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RUBIA, r[=oo]'bi-a, _n._ a genus of gamopetalous plants, including the madder.--_n._ RU'BIAN, a colour-producing matter of madder.--_adj._ RUBIAN'IC.--_n._ RU'BIATE. [L.,--_rubeus_, reddish, _rub[=e]re_, to be red.]

RUBICAN, r[=oo]'bi-kan, _adj._ of a bay, sorrel, or black colour, with some light-gray or white on the flanks: of a red predominant over gray colour.

[Fr.,--L. _rubric[=a]re_, to colour red.]

RUBICEL, RUBICELLE, r[=oo]'bi-sel, _n._ an orange or flame-coloured variety of spinel.

RUBICON, r[=oo]b'i-kon, _n._ a stream of Central Italy, forming the boundary in the republican period of ancient Roman history between the province of Gallia Cisalpina and Italia proper.--PASS THE RUBICON, to take a decisive, irrevocable step, as Julius Caesar's crossing this stream, the limit of his province--a virtual declaration of war against the republic.

RUBICUND, r[=oo]'bi-kund, _adj._ inclining to redness: ruddy.--_n._ RUBICUN'DITY. [Fr.,--L. _rubicundus_, very red--_rub[=e]re_, to be red.]

RUBIDIUM, r[=oo]-bid'i-um, _n._ a soft silvery-white metallic element. [L.

_rubidus_, red.]

RUBIFY, r[=oo]'bi-f[=i], _v.t._ to make red.--_adj._ RUBIF'IC.--_n._ RUBIFIC[=A]'TION.--_adj._ RU'BIFORM. [Fr.,--L.

_rubefac[)e]re_--_rub[=e]re_, to be red, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

RUBIGO, r[=oo]-b[=i]'g[=o], _n._ a kind of rust on plants: mildew.--_adjs._ RUBIG'INOSE, brown-red; RUBIG'INOUS. [L., rust.]

RUBINE, r[=oo]'bin, _n._ an aniline dye.--_adj._ RUBIN'EOUS, of a glassy semi-transparent crimson. [L. _rubeus_, red.]

RUBIRETIN, r[=oo]-bi-ret'in, _n._ a resinous colouring matter in madder.

[L. _rubeus_, red, Gr. _hr[=e]tin[=e]_, resin.]

RUBLE, ROUBLE, r[=oo]'bl, _n._ the unit of the Russian money system, divided into 100 copecks--the present silver ruble is equivalent to 2s.

1d. [Russ. _rubl[)i]_--_rubit[)i]_, cut off, prob. from Pers.

_r[=u]p[=i]ya_, a rupee.]

RUBRIC, r[=oo]'brik, _n._ the directions for the service, in office-books, formerly in red letters: any heading, guiding, rule, &c. printed conspicuously in red: a flourish after a signature: a thing definitely settled: red ochre.--_v.t._ to enjoin services.--_adjs._ RU'BRIC, -AL, agreeing with a rubric.--_adv._ RU'BRICALLY, over formally.--_v.t._ RU'BRICATE, to illuminate with red letters: to formulate as a rubric.--_adj._ represented in red.--_ns._ RUBRIC[=A]'TION, that which is illuminated; RUBRIC[=A]'TOR, one who rubricates; RUBRIC'IAN, one versed in the rubric; RUBRIC'ITY, accordance with the rubric.--_adj._ RU'BRICOSE (_bot._), marked with red.--_n._ RU'BRISHER (_obs._), a painter of ornamental letters in early manuscripts. [L. _rubrica_, red earth--_ruber_, red.]

RUBUS, r[=oo]'bus, _n._ a genus of rosaceous plants including the raspberry, &c. [L., a bramble-bush.]

RUBY, r[=oo]'bi, _n._ a pure transparent red-coloured corundum, inferior in hardness to the diamond only among gems: redness, anything red: (_her._) the tincture red or gules: (_print._) a type smaller than nonpareil and larger than pearl--5 points in the new system: the red bird of Paradise: the ruby hummer of Brazil.--_adj._ red.--_v.t._ to make red:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ ru'bied.--_adj._ RU'BIED (_Shak._), red as a ruby.--_n._ RU'BINE (_Spens._), same as RUBY.--_adj._ RU'BIOUS (_Shak._), ruby, red, ruddy.--_ns._ RU'BY-BLENDE, a clear red variety of zinc sulphide: ruby silver; RU'BY-TAIL, a gold-wasp, or cuckoo-fly.--_adj._ RU'BY-THROAT'ED, like a humming-bird, with a ruby gorget.--_ns._ RU'BY-T[=I]'GER, a British moth; RU'BY-WOOD, red sandalwood.--ROCK RUBY, a ruby-red garnet. [O. Fr.

_rubi_--L. _rubeus_--_ruber_, red.]

RUCERVUS, r[=oo]-ser'vus, _n._ a genus of East Indian _Cervidae_.--_adj._ RUCER'VINE.

RUCHE, r[=oo]sh, _n._ a plaited frilling.--Also RUCH'ING. [Fr., prob.

Celt., Bret. _rusk_.]

RUCK, ruk, _n._ a wrinkle, fold, or crease.--_v.t._ to wrinkle, to crease: to annoy, ruffle.--_v.i._ to have a folded, wrinkled, or ridgy surface.

[Ice. _hrukka_, a wrinkle.]

RUCK, ruk, _v.i._ to squat: to crouch down: to cower: to huddle together.--_v.t._ to perch, to roost.

RUCK, ruk, _n._ a crowd: a press: the common run: trash, nonsense.--_v.t._ to gather in heaps. [Prob. Scand.; Old Sw. _ruka_, a heap.]

RUCK, ruk, _n._ a small heifer.

