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FROND, frond, _n._ (_bot._) a leaf-like expansion in many cryptogamous plants, organs in which the functions of stem and leaf are combined.--_adjs._ FROND'ED, having fronds; FROND'ENT, leafy.--_n._ FRONDES'CENCE, act of putting forth leaves: the season for putting forth leaves.--_adjs._ FRONDES'CENT, springing into leaf; FRONDIF'EROUS, bearing or producing fronds; FRONDOSE', covered with fronds. [L. _frons_, _frondis_, a leaf.]

FRONDE, frond, _n._ the name given to certain factions in France during the minority of Louis XIV., hostile to the court and the minister Mazarin.--_n._ FROND'EUR, a member of the Fronde: an irreconcilable. [Fr., a sling--L. _funda_.]

FRONT, frunt, _n._ the forehead: the whole face: the forepart of anything: a kind of wig worn by ladies: the most conspicuous part: boldness: impudence.--_adj._ of, relating to, or in the front.--_v.t._ to stand in front of or opposite: to oppose face to face.--_v.i._ to stand in front or foremost: to turn the front or face in any direction.--_n._ FRONT'AGE, the front part of a building.--_adj._ FRONT'AL, of or belonging to the front or forehead.--_n._ a front-piece: something worn on the forehead or face: (_archit._) a pediment over a door or window: a hanging of silk, satin, &c., embroidered for an altar--now usually covering only the top, the _superfrontal_--formerly covering the whole of the front, corresponding to the _antependium_.--_adjs._ FRONT'ATE, -D (_bot._), growing broader and broader: (_zool._) having a prominent frons or forehead; FRONT'ED, formed with a front; FRONT'LESS, void of shame or modesty.--_adv._ FRONT'LESSLY.--_n._ FRONT'LET, a band worn on the forehead.--_advs._ FRONT'WARD, -S, towards the front.--COME TO THE FRONT, to become conspicuous: to attain an important position; IN FRONT OF, before. [O.

Fr.,--L. _frons_, _frontis_, the forehead.]

FRONTIER, front'[=e]r, _n._ the boundary of a territory: (_Shak._) an outwork.--_adj._ lying on the frontier: bordering.--_v.t._ (_Spens._) to place on the frontier.--_n._ FRONT'IERSMAN, one settled on the borders of a country. [O. Fr. _frontier_--L. _frons_.]

FRONTISPIECE, front'i-sp[=e]s, _n._ (_archit._) the principal face of a building: a figure or engraving in front of a book.--_v.t._ to put as a frontispiece, to furnish with such. [Fr.,--Low L. _frontispicium_--frons, forehead, _spec[)e]re_, to see; not conn. with _piece_.]

FRONTON, fron'ton, _n._ (_archit._) a pediment.--Also FRON'TOON. [Fr.]

FRORE, fr[=o]r, FROREN, fr[=o]'ren, _adj._ frozen, frosty.--_adj._ FR[=O]'RY (_Spens._), frozen. [A.S. _froren_, pa.p. of _freosan_, to freeze.]

FROST, frost, _n._ the state of the atmosphere in which water freezes: state of being frozen: frozen dew, also called _hoar-frost_: (_slang_) a disappointment, a cheat.--_v.t._ to cover with hoar-frost or with anything resembling hoar-frost: to sharpen (the points of a horse's shoe) that it may not slip on ice.--_n._ FROST'-BITE, the freezing or depression of vitality in a part of the body by exposure to cold.--_v.t._ to affect with frost.--_adjs._ FROST'-BIT'TEN, bitten or affected by frost; FROST'-BOUND, bound or confined by frost; FROST'ED, covered by frost or any fine powder: injured by frost.--_adv._ FROST'ILY.--_ns._ FROST'INESS; FROST'ING, the composition, resembling hoar-frost, used to cover cake, &c.--_adj._ FROST'LESS, free from frost.--_n._ FROST'-NAIL, a projecting nail in a horse-shoe serving as an ice-calk.--_v.t._ to put in such nails.--_ns._ FROST'-SMOKE, vapour frozen in the atmosphere, and having a smoke-like appearance; FROST'-WORK, work resembling hoar-frost on shrubs, &c.--_adj._ FROST'Y, producing or containing frost: chill in affection: frost-like.

[A.S. _frost_, _forst_--_freosan_; cf. Ger. _frost_.]

FROTH, froth, _n._ the foam on liquids caused by boiling, or any agitation: (_fig._) an empty show in speech: any light matter.--_v.t._ to cause froth on.--_v.i._ to throw up froth.--_ns._ FROTH'ERY, mere froth; FROTH'-FLY, also FROTH'-HOP'PER, FROG'-HOP'PER, FROG'-SPIT, common names for numerous insects parasitic on plants, on which the larvae and pupae are found surrounded by a frothy spittle.--_adv._ FROTH'ILY.--_n._ FROTH'INESS.--_adjs._ FROTH'LESS, free from froth; FROTH'Y, full of froth or foam: empty: unsubstantial. [Scand., as in Ice. _froa_, Dan. _fraade_.]

