EUPHORBIA, [=u]-for'bi-a, _n._ the _Spurge_ genus.--_n._ EUPHOR'BIUM, a gum resin. [L.,--_Euphorbus_, a physician to Juba, king of Mauritania.]
EUPHRASY, [=u]'fra-zi, _n._ (_bot._) the plant eyebright, formerly regarded as beneficial in disorders of the eyes. [Gr. _euphrasia_, delight--_euphrainein_, to cheer--_eu_, well, _phr[=e]n_, the heart.]
EUPHROSYNE, [=u]-fros'i-n[=e], _n._ one of the three Charities or Graces: merriment. [Gr. _euphr[=o]n_, cheerful.]
EUPHUISM, [=u]'f[=u]-izm, _n._ an affected and bombastic style of language: a high-flown expression.--_v.i._ EU'PHUISE.--_n._ EU'PHUIST.--_adj._ EUPHUIST'IC. [From _Euphues_, a popular book by John Lyly (1579-80).--Gr.
_euphy[=e]s_, graceful--_eu_, well, _phy[=e]_, growth--_phyesthai_, to grow.]
EURASIAN, [=u]-r[=a]'zi-an, _adj._ descended from a European on the one side and an Asiatic on the other: of or pertaining to Europe and Asia taken as one continent. [From the combination of _Europe_ and _Asia_.]
EUREKA, [=u]-r[=e]'ka, _n._ a brilliant discovery. [Gr. perf. indic. of _euriskein_, to find; the cry of Archimedes as he ran home naked from the bath, where a method of detecting the adulteration of Hiero's crown had suddenly occurred to him.]
EURIPUS, [=u]-r[=i]'pus, _n._ an arm of the sea with strong currents: the water-channel between the arena and cavea of a Roman hippodrome. [Gr.]
EUROCLYDON, [=u]-rok'li-don, _n._ the tempestuous wind by which St Paul's ship was wrecked (Acts, xxvii. 14). [Gr., from _euros_, the east wind, _klyd[=o]n_, a wave--_klyzein_, to dash over.]
EUROPEAN, [=u]-ro-p[=e]'an, _adj._ belonging to _Europe_.--_n._ a native or inhabitant of Europe.
EURUS, [=u]'rus, _n._ the east wind. [L.,--Gr. _euros_, the east wind.]
EUSEBIAN, [=u]-s[=e]'bi-an, _adj._ pertaining to _Eusebius_ of Caesarea, father of ecclesiastical history (died 340), or to the Arian _Eusebius_ of Nicomedia (died 342).
EUSKARIAN, [=u]s-k[=a]'ri-an, _adj._ Basque. [Basque _Euskara_, the Basque language.]
EUSTACHIAN, [=u]-st[=a]'ki-an, _adj._ pertaining to the tube leading from the middle ear to the pharynx, or to the rudimentary valve at the entrance of the inferior vena cava in the heart. [Named from the Italian physician Bartolommeo _Eustachio_ (died 1574).]
EUTAXY, [=u]'tak-si, _n._ good order.--_adj._ EUTAXIT'IC. [Gr.]
EUTERPEAN, [=u]-t[.e]r'pe-an, _adj._ relating to EUTER'PE, the muse who presided over music--hence relating to music. [Gr. _Euterp[=e]_--_eu_, well, _terpein_, to delight.]
EUTHANASIA, [=u]-than-[=a]'zi-a, _n._ an easy mode of death.--Also EUTHAN'ASY. [Gr. _euthanasia_--_eu_, well, _thanatos_, death.]
EUTROPHY, [=u]'tr[=o]-fi, _n._ healthy nutrition. [Gr.]
EUTYCHIAN, [=u]-tik'i-an, _adj._ of or pertaining to the doctrine of _Eutyches_, a 5th-cent. archimandrite of Constantinople, who held that after the incarnation of Christ all that was human in Him became merged in the divine, and that Christ had but one nature.--_n._ a follower of Eutyches.
