FUERO, fw[=a]'r[=o], _n._ the constitution of certain practically autonomous states and communities in northern Spain and south-western France--the Basque provinces, Navarre, Bearn, &c.: modes and tenures of property, &c., nearly equivalent to the French customary law. [Sp.,--L.
FUFF, fuf, _n._ (_Scot._) a puff: the spitting of a cat: a burst of anger.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ to puff.--_adj._ FUFF'Y, light and soft.
FUGACIOUS, f[=u]-g[=a]'shus, _adj._ apt to flee away: fleeting.--_ns._ FUG[=A]'CIOUSNESS, FUGAC'ITY. [L. _fugax_, _fugacis_, from _fug[)e]re_, to flee.]
FUGITIVE, f[=u]j'i-tiv, _adj._ apt to flee away: uncertain: volatile: perishable: temporary: occasional, written for some passing occasion.--_n._ one who flees or has fled from his station or country: one hard to be caught.--_ns._ F[=U]'GIE (_Scot._), a cock that will not fight, a runaway; F[=U]'GIE-WARR'ANT, a warrant to apprehend a debtor about to abscond, prob.
from the phrase _in meditatione fugae_; FUGIT[=A]'TION (_Scots law_), absconding from justice: outlawry.--_adv._ FUG'ITIVELY.--_n._ FUG'ITIVENESS. [Fr.,--L. _fugitivus_, _fug[)e]re_, to flee.]
FUGLEMAN, f[=u]'gl-man, _n._ a soldier who stands before a company at drill as an example: a ringleader, mouthpiece of others.--_v.i._ F[=U]'GLE (_Carlyle_), to act like a fugleman. [Ger. _flugelmann_, the leader of a file--_flugel_, a wing, _mann_, man.]
FUGUE, f[=u]g, _n._ (_mus._) a form of composition in which the subject is given out by one part and immediately taken up by a second, its _answer_, during which the first part supplies an accompaniment or counter-subject, and so on.--_n._ FUG'UIST, one who writes or plays fugues. [Fr.,--It.
_fuga_--L. _fuga_, flight.]
FULCRUM, ful'krum, _n._ (_mech._) the prop or fixed point on which a lever moves: a prop:--_pl._ FUL'CRUMS, FUL'CRA.--_adj._ FUL'CRATE, supported with fulcrums. [L. _fulcrum_, a prop, _fulc[=i]re_, to prop.]
FULFIL, fool-fil', _v.t._ to complete: to accomplish: to carry into effect:--_pr.p._ fulfil'ling; _pa.p._ fulfilled'.--_ns._ FULFIL'LER; FULFIL'LING, FULFIL'MENT, full performance: completion: accomplishment.
[A.S. _fullfyllan_--_full_, full, _fyllan_, to fill.]
FULGENT, ful'jent, _adj._ shining: bright.--_n._ FUL'GENCY.--_adv._ FUL'GENTLY.--_adj._ FUL'GID, flashing.--_ns._ FUL'GOR, FUL'GOUR, splendour.--_adj._ FUL'GOROUS, flashing. [L. _fulgent_, pr.p. of _fulg[=e]re_, to shine.]
FULGURATE, ful'g[=u]-r[=a]t, _v.i._ to flash as lightning.--_adjs._ FUL'GURAL, pertaining to lightning; FUL'GURANT, flashing like lightning.--_ns._ FULGUR[=A]'TION, in assaying, the sudden and final brightening of the fused globule; FUL'GUR[=I]TE, a tube of vitrified sand frequent in loose sandhills--prob. due to lightning--_adj._ FUL'GUROUS, resembling lightning.
FULHAM, ful'am, _n._ a die loaded at the corner.--Also FULL'AM, FULL'AN.
[Prob. the place-name _Fulham_.]
FULIGINOUS, f[=u]-lij'i-nus, _adj._ sooty: smoky.--_n._ FULIGINOS'ITY.--_adv._ FULIG'INOUSLY. [L., _fuligo_, soot.]
