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PRINT, print, _v.t._ to press or impress: to mark by pressure: to impress letters on paper, &c.: to publish: (_phot._) to produce a positive picture from a negative.--_v.i._ to practise the art of printing: to publish a book.--_n._ a mark or character made by impression: the impression of types in general: a copy: a printed picture: an engraving: a newspaper: a printed cloth: calico stamped with figures: that which impresses its form on anything: a cut, in wood or metal: (_archit._) a plaster-cast in low relief.--_ns._ PRINT'ER, one who prints, esp. books, newspapers, &c.; PRINT'ING, act, art, or practice of printing; PRINT'ING-INK, ink used in printing; PRINT'ING-MACHINE', a printing-press worked by machinery; PRINT'ING-OFF'ICE, an establishment where books, &c., are printed; PRINT'ING-P[=A]'PER, a paper suitable for printing purposes; PRINT'ING-PRESS, a machine by which impressions are taken in ink upon paper from types.--_adj._ PRINT'LESS, receiving or leaving no impression.--_ns._ PRINT'-SELL'ER, one who sells prints or engravings; PRINT'-SHOP, a shop where prints are sold; PRINT'-WORKS, an establishment where cloth is printed.--PRINTER'S DEVIL (see DEVIL); PRINTER'S INK (same as PRINTING-INK); PRINTER'S MARK, an engraved device used by printers as a trade-mark.--IN PRINT, published in printed form: in stock, as opposed to books which cannot now be got--_Out of print_. [Shortened from O. Fr.

_empreindre_, _empreint_--L. _imprim[)e]re_--_in_, into, _prem[)e]re_, to press.]

PRIOR, pr[=i]'or, _adj._ former: previous: coming before in time.--_n._ the head of a priory: (in Italy) formerly a chief magistrate:--_fem._ PR[=I]'ORESS.--_ns._ PR[=I]'OR[=A]TE, PR[=I]'ORSHIP, the government or office of a prior: the time during which a prior is in office; PRIOR'ITY, state of being prior or first in time, place, or rank: preference; PR[=I]'ORY, a convent of either sex, under a prior or prioress, and next in rank below an abbey. [L. _prior_, former, comp. from _pro-_, in front.]

PRISAGE, pr[=i]'z[=a]j, _n._ formerly a right of the English kings to seize for crown purposes, esp. that of taking two tuns of wine from every ship importing twenty tuns or more. [O. Fr.,--_prise_, taking.]

PRISE, pr[=i]z, _n._ (_Spens._) an enterprise or adventure.

PRISER, pr[=i]z'[.e]r, _n._ (_Shak._). Same as PRIZER.

PRISM, prizm, _n._ (_geom._) a solid whose ends are similar, equal, and parallel planes, and whose sides are parallelograms: (_opt._) a solid glass, triangular-shaped body, used for resolving rays of light into their separate colours.--_adjs._ PRISMAT'IC, -AL, resembling or pertaining to a prism: separated or formed by a prism.--_adv._ PRISMAT'ICALLY.--_ns._ PRIS'MATOID, PRIS'MOID, a figure in the form of a prism.--_adjs_.

PRIS'MATOIDAL, PRIS'MOIDAL; PRIS'MY, prismatic in colour. [L.,--Gr.

_prisma_, _-atos_.]

PRISON, priz'n, _n._ a building for the confinement of criminals, &c.: a jail: any place of confinement.--_v.t._ to shut in prison, PRIS'ON-BARS, whatever confines or restrains.--_ns._ PRIS'ONER, one arrested or confined in prison: a captive; PRIS'ONER'S-, PRIS'ON-BASE, a game among boys, in which those who are caught in a certain way are confined as prisoners--a corr. of _prison-bars_; PRIS'ON-F[=E]'VER, typhus-fever; PRIS'ON-HOUSE, place of confinement; PRIS'ONMENT (_Shak._), confinement in a prison--usually _imprisonment_; PRIS'ON-SHIP; PRIS'ON-VAN, a closed conveyance for carrying prisoners.--STATE PRISONER, one confined for a political offence in a state prison. [Fr.,--L. _prensio_, _-oni_s, for _prehensio_, a seizing--_prehend[)e]re_, _-hensum_, to seize.]

PRISTINE, pris'tin, _adj._ as at first: former: belonging to the earliest time: ancient. [O. Fr.,--L. _pristinus_; cf. _priscus_, antique, _prior_, former.]

PRITHEE, pri_th_'[=e], a corruption of _I pray thee_.

PRITTLE-PRATTLE, prit'l-prat'l, _n._ empty talk.

