
TEAM, t[=e]m, _n._ a number of animals moving together or in order: two or more oxen or other animals harnessed to the same vehicle; a number of persons associated for doing anything conjointly, playing a game, &c.--_v.t._ to join together in a team: to give work to a gang under a sub-contractor.--_adj._ TEAMED (_Spens._), arranged in a team.--_n._ TEAM'STER, one who drives a team.--_adv._ TEAM'WISE, like a team, harnessed together. [A.S. _team_, offspring; prob. _teon_, to draw.]
TEAPOY, t[=e]'poi, _n._ a small table for the tea-service, &c. [Hind.
TEAR, t[=e]r, _n._ a drop of the fluid secreted by the lachrymal gland, appearing in the eyes: anything like a tear.--_ns._ TEAR'-DROP, a tear; TEAR'-DUCT, the lachrymal or nasal duct.--_adjs._ TEAR'-FALL'ING (_Shak._), shedding tears, tender; TEAR'FUL, abounding with or shedding tears: weeping.--_adv._ TEAR'FULLY.--_n._ TEAR'FULNESS.--_adjs._ TEAR'LESS, without tears: unfeeling; TEAR'-STAINED (_Shak._), stained with tears; TEAR'Y, tearful, [A.S. _tear_, _t['ae]r_; Goth. _tagr_; cf. L. _lacrima_, Gr. _dakru_.]
TEAR, t[=a]r, _v.t._ to draw asunder or separate with violence: to make a violent rent in: to lacerate.--_v.i._ to move or act with violence: to rage:--_pa.t._ t[=o]re, (_B._) t[=a]re; _pa.p._ t[=o]rn.--_n._ something torn, a rent: (_slang_) a spree.--_n._ TEAR'ER, one who, or that which, tears: (_slang_) a boisterous person.--_p.adj._ TEAR'ING, great, terrible, rushing.--TEAR AND WEAR (see WEAR); TEAR ONE'S SELF AWAY, to go off with great unwillingness; TEAR THE HAIR, to pull the hair in a frenzy of grief or rage; TEAR UP, to remove from a fixed state by violence: to pull to pieces. [A.S. _teran_; cf. Ger. _zehren_.]
TEASE, t[=e]z, _v.t._ to comb or card, as wool: to scratch, as cloth: to raise a nap: to vex with importunity, jests, &c.: to torment, irritate.--_n._ one who teases or torments.--_n._ TEAS'ER, one who teases out anything: the stoker of a glass-works furnace.--_adj._ TEAS'ING, vexatious.--_adv._ TEAS'INGLY. [A.S. _t['ae]san_, to pluck; Dut. _teezen_, Ger. _zeisen_.]
TEASEL, t[=e]z'l, _n._ a plant with large burs or heads covered with stiff, hooked awns, which are used in raising a nap on cloth--also TEAZ'EL, TEAZ'LE.--_v.t._ to raise a nap on with the teasel:--_pr.p._ teas'eling; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ teas'eled.--_ns._ TEAS'ELER; TEAS'ELING, the act of raising a nap on cloth. [A.S. _taesel_, _taesl_--_t['ae]san_, to pluck.]
TEAT, t[=e]t, _n._ the nipple of the female breast through which the young suck the milk.--_adj._ TEAT'ED, mammiferous. [A.S. _tit_; cog. with Ger.
_zitze_; or perh. through O. Fr. _tete_, from Teut.]
TEBETH, teb'eth, _n._ the tenth month of the Jewish ecclesiastical, and fourth of the secular, year, corresponding to parts of December and January.
TECHNIC, -AL, tek'nik, -al, _adj._ pertaining to art, esp. the useful arts: belonging to a particular art or profession.--_n._ TECHNICAL'ITY, state or quality of being technical: that which is technical.--_adv._ TECH'NICALLY.--_ns._ TECH'NICALNESS; TECHNI'CIAN; TECH'NICIST, one skilled in the practical arts.--_n.pl._ TECH'NICS, the doctrine of arts in general: the branches that relate to the arts; TECHNIQUE (tek-n[=e]k'), method of performance, manipulation, esp. everything concerned with the mechanical part of a musical performance.--_adjs._ TECHNOLOG'IC, -AL, relating to technology.--_ns._ TECHNOL'OGIST, one skilled in technology; TECHNOL'OGY, the systematic knowledge of the industrial arts: a discourse or treatise on the arts: an explanation of terms employed in the arts; TECHNON'OMY, the principles underlying technology. [Gr. _technikos_--_techn[=e]_, art, akin to _tekein_, to produce.]