FULL, fool, _adj._ having all it can contain: having no empty space: abundantly supplied or furnished: abounding: containing the whole matter: complete: perfect: strong: clear: (_coll._) drunk: at poker, consisting of three of a kind and a pair.--_n._ completest extent, as of the moon: highest degree: the whole: time of full-moon.--_v.t._ to draw up or pucker the cloth on one side more than on the other.--_adv._ quite: to the same degree: with the whole effect: completely.--_adjs._ FULL'-[=A]'CORNED (_Shak._), full-fed with acorns; FULL'-AGED, having reached one's majority.--_n._ FULL'-BLOOD, an individual of pure blood.--_adjs._ FULL'-BLOOD'ED; FULL'-BLOOMED, in perfect bloom; FULL'-BLOWN, blown or fully expanded, as a flower; FULL'-BOTT'OMED, having a full or large bottom, as a wig.--_n._ FULL'-DRESS, the dress worn on occasions of state or ceremony.--_adjs._ FULL'-EYED, with large prominent eyes; FULL'-FACED, having a full or broad face; FULL'-FED, fed to plumpness; FULL'-FRAUGHT (_Shak._), full-stored; FULL'-GROWN, grown to maturity; FULL'-HAND'ED, bearing something valuable, as a gift; FULL'-HEART'ED, full of heart or courage: elated; FULL'-HOT (_Shak._), heated to the utmost; FULL'-LENGTH, extending the whole length (_n._ a portrait showing such); FULL-MANNED (_Shak._), having a full crew.--_ns._ FULL'-MOON, the moon with its whole disc illuminated, when opposite the sun; FULL'NESS, FUL'NESS, the state of being filled so as to have no part vacant: the state of abounding in anything: completeness: satiety: largeness: force and volume, as of sound: (_Shak._) plenty, wealth.--_adjs._ FULL'-ORBED, having the orb or disc fully illuminated, as the full-moon: round; FULL'-SAILED, unbounded, absolute: moving onwards under full sail; FULL-SPLIT (_slang_), with all one's might or speed; FULL'-SUMMED, complete in all its parts.--_n._ FULL'-SWING, the full extent or utmost limit.--_adj._ FULL'-WINGED (_Shak._), having perfect or strong wings.--_adv._ FULL'Y, completely: entirely.--FULL BACK (_football_), see BACK.--AT THE FULL, at the height, as of one's good fortune, &c.; IN FULL, without reduction; IN THE FULLNESS OF TIME, at the proper or destined time.--TO THE FULL, in full measure, completely. [A.S. _full_; Goth. _fulls_, Ice. _fullr_, Ger. _voll_.]
FULL, fool, _v.t._ to press or pound cloth in a mill: to scour and thicken in a mill.--_ns._ FULL'AGE, the charge for fulling cloth; FULL'ER, a bleacher or cleanser of cloth; FULLER'S-EARTH, a soft earth or clay, capable of absorbing grease, used in fulling or bleaching cloth; FULLER'S-THISTLE, -WEED, the teasel; FULL'ERY, the place or works where fulling of cloth is carried on; FULL'ING-MILL, a mill in which woollen cloth is fulled. [O. Fr. _fuler_--Low L. _full[=a]re_--L. _fullo_, a cloth-fuller.]
FULLER, fool'er, _n._ a half-round set-hammer.
FULMAR, ful'mar, _n._ a species of petrel inhabiting the Shetland Isles, &c., valuable for its down, feathers, and oil. [Perh. Norse _full_, foul.]
FULMINATE, ful'min-[=a]t, _v.i._ to thunder or make a loud noise: to issue decrees with violence, or with menaces of grave censure.--_v.t._ to cause to explode: to send forth, as a denunciation--(_Milt._) FUL'MINE.--_n._ a compound of fulminic acid with mercury, &c.--_adj._ FUL'MINANT, fulminating: (_path._) developing suddenly.--_n._ a thunderbolt, explosive.--_adj._ FUL'MINATING, crackling, exploding, detonating.--_n._ FULMIN[=A]'TION, act of fulminating, thundering, or issuing forth: a chemical explosion: a denunciation.--_adjs._ FUL'MINATORY; FULMIN'EOUS, FUL'MINOUS, pertaining to thunder and lightning; FULMIN'IC, pertaining to an acid used in preparing explosive compounds. [L. _fulmin[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_fulmen_ (for _fulgimen_), lightning--_fulg[=e]re_, to shine.]
