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PHILTRE, PHILTER, fil't[.e]r, _n._ a charm or spell to excite love. [Fr.

_philtre_--L. _philtrum_--Gr. _philtron_--_philos_, loving, _-tron_, denoting the agent.]

PHIMOSIS, f[=i]-m[=o]'sis, _n._ stenosis of the preputial orifice.

PHISNOMY, fis'no-mi, _n._ (_Shak._) the face--a corr. of _physiognomy_.

PHIZ, fiz, _n._ (_humorous_) the face.

PHLEBITIS, fl[=e]-b[=i]'tis, _n._ inflammation of a vein.--_ns._ PHLEB'OLITE, a calcareous concretion found in a vein; PHLEBOL'OGY, science of the veins; PHLEB'ORRHAGE, venous hemorrhage.--_adjs._ PHLEBOTOM'IC, -AL.--_v.t._ PHLEBOT'OMISE.--_ns._ PHLEBOT'OMIST; PHLEBOT'OMY, act of letting blood. [Gr. _phleps_, _phlebos_, a vein.]

PHLEGETHONTIC, fleg-e-thon'tik, _adj._ pertaining to or resembling the river _Phlegethon_, a mythological river of the infernal regions, whose waves rolled torrents of fire, flowing into the lake of Acheron. [Gr.

_phlegethein_--_phlegein_, to burn.]

PHLEGM, flem, _n._ one of the four elements of which the ancients supposed the blood to be composed: the thick, slimy matter secreted in the throat, and discharged by coughing: sluggishness: indifference: calmness.--_adj._ PHLEGMAGOGIC (fleg-ma-goj'ik).--_ns._ PHLEG'MAGOGUE, a medicine expelling phlegm; PHLEGM[=A]'SIA, inflammation, esp. _Phlegmasia dolens_, puerperal tumid leg.--_adjs._ PHLEGMAT'IC, -AL, abounding in or generating phlegm: cold: sluggish: not easily excited.--_adv._ PHLEGMAT'ICALLY.--_n._ PHLEG'MON, inflammation in the connective tissue.--_adjs._ PHLEG'MONOID; PHLEGM'Y. [Fr.,--L.,--Gr. _phlegma_, _phlegmatos_--_phlegein_, to burn.]


PHLEUM, fl[=e]'um, _n._ a small genus of annual or perennial grasses--_timothy_, _cat's-tail grass_, _herd's grass_. [Gr. _phle[=o]s_.]

PHLOEUM, fl[=e]'um, _n._ the cellular portion of bark next the epidermis--also _Epiphloeum_ and Bast.--_n._ PHL[=O]'eM, the bast or liber portion of a vascular bundle. [Gr. _phloios_, bark.]

PHLOGISTON, fl[=o]-jis'ton, _n._ an imaginary element, believed in till nearly the end of the 18th century as forming part of every combustible body, which by its disengagement caused burning, or fire in action.--_adj._ PHLOGIS'TIC (_chem._), containing or resembling phlogiston: inflaming: (_med._) inflammatory.--_v.t._ PHLOGIS'TICATE, to combine phlogiston with.


PHLOX, floks, _n._ a well-known garden plant, so called from its colour.

[Gr.,--_phlegein_, to burn.]

PHLYCTaeNA, PHLYCTENA, flik-t[=e]'na, _n._ a small vesicle.--_adjs._ PHLYCT[=E]'NAR; PHLYCT[=E]'NOID; PHLYCT[=E]'NOUS.

PHOBANTHROPY, f[=o]-ban'thr[=o]-pi, _n._ a morbid dread of mankind.

PHOCINE, f[=o]'sin, _adj._ pertaining to the seal family.--_n._ PH[=O]'CA, a seal.--_adj._ PHOC[=A]'CEAN, relating to the genus _Phoca_.--_n._ a seal of this genus.--_n._ PHOCae'NA, a genus of delphinoid odontocete cetaceans--the true porpoises.--_adjs._ PH[=O]'CAL; PHOCae'NINE, like a porpoise. [L. _phoca_--Gr. _ph[=o]k[=e]_, a seal.]

