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PROCESS, pros'es, or pr[=o]-, _n._ a gradual progress: manner of acting or happening: operation: the whole proceedings in an action or prosecution: series of measures: a projection on a bone or plant (also PROCES'SUS): the same as photo-process, the reproduction as a drawing, &c., by any mechanical (esp. photographic) process: (_Shak._) a narrative, account.--_v.t._ to proceed against by legal process: to produce a reproduction of a drawing as above.--_n._ PROC'ESS-SERV'ER (_Shak._), a bailiff. [Fr. _proces_--L. _processus._]

PROCESSION, pr[=o]-sesh'un, _n._ the act of proceeding: a train of persons in a formal march.--_adj._ PROCES'SIONAL, pertaining to a procession: consisting in a procession.--_n._ a book of the processions of the Romish Church: a hymn sung during a procession, esp. of clergy in a church.--_n._ PROCES'SIONALIST.--_adj._ PROCES'SIONARY.--_ns._ PROCES'SIONER (_U.S._), a county officer in Tennessee and North Carolina whose duty it is to survey lands; PROCES'SIONING (_U.S._), periodical survey and inspection of boundaries.--PROCESSION OF THE HOLY GHOST (_theol._), the emanation of the Holy Spirit from the Father (_single procession_), or from the Father and Son (_double procession_). [Fr.,--L.]

PROCHEIN, pr[=o]'shen, _adj._ next, nearest.--PROCHEIN AMI, AMY, next friend, one who undertakes to assist a minor in prosecuting his or her rights. [Fr.,--L. _proximus_, nearest.]

PROCHRONISM, pr[=o]'kron-izm, _n._ a dating of an event before the right time: a making earlier than it really was--opp. to _Parachronism_. [Gr.

_pro_, before, _chronos_, time.]

PROCIDENCE, pros'i-dens, _n._ a falling down, a prolapsus.--_adjs._ PROC'IDENT; PROCID'UOUS, falling from its proper place.

PROCINCT, pr[=o]-singkt', _n._ (_Milt._) complete preparation. [L., _pro_, before, _cing[)e]re_, _cinctum_, to gird.]

PROCLAIM, pr[=o]-kl[=a]m', _v.t._ to cry aloud: to publish abroad: to announce officially.--_ns._ PROCLAIM'; PROCLAIM'ANT; PROCLAIM'ER; PROCLAM[=A]'TION, the act of proclaiming: official notice given to the public.--PROCLAIMED DISTRICT, a district in which some unusually strict law is brought into force by a form of proclamation. [Fr. _proclamer_--L.

_proclam[=a]re_--_pro_, out, _clam[=a]re_, to cry.]

PROCLITIC, pr[=o]-klit'ik, _adj._ dependent in accent upon the following word.--_n._ a monosyllabic word which depends so much on the following word as to lose its accent. [Gr. _pro_, forward, _klinein_, lean.]

PROCLIVITY, pr[=o]-kliv'i-ti, _n._ an inclining forward: tendency: inclination: aptitude.--_adjs._ PROCLIVE', inclining to a thing: having a natural tendency: prone; PROCL[=I]'VOUS, slanting forward and downward. [L.

_proclivitas_--_proclivus_, having a slope forward--_pro_, forward, _clivus_, a slope.]

PROCOELIAN, pr[=o]-s[=e]'li-an, _adj._ hollowed or cupped in front.--Also PROCOE'LOUS. [Gr. _pro_, before, _koilos_, hollow.]

PROCONSUL, pr[=o]-kon'sul, _n._ a Roman official having the authority of a consul without his office: the governor of a province.--_adj._ PROCON'SULAR, pertaining to, or under the government of, a proconsul.--_ns._ PROCON'SULATE, PROCON'SULSHIP, the office, or term of office, of a proconsul.

PROCRASTINATE, pr[=o]-kras'ti-n[=a]t, _v.t._ to put off till some future time: to postpone.--_v.i._ to delay.--_n._ PROCRASTIN[=A]'TION, a putting off till a future time: dilatoriness.--_adjs._ PROCRAS'TIN[=A]TIVE, PROCRAS'TIN[=A]TORY.--_n._ PROCRAS'TIN[=A]TOR. [L.--_pro_, off, _crastinus_--_cras_, to-morrow.]

