EVITE, e-v[=i]t', _v.i._ to avoid.--_v.t._ EV'ITATE (_Shak._) to avoid.--_n._ EVIT[=A]'TION, the act of shunning. [L. _evit[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_e_, out, _vit[=a]re_, to shun.]
EVITERNAL, ev-i-t[.e]r'nal, _adj._ eternal.--_adv._ EVITER'NALLY.--_n._ EVITER'NITY.
EVOKE, e-v[=o]k', _v.t._ to call out: to draw out or bring forth.--_v.t._ EV'OCATE, to call up (spirits) from the dead.--_n._ EVOC[=A]'TION. [L.
_evoc[=a]re_--_e_, out, and _voc[=a]re_, to call.]
EVOLUTION, ev-ol-[=u]'shun, _n._ the act of unrolling or unfolding: gradual working out or development: a series of things unfolded: the doctrine according to which higher forms of life have gradually arisen out of lower: (_arith._, _alg._) the extraction of roots: (_pl._) the orderly movements of a body of troops or of ships of war.--_adjs._ EVOL[=U]'TIONAL, EVOL[=U]'TIONARY, of or pertaining to evolution.--_ns._ EVOL[=U]'TIONISM, the theory of evolution; EVOL[=U]'TIONIST, one skilled in evolutions or military movements: one who believes in evolution as a principle in science.--_adj._ EV'OL[=U]TIVE. [L. _evolutionem_--_evolv[)e]re_.]
EVOLVE, e-volv', _v.t._ to unroll: to disclose: to develop: to unravel.--_v.i._ to disclose itself: to result.--_n._ EV'OL[=U]TE (_math._), an original curve from which another curve (the _involute_) is described by the end of a thread gradually unwound from the former.--_adj._ EVOLV'ABLE, that can be drawn out.--_n._ EVOLVE'MENT.--_adj._ EVOLV'ENT.
[L. _evolv[)e]re_--_e_, out, _volv[)e]re_, _vol[=u]tum_, to roll.]
EVULGATE, e-vul'g[=a]t, _v.t._ to divulge: to publish. [L. _evulg[=a]re_, _[=a]tum_--_e_, out, _vulgus_, the people.]
EVULSION, e-vul'shun, _n._ a plucking out by force. [L. _e_, out, _vell[)e]re_, _vulsum_, to pluck.]
EWE, [=u], _n._ a female sheep.--_ns._ EWE'-CHEESE, cheese made from the milk of ewes; EWE'-LAMB, a female lamb: a poor man's one possession--used in reference to 2 Sam. xii.; EWE'-NECK, of horses, a thin hollow neck.--_adj._ EWE'-NECKED. [A.S. _eowu_; cf. L. _ovis_, Gr. _os_, Sans, _avi_, a sheep.]
EWER, [=u]'[.e]r, _n._ a large jug with a wide spout, placed on a washstand to hold water. [Through Fr. from L. _aquarium_--_aqua_, water, whence also Fr. _eau_.]
EWEST, [=u]'est, _adj._ (_Scot._) near.
EWFT, eft, _n._ (_Spens._). Same as EFT (1).
EWHOW, [=a]'hwow, _interj._ (_Scot._) an exclamation of sorrow.
EWIGKEIT, [=a]'vih-k[=i]t, _n._ eternity. [Ger.]
EX, eks, used adjectively in words like _ex_-emperor, to signify _late_.
See Prefixes in Appendix.
EXACERBATE, egz-as'[.e]r-b[=a]t, or eks-, _v.t._ to embitter: to provoke: to render more violent or severe, as a disease.--_ns._ EXACERB[=A]'TION, EXACERBES'CENCE, increase of irritation or violence, esp. the increase of a fever or disease: embitterment. [L. _exacerb[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_ex_, and _acerb[=a]re_, from _acerbus_, bitter.]
EXACT, egz-akt', _v.t._ to force from: to compel full payment of: to make great demands, or to demand urgently: to extort: to inflict.--_v.i._ to practice extortion.--_adj._ precise: careful: punctual: true: certain or demonstrable.--_p.adj._ EXACT'ING, compelling full payment of: unreasonable in making demands.--_ns._ EXAC'TION, act of exacting or demanding strictly: an oppressive demand: that which is exacted, as excessive work or tribute; EXACT'ITUDE, exactness: correctness.--_adv._ EXACT'LY.--_ns._ EXACT'MENT; EXACT'NESS, quality of being exact: accuracy; EXACT'OR, -ER, one who exacts: an extortioner: one who claims rights, often too strictly:--_fem._ EXACT'RESS.--EXACT SCIENCES, the mathematical sciences, of which the results are demonstrable. [L. _exig[)e]re_, _exactum_--_ex_, out, _ag[)e]re_, to drive.]
EXAGGERATE, egz-aj'[.e]r-[=a]t, _v.t._ to magnify unduly: to represent too strongly: to intensify.--_n._ EXAGGER[=A]'TION, extravagant representation: a statement in excess of the truth.--_adjs._ EXAGG'ERATIVE, EXAGG'ERATORY, containing exaggeration or tending to exaggerate.--_n._ EXAGG'ERATOR. [L.