PHOEBUS, f[=e]'bus, _n._ the sun-god: the sun:--_fem._ PHOEBE (f[=e]'b[=e]), the moon. [L.,--Gr. _phoibos_, bright, _phaein_, to shine.]

PHOENICIAN, PHENICIAN, f[=e]-nish'an, _adj._ pertaining to _Phoenicia_, on the coast of Syria, to its people, language, or arts.--_n._ an inhabitant of Phoenicia: the language, a Semitic dialect, akin to Hebrew.

PHOENIX, PHENIX, f[=e]'niks, _n._ a fabulous bird said to have existed for 500 years all alone in the wilderness, and, after burning itself on a funeral pile, to have risen from its own ashes--hence, the emblem of immortality: a paragon. [L.,--Gr. _phoinix_.]

PHOLAS, f[=o]'las, _n._ a genus of stone-bearing bivalves, a piddock:--_pl._ PH[=O]'LADES.--_n._ PH[=O]'LADITE, a fossil pholad. [Gr.]

PHONATE, f[=o]'n[=a]t, _v.t._ to utter vocal sounds.--_n._ PHON[=A]'TION, emission of vocal sounds.--_adj._ PH[=O]'NATORY, pertaining to phonation.--_n._ PHONAU'TOGRAPH, an instrument for registering the vibrations of a sounding body.--_adj._ PHONAUTOGRAPH'IC.--_adv._ PHONAUTOGRAPH'ICALLY.--_n._ PHONOM'ETER, an instrument for measuring the vibrations of a body.

PHONETIC, -AL, f[=o]-net'ik, -al, _adj._ pertaining to, or in accordance with, the sound of the voice: representing elementary sounds: vocal.--_adv._ PHONET'ICALLY.--_n._ PHONETIC'IAN, a student of phonetics.--_v.t._ PHONET'ICISE, to make phonetic.--_ns._ PHONET'ICISM, phonetic character or representation; PHONET'ICIST, one who advocates phonetic-spelling.--_n.sing._ PHONET'ICS, the science of sounds, esp. of the human voice.--_ns._ PHONET'IC-SPELL'ING, spelling according to sound: the spelling of words as they are pronounced; PHONETIS[=A]'TION, art of representing sound by phonetic signs.--_v.t._ PH[=O]'NETISE, to represent phonetically.--_ns._ PH[=O]'NETISM, sound, pronunciation; PH[=O]'NETIST, a student of phonetics.--_adj._ PHON'IC, pertaining to sound.--_n.sing_.

PHON'ICS, acoustics.--_adj._ PHONOCAMP'TIC, reflecting or deflecting sound.--_n._ PH[=O]'NOLITE, clinkstone. [Gr.

_ph[=o]netikos_--_ph[=o]n[=e]_, a sound.]

PHONOGRAPH, f[=o]'n[=o]-graf, _n._ a character or mark used to represent a sound (also PH[=O]'NOGRAM): an instrument by which spoken words or other sounds can be recorded, and afterwards given out again almost in the original tones.--_ns._ PHONOG'RAPHER, PHONOG'RAPHIST, one versed in phonography.--_adjs._ PHONOGRAPH'IC, -AL.--_adv._ PHONOGRAPH'ICALLY.--_ns._ PHONOG'RAPHY, the art of representing each spoken sound by a distinct character: phonetic shorthand; PH[=O]'N[=O]SCOPE, an apparatus for recording music as played, or for testing musical strings: a microphone.

[Gr. _ph[=o]n[=e]_, sound, _graphein_, to write.]

PHONOLOGY, f[=o]-nol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the science of the sounds of the voice, the manner in which these are combined in any language: phonetics.--_adj._ PHONOLOG'ICAL.--_n._ PHONOL'OGIST, one versed in phonology. [Gr.