PROCREATE, pr[=o]'kr[=e]-[=a]t, _v.t._ to bring into being: to generate: to propagate: to produce.--_n._ PR[=O]'CREANT, one who, or that which, procreates or generates.--_adj._ procreating, connected with or related to reproduction.--_n._ PROCRE[=A]'TION, the act of procreating: generation: production.--_adj._ PR[=O]'CRE[=A]TIVE, having the power to procreate: generative: productive.--_ns._ PR[=O]'CRE[=A]TIVENESS; PR[=O]'CRE[=A]TOR, one who procreates: a father. [L. _procre[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_pro_, forth, _cre[=a]re_, to produce.]

PROCRUSTEAN, pr[=o]-krus't[=e]-an, _adj._ violently making conformable to a standard--from _Procrustes_, a Greek robber, who stretched or cut a piece off the legs of his captives, so as to fit them to an iron bed.

PROCTALGIA, prok-tal'ji-a, _n._ pain of the anus or rectum.--_n._ PROCT[=I]'TIS, inflammation thereof. [Gr. _proktos_, the anus, _algos_, pain.]

PROCTOR, prok'tor, _n._ a procurator or manager for another: an attorney in the spiritual courts: a representative of the clergy in Convocation: an official in the English universities who attends to the morals of the students and enforces university regulations.--_ns._ PROC'TORAGE, PROC'TORSHIP.--_adj._ PROCT[=O]'RIAL, pertaining to a proctor: magisterial.--_v.t._ PROC'TORISE (_slang_), in the English universities, to summon before a proctor. [_Procurator_.]

PROCTUCHA, prok-t[=u]'ka, a group of the Turbellaria in which the digestive canal is furnished with an anal aperture.--_adj._ PROCT[=U]'CHOUS. [Gr. _pr[=o]ktos_, the anus, _echein_, to have.]

PROCUMBENT, pr[=o]-kum'bent, _adj_. leaning forward: lying down or on the face: (_bot_.) trailing: without putting out roots, as a stem. [L. _pro_, forward, _cumb[)e]re_, to lie down.]

PROCURE, pr[=o]-k[=u]r', _v.t._ to obtain for one's self or for another: to bring about: to attract: (_Spens._) to urge earnestly.--_v.i._ to pander, pimp.--_adj._ PROCUR'ABLE, that may be procured.--_ns._ PRO'CUR[=A]CY, office of a procurator; PROCUR[=A]'TION, the act of managing another's affairs: the instrument giving power to do this: a sum paid by incumbents to the bishop or archdeacon on visitations; PROC'UR[=A]TOR, one who takes care of a thing for another: a lawyer: a financial agent in an imperial province under the Roman emperors; PROC'URATOR-FIS'CAL (see FISCAL).--_adj._ PROCURAT[=O]'RIAL.--_n._ PROC'URATORSHIP.--_adj_.

PROC'UR[=A]TORY.--_ns._ PROCURE'MENT, the act of procuring: a bringing about: management: agency; PROCUR'ER, one who procures: a pander:--_fem._ PROC'URESS. [Fr. _procurer_--L. _procur[=a]re_, to manage--_pro_, for, _cur[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to care for.]

PROCUREUR, pr[=o]-ku-rer', _n._ a procurator.--PROCUREUR GeNeRAL (_French law_), the public prosecutor-in-chief.

PROCYONIDae, pr[=o]-si-on'i-d[=e], an American family of plantigrade carnivorous mammals, including raccoons and coatis. [Gr. _pro_, before, _ky[=o]n_, a dog.]

PROD, prod, _n._ a goad, awl: a prick or punch with a pointed instrument.--_v.t._ to prick. [Perh. _brod._]

PRODIGAL, prod'i-gal, _adj._ spending without necessity: wasteful: lavish: profuse.--_n._ one who throws away without necessity: a waster: a spendthrift.--_v.t._ PROD'IGALISE, PROD'IG[=A]TE, to spend lavishly, waste.--_n._ PRODIGAL'ITY, state or quality of being prodigal: extravagance: profusion: great liberality.--_adv._ PROD'IGALLY, wastefully.

[Fr.,--L. _prodigus_--_prodig[)e]re_, to squander--_pro_, forth, _ag[)e]re_, to drive.]

PRODIGY, prod'i-ji, _n._ a portent: any person or thing that causes great wonder: a wonder: a monster.--_adj._ PRODIG'IOUS, like a prodigy: astonishing: more than usually large in size or degree: monstrous.--_adv._ PRODIG'IOUSLY.--_n._ PRODIG'IOUSNESS. [Fr. _prodige_--L. _prodigium_, a prophetic sign--_pro_, before, _dic[)e]re_, to say.]

PRODITOR, prod'i-tor, _n._ a traitor. [L.,--_prod[)e]re_, _-itum_, to betray--_pro_, forth, _d[)a]re_, to give.]