PRIVACY, pr[=i]'va-si, or priv'-, _n._ state of being private or retired from company or observation: a place of seclusion: retreat: retirement: secrecy.

PRIVAT DOCENT, pr[=e]-vat' d[=o]-tsent', _n._ a teacher in connection with a German university, without share in its government or endowment, only receiving fees. [Ger.,--L. _privatus_, private, _docens_, _-entis_, teaching, _doc[=e]re_, to teach.]

PRIVATE, pr[=i]'v[=a]t, _adj._ apart from the state: not invested with public office: peculiar to one's self: belonging to an individual person or company: not public: retired from observation: secret: not publicly known: not holding a commission.--_n._ a common soldier: (_Shak._) a person without public office, a secret message, privacy, retirement.--_adv._ PR[=I]'VATELY.--_n._ PR[=I]'VATENESS.--PRIVATE ACT, &c., an act, &c., which deals with the concerns of private persons--opp. to _General act_, &c.; PRIVATE JUDGMENT, the judgment of an individual, esp. on the meaning of a passage or doctrine of Scripture, as distinguished from the interpretation of the church; PRIVATE LAW, that part of law which deals with the rights and duties of persons qua individuals; PRIVATE LEGISLATION, legislation affecting the interests of private persons; PRIVATE PARTS, the sexual organs; PRIVATE PROPERTY, RIGHTS, the property, rights of individual persons, as distinguished from that which belongs to a public body and is devoted to public use; PRIVATE TRUST, a trust managed in the interest of private parties; PRIVATE WRONG, an injury done to an individual in his private capacity.--IN PRIVATE, privately, in secret; _The private_ (_obs._), the private life of individuals. [L. _privatus_, pa.p. of _priv[=a]re_, to separate--_privus_, single.]

PRIVATEER, pr[=i]-va-t[=e]r', _n._ an armed private vessel commissioned by a government to seize and plunder an enemy's ships: the commander of a privateer.--_v.i._ to cruise in a privateer: to fit out privateers.--_ns._ PRIVATEER'ING; PRIVATEER'SMAN.

PRIVATION, pr[=i]-v[=a]'shun, _n._ state of being deprived of something, esp. of what is necessary for comfort: destitution: (_logic_) absence of any quality: (_obs._) degradation or suspension from an office.--_adj._ PRIV'ATIVE, causing privation: consisting in the absence of something.--_n._ that which is privative or depends on the absence of something else: (_logic_) a term denoting the absence of a quality: (_gram._) a prefix denoting absence or negation.--_adv._ PRIV'ATIVELY.--_n._ PRIV'ATIVENESS. [L.; cf. _Private_.]

PRIVET, priv'et, _n._ a half-evergreen European shrub used for hedges.

[Perh. _primet_--_prim_.]

PRIVILEGE, priv'i-lej, _n._ an advantage to an individual: a right enjoyed only by a few: freedom from burdens borne by others: prerogative: a sacred and vital civil right: (_Shak._) superiority.--_v.t._ to grant a privilege to: to exempt: to authorise, license.--_adj._ PRIV'ILEGED.--BREACH OF PRIVILEGE, any interference with or slight done to the rights or privileges of a legislative body; QUESTION OF PRIVILEGE, any question arising out of the rights of an assembly or of its members; WRIT OF PRIVILEGE, an order for the release of a person from custody. [Fr.,--L.

_privilegium_--_privus_, single, _lex_, _legis_, a law.]

PRIVY, priv'i, _adj._ private: pertaining to one person: for private uses: secret: appropriated to retirement: admitted to the knowledge of something secret.--_n._ (_law_) a person having an interest in an action: a necessary house.--_adv._ PRIV'ILY, privately: secretly.--_ns._ PRIV'ITY, secrecy: something kept private: knowledge, shared with another, of something private or confidential: knowledge implying concurrence: relation between different interests, as, for example, in feudal tenure the interests of several persons in the same land, the mutual relationships of contractor and contractee, the relation caused by common knowledge in breaches of contract: (_obs._) seclusion, intimacy; PRIV'Y-CHAM'BER, private apartment in a royal residence; PRIV'Y-COUN'CIL, the private council of a sovereign to advise in the administration of government; PRIV'Y-COUN'CILLOR, a member of the privy-council; PRIV'Y-PURSE, the purse or money for the private or personal use of the sovereign; PRIV'Y-SEAL, -SIG'NET, the seal used by or for the king in subordinate matters, or those which are not to pass the great seal; PRIV'Y-VER'DICT, a verdict given to a judge out of court.--GENTLEMEN USHERS OF THE PRIVY-CHAMBER, four officials in the royal household who attend certain court ceremonies. [Fr. _prive_--L. _privatus_, private.]