FULSOME, fool'sum, _adj._ cloying or causing surfeit: nauseous: offensive: gross: disgustingly fawning.--_adj._ FUL'SOMELY.--_n._ FUL'SOMENESS. [A.S.
_full_, full, and affix _-some_.]
FULVOUS, ful'vus, _adj._ deep or dull yellow: tawny.--Also FUL'VID. [L.
FUM, fum, _n._ a fabulous Chinese bird, one of the symbols of imperial dignity.--Also FUNG.
FUMACIOUS, f[=u]-m[=a]'shi-us, _adj._ smoky: fond of smoking.
FUMADO, f[=u]-m[=a]'do, _n._ a smoked fish, esp. a pilchard. [Sp.,--L.
_fum[=a]re_, to smoke.]
FUMAGE, f[=u]m'[=a]j, _n._ hearth-money.
FUMAROLE, f[=u]m'a-r[=o]l, _n._ a smoke-hole in a volcano or sulphur-mine.
[Fr. _fumerole_--L. _fumus_, smoke.]
FUMBLE, fum'bl, _v.i._ to grope about awkwardly: to handle awkwardly: to stammer in speech: to find by groping.--_v.t._ to manage awkwardly.--_n._ FUM'BLER.--_adv._ FUM'BLINGLY. [Dut. _fommelen_, to fumble; cf. Dan.
_famle_, Ice. _falma_, to grope about.]
FUME, f[=u]m, _n._ smoke or vapour: any volatile matter: heat of mind, rage, a passionate person: anything unsubstantial, vain conceit.--_v.i._ to smoke: to throw off vapour: to be in a rage: to offer incense to.--_n._ FUM'ATORY, a place for smoking or fumigation.--_adjs._ F[=U]'MID, smoky; FUMIF'EROUS, producing fumes.--_n._ FUMOS'ITY, quality of being fumous: (_pl._) the fumes arising from over eating or drinking.--_adjs._ FUM'OUS, FUMOSE', FUM'Y, producing fumes. [O. Fr. _fum_--L. _fumus_, smoke.]
FUMET, f[=u]'met, _n._ the dung of deer, hares, &c. [O. Fr. _fumets_, _fumer_--L. _fim[=a]re_, to dung.]
FUMETTE, f[=u]-met', _n._ the scent of game when high.--Also FUMET'. [Fr.]
FUMIGATE, f[=u]m'i-g[=a]t, _v.t._ to expose to smoke or gas, to expose to fumes, as of sulphur, for purposes of disinfecting: to perfume.--_ns._ FUMIG[=A]'TION, act of fumigating or of applying purifying smoke, &c., to; FUM'IGATOR, a brazier for burning disinfectants, &c.--_adj._ FUM'IGATORY.
[L. _fumig[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_.]
FUMITORY, f[=u]m'i-to-ri, _n._ a plant of a disagreeable smell.--_n._ FUM'ITER (_Shak._). [O. Fr. _fume-terre_, earth-smoke--L. _fumus_, smoke, _terra_, earth.]
FUMMEL. Same as FUNNEL.
FUN, fun, _n._ merriment: sport.--BE GREAT FUN, to be very amusing; IN FUN, in joke, not seriously; LIKE FUN (_coll._), in a rapid manner; NOT TO SEE THE FUN OF, not to take as a joke. [Prob. a form of obs. _fon_, to befool.
Skeat refers to Ir. _fonn_, delight.]
FUNAMBULATE, f[=u]-nam'b[=u]-l[=a]t, _v.i._ to walk on a rope.--_ns._ FUNAMBUL[=A]'TION; FUNAM'BULATOR, FUNAM'BULUS, FUNAM'BULIST, a rope-walker.--_adj._ FUNAM'BULATORY. [L. _funis_, a rope, _ambul[=a]re_, to walk.]