RUCKLE, ruk'l, _n._ (_Scot._) a rattling noise in the throat, as from suffocation.--_v.i._ to emit such a sound. [Prob. cog. with Dut.

_rogchelen_, to hawk.]

RUCTATION, ruk-t[=a]'shun, _n._ the act of belching: eructation. [L.

_ruct[=a]re_, to belch.]

RUCTION, ruk'shun, _n._ (_slang_) a vexation: a disturbance: a rumpus.

[Prob. a corr. of _eruption_.]

RUD, rud, _n._ redness: blush: flush: red ochre for marking sheep.--_v.t._ to make red. [A.S. _rudu_, redness, _reodan_, to redden.]

RUD, rud, _v.t._ (_prov._) to rub: to polish.

RUDAS, r[=oo]'das, _n._ (_Scot._) a foul-mouthed old woman: a randy, a hag.--_adj._ bold, coarse.

RUDBECKIA, rud-bek'i-a, _n._ a genus of composite plants, abundant in the eastern and central United States, the cone-flowers. [Named from the Swedish botanist Olaus _Rudbeck_ (1630-1702).]

RUDD, rud, _n._ the fish red-eye.

RUDDER, rud'[.e]r, _n._ the instrument by which a ship is rowed or steered, its primitive form an oar working at the stern: that which guides anything: a bird's tail-feather.--_ns._ RUDD'ER-BAND, a gearing with which the rudder is braced when the ship is at anchor; RUDD'ER-BRACE, a strap to receive a pintle of the rudder; RUDD'ER-BRAKE, a compressor for controlling the rudder in a seaway; RUDD'ER-CHAIN, a strong chain often shackled to the after-part of a rudder to prevent its loss; RUDD'ER-COAT, a covering of tarred canvas used to prevent water rushing in at the rudder-hole; RUDD'ER-FISH, the pilot-fish: the amber-fish: the barrel-fish.--_adj._ RUDD'ERLESS, having no rudder.--_ns._ RUDD'ER-POST, the shank of a rudder, having the blade at one end and the attachments at the other; RUDD'ER-STOCK, the blade of the rudder, connected by hinges with the sternpost of a vessel; RUDD'ER-TRUNK, a casing of wood fitted into the post, through which the rudder-stock is inserted; RUDD'ER-WHEEL, a small wheel at the end of a plough helping to guide it. [A.S. _rother_; Ger.

_ruder_, an oar.]

RUDDER, rud'[.e]r, _n._ a riddle or sieve.--_v.t._ RUDD'LE, to sift together: to mix, as through a sieve.

RUDDLE, rud'l, _v.t._ to interweave: to cross-plait, as in making lattice-work. [_Raddle_.]

RUDDLE, rud'l, _n._ a species of red earth, red ochre: (_obs._) ruddiness.--_v.t._ to mark with ruddle--also RADD'LE, REDD'LE.--_n._ RUDD'LEMAN=_Reddleman_. [A.S. _rudu_, redness--_read_, red.]

RUDDOC, RUDDOCK, rud'uk, _n._ (_Spens._) the redbreast: a gold coin: a kind of apple. [A.S. _rudduc_--_rudu_, redness--_read_, red.]

RUDDY, rud'i (_comp._ RUDD'IER, _superl._ RUDD'IEST), _adj._ red: of the colour of the skin in high health: rosy, glowing, bright.--_v.t._ to make red.--_adv._ RUDD'ILY.--_ns._ RUDD'INESS; RUDD'Y-DIV'ER, -DUCK, an American duck with wedge-shaped tail; RUDD'Y-RUDD'ER, the long-eared sun-fish. [A.S.

_rudig_, _rudi_--_rudu_, redness--_read_, red.]

RUDE, r[=oo]d (_comp._ RU'DER, _superl._ RU'DEST), _adj._ crude: uncultivated: barbarous: rough: harsh: ignorant: uncivil: not smoothed: of low rank: mean: savage: brutal: ferocious: ill-bred: boorish: stormy: robust: not in good taste.--_adj._ RUDE'-GROW'ING, rough: wild.--_adv._ RUDE'LY.--_ns._ RUDE'NESS; RUDES'BY (_Shak._), an uncivil fellow. [Fr.,--L.

_rudis_, rough.]

RUDENTURE, r[=oo]-den't[=u]r, _n._ the figure of a rope with which the flutings of columns are sometimes filled.--_adj._ RUDEN'TED. [Fr.]

RUDERAL, r[=oo]'de-ral, _adj._ (_bot._) growing in waste places or among rubbish.--_n._ RUDER[=A]'TION, the act of paving with small stones and mortar. [L. _rudus_, rubbish.]

RUDESHEIMER, ru'des-h[=i]-m[.e]r, _n._ one of the white Rhine wines highly esteemed--named from _Rudesheim_ on the Rhine, opposite Bingen.

RUDGE, ruj, _n._ (_prov._) a partridge.

RUDGE-WASH, ruj'-wash, _n._ kersey cloth made of fleece wool as it comes from the sheep's back.

RUDIMENT, r[=oo]d'i-ment, _n._ anything in its rude or first state: a first principle or element: (_pl._) the introduction to any science: (_biol._) that which is in its first stage of development: the beginning of any part or organ, that which is vestigial, an aborted part.--_v.t._ to ground: to settle in first principles.--_adjs._ RUDIMEN'TAL, RUDIMEN'TARY, pertaining to, consisting in, or containing rudiments or first principles: initial: elementary: undeveloped: (_biol._) beginning to be formed: arrested in development.--_adv._ RUDIMEN'TARILY.--_n._ RUDIMENT[=A]'TION.

RUDMAS-DAY, rud'mas-d[=a], _n._ Holy Rood Day.

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