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GREMIAL, gr[=e]'mi-al, _n._ a piece of cloth laid on a bishop's knees to keep his vestments clean from oil at ordinations. [Fr.,--L. _gremium_, the lap.]

GRENADE, gre-n[=a]d', _n._ a small shell of iron or annealed glass, filled with powder and bits of iron, and thrown from the hand, or with a shovel over a parapet. [Fr.,--Sp. _granada_--L. _granatus_, full of seeds--_granum_, a grain, seed.]

GRENADIER, gren-a-d[=e]r', _n._ (_orig._) a soldier who threw grenades: then, a member of the first company of every battalion of foot: now only used as the title of the first three battalions of the foot-guards.

GRENADINE, gren-a-d[=e]n', _n._ a thin kind of silk used for ladies'

dresses, shawls, &c. [Fr.]

GRESSORIAL, gres-[=o]'ri-al, _adj._ adapted for walking, belonging to the _Gressoria_, a sub-order of orthopterous insects with slender bodies and long legs. [L. _gressus_, pa.p. of _gradi_, to walk.]

GRETNA, gret'na.--GRETNA-GREEN MARRIAGE, a runaway marriage across the Border to _Gretna_ in Dumfriesshire.

GReVE, gr[=a]v, _n._ the Tyburn of ancient Paris.

GREVES, gr[=e]vz, (_Milt._) armour for the legs--a form of _greaves_.

GREW, gr[=oo], _pa.t._ of _grow_.

GREY, gr[=a]. Same as GRAY.--GREY FRIARS (see FRIAR); GREY HEN, a stone bottle for holding liquor; GREYS=_Scots Greys_ (see SCOT).

GREYHOUND, gr[=a]'hownd, _n._ a tall and slender dog, kept for the chase, with great powers of speed and great keenness of sight. [M. E. _greihund_; Ice. _greyhundr_--Ice. _grey_, a dog, _hundr_, a hound.]

GREYWETHER, gr[=a]-we_th_'er, _n._ a large block of hard sandstone found sporadically over south and south-east England.--Also GRAYWETH'ER, but not _Grayweather_. [_Gray_ and _wether_--i.e. 'gray ram.']

GRICE, gr[=i]s, _n._ a little pig.--Also GRISE. [Ice.]

GRIDDLE, grid'l, _n._ a flat iron plate for baking cakes. [O. Fr. _gredil_, _greil_--Low L. _craticulum_, dim. of _cratis_, a hurdle.]

GRIDE, gr[=i]d, _v.t._ to cut with a grating sound, to pierce harshly: to grate, jar upon:--_pr.p._ gr[=i]d'ing; _pa.p._ gr[=i]d'ed.--_n._ a harsh grating sound. [_Gird._]

GRIDELIN, grid'e-lin, _n._ a kind of violet-gray colour. [Fr. _gris de lin_, gray of flax.]

GRIDIRON, grid'[=i]-urn, _n._ a frame of iron bars for broiling flesh or fish over the fire: a frame of wood or iron cross-beams to support a ship during repairs.--_v.t._ to cover with parallel bars or lines.--_n._ GRID, a grating of parallel bars: a gridiron: (_elect._) a battery-plate somewhat like a grating, esp. a zinc plate in a primary battery, or a lead plate in a secondary or storage battery. [M. E. _gredire_, a griddle. From the same source as _griddle_; but the term. -_ire_ became confused with M. E. _ire_, iron.]


GRIEF, gr[=e]f, _n._ heaviness of heart: sorrow: regret: mourning: cause of sorrow: affliction: (_B._) bodily as well as mental pain.--_adjs._ GRIEF'FUL (_Spens._), full of grief; GRIEF'LESS, sorrowless; GRIEF'SHOT (_Shak._), pierced with grief. [Fr.,--L. _gravis_, heavy.]