EVACUATE, e-vak'[=u]-[=a]t, _v.t._ to throw out the contents of: to discharge: to withdraw from.--_adj._ EVAC'UANT, purgative.--_n._ EVACU[=A]'TION, act of emptying out: a withdrawing from: that which is discharged.--_adj._ EVAC'U[=A]TIVE.--_n._ EVAC'U[=A]TOR, one who evacuates: (_law_) one who nullifies or makes void. [L. _e_, out, _vacu[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to empty--_vacuus_, empty.]
EVADE, e-v[=a]d', _v.t._ to escape or avoid artfully: to baffle. [L.
_evad[)e]re_--_e_, out, _vad[)e]re_, to go.]
EVAGATION, e-vag-[=a]'shun, _n._ wandering: a digression. [Fr.,--L.
_evag[=a]ri_--_e_, out, _vag[=a]ri_, to wander.]
EVAGINATE, [=e]-vaj'i-n[=a]t, _v.t._ to draw from a sheath.--_n._ EVAGIN[=A]'TION.
EVALUATE, e-val'[=u]-[=a]t, _v.t._ to determine the value of.--_n._ EVALU[=A]'TION.
EVANESCENT, ev-an-es'ent, _adj._ fleeting; imperceptible.--_v.i._ EVANESCE', to fade away.--_n._ EVANES'CENCE.--_adv._ EVANES'CENTLY. [L.
_evanescens_, _-entis_--_e_, _vanesc[)e]re_, to vanish--_vanus_, empty.]
EVANGEL, e-van'jel, _n._ (_poet._) good news, esp. the gospel: a salutary principle, esp. relating to morals, politics, &c.--_adjs._ EVANGEL'IC, -AL, of or pertaining to the gospel: relating to the four gospels: according to the doctrine of the gospel: maintaining the truth taught in the gospel: Protestant: applied to the school which insists especially on the total depravity of unregenerate human nature, the justification of the sinner by faith alone, the free offer of the gospel to all, and the plenary inspiration and exclusive authority of the Bible.--_n._ EVANGEL'ICAL, one who belongs to the evangelical school.--_adv._ EVANGEL'ICALLY.--_ns._ EVANGEL'ICALNESS; EVANGEL'ICISM, EVANGEL'ICALISM, evangelical principles; EVANGELIS[=A]'TION, act of proclaiming the gospel.--_v.t._ EVAN'GEL[=I]SE, to make known the good news: to make acquainted with the gospel.--_v.i._ to preach the gospel from place to place.--_ns._ EVAN'GELISM; EVAN'GELIST, one who evangelises: one of the four writers of the gospels: an assistant of the apostles: one authorised to preach, but without a fixed charge; EVANGELIS'TARY, a book containing passages from the gospels to be read at divine service--also EVANGELIST[=A]'RION, EVAN'GELIARY.--_adj._ EVANGELIS'TIC, tending or intended to evangelise.--_n._ EVAN'GELY (_obs._), the gospel. [L. _evangelicus_--Gr. _euangelikos_--_eu_, well, _angellein_, to bring news.]
EVANISH, e-van'ish, _v.i._ to vanish: to die away.--_ns._ EVAN'ISHMENT, EVANI'TION. [See EVANESCE.]
EVAPORATE, e-vap'or-[=a]t, _v.i._ to fly off in vapour: to pass into an invisible state: to depart, vanish.--_v.t._ to convert into steam or gas.--_adj._ EVAP'ORABLE, able to be evaporated or converted into vapour.--_n._ EVAPOR[=A]'TION, act of evaporating or passing off in steam or gas: the process by which a substance changes into the state of vapour.--_adj._ EVAP'OR[=A]TIVE.--_ns._ EVAP'ORATOR; EVAPOROM'ETER. [L.
_e_, off, _vapor[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_vapor_, vapour.]
EVASION, e-v[=a]-'zhun, _n._ act of evading or eluding: an attempt to escape the force of an argument or accusation: an excuse.--_adjs._ EV[=A]'SIBLE, capable of being evaded; EV[=A]'SIVE, that evades or seeks to evade: not straightforward: shuffling.--_adv._ EV[=A]'SIVELY.--_n._ EV[=A]'SIVENESS.