FROUNCE, frowns, _v.t._ to plait: to curl: to wrinkle up: to frown.--_n._ a plait or curl.--_v.i._ (_obs._) to frown or wrinkle the brow. [O. Fr.

_froncier_. See FLOUNCE (2), of which it is an older form.]

FROW, frow, _n._ a Dutchwoman. [Dut. _vrouw_.]

FROWARD, fr[=o]'ward, _adj._ (_Spens._) turned from: self-willed: perverse: unreasonable--opp. to _Toward_.--_adv._ FR[=O]'WARDLY.--_n._ FR[=O]'WARDNESS. [A.S. _fra_, away, with affix _-ward_.]

FROWN, frown, _v.i._ to wrinkle the brow as in anger: to look angry.--_v.t._ to repel by a frown.--_n._ a wrinkling or contraction of the brow in displeasure, &c.: a stern look.--_adj._ FROWN'ING, gloomy.--_adv._ FROWN'INGLY. [From O. Fr. _froignier_ (mod. _refrogner_), to knit the brow; origin unknown.]

FROWY, frow'i, _adj._ (_Spens._) musty, rancid.

FROWZY, frow'zi, _adj._ rough and tangled.--Also FROW'SY. [Perh. conn. with _frounce_.]

FROZEN, fr[=o]z'n, _pa.p._ of _freeze_.

FRUCTIDOR, fruk-ti-d[=o]r', _n._ the twelfth month in the French revolutionary calendar, Aug. 18-Sept. 16. [Fr.,--L. _fructus_, fruit; Gr.

_d[=o]ron_, a gift.]

FRUCTIFY, fruk'ti-f[=i], _v.t._ to make fruitful: to fertilise.--_v.i._ to bear fruit.--_adj._ FRUCT'ED (_her._), bearing fruit.--_n._ FRUCTES'CENCE, the time for the ripening of fruit.--_adj._ FRUCTIF'EROUS, bearing fruit.--_ns._ FRUCTIFIC[=A]'TION, act of fructifying, or producing fruit: (_bot._) a term denoting sometimes the whole reproductive system, sometimes the 'fruit' itself; FRUC'TOSE, fruit sugar or levulose; FRUC'TUARY, one enjoying the fruits of anything.--_adj._ FRUC'TUOUS, full of fruit.

[Fr.,--L.,--_fructus_, fruit.]

FRUGAL, fr[=oo]'gal, _adj._ economical in the use of means: thrifty.--_ns._ FRU'GALIST, one who is frugal; FRUGAL'ITY, economy: thrift.--_adv._ FRU'GALLY. [L. _frugalis_--_frugi_, fit for food--_frux_, _frugis_, fruit.]

FRUGIFEROUS, fr[=oo]-jif'[.e]r-us, _adj._ fruit-bearing.--_adj._ FRUGIV'OROUS, feeding on fruits or seeds. [L. _frux_, _frugis_--_ferre_, to carry, _vor[=a]re_, to eat.]

FRUIT, fr[=oo]t, _n._ the produce of the earth, which supplies the wants of men and animals: the part of a plant which contains the seed: the offspring of animals: product, consequence, effect, advantage--(_Spens._) FRUICT.--_v.i._ to produce fruit.--_ns._ FRUIT'AGE, fruit collectively: fruits; FRUIT'-BUD, a bud that produces fruit; FRUIT'-CAKE, a cake containing raisins, &c.; FRUIT'ERER, one who deals in fruit:--_fem._ FRUIT'ERESS; FRUIT'ERY, a place for storing fruit: fruitage.--_adj._ FRUIT'FUL, producing fruit abundantly: productive.--_adv._ FRUIT'FULLY.--_ns._ FRUIT'FULNESS; FRUIT'ING, process of bearing fruit; FRUIT'-KNIFE, a knife with a blade of silver, &c., for cutting fruit.--_adj._ FRUIT'LESS, barren: without profit: useless.--_adv._ FRUIT'LESSLY.--_ns._ FRUIT'LESSNESS; FRUIT'-TREE, a tree yielding edible fruit.--_adj._ FRUIT'Y, like, or tasting like, fruit.--SMALL FRUITS, strawberries, currants, &c. [O. Fr. _fruit_, _fruict_--L.

_fructus_--_frui_, _fructus_, to enjoy.]

FRUITION, fr[=oo]-ish'un, _n._ enjoyment: use or possession of anything, esp. accompanied with pleasure.--_adj._ FRU'ITIVE, of or pertaining to fruition. [O. Fr. _fruition_--L. _frui_, to enjoy.]

FRUMENTATION, fr[=oo]-men-t[=a]'shun, _n._ a largess of grain bestowed on the starving or turbulent people in ancient Rome.--_adjs._ FRUMENT[=A]'CEOUS, made of or resembling wheat or other grain; FRUMENT[=A]'RIOUS, pertaining to corn. [L.

