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FUNK, fungk, _n._ (_coll._) abject terror or fright.--_v.i._ and _v.t._ to shrink through fear: to shirk.--_adj._ FUNK'Y.

FUNK, fungk, _n._ touchwood: a spark. [Cf. Dut. _vonk_.]

FUNK, fungk, _v.t._ to stifle with smoke. [Ety. dub.]

FUNKIA, funk'i-a, _n._ a genus of _Liliaceae_ allied to the day lilies, native to China. [From the German botanist, H. C. _Funck_, 1771-1839.]

FUNNEL, fun'el, _n._ a tube or passage for the escape of smoke, &c.: an instrument (smaller at one end than the other) for pouring fluids into bottles, &c.--_adj._ FUNN'ELLED, provided with a funnel.--_n._ FUNN'EL-NET, a net shaped like a funnel. [Prob. through Fr. from L.

_infundibulum_--_fund[)e]re_, to pour.]

FUNNEL, fun'el, _n._ (_prov._) the offspring of a stallion and a she-ass.--Also FUMM'EL.

FUNNY, fun'i, _adj._ full of fun: droll: perplexing, odd.--_adv._ FUNN'ILY.--_ns._ FUNN'INESS, FUNN'IMENT.--FUNNY BONE, a popular name given to what is really the comparatively unprotected ulnar nerve, which, when struck by a blow, shoots a singular tingling sensation down the forearm to the fingers; FUNNY MAN, the clown in a circus.

FUNNY, fun'i, _n._ a light clinker-built pleasure-boat, with a pair of sculls.

FUR, fur, _n._ the short, fine hair of certain animals: their skins with the fur prepared for garments: rabbits, hares, as opposed to partridges, pheasants (feathers): (_Milt._) kind or class, from the idea of particular furs being worn by way of distinction: a fur-like coating on the tongue, the interior of boilers, &c.--_v.t._ to line with fur: to cover with morbid fur-like matter:--_pr.p._ fur'ring; _pa.p._ furred.--_adj._ FURRED, made of fur, provided with fur.--_ns._ FUR'RIER, a dealer in furs and fur goods; FUR'RIERY, furs in general: trade in furs; FUR'RING, fur trimmings: a coating on the tongue: strips of wood fastened on joists, &c., to make a level surface or provide an air-space: strips of wood nailed on a wall to carry lath.--_adj._ FUR'RY, consisting of, covered with, or dressed in fur.

[O. Fr. _forre_, _fuerre_, sheath.]

FURACIOUS, f[=u]-r[=a]'shus, _adj._ thievish.--_ns._ FUR[=A]'CIOUSNESS, FURAC'ITY.

FURBELOW, fur'be-l[=o], _n._ the plaited border of a gown or petticoat, a flounce. [Fr., It., and Sp. _falbala_; of unknown origin. The word simulates an English form--_fur-below_.]

FURBISH, fur'bish, _v.t._ to purify or polish: to rub up until bright: to renovate. [O. Fr. _fourbiss-_, _fourbir_, from Old High Ger. _furban_, to purify.]

FURCATE, fur'k[=a]t, _adj._ forked: branching like the prongs of a fork--also FUR'CATED.--_ns._ FURC[=A]'TION, a forking or branching out; FUR'CIFER, a genus of South American deer with furcate antlers.--_adjs._ FURCIF'EROUS, of insects bearing a forked appendage; FUR'CIFORM, fork-shaped.--_n._ FUR'C[=U]LA, the united pair of clavicles of a bird, forming a single forked bone--the merry-thought.--_adj._ FUR'CULAR, furcate: shaped like a fork. [L., from _furca_, a fork.]

FURFUR, fur'fur, _n._ dandruff, scurf--also FUR'FAIR.--_adj._ FURF[=U]R[=A]'CEOUS, branny: scaly--also FUR'F[=U]ROUS.--_n._ FURF[=U]R[=A]'TION, the falling of scurf. [L.]

FURFUROL, fur'fur-ol, _n._ a volatile oil obtained when wheat-bran, sugar, or starch is acted on by dilute sulphuric acid. [L. _furfur_, bran.]

FURIOUS, f[=u]'ri-us, _adj._ full of fury: violent.--_adj._ F[=U]'RIBUND, raging.--_ns._ FURIOS'ITY, madness; FURI[=O]'SO, a furious person.--_adv._ F[=U]'RIOUSLY.--_n._ F[=U]'RIOUSNESS. [O. Fr. _furieus_--L.

_furi[=o]sus_--_furia_, rage.]

FURL, furl, _v.t._ to draw or roll up, as a sail. [Contr. of obs. _furdle_, from _fardel_.]

FURLONG, fur'long, _n._ 40 poles: one-eighth of a mile. [A.S.

_furlang_--_furh_, furrow, _lang_, long.]

FURLOUGH, fur'l[=o], _n._ leave of absence.--_v.t._ to grant leave of absence. [Dut. _verlof_; cf. Ger. _verlaub_.]


FURNACE, fur'n[=a]s, _n._ an oven or enclosed fireplace for melting ores and other purposes: a time or place of grievous affliction or torment.--_v.t._ to exhale like a furnace: to subject to the heat of a furnace. [O. Fr. _fornais_--L. _fornax_--_fornus_, an oven.]

FURNIMENT, fur'ni-ment, _n._ (_Spens._). Same as FURNITURE.

FURNISH, fur'nish, _v.t._ to fit up or supply completely, or with what is necessary: to equip (_with_).--_adj._ FUR'NISHED, stocked with furniture.--_n._ FUR' FUR'NISHINGS, fittings of any kind, esp. articles of furniture, &c., within a house: (_Shak._) any incidental part.--_n._ FUR'NISHMENT. [O. Fr. _furniss-_, _furnir_--Old High Ger.