EVE, [=e]v, EVEN, [=e]v'n, _n._ (_poet._) evening: the night before a day of note: the time just preceding a great event. [A.S. _['ae]fen_; Dut.
_avond_; Ger. _abend_.]
EVECTION, e-vek'shun, _n._ (_astron._) a lunar inequality resulting from the combined effect of the irregularity of the motion of the perigee, and alternate increase and decrease of the eccentricity of the moon's orbit.
[L. _evection-em_--_e_, out, _veh[)e]re_, _vectum_, to carry.]
EVEN, [=e]v'n, _adj._ flat: level: uniform: (_Shak._) straightforward: parallel: equal on both sides: not odd, able to be divided by 2 without a remainder.--_v.t._ to make even or smooth: to put on an equality: (_Shak._) to act up to.--_adv._ exactly so: indeed: so much as: still.--_n._ EV'EN-CHRIS'TIAN (_obs._), fellow-Christian.--_adj._ EV'EN-DOWN, straight-down (of rain): downright, honest.--_adv._ thoroughly.--_adj._ EV'EN-HAND'ED, with an equal, fair, or impartial hand: just.--_adv._ EV'ENLY.--_adj._ EV'EN-MIND'ED, having an even or calm mind: equable.--_n._ EV'ENNESS.--BE EVEN WITH, to be revenged on: to be quits with. [A.S.
_efen_; Dut. _even_, Ger. _eben_.]
EVENING, [=e]v'ning, _n._ the close of the daytime: the decline or end of life: an evening party or gathering.--_ns._ EV'ENFALL, early evening, twilight; EVE'NING-DRESS, the dress worn by ladies and gentlemen at evening parties; EVE'NING-PRIM'ROSE, a species of _Oenothera_, native of Virginia, but now naturalised in many parts of Europe on river-banks, in thickets, &c.--eaten after dinner it incites to wine-drinking; EVE'NING STAR, applied to Venus, when seen in the west setting soon after the sun; EV'ENSONG, evening prayer, the Anglican form appointed to be said or sung at evening: the time proper for such; EV'ENTIDE, the time of evening, evening. [A.S.
_['ae]fnung_, from _['ae]fen_, even.]
EVENT, e-vent', _n._ that which happens: the result: any incident or occurrence: an item in a programme or series of sports.--_adjs._ EVENT'FUL, full of events: momentous; EVENT'[=U]AL, happening as a consequence: final.--_n._ EVENT[=U]AL'ITY, a contingency: (_phren._) the propensity to take notice of events, changes, or facts.--_adv._ EVENT'[=U]ALLY, finally: at length. [L. _eventus_--_even[)i]re_--_e_, out, _ven[=i]re_, to come.]
EVENTRATION, e-ven-tr[=a]'shun, _n._ act of opening the belly; protrusion of an organ from the abdomen.
EVER, ev'[.e]r, _adv._ always: eternally: at any time: at all times: continually: in any degree.--_n._ EV'ERGLADE, a large shallow lake or marsh: chiefly in _pl._ such a marsh in southern Florida, enclosing thousands of islets covered with dense thickets.--_adj._ EV'ERGREEN, always green.--_n._ a plant that remains green all the year.--_adv._ EVERMORE', unceasingly: eternally.--EVER AND ANON, now and then.--EVERGLADE STATE, Florida.--EVER SO, to any extent; FOR EVER, to all eternity; SELDOM OR EVER, used for seldom if ever, or seldom or never. [A.S. _['ae]fre_, always; der. uncertain; perh. cog. with Goth. _aiws_.]
EVERLASTING, ev-[.e]r-last'ing, _adj._ endless: eternal.--_n._ eternity.--_adv._ EVERLAST'INGLY.--_n._ EVERLAST'INGNESS.--EVERLASTING FLOWER, the popular name of certain plants, whose flowers may be kept for years without much diminution of beauty; FROM, or TO, EVERLASTING, from, or to, all eternity; THE EVERLASTING, God.