_ph[=o]n[=e]_, sound, _logos_, discourse.]

PHONOTYPE, f[=o]'n[=o]-t[=i]p, _n._ a type or sign representing a sound.--_adjs._ PHONOTYP'IC, -AL, of or belonging to a phonotype, or to phonotypy.--_ns._ PH[=O]'NOTYPIST; PH[=O]'NOTYPY, the art of representing each of the elementary sounds by different types or distinct characters.

[Gr. _ph[=o]n[=e]_, sound, _typos_, type.]

PHORMINX, for'mingks, _n._ a kind of cithara. [Gr.]

PHORMIUM, for'mi-um, _n._ a genus of New Zealand plants of the lily family--New Zealand flax or flax-lily. [Gr. _phormion_, a plant.]

PHOSPHENE, fos'f[=e]n, _n._ a brilliant coloured spectrum seen when the finger is pressed into the internal corner of the eye. [Gr. _ph[=o]s_, light, _phainein_, to shine.]

PHOSPHORUS, fos'f[=o]-rus, _n._ the morning-star: a yellowish substance, like wax, inflammable and giving out light in the dark.--_n._ PHOS'PHATE, a salt formed by the combination of phosphoric acid with a base.--_adj._ PHOSPHAT'IC, of the nature of, or containing, a phosphate.--_ns._ PHOS'PHIDE, a compound formed of phosphorus and some other element, as copper or iron; PHOS'PHITE, a salt of phosphorous acid; PHOS'PHOR, the morning-star: (_obs._) phosphorus.--_v.t._ PHOS'PHORATE, to combine or impregnate with phosphorus.--_n._ PHOS'PHOR-BRONZE, an alloy of copper, tin, and phosphorus.--_v.i._ PHOSPHORESCE', to shine in the dark like phosphorus.--_n._ PHOSPHORESC'ENCE.--_adjs._ PHOSPHORESC'ENT, shining in the dark like phosphorus; PHOSPHOR'IC, PHOS'PHOROUS, pertaining to or obtained from phosphorus.--_ns._ PHOS'PHORITE, a massive radiated variety of apatite; PHOS'PHURET, a compound of phosphorus with a metal.--_adj._ PHOS'PHURETTED, combined with phosphorus.--_n._ PHOS'SY-JAW, phosphorous poisoning.--PHOSPHATIC DIATHESIS (_med._), the condition in which there is a tendency in the urine to deposit white gravel.

[L.,--Gr.,--_ph[=o]sphoros_, light-bearer--_ph[=o]s_, light, _phoros_, bearing, from _pherein_, to bear.]

PHOTO, f[=o]'t[=o], _n._ a colloquial abbreviation of _photograph_.

PHOTOCHEMISTRY, f[=o]-t[=o]-kem'is-tri, _n._ that branch of chemistry which treats of the chemical action of light.--_adj._ PHOTOCHEM'ICAL.--_n._ PHOTOCHEM'IST.

PHOTOCHROMY, f[=o]'t[=o]-kr[=o]-mi, _n._ the art of reproducing colours by photography.--_adj._ PHOTOCHROMAT'IC.--_n._ PHOTOCHR[=O]'MOTYPE, a photo-process picture printed in colours by any of the ordinary methods of typography in colours. [Gr. _ph[=o]s_, _ph[=o]tos_, light, _chr[=o]ma_, colour.]

PHOTO-ENGRAVING, f[=o]'t[=o]-en-gr[=a]'ving, _n._ a general term including all the various processes of mechanical engraving by the aid of photography.--The term PHOTOG'LYPHY is sometimes applied to photo-engraving by one process or other, often limited to photogravure.--_adj._ PHOTOGLYPH'IC.

PHOTOGENY, f[=o]-toj'e-ni, _n._ the art of taking pictures by the action of light on a chemically prepared ground.--_adjs._ PHOTOGEN'IC, PHOTOG'ENOUS.