GRIEVE, gr[=e]v, _v.t._ to cause grief or pain of mind to: to make sorrowful: to vex: (_B._) also to inflict bodily pain.--_v.i._ to feel grief: to mourn.--_n._ GRIEV'ANCE, cause of grief: burden: hardship: injury: grief.--_adv._ GRIEV'INGLY (_Shak._), in sorrow, sorrowfully.--_adj._ GRIEV'OUS, causing grief: burdensome: painful: atrocious: hurtful.--_adv._ GRIEV'OUSLY, in a grievous manner: (_B._) severely.--_n._ GRIEV'OUSNESS. [O. Fr. _grever_--L. _grav[=a]re_, _gravis_, heavy.]

GRIFFIN, grif'in, GRIFFON, grif'un, _n._ an imaginary animal, with the body and legs of a lion, and the crooked beak and wings of an eagle: a new-comer in India, a novice: a watchful guardian, esp. over a young woman: a duenna.--_adj._ GRIFF'INISH.--_n._ GRIFF'INISM. [Fr. _griffon_--L.

_gryphus_--Gr. _gryps_--_grypos_, hook-nosed.]

GRIG, grig, _n._ a cricket, grasshopper: a small lively eel, the sand-eel.

[Prob. a form of _crick_, in _cricket_.]

GRILL, gril, _v.t._ to broil on a gridiron: to torment.--_v.i._ to undergo torment, to be in a broil.--_n._ a grated appliance for broiling meat, &c., a gridiron.--_ns._ GRILL'[=A]DE, anything grilled or broiled on a gridiron; GRILL'[=A]GE, a construction of cross-beams supporting an erection on marshy grounds.--_adj._ GRILLED, embossed with small rectangular indentations.--_n._ GRILL'-ROOM, a restaurant, where beefsteaks, &c., are grilled to one's order. [Fr. _griller_--_gril_, a gridiron--L. _craticula_, dim. of _cratis_, a grate.]

GRILLE, gril, _n._ a lattice, or grating, or screen, or open-work of metal, generally used to enclose or protect a window, shrine, &c.: a grating in a convent or jail door. [Fr. See GRILL.]

GRILSE, grils, _n._ a young salmon on its first return from salt water.

[Skeat suggests a corr. of Dan. _graalax_, Sw. _grlax_, 'gray salmon,'

from Dan. _graa_, Sw. _gr_, gray; and Dan., Sw., Ice. _lax_, Ger. _lachs_, a salmon. Others suggest Ir. _greal sach_.]

GRIM, grim, _adj._ of forbidding aspect: ferocious: ghastly: sullen: stern, unyielding.--_adv._ GRIM'LY.--_n._ GRIM'NESS. [A.S. _grim_; Ger.

_grimmig_--_grimm_, fury, Dut. _grimmig_, Ice. _grimmr_.]

GRIMACE, gri-m[=a]s', _n._ a distortion of the face, in jest, &c.: a smirk.--_v.i._ to make grimaces.--_adj._ GRIMACED', with a grimace: distorted. [Fr.; of uncertain origin, perh. from Ice. _grima_, a mask.]

GRIMALKIN, gri-mal'kin, _n._ an old cat, a cat generally. [_Gray_, and _malkin_, a dim. of _Moll_=Mary.]

GRIME, gr[=i]m, _n._ ingrained dirt.--_v.t._ to soil deeply.--_adv._ GRIM'ILY.--_n._ GRIM'INESS.--_adjs._ GRIM'-LOOKED (_Shak._), having a grim or dismal aspect; GRIM'Y, foul, dirty. [From a Teut. root seen in Dan.

_grim_, soot, Fris. _grime_, a dark spot on the face.]


GRIN, grin, _v.i._ to set the teeth together and withdraw the lips: to smile with some accompanying distortion of the features, expressive of derision, stupid admiration, &c.--_v.t._ to express by grinning:--_pr.p._ grin'ning; _pa.p._ grinned.--_n._ act of grinning: a forced or sardonic smile.--_p.adj._ GRIN'NING, making grins. [A.S. _grennian_; Ice. _grenja_, Ger. _greinen_, Dut. _grijnen_, to grumble, Scot. _girn_; allied to Eng.

