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PHARMACY, far'ma-si, _n._ a department of the medical art which consists in the collecting, preparing, preserving, and dispensing of medicines: the art of preparing and mixing medicines: a drug-store.--_ns._ PHAR'MACIST, a druggist, one skilled in pharmacy; PHARMACOGNOS'TICS, the sum of knowledge about drugs; PHARMACOG'RAPHY, a description of drugs; PHARMACOL'OGIST, one skilled in pharmacology; PHARMACOL'OGY, pharmacy; PHAR'MACON, a drug; PHARMACOP'OLIST, a dealer in drugs. [Fr. _pharmacie_--L.,--Gr. _pharmakon_, a drug.]


PHAROS, f[=a]'ros, _n._ a lighthouse or beacon, so named from the famous lighthouse on the island of _Pharos_ in the Bay of Alexandria.--_n._ PHAROL'OGY, the art or science of directing the course of ships by means of light-signals from the shore.

PHARYNX, far'ingks, _n._ the cleft or cavity forming the upper part of the gullet, and lying behind the nose, mouth, and larynx:--_pl._ PHAR'YNGES, PHAR'YNXES.--_adjs._ PHARYN'G[=E]AL; PHARYNGIT'IC, pertaining to pharyngitis.--_n._ PHARYNG[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx.--_adjs._ PHARYNGOGLOS'SAL, pertaining to the pharynx and the tongue; -LARYN'GEAL, to that and the larynx; -N[=A]'SAL, and the nose; -[=O]'RAL, and the mouth.--_ns._ PHARYNGOG'RAPHY, a description of the pharynx; PHARYNG'[=O]SCOPE, an instrument for inspecting the pharynx; PHARYNG'OSCOPY; PHARYNGOT'OMY, the operation of making an incision into the pharynx to remove a tumour. [Late L.,--Gr. _pharyngkx_, the pharynx.]

PHASE, f[=a]z, _n._ aspect, appearance, at any stage: an era: the form in which an object or a question presents itself to the mind: the appearance at a given time of the illuminated surface exhibited by a planet--also PH[=A]'SIS:--_pl._ PHAS'ES.--_adj._ PHASE'LESS, unchanging. [Gr.

_phasis_--_phaein_, to shine.]

PHASMA, fas'ma, _n._ a genus of gressorial orthopterous insects--walking-stick insects, spectre-insects (_Phasma_), and leaf-insects.

PHEASANT, fez'ant, _n._ a gallinaceous bird abundant in Britain, and highly valued as food.--_n._ PHEAS'ANTRY, an enclosure for pheasants, where they may be bred and reared. [O. Fr. _faisan_--L. _Phasiana_ (_avis_)--Gr.

_Phasianos_, of Phasis, in Colchis.]

PHEER, f[=e]r, _n._ (_Shak._). Same as FERE, a mate.

PHEESE, f[=e]z, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to beat, to drive off: to worry.--_v.i._ (_U.S._) to worry.--_n._ worry--better FEEZE.--_n._ PHEES'AR, one of the mad host's words (_Merry Wives_, I. iii. 10).

PHELLOPLASTICS, fel-[=o]-plas'tiks, _n._ modelling in cork.--_n._ PHELL'OGEN, cork-meristem.--_adj._ PHELLOGENET'IC. [Gr. _phellos_, cork, _plassein_, to form.]

PHENACETIN, f[=e]-nas'e-tin, _n._ a drug prepared from carbolic acid, good against fevers, insomnia, &c.

PHENAKISTOSCOPE, fen-a-kis't[=o]-sk[=o]p, _n._ an optical instrument which produces the appearances of objects in motion, as birds flying, &c.--_n._ PHEN'AKISM (_Bacon_), deceit. [Gr.

_phenakistikos_--_phenakizein_--_phenax_, a cheat.]




PHENOL, f[=e]'nol. _n._ phenyl alcohol or carbolic acid. [_Fr._]

PHENOLOGY, PHaeNOLOGY, f[=e]-nol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the branch of biology treating of animal or plant life and development as affected by climate.--_adjs._ PHENOLOG'IC, -AL.--_n._ PHENOL'OGIST. [_Phenomenology_.]