FUNCTION, fungk'shun, _n._ the doing of a thing: duty peculiar to any office: faculty, exercise of faculty: the peculiar office of any part of the body or mind: power: a solemn service: (_math._) a quantity so connected with another that any change in the one produces a corresponding change in the other: the technical term in physiology for the vital activity of organ, tissue, or cell.--_adj._ FUNC'TIONAL, pertaining to or performed by functions--opp. to _Organic_ or _Structural_.--_vs.t._ FUNC'TIONALISE, FUNC'TIONATE.--_adv._ FUNC'TIONALLY.--_n._ FUNC'TIONARY, one who discharges any duty: one who holds an office.--_adj._ FUNC'TIONLESS, having no function. [O. Fr.,--L. _function-em_--_fungi_, _functus_, to perform.]
FUND, fund, _n._ a sum of money on which some enterprise is founded or expense supported: a supply or source of money: a store laid up: supply: (_pl._) permanent debts due by a government and paying interest.--_v.t._ to form a debt into a stock charged with interest: to place money in a fund.--_adj._ FUND'ABLE, capable of being converted into a fund or into bonds.--_p.adj._ FUND'ED, invested in public funds: existing in the form of bonds.--_n._ FUND'HOLD'ER, one who has money in the public funds.--_adj._ FUND'LESS, destitute of supplies or money. [Fr. _fond_--L. _fundus_, the bottom.]
FUNDAMENTAL, fun-da-ment'al, _adj._ essential, basal, primary: important.--_n._ that which serves as a groundwork: an essential.--_ns._ FUND'AMENT, the lower part or seat of the body; FUNDAMENTAL'ITY.--_adv._ FUNDAMENT'ALLY. [Fr.,--L. _fundamentum_, _fund[=a]re_, to found.]
FUNDUS, fun'dus, _n._ the bottom of anything: (_anat._) the rounded base of a hollow organ. [L.]
FUNERAL, f[=u]'n[.e]r-al, _n._ burial: the ceremony, &c., connected with burial.--_adj._ pertaining to or used at a burial.--_adjs._ FUN[=E]B'RIAL, FUN[=E]B'RAL, FUN[=E]B'RIOUS; F[=U]'NERARY, FUN[=E]R'EAL, pertaining to or suiting a funeral: dismal: mournful. [O. Fr.,--Low L. _funeralis_--L.
_funus_, _fun[)e]ris_, a funeral procession.]
FUNEST, f[=u]-nest', _adj._ causing or portending death, lamentable.
[Fr.,--L. _funestus_, destructive.]
FUNGIBLES, fun'ji-blz, _n.pl._ (_law_) movable effects which perish by being used, and which are estimated by weight, number, and measure. [Low L.
_fungibilis_--L. _fungi_, to perform. See FUNCTION.]
FUNGUS, fung'gus, _n._ one of the lowest of the great groups of cellular cryptogams, including mushrooms, toadstools, mould, &c.: proud-flesh formed on wounds:--_pl._ FUNGI (fun'j[=i]), or FUNGUSES (fung'gus-ez).--_adjs._ FUNG'AL, FUNG[=A]'CEOUS, like a fungus; FUN'GIC ('jik), FUN'GIFORM, having the form of a fungus; FUNGIV'OROUS, feeding on mushrooms; FUNG'OID, resembling a mushroom.--_ns._ FUNGOL'OGIST, a student of fungi; FUNGOL'OGY, the science of fungi; FUNGOS'ITY, quality of being fungous.--_adj._ FUNG'OUS, of or like fungus: soft: spongy: growing suddenly: ephemeral. [L.
_fungus_, a mushroom--Gr. _sphonggos_, _sponggos_, a sponge.]
FUNICLE, f[=u]'ni-kl, _n._ a small cord or ligature: a fibre.--_adj._ F[=U]NIC'[=U]LAR.--_n._ F[=U]NIC'[=U]LUS, the umbilical cord.--FUNICULAR RAILWAY, a cable-railway, esp. one ascending a hill. [L. _funiculus_, dim.
of _funis_, a cord.]