PRIZE, PRISE, pr[=i]z, _v.t._ to force open by means of a lever. [Fr.; cf.

_Prize_, below.]

PRIZE, pr[=i]z, _n._ that which is taken or gained by competition: anything taken from an enemy in war: (_hunting_) the note of the trumpet blown at the capture of the game: a captured vessel: that which is won in a lottery: anything offered for competition: a gain: a reward: (_Shak._) a competition.--_adj._ worthy of a prize: to which a prize is given.--_adjs._ PRIZ'ABLE, -EABLE, valuable.--_ns._ PRIZE'-COURT, a court for judging regarding prizes made on the high seas; PRIZE'-FIGHT, a combat in which those engaged fight for a prize or wager; PRIZE'-FIGHT'ER, a boxer who fights publicly for a prize; PRIZE'-FIGHT'ING; PRIZE'-LIST, recorded of the winners in a competition; PRIZE'MAN; PRIZE'-MON'EY, share of the money or proceeds from any prizes taken from an enemy; PRIZ'ER (_Shak._), one who competes for a prize; PRIZE'-RING, a ring for prize-fighting: the practice itself. [Fr. _prise_--_pris_, taken, pa.p. _prendre_--L. _prehend[)e]re_, to seize.]

PRIZE, pr[=i]z, _v.t._ to set a price on: to value: to value highly.--_n._ valuation, estimate.--_n._ PRIZ'ER (_Shak._), an appraiser. [Fr.

_priser_--O. Fr. _pris_, price (Fr. _prix_)--L. _pretium_, price.]

PRO, pr[=o], Latin prep. meaning before, used in English in many phrases.--PRO AND CON, abbrev. of _pro et contra_, for and against.--_v.i._ to consider PROS AND CONS, arguments for and against an opinion.--PRO BONO PUBLICO, for the public good.

PROA, pr[=o]'a, _n._ a small and swift Malay sailing-vessel, with both ends equally sharp. [Malay _prau_.]

PROBABLE, prob'a-bl, _adj._ that can be proved: having more evidence for than against: giving ground for belief: likely: (_Shak._) plausible.--_n._ probable opinion.--_ns._ PROBABIL'IORIST; PROB'ABILISM (_R.C. theol._), the doctrine in casuistry that of two probable opinions, both reasonable, one may follow his own inclination, as a doubtful law cannot impose a certain obligation--opp. to PROBABIL'IORISM, according to which it is lawful to follow one's inclination only when there is a more probable opinion in its favour; PROB'ABILIST; PROBABIL'ITY, quality of being probable: appearance of truth: that which is probable: chance or likelihood of something happening:--_pl._ PROBABIL'ITIES.--_adv._ PROB'ABLY.--_adj._ PR[=O]'BAL (_Shak._), probable.--PROBABLE CAUSE, a reasonable ground that an accusation is true; PROBABLE ERROR, a quantity assumed as the value of an error, such that the chances of the real error being greater are equal to those of it being less than this quantity; PROBABLE EVIDENCE, evidence not conclusive, but admitting of some degree of force. [Fr.,--L.

_probabilis_--_prob[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to prove.]

PROBANG, pr[=o]'bang, _n._ an instrument for pushing obstructions down the oesophagus of a choking animal.

PROBATE, pr[=o]'b[=a]t, _n._ the proof before a competent court that a written paper purporting to be the will of a person who has died is indeed his lawful act: the official copy of a will, with the certificate of its having been proved: the right or jurisdiction of proving wills.--_adj._ relating to the establishment of wills and testaments.--PROBATE COURT, a court created in 1858 to exercise jurisdiction in matters touching the succession to personal estate; PROBATE DUTY, a tax on property passing by will. [Cf. _Probable._]

PROBATION, pr[=o]-b[=a]'shun, _n._ act of proving: any proceeding to elicit truth, &c.: trial: time of trial: moral trial: noviciate.--_adjs._ PROB[=A]'TIONAL, PROB[=A]'TIONARY, relating to probation or trial.--_n._ PROB[=A]'TIONER, one who is on probation or trial: (_Scot._) one licensed to preach, but not ordained to a pastorate.--_adjs._ PR[=O]'BATIVE, PR[=O]'BATORY, serving for proof or trial: relating to proof.--_n._ PROB[=A]'TOR, an examiner.--THE DOCTRINE OF FUTURE PROBATION, the doctrine that the gospel will be preached in another life to the unregenerate dead or to those who never heard it in life. [Fr.,--L.]