EVERT, e-vert', _v.t._ to turn inside out.--_n._ EVER'SION. [L.
_evert[)e]re_--_e_, out, _vert[)e]re_, _versum_, to turn.]
EVERY, ev'[.e]r-i, _adj._ each one of a number: all taken separately.--_pron._ EV'ERYBODY, every person.--_adj._ EV'ERYDAY, of or belonging to every day, daily: common, usual: pertaining to week-days, in opposition to Sunday.--_pron._ EV'ERYTHING, all things: all.--_advs._ EV'ERYWAY, in every way or respect; EV'ERYWHEN, at all times; EV'ERYWHERE, in every place.--EVERY BIT, the whole; EVERY NOW AND THEN, or AGAIN, at intervals; EVERY OTHER, every second--e.g. every other day, every alternate day. [A.S. _['ae]fre_, ever, and _['ae]lc_, each.]
EVICT, e-vikt', _v.t._ to dispossess by law: to expel from.--_ns._ EVIC'TION, the act of evicting from house or lands: the dispossession of one person by another having a better title of property in land; EVIC'TOR.
[L. _evictus_, pa.p. of _evinc[)e]re_, to overcome.]
EVIDENT, ev'i-dent, _adj._ that is visible or can be seen: clear to the mind: obvious.--_n._ EV'IDENCE, that which makes evident: means of proving an unknown or disputed fact: information in a law case, as 'to give evidence:' a witness.--_v.t._ to render evident: (_obs._) to attest, prove.--_adjs._ EVIDEN'TIAL, EVIDEN'TIARY, furnishing evidence: tending to prove.--_advs._ EVIDEN'TIALLY; EV'IDENTLY (_N.T._), visibly.--IN EVIDENCE, received by the court as competent evidence: plainly visible, conspicuous--a penny-a-liner's phrase adopted from the Fr. _en evidence_; TURN KING'S (QUEEN'S) EVIDENCE (of an accomplice in a crime), to give evidence against his partners. [L. _evidens_, _-entis_--_e_, out, _vid[=e]re_, to see.]
EVIL, [=e]'vl, _adj._ wicked: mischievous: disagreeable: unfortunate.--_adv._ in an evil manner: badly.--_n._ that which produces unhappiness or calamity: harm: wickedness: depravity: sin.--_ns._ E'VIL-DO'ER, one who does evil; E'VIL-EYE, a supposed power to cause evil or harm by the look of the eye.--_adj._ E'VIL-F[=A]'VOURED, having a repulsive appearance: ugly.--_n._ E'VIL-F[=A]'VOUREDNESS (_B._), ugliness: deformity.--_adv._ E'VILLY, in an evil manner: not well.--_adj._ E'VIL-MIND'ED, inclined to evil: malicious: wicked.--_ns._ E'VILNESS, state of being evil: wickedness; E'VIL-SPEAK'ING, the speaking of evil: slander.--_adj._ E'VIL-STARRED (_Tenn._), born under the influence of an unpropitious star, unfortunate.--_n._ E'VIL-WORK'ER, one who works or does evil.--THE EVIL ONE, the devil.--SPEAK EVIL OF, to slander. [A.S. _yfel_; Dut. _euvel_; Ger. _ubel_. _Ill_ is a doublet.]
EVINCE, e-vins', _v.t._ to prove beyond doubt: to show clearly: to make evident.--_n._ EVINCE'MENT.--_adj._ EVINC'IBLE, that may be evinced or made evident.--_adv._ EVINC'IBLY.--_adj._ EVINC'IVE, tending to evince, prove, or demonstrate. [L. _evinc[)e]re_--_e_, inten., _vinc[)e]re_, to overcome.]
EVIRATE, [=e]'vir-[=a]t, _v.t._ to castrate: to render weak or unmanly. [L.
_evir[=a]re_--_e_, out, _vir_, a man.]
EVISCERATE, e-vis'[.e]r-[=a]t, _v.t._ to tear out the viscera or bowels: to gut.--_n._ EVISCER[=A]'TION. [L. _e_, out, _viscera_, the bowels.]