_frummjan_, to do.]

FURNITURE, fur'ni-t[=u]r, _n._ movables, either for use or ornament, with which a house is equipped: equipage, the trappings of a horse, &c.: decorations: the necessary appendages in some arts, &c.: (_print._) the pieces of wood or metal put round pages of type to make proper margins and fill the spaces between the pages and the chase. [Fr. _fourniture_.]

FUROR, f[=u]'ror, _n._ fury: excitement, enthusiasm.--Also FUR[=O]'RE. [L.]

FURROW, fur'[=o], _n._ the trench made by a plough: any groove: a wrinkle on the face.--_v.t._ to form furrows in: to groove: to wrinkle.--_n._ FURR'OW-WEED (_Shak._), a weed on ploughed land.---_adj._ FURR'OWY. [A.S.

_furh_; cf. Ger. _furche_, L. _porca_.]

FURTHER, fur'th[.e]r, _adv._ to a greater distance or degree: in addition.--_adj._ more distant: additional.--_adv._ FUR'THERMORE, in addition to what has been said, moreover, besides.--_adjs._ FUR'THERMOST, most remote; FUR'THERSOME, tending to further or promote.--_adv._ FUR'THEST, at the greatest distance.--_adj._ most distant.--WISH ONE FURTHER, to wish one somewhere else than here and now. [A.S. _furor_, a comp. of _fore_, with comp. suff.]

FURTHER, fur'_th_[.e]r, _v.t._ to help forward, promote.--_ns._ FUR'THERANCE, a helping forward; FUR'THERER, a promoter, advancer.--_adj._ FUR'THERSOME, helpful. [A.S. _fyrran_.]

FURTIVE, fur'tiv, _adj._ stealthy: secret.--_adv._ FUR'TIVELY. [Fr.,--L.

_furtivus_--_fur_, a thief.]

FURUNCLE, f[=u]'rung-kl, _n._ an inflammatory tumour.--_adjs._ FURUN'CULAR, FURUN'CULOUS. [L. _furunculus_.]

FURY, f[=u]'ri, _n._ rage: violent passion: madness: (_myth._) one of the three goddesses of fate and vengeance, the Erinyes, or euphemistically Eumenides--Tisiphone, Alecto, and Megaera--hence a passionate, violent woman. [Fr. _furie_--L. _furia_--_fur[)e]re_, to be angry.]

FURZE, furz, _n._ the whin or gorse, a prickly evergreen bush with beautiful yellow flowers.--_adjs._ FURZ'Y, FURZ'EN, overgrown with furze.

[A.S. _fyrs_.]

FUSAROLE, f[=u]'sa-r[=o]l, _n._ (_archit._) an astragal.--Also F[=U]'SAROL.

[Fr.,--L. _fusus_, spindle.]

FUSCOUS, fus'kus, _adj._ brown: dingy--(_Charles Lamb_) FUSC. [L. _fuscus_, akin to _furvus_.]

FUSE, f[=u]z, _v.t._ to melt: to liquefy by heat.--_v.i._ to be melted: to be reduced to a liquid.--_n._ FUSIBIL'ITY.--adjs. F[=U]'SIBLE, that may be fused or melted--(_Milt._) F[=U]'SILE, F[=U]'SIL.--_ns._ F[=U]'SING-POINT, the temperature at which any solid substance becomes liquid; F[=U]'SION, act of melting: the state of fluidity from heat: a close union of things, as if melted together.--AQUEOUS FUSION, the melting of certain crystals by heat in their own water of crystallisation; DRY FUSION, the liquefaction produced in salts by heat after the water of crystallisation has been expelled; IGNEOUS FUSION, the melting of anhydrous salts by heat without decomposition. [L. _fund[)e]re_, _fusum_, to melt.]

FUSE, f[=u]z, _n._ a tube filled with combustible matter for firing mines, discharging shells, &c. [It. _fuso_--L. _fusus_, a spindle.]

FUSEE, FUZEE, f[=u]-z[=e]', _n._ the spindle in a watch or clock on which the chain is wound: a match used for lighting a pipe or cigar in the open air: a fuse: a fusil.--_adj._ F[=U]'SIFORM, spindle-shaped: tapering at each end. [O. Fr. _fusee_, a spindleful--Low L. _fusata_--L. _fusus_, a spindle.]

FUSEL-OIL, f[=u]'zel-oil, _n._ a nauseous oil in spirits distilled from potatoes, barley, &c. [Ger. _fusel_, bad spirits.]

FUSIL, f[=u]'zil, _n._ a flint-lock musket. [O. Fr. _fuisil_, a flint-musket, same as It. _focile_--Low L. _focile_, steel (to strike fire with), dim. of L. _focus_, a fireplace.]

FUSIL, f[=u]'zil, _n._ (_her._) an elongated rhomboidal figure. [O. Fr.

_fusel_--L. _fusus_, a spindle.]

FUSILIER, FUSILEER, f[=u]-zil-[=e]r', _n._ formerly a soldier armed with a fusil, now simply a historical title borne by a few regiments of the British army (Northumberland, Royal Scots, &c.).

FUSILLADE, f[=u]z'il-[=a]d, _n._ a simultaneous or continuous discharge of firearms.--_v.t._ to shoot down by a simultaneous discharge of firearms.--_n._ FUSILL[=A]'TION, death by shooting. [Fr.,--_fusil_, a musket.]

FUSS, fus, _n._ a bustle or tumult: haste, flurry.--_v.i._ to be in a bustle.--_adv._ FUSS'ILY.--_n._ FUSS'INESS, a needless state of bustle.--adj. FUSS'Y. [Imit.]

FUST, fust, _n._ the shaft of a column. [O. Fr. _fust_ (Fr. _fut_)--L.

_fustis_, a stick.]

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