PHENOMENON, f[=e]-nom'e-non, _n._ an appearance: the appearance which anything makes to our consciousness, as distinguished from what it is in itself: an observed result: a remarkable or unusual person, thing, or appearance:--_pl._ PHENOM'ENA.--_adj._ PHENOM'ENAL, pertaining to a phenomenon: of the nature of a phenomenon: so strange as to excite great wonder: out of the common.--_v.t._ PHENOM'ENALISE, to represent as a phenomenon.--_ns._ PHENOM'ENALISM, the philosophical doctrine that the phenomenal and the real are identical--that phenomena are the only realities--also _Externalism_; PHENOM'ENALIST, one who believes in phenomenalism; PHENOMENAL'ITY, the character of being phenomenal.--_adv._ PHENOM'ENALLY.--_v.t._ PHENOM'ENISE, to bring into the world of experience.--_ns._ PHENOM'ENISM, the doctrines of the phenomenists; PHENOM'ENIST, one who believes only what he observes, or phenomena, one who rejects necessary primary principles.--_adj._ PHENOMEN[=O]LOG'ICAL.--_n._ PHENOMENOL'OGY, a description of phenomena. [Gr. _phainomenon_--_phainein_, to show.]

PHENYL, f[=e]'nil, _n._ an organic radical found esp. in carbolic acid, benzole, and aniline.--_adjs._ PH[=E]'NIC, PHENYL'IC. [Fr. _phenyle_.]

PHEON, f[=e]'on, _n._ (_her._) the barbed iron head of a dart: the broad arrow marking property of the Crown.

PHEW, f[=u], _interj._ an exclamation of disgust.

PHIAL, f[=i]'al, _n._ a small glass vessel or bottle. [L. _phiala_--Gr.

_phial[=e]_, a vial.]

PHI BETA KAPPA, fi bet-a kap-a, the oldest of the American college Greek letter societies. [From the initial letters of its motto--_Philosophia biou kubern[=e]t[=e]s_, 'Philosophy is the guide of life.']

PHILADELPHIAN, fil-a-del'fi-an, _n._ one of a mystic sect emphasising 'brotherly love,' founded in London in 1652 under the influence of Boehme.

[Gr. _philein_, to love, _adelphos_, a brother.]

PHILANDER, fi-lan'd[.e]r, _v.i._ to make love: to flirt or coquet.--_n._ a lover.--_n._ PHILAN'DERER. [Gr. _philandros_, loving men--_philos_, dear--_philein_, to love, _an[=e]r_, _andros_, a man.]

PHILANTHROPY, fi-lan'thr[=o]-pi, _n._ love of mankind, esp. as shown in good deeds and services to others: goodwill towards all men.--_ns._ PHIL'ANTHROPE, PHILAN'THROPIST, one who tries to benefit mankind.--_adjs._ PHILANTHROP'IC, -AL, doing good to others, benevolent.--_adv._ PHILANTHROP'ICALLY. [L.,--Gr. _philanthr[=o]pia_--_philos_, loving, _anthr[=o]pos_, a man.]

PHILATELY, fi-lat'e-li, _n._ the study and collection of postage and revenue stamps and labels (also _Timbrophily_, _Timbrology_).--_adj._ PHILATEL'IC.--_n._ PHILAT'ELIST, one devoted to this pursuit. [Formed in 1865 from Gr. _philos_, loving, _atel[=e]s_, free of tax, 'prepaid'--_a-_, neg., _telos_, tax.]

PHILHARMONIC, fil-har-mon'ik, _adj._ loving music. [Gr. _philos_, loving, _harmonia_, harmony.]

PHILHELLENIC, fil-he-len'ik, _adj._ loving Greece.--_ns._ PHILHEL'LENE, PHILHEL'LENIST, a supporter of Greece, esp. in 1821-32; PHILHEL'LENISM, love of Greece. [Gr. _philos_, loving, _Hell[=e]n_, a Greek.]


PHILIPPIAN, fi-lip'i-an, _n._ a native of _Philippi_ in Macedonia--also _adj._

PHILIPPIC, fil-ip'ik, _n._ one of the three orations of Demosthenes against Philip of Macedon, or of Cicero against Marc Antony: any discourse full of invective.--_v.i._ PHIL'IPPISE, to utter such.