_groan_, Fr. _grogner_.]

GRIN, grin, _n._ a snare or trap. [A.S. _grin_.]

GRIND, gr[=i]nd, _v.t._ to reduce to powder by friction: to wear down or sharpen by rubbing: to rub together: to oppress or harass: to set in motion by a crank.--_v.i._ to be moved or rubbed together: to drudge at any tedious task: to read hard:--_pr.p._ gr[=i]nd'ing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ ground.--_n._ hard or distasteful work: laborious study for a special examination, &c.--_ns._ GRIND'ER, he who, or that which, grinds: a double or jaw tooth that grinds food: a coach or crammer of students for examination: a hard student; GRIND'ERY, a place where knives, &c., are ground, or where they are sold: shoemakers' materials; GRIND'ING, act or process of reducing to powder.--_p.adj._ harassing.--_n._ GRIND'STONE, a circular revolving stone for grinding or sharpening tools.--KEEP ONE'S NOSE TO THE GRINDSTONE, to subject one to severe continuous toil or punishment.--TAKE A GRINDER (_Dickens_), to put the left thumb to the nose, and to work a visionary coffee-mill round it with the right--a gesture of contempt. [A.S. _grindan_.]

GRINGO, gring'g[=o], _n._ an Englishman or American among Spanish-speaking Americans. [Sp. 'gibberish,' prob. _Griego_, Greek.]

GRIP, grip, _n._ a small ditch or trench, a drain.--Also GRIPE. [M. E.

_grip_, _grippe_; cf. Low Ger. _gruppe_.]

GRIP, grip, _n._ grasp or firm hold with the hand, &c.: the handle or part by which anything is grasped: a mode of grasping, a particular mode of grasping hands for mutual recognition, as by Freemasons: a clutching device connecting a car with a moving traction-cable: oppression: pinching distress.--_v.t._ to take fast hold of, to grasp or gripe:--_pr.p._ grip'ping; _pa.p._ gripped, gript.--_v.t._ GR[=I]PE, to grasp with the hand: to seize and hold fast: to squeeze: to give pain to the bowels.--_n._ fast hold, grasp: forcible retention: a griffin: a usurer: (_pl._) severe spasmodic pain in the intestines.--_n._ GR[=I]P'ER.--_p.adj._ GR[=I]P'ING, avaricious: of a pain that catches or seizes acutely.--_adv._ GR[=I]P'INGLY, in a griping or oppressive manner.--_ns._ GRIPPE, influenza or epidemic catarrh; GRIP'PER, one who, or that which, grips.--_adj._ GRIP'PLE (_Spens._), griping, grasping: greedy.--_n._ a gripe.--_n._ GRIP'-SACK, a hand-satchel.--LOSE ONE'S GRIP, to lose hold or control.

[A.S. _gripan_, _grap_, _gripen_; Ice. _gripa_, Ger. _grei'fen_, Dut.

_grijpen_; allied to grab.]

GRIQUA, grek'wa, _n._ one of a mixed race in South Africa, descended from Boer fathers and Hottentot or Bush women.

GRISAILLE, gr[=e]-z[=a]l', _n._ a style of decorative painting in grayish tints in imitation of bas-reliefs: a stained-glass window in this style.

[Fr.,--_gris_, gray.]

GRIS-AMBER, gris'-am'b[.e]r, _n._ (_Milt._)--ambergris.


GRISELDA, gris-el'da, _n._ a woman of exemplary gentleness and patience, from the name of the heroine of a tale retold by Boccaccio, Petrarch, and Chaucer (_Clerkes Tale_).

GRISEOUS, gris'[=e]-us, _adj._ bluish-gray.

GRISETTE, gri-zet', _n._ a gay young Frenchwoman of the lower class. [Fr.

_grisette_, a gray gown, which used to be worn by that class--_gris_, gray.]

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