TECHY. See TETCHY.
TECNOLOGY, tek-nol'[=o]-ji, _n._ a treatise on children. [Gr. _teknon_, a child, _logia_, discourse.]
TECTARIA, tek-t[=a]'ri-a, _n._ a genus of univalves with a turbinate or conic shell.--_adjs._ TECTIBRANCH'IATE, having the gills covered; TEC'TIFORM, roof-like: (_entom._) ridged in the middle and sloping down on the sides. [L. _tectum_, a roof.]
TECTOLOGY, tek-tol'[=o]-ji, _n._ structural morphology according to which an organism is regarded as composed of individuals of different orders.--_adj._ TECTOLOG'ICAL. [Gr. _tekt[=o]n_, a builder.]
TECTONIC, tek-ton'ik, _adj._ pertaining to building.--_n.sing._ and _pl._ TECTON'ICS, building as an art: the shaping and ornamentation of furniture, weapons, &c. [Gr. _tekt[=o]n_, a builder.]
TECTORIAL, tek-t[=o]'ri-al, _adj._ covering.--_n._ TECT[=O]'RIUM, a covering: the coverts of the wing or tail of birds taken collectively.
TECTRICES, tek-tr[=i]'sez, _n.pl._ wing or tail coverts of birds:--_sing._ TEC'TRIX.--_adj._ TECTRI'CIAL.
TED, ted, _v.t._ to spread or turn, as new-mown grass, for drying:--_pr.p._ ted'ding; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ ted'ded.--_n._ TED'DER, an implement for spreading hay. [Scand.; Ice. _tedhja_, spread manure.]
TEDE, TEAD, t[=e]d, _n._ (_obs._) a torch. [L. _taeda_.]
TEDESCO, te-des'k[=o], _adj._ German. [It.]
TE DEUM, t[=e] d[=e]'um, _n._ a famous Latin hymn of the Western Church, sung at the end of matins on all feasts except Innocents' Day, and on all Sundays except during penitential seasons--it begins with the words _Te Deum Laudamus_, 'We praise thee, O God:' a thanksgiving service in which this hymn forms a principal part.
TEDIOUS, t[=e]'di-us, _adj._ wearisome: tiresome from length or slowness: irksome: slow.--_n._ TEDIOS'ITY, tediousness.--_adv._ T[=E]'DIOUSLY.--_n._ T[=E]'DIOUSNESS. [L. _taediosus_.]
TEDIUM, t[=e]'di-um, _n._ wearisomeness: irksomeness. [L.
_taedium_--_taedet_, it wearies.]
TEE, t[=e], _n._ a mark for quoits, curling-stones, &c.: (_golf_) the raised sand from which the ball is played at the commencement of each hole.--_v.t._ to place the golf-ball on this before striking off.
TEE, t[=e], _n._ a finial in the form of a conventionalised umbrella, crowning a dagoba in Indo-Chinese countries.
TEEM, t[=e]m, _v.i._ to bring forth or produce: to bear or be fruitful: to be pregnant: to be full or prolific.--_n._ TEEM'ER.--_adjs._ TEEM'FUL; TEEM'ING; TEEM'LESS, barren. [A.S. _team_, offspring.]
TEEM, t[=e]m, _v.t._ and _v.i._ to pour, empty.
TEEN, t[=e]n, _n._ (_arch._) grief, affliction, injury. [A.S. _teona_, reproach, injury.]
TEEN, t[=e]n, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to excite, provoke. [A.S. _tnan_, to irritate, vex.]
TEEN, t[=e]n, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to allot, bestow.
TEENS, t[=e]nz, _n.pl._ the years of one's age from thir_teen_ to nine_teen_.