PRODROMUS, prod'r[=o]-mus, _n._ a sign of approaching disease: a preliminary course or treatise:--_pl._ PROD'ROMI (-[=i]).--_adj._ PRODROM'IC. [Gr.]

PRODUCE, pr[=o]-d[=u]s', _v.t._ to bring forward: to make longer: to bring forth: to bear: to exhibit: to yield: to bring about: to cause: (_geom._) to extend.--_v.i._ to yield: to create value.--_ns._ PROD'UCE, that which is produced: product: proceeds: crops: yield; PROD'UCE-BROK'ER, a dealer in natural products, esp. foreign or colonial; PRODUC'ER; PRODUCIBIL'ITY.--_adj._ PRODUC'IBLE, that may be produced: that may be generated or made: that may be exhibited.--_n._ PRODUC'IBLENESS.--_adj._ PRODUC'TILE, capable of being drawn out in length. [L. _produc[)e]re_, _-ductum_--_pro_, forward, _duc[)e]re_, to lead.]

PRODUCT, prod'ukt, _n._ that which grows or is produced: work: composition: effect: (_arith._) the result of numbers multiplied together: (_Milt._) offspring.--_v.t._ PRODUCT' (_rare_), to produce.--_ns._ PRODUCTIBIL'ITY, capability of being produced; PRODUC'TION, act of producing: that which is produced: fruit: product: (_pol. econ._) creation of values: (_zool._) extension, protrusion: (_pl._) in Scots law, written documents produced in support of the action or defence.--_adj._ PRODUC'TIVE, having the power to produce: generative: fertile: efficient.--_adv._ PRODUC'TIVELY.--_ns._ PRODUC'TIVENESS, PRODUCTIV'ITY.

PROEM, pr[=o]'em, _n._ an introduction: a prelude: a preface.--_adj._ PRO[=E]'MIAL. [Fr. _proeme_--L. _prooemium_--Gr. _prooimion_--_pro_, before, _oimos_, a way.]

PROEMBRYO, pr[=o]-em'bri-[=o], _n._ a cellular structure produced from the spore of some plants, from which the embryo arises.

PROEMPTOSIS, pr[=o]-emp-t[=o]'sis, _n._ the addition of a day to a calendar or cycle, to correct error. [Gr.]

PROFACE, pr[=o]'fas, _interj._ (_Shak._) may it profit you!--a phrase of welcome. [O. Fr.,--_prou_, profit, _face_, _fasse_, 3d pers. sing. pres.

subj. of _faire_, to do.]

PROFANE, pr[=o]-f[=a]n', _adj._ not sacred: common: secular: speaking or acting in contempt of sacred things: uninitiated: impious: impure.--_v.t._ to violate anything holy: to abuse anything sacred: to put to a wrong use: to pollute: to debase.--_n._ PROFAN[=A]'TION, desecration: irreverence to what is holy: a treating of anything with disrespect.--_adj._ PROFAN'ATORY.--_adv._ PROFANE'LY.--_ns._ PROFANE'NESS; PROF[=A]N'ER; PROFAN'ITY, irreverence: that which is profane: profane language or conduct. [Fr.,--L. _profanus_--_pro_, before, _fanum_, a temple.]

PROFECTITIOUS, pr[=o]-fek-tish'us, _adj._ derived from an ancestor or ancestors. [Low L.,--L. _proficisci_, _profectus_, to proceed.]

PROFESS, pr[=o]-fes', _v.t._ to own freely: to make open declaration of: to declare in strong terms: to announce publicly one's skill in: to affirm one's belief in: (_Spens._) to present the appearance of: (_R.C._) to receive into a religious order by profession.--_v.i._ to enter publicly into a religious state: (_Shak._) to pretend friendship.--_adj._ PROFESSED', openly declared: avowed: acknowledged.--_adv._ PROFESS'EDLY.--_n._ PROFES'SION, the act of professing: open declaration: pretence: an employment not mechanical and requiring some degree of learning: calling or known employment: the collective body of persons engaged in any profession: entrance into a religious order.--_adj._ PROFES'SIONAL, pertaining to a profession: engaged in a profession: undertaken as a means of subsistence, as opposed to _Amateur._--_n._ one who makes his living by an art, as opposed to an amateur who practises it merely for pastime.--_n._ PROFES'SIONALISM.--_adv._ PROFES'SIONALLY.--_ns._ PROFESS'OR, one who professes: one who openly declares belief in certain doctrines: one who publicly practises or teaches any branch of knowledge: a public and authorised teacher in a university:--_fem._ PROFESS'ORESS; PROFESS'ORATE, PROFESS[=O]'RI[=A]TE, the office of a professor or public teacher: his period of office: body of professors.--_adj._ PROFESS[=O]'RIAL.--_adv._ PROFESS[=O]'RIALLY.--_n._ PROFESS'ORSHIP. [Fr.