PHOTOGRAPHY, f[=o]-tog'ra-fi, _n._ the art of producing pictures by the action of light on chemically prepared surfaces.--_n._ PH[=O]'TOGRAPH, a picture so produced.--_v.t._ to make a picture of by means of photography.--_ns._ PH[=O]TOG'RAPHER, PH[=O]TOG'RAPHIST.--_adj._ PH[=O]TOGRAPH'IC, -AL.--_adv._ PH[=O]TOGRAPH'ICALLY. [Gr. _ph[=o]s_, light, _graphein_, to draw.]

PHOTOGRAVURE, f[=o]'t[=o]-gr[=a]-v[=u]r, _n._ a method of producing by means of photography and the action of acids on a sensitised surface a kind of mezzo-engraving on metal. [Fr.,--Gr. _ph[=o]s_, light, Fr. _gravure_, engraving.]

PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY, f[=o]-t[=o]-li-thog'ra-fi, _n._ a method by which a photograph in line can be developed with ink so as to be transferred to stone as a lithograph.--_n._ PHOTOLITH'OGRAPH, a print produced by photolithography.--_v.t._ to reproduce by this aid.--_n._ PHOTOLITHOG'RAPHER.--_adj._ PHOTOLITHOGRAPH'IC. [Gr. _ph[=o]s_, _ph[=o]tos_, light, _lithos_, a stone, _graphein_, to write.]

PHOTOLOGY, f[=o]-tol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the science of light.--_adjs._ PHOTOLOG'IC, -AL.--_n._ PHOTOL'OGIST. [Gr. _ph[=o]s_, _ph[=o]tos_, light, _logia_--_legein_, to say.]

PHOTOLYSIS, f[=o]-tol'i-sis, _n._ (_bot._) the movements of protoplasm under the influence of light. [Gr. _ph[=o]s_, _ph[=o]tos_, light, _lysis_--_lyein_, to unloose.]

PHOTOMECHANICAL, f[=o]-t[=o]-m[=e]-kan'i-kal, _adj._ pertaining to the mechanical production of pictures by the aid of light, as in photo-engraving, &c.

PHOTOMETER, f[=o]-tom'e-t[.e]r, _n._ an instrument for measuring the intensity of light, esp. for comparing the amount of light coming from different sources.--_adjs._ PHOTOMET'RIC, -AL.--_n._ PHOTOM'ETRY, the measurement of the intensity of light. [Gr. _ph[=o]s_, _ph[=o]tos_, light, _m[=e]tron_, a measure.]

PHOTOMICROGRAPHY, f[=o]-t[=o]-m[=i]-krog'ra-fi, _n._ the enlargement of microscopic objects by means of the microscope, and the projection of the enlarged image on a sensitive film.--_ns._ PHOTOM[=I]'CROGRAPH; PHOTOMICROG'RAPHER.--_adj._ PHOTOMICROGRAPH'IC. [Gr. _ph[=o]s_, _ph[=o]tos_, light, _mikros_, little, _graphein_, to write.]

PHOTOPHOBIA, f[=o]-t[=o]-f[=o]'bi-a, _n._ a dread of light.--_adj._ PHOTOPHOB'IC.

PHOTOPHONE, f[=o]'t[=o]-f[=o]n, _n._ an apparatus for transmitting articulate speech to a distance along a beam of light. [Gr. _ph[=o]s_, _ph[=o]tos_, light, _ph[=o]n[=e]_, sound.]

PHOTO-PROCESS, f[=o]'t[=o]-pros'es, _n._ any process by which is produced, by the agency of photography, a matrix from which prints can be made in ink--photogravure, photolithography, and photozincography.

PHOTOPSIA, f[=o]-top'si-a, _n._ the condition of having the sensation of light without external cause.--Also PH[=O]'TOPSY.

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