_frumentation-em_--_frument[=a]ri_, to provide with corn--_frumentum_, corn.]

FRUMENTY, fr[=oo]'men-ti, _n._ food made of hulled wheat boiled in milk.--Also FUR'METY. [O. Fr. _frumentee_, wheat boiled--_frument_--L.


FRUMP, frump, _n._ a dowdy and cross-grained woman: (_obs._) a flout or snub.--_v.t._ (_obs._) to snub.--_adjs._ FRUMP'ISH, FRUMP'Y, sour-tempered: ill-dressed.

FRUMPLE, frum'pl, _v.t._ (_prov._) to wrinkle.

FRUSH, frush, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to break, bruise, or crush.--_adj._ broken or crushed: brittle.--_n._ an onset, attack. [O. Fr. _froissier_, to bruise--L. _frustum_, fragment.]

FRUSH, frush, _n._ (_prov._) the frog of a horse's foot: a disease in that part of a horse's foot.

FRUSTRATE, frus'tr[=a]t, _v.t._ to make vain or of no effect: to bring to nothing: to defeat.--_p.adj._ vain, ineffectual, defeated.--_adj._ FRUS'TRABLE, capable of being frustrated.--_n._ FRUSTR[=A]'TION, disappointment: defeat.--_adjs._ FRUS'TRATIVE, tending to frustrate; FRUS'TRATORY, disappointing. [L. _frustr[=a]ri_, _frustr[=a]tus_--_frustra_, in vain.]

FRUSTULE, frus't[=u]l, _n._ the siliceous two-valved shell of a diatom, with its contents.

FRUSTUM, frus'tum, _n._ a slice of a solid body: the part of a cone which remains when the top is cut off by a plane parallel to the base. [L.

_frustum_, a bit.]

FRUTESCENT, fr[=oo]-tes'ent, _adj._ becoming shrubby; FRU'TEX, a shrub.--_adjs._ FRU'TICOSE, FRU'TICOUS, shrub-like: shrubby; FRUTIC'ULOSE, like a small shrub. [L. _frutesc[)e]re_--_frutex_, _fruticis_, a shrub.]

FRUTIFY, fr[=oo]'ti-f[=i], _v.t._ and _v.i._ (_Shak._)=FRUCTIFY.

FRY, fr[=i], _v.t._ to dress food with oil or fat in a pan over the fire: to vex.--_v.i._ to undergo the action of heat in a frying-pan: to simmer: (_Spens._) to boil:--_pr.p._ fry'ing; _pa.p._ fried.--_n._ a dish of anything fried.--_n._ FRY'ING-PAN, a flat iron vessel or pan for frying with.--OUT OF THE FRYING-PAN INTO THE FIRE, out of one evil or danger merely to fall into a greater. [Fr. _frire_--L. _frig[)e]re_; cf. Gr.


FRY, fr[=i], _n._ a swarm of fishes just spawned: a number of small things.--SMALL FRY, small things collectively, persons or things of little importance. [M. E. _fri_--Ice. _frio_; Dan. and Sw. _fro_.]

FUAR. Same as FEUAR.

FUB, fub, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to put off, to cheat: to steal.--_n._ FUB'BERY (_obs._), deception.--FUB OFF, to put off or evade by a trick or a lie.

[See FOB.]

FUBBY, fub'i, FUBSY, fub'zi, _adj._ chubby. [Ety. dub.]

FUCHSIA, f[=u]'shi-a, a plant with long pendulous flowers, native to South America. [Named after Leonard _Fuchs_, a German botanist, 1501-66.]

FUCUS, f[=u]'kus, _n._ a genus of seaweed containing the wrack and other species: a dye: a disguise.--_adj._ FUCIV'OROUS, eating seaweed.--_n._ F[=U]'COID, fossil seaweed.--_adj._ containing fucoids.--_adj._ F[=U]'CUSED, painted. [L. _fucus_, seaweed.]

FUD, fud, _n._ (_Scot._) a hare's tail: the buttocks.

FUDDLE, fud'l, _v.t._ to stupefy with drink.--_v.i._ to drink to excess or habitually:--_pr.p._ fudd'ling; _pa.p._ fudd'led.--_n._ intoxicating drink.--_ns._ FUDD'LE-CAP, a hard drinker; FUDD'LER, a drunkard.--_adj._ FUDD'LING, tippling. [Cf. Dut. _vod_, soft, Ger. prov. _fuddeln_, to swindle.]

FUDGE, fuj, _n._ stuff: nonsense: an exclamation of contempt.--_v.i._ and _v.t._ to botch or bungle anything.--_adj._ FUD'GY, irritable: awkward.

FUEL, f[=u]'el, _n._ anything that feeds a fire, supplies energy, &c.--_v.t._ (_arch._) to furnish with fuel.--_adj._ F[=U]'ELLED, furnished with fuel.--_n._ F[=U]'ELLER, one who, or that which, supplies fuel for fires. [O. Fr. _fowaille_--L. _focale_--L. _focus_, a fireplace.]

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