_profes_, professed, said of a member of a religious order--L. _professus_, perf. p. of _profit[=e]ri_--_pro_, publicly, _fat[=e]ri_, to confess.]

PROFFER, prof'[.e]r, _v.t._ to bring forward: to propose: to offer for acceptance.--_n._ an offer made: a proposal.--_n._ PROFF'ERER. [Fr.

_proferer_--L. _proferre_--_pro_, forward, _ferre_, to bring.]

PROFICIENCE, pr[=o]-fish'ens, _n._ state of being proficient: improvement in anything: advancement--also PROFI'CIENCY.--_adj._ PROFI'CIENT, competent: well skilled: thoroughly qualified.--_n._ one who has made considerable advancement in anything: an adept: an expert.--_adv._ PROFI'CIENTLY. [L. _proficiens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _profic[)e]re_, to make progress--_pro_, forward, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

PROFILE, pr[=o]'f[=i]l, _n._ an outline: a head or portrait in a side-view: the side-face: the outline of any object without foreshortening: a vertical section of country to show the elevations and depressions.--_v.t._ to draw in profile: to make an outline of: (_mech._) to give a definite form by chiselling, milling, &c.--_ns._ PR[=O]'FILIST, one who takes or makes profiles; PROFIL'OGRAPH, an instrument for automatically recording the profile of the ground it traverses. [It. _profilo_ (Fr. _profil_)--L.

_pro_, before, _filum_, a thread.]

PROFIT, prof'it, _n._ gain: the gain resulting from the employment of capital: the difference between the selling price and the first cost: advantage: addition to good or value: benefit: improvement.--_v.t._ to benefit or to be of advantage to: to improve.--_v.i._ to gain advantage: to receive profit: to improve: to be of advantage: to bring good.--_adj._ PROF'ITABLE, yielding or bringing profit or gain: lucrative: productive: advantageous: beneficial.--_n._ PROF'ITABLENESS.--_adv._ PROF'ITABLY.--_ns._ PROF'ITER; PROF'ITING, profit, gain, or advantage: (_B._) progress or proficiency.--_adj._ PROF'ITLESS, without profit, gain, or advantage.--_adv._ PROF'ITLESSLY.--_n._ PROF'IT-SHAR'ING, a voluntary agreement under which the employee receives a share, fixed beforehand, in the profits of a business.--PROFIT AND LOSS, gain or loss arising from buying and selling, &c.--NET PROFITS, clear gain after deduction of all outlay and expenses; RATE OF PROFIT, the amount of profit compared with the capital used in its production. [Fr.,--L. _profectus_, progress--_profic[)e]re_, _profectum_, to make progress.]

PROFLIGATE, prof'li-g[=a]t, _adj._ abandoned to vice: without virtue or decency: dissolute: prodigal: (_obs._) overthrown, defeated.--_n._ one leading a profligate life: one shamelessly vicious: an abandoned person.--_ns._ PROF'LIGACY, PROF'LIGATENESS, state or quality of being profligate: a vicious course of life.--_adv._ PROF'LIGATELY. [L.

_profligatus_, pa.p. of _proflig[=a]re_--_pro_, forward, _flig[)e]re_, to dash.]

PROFLUENT, prof'l[=u]-ent, _adj._ flowing forth.--_n._ PROF'LUENCE. [L.

_pro_, forth, _fluere_, to flow.]

PRO FORMA, pr[=o] for'ma, as a matter of form. [L. _pro_, for, _forma_, abl. of _forma_, form.]

PROFOUND, pr[=o]-fownd', _adj._ far below the surface: low: very deep: intense: abstruse: mysterious: occult: intellectually deep: penetrating deeply into knowledge.--_n._ the sea or ocean: an abyss, great depth.--_adv._ PROFOUND'LY, deeply: with deep knowledge or insight: with deep concern.--_ns._ PROFOUND'NESS, PROFUND'ITY, the state or quality of being profound: depth of place, of knowledge, &c.: that which is profound.

[Fr. _profond_--L. _profundus_--_pro_, forward, _fundus_, bottom.]

PROFUNDA, pr[=o]-fun'da, _n._ a deep-seated artery, as of the arm, neck, or leg:--_pl._ PROFUN'Dae.

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