PROBATUM EST, pr[=o]-b[=a]'tum est, it has been proved. [L., 3d sing. perf.

indic. pass. of _prob[=a]re_, to prove.]

PROBE, pr[=o]b, _n._ a proof or trial: a long, thin instrument for examining a wound, &c.: that which tries or probes.--_v.t._ to examine with or as with a probe: to examine PROBE'-SCISS'ORS, scissors used to open wounds, the blade having a button at the end. [L.

_prob[=a]re_, to prove.]

PROBITY, prob'i-ti, _n._ uprightness: honesty: virtue that has been tested.

[Fr.,--L. _probitas_, _probus_, good.]

PROBLEM, prob'lem, _n._ a matter difficult of settlement or solution: (_geom._) a proposition in which something is required to be done.--_adjs._ PROBLEMAT'IC, -AL, of the nature of a problem: questionable: doubtful.--_adv._ PROBLEMAT'ICALLY.--_v.i._ PROB'LEMATISE. [Fr.,--L.,--Gr.

_probl[=e]ma_--_pro_, before, _ballein_, to throw.]

PROBOSCIS, pr[=o]-bos'is, _n._ the trunk of some animals, as the elephant, for conveying food to the mouth: anything like a trunk:--_pl._ PROBOS'CIDES.--_adjs._ PROBOS'CID[=A]TE; PROBOSCID'EAN, having a proboscis.--_n._ a mammal of the _Proboscidea_.--_n._ PROBOS'CIS-MONK'EY, a monkey of Borneo, having a long mobile and retractile nose. [L.,--Gr.

_proboskis_, a trunk--_pro_, in front, _boskein_, to feed.]

PROCACITY, pr[=o]-kas'i-ti, _n._ petulance.--_adj._ PROC[=A]'CIOUS.

PROCATHEDRAL, pr[=o]-ka-th[=e]'dral, _n._ a church used temporarily as a cathedral.

PROCEED, pr[=o]-s[=e]d', _v.i._ to go forward: to advance: to act according to a method: to go from point to point: to issue: to be produced: to prosecute: to take an academic degree: (_Shak._) to be transacted, done.--_ns._ PROC[=E]'DURE, the act of proceeding or moving forward: a step taken or an act performed: progress: process: conduct; PROCEED'ER, one who goes forward or makes progress; PROCEED'ING, a going forward: progress: step: operation: transaction: (_pl._) a record of the transactions of a society: (_Shak._) PRO'CEEDS, the money arising from anything: rent: produce.--SPECIAL PROCEEDING, a judicial proceeding other than an action, as, for example, a writ of mandamus; SUMMARY PROCEEDINGS, certain statutory remedies taken without the formal bringing of an action by process and pleading. [Fr. _proceder_--L. _proced[)e]re_--_pro_, before, _ced[)e]re_, _cessum_, to go.]

PROCELEUSMATIC, pros-e-l[=u]s-mat'ik, _adj._ inciting, encouraging.--_n._ in ancient prosody, a foot consisting of four short syllables.

[Gr.,--_prokeleuein_, to incite before--_pro_, before, _keleuein_, to order.]

PROCELLARIA, pros-e-l[=a]'ri-a, _n._ a Linnaean genus of petrels.

PROCEPHALIC, pr[=o]-se-fal'ik, or pr[=o]-sef'a-lik, _adj._ of or pertaining to the forepart of the head.--PROCEPHALIC LOBES, two lobes in the embryo of the Podophthalmia which develop into the anterior parts of the head. [Gr.

_pro_, before, _kephal[=e]_, head.]

PROCEREBRUM, pr[=o]-ser'[=e]-brum, _n._ the fore-brain, consisting of the cerebral hemispheres, corpora striata, and olfactory lobes.--_adj._ PROCER'EBRAL. [L. _pro_, before, _cerebrum_, brain.]

PROCERITE, pros'e-r[=i]t, _n._ the last segment of the antennae in the Crustacea. [Gr. _pro_, before, _keras_, a horn.]

PROCERITY, pr[=o]-ser'i-ti, _n._ tallness, loftiness.--_adj._ PROC[=E]'ROUS, tall. [L.,--_proc[=e]rus_, tall.]

PROCeS, pr[=o]-s[=a]', _n._ a law-suit: a trial.--PROCeS VERBAL, a written account of facts in connection with a trial or other proceeding. [Fr.]

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