PHILISTINE, fil'is-tin, _n._ one of the ancient inhabitants of south-western Palestine, enemies of the Israelites--also PHILIS'TIAN, and PHILIS'TIM (_Milt._): a name applied by German students to shopkeepers and others not connected with the university: an uncultured person.--_n._ PHIL'ISTINISM.

PHILL-HORSE, fil'-hors, _n._=_Thill-horse_, a shaft-horse.

PHILOGYNY, fil-oj'i-ni, _n._ love of women.--_n._ PHILOG'YNIST. [Gr.

_philos_, loving, _gyn[=e]_, a woman.]

PHILOLOGY, fi-lol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the science of language: the study of etymology, grammar, rhetoric, and literary criticism: (_orig._) the knowledge which enabled men to study and explain the classical languages of Greece and Rome.--_ns._ PHILOL'OGER, PHILOL[=O]'GIAN, PHILOL'OGIST, PHIL'OLOGUE, one versed in philology.--_adjs._ PHILOLOG'IC, -AL.--_adv._ PHILOLOG'ICALLY.--COMPARATIVE PHILOLOGY, study of languages by comparing their history, forms, and relationships with each other. [L.,--Gr.

_philologia_--_philologos_, fond of words--_philos_, loving, _logos_, discourse.]

PHILOMATH, fil'[=o]-math, _n._ a lover of learning.--_adjs._ PHILOMATH'IC, -AL.--_n._ PHILOM'ATHY, love of learning. [Gr. _philomath[=e]s_, fond of learning--_philos_, loving, _e-math-on_, 2d aorist _manthanein_, to learn.]

PHILOMEL, fil'[=o]-mel, _n._ the nightingale.--Also PHILOM[=E]'LA. [Gr.

_Philomela_, daughter of Pandion, king of Athens, changed into a nightingale or swallow.]

PHILOMUSICAL, fil-[=o]-m[=u]'zi-cal, _adj._ fond of music.

PHILOPENA, fil-[=o]-p[=e]'na, _n._ a game in which each of two persons eats a twin kernel of a nut, and one pays a forfeit to the other on certain conditions: the gift made as a forfeit, or the twin kernels shared. [Ger.

_vielliebchen_--_viel_, much, _liebchen_, sweetheart.]

PHILOPOLEMIC, fil-[=o]-p[=o]-lem'ik, _adj._ fond of war or of debate.

PHILOPROGENITIVENESS, fil-[=o]-pr[=o]-jen'i-tiv-nes, _n._ (_phren._) the instinctive love of offspring. [Gr. _philos_, loving, L. _progenies_, progeny.]

PHILOSOPHER, fi-los'[=o]-f[.e]r, _n._ a lover of wisdom: one versed in or devoted to philosophy: a metaphysician: one who acts calmly and rationally in all the affairs and changes of life--also PHIL'OSOPHE:--_fem._ PHILOS'OPHESS.--_adjs._ PHILOSOPH'IC, -AL, pertaining or according to philosophy: skilled in or given to philosophy: becoming a philosopher: rational: calm.--_adv._ PHILOSOPH'ICALLY.--_v.i._ PHILOS'OPHISE, to reason like a philosopher: to form philosophical theories.--_ns._ PHILOS'OPHISER, a would-be philosopher; PHILOS'OPHISM, would-be philosophy; PHILOS'OPHIST.--_adjs._ PHILOSOPHIST'IC, -AL.--_n._ PHILOS'OPHY, the science of being as being: the knowledge of the causes and laws of all phenomena: the collection of general laws or principles belonging to any department of knowledge: reasoning: a particular philosophical system: calmness of temper.--PHILOSOPHER'S STONE, an imaginary stone or mineral compound, long sought after by alchemists as a means of transforming other metals into gold.--MORAL, and NATURAL, PHILOSOPHY (see MORAL, NATURAL).

[Fr.,--L.,--Gr. _philosophos_--_philos_, a lover, _sophos_, wise.]

PHILOTECHNIC, -AL, fil-[=o]-tek'nik, -al, _adj._ fond of the arts.

PHILOZOIC, fil-[=o]-z[=o]'ik, _adj._ fond of animals.

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