_exagger[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_ex_, _agger[=a]re_, to heap up--_agger_, a heap.]
EXALBUMINOUS, eks-al-b[=u]'min-us, _adj._ (_bot._) without albumen.--Also EXALB[=U]'MINOSE.
EXALGIN, eks-al'jin, _n._ an anodyne obtained from coal-tar products.
[Gr.,--_ex_, out, _algos_, pain.]
EXALT, egz-awlt', _v.t._ to elevate to a higher position: to elate or fill with the joy of success: to extol: (_chem._) to refine or subtilise.--_n._ EXALT[=A]'TION, elevation in rank or dignity: high estate: elation: (_astrol._) the position of a planet in the zodiac where it was supposed to wield the greatest influence.--_p.adj._ EXALT'ED, elevated: lofty: dignified.--_n._ EXALT'EDNESS. [L. _exalt[=a]re_--_ex_, _altus_, high.]
EXAMINE, egz-am'in, _v.t._ to test: to inquire into: to question.--_n._ EX[=A]'MEN, examination.--_adj._ EXAM'INABLE.--_ns._ EXAM'INANT, an examiner; EXAM'INATE, one who is examined; EXAMIN[=A]'TION, careful search or inquiry: trial: testing of capacity of pupils, also contracted to EXAM.; EXAMIN[=EE]', one under examination; EXAM'INER, EXAM'IN[=A]TOR, one who examines.--_p.adj._ EXAM'INING, that examines, or is appointed to examine.
[Fr.,--L. _examin[=a]re_--_examen_ (=_exagmen_), the tongue of a balance.]
EXAMPLE, egz-am'pl, _n._ that which is taken as a specimen of the rest, or as an illustration of the rule, &c.: the person or thing to be imitated or avoided: a pattern: a warning: a former instance.--_v.t._ to exemplify: to instance.--_n._ EXAM'PLAR, a pattern, model.--_adj._ EXAM'PLARY, serving for an example. [O. Fr.,--L. _exemplum_--_exim[)e]re_, to take out--_ex_, out of, _em[)e]re_, _emptum_, to take.]
EXANIMATE, egz-an'i-m[=a]t, _adj._ lifeless: spiritless: depressed.--_n._ EXANIM[=A]'TION.--_adj._ EXAN'IMOUS [L. _exanim[=a]tus_--_ex_, neg., _animus_, spirit, life.]
EXANTHEMA, eks-an-th[=e]'ma, _n._ one of a class of febrile diseases with distinctive eruptions on the skin, appearing at a definite period and running a recognisable course:--_pl._ EXANTH[=E]'MATA.--_adjs._ EXANTHEMAT'IC, EXANTHEM'ATOUS.--_ns._ EXANTHEMATOL'OGY; EXANTH[=E]'SIS, the appearing of an exanthema. [Gr.,--_ex_, out, _antheein_, to blossom.]
EXARCH, eks'ark, _n._ name formerly given to the vicegerent of the Byzantine empire in Italy: a bishop: (_Gr. Church_) an ecclesiastical inspector.--_n._ EXARCH'ATE, the office of an exarch. [Gr.
_exarchos_--_ex_, and _archein_, to lead.]
EXASPERATE, egz-as'p[.e]r-[=a]t, _v.t._ to make very angry: to irritate in a high degree.--_p.adj._ irritated.--_adjs._ EXAS'PERATING, EXAS'PERATIVE, provoking.--_ns._ EXASPER[=A]'TION, act of irritating; state of being exasperated: provocation: rage: aggravation; EXAS'PERATOR. [L. _ex_, inten., _asper[=a]re_, to make rough--_asper_, rough.]
EXCALIBUR, eks-kal'ib-[.e]r, _n._ the name of King Arthur's sword. [O. Fr.
_escalibor_--_caliburn_; cf. Ir. _caladbolg_, a famous sword.]
EXCAMBION, eks-kam'bi-on, _n._ legal term for the exchange of lands--also EXCAM'BIUM.--_v.t._ EXCAMB', to exchange. [Low L. _excambi[=a]re_.]
EXCAVATE, eks'ka-v[=a]t, _v.t._ to hollow or scoop out: to dig out.--_ns._ EXCAV[=A]'TION, act of excavating: a hollow or cavity made by excavating; EX'CAVATOR, one who excavates: a machine used for excavating. [L.
_excav[=a]re_--_ex_, out, _cavus_, hollow.]
EXCEED, ek-s[=e]d', _v.t._ to go beyond the limit or measure of: to surpass or excel.--_v.i._ to go beyond a given or proper limit.--_p.adj._ EXCEED'ING, surpassing, excessive.--_adv._ EXCEED'INGLY, very much: greatly. [L. _ex_, beyond, _ced[)e]re_, _cessum_, to go.]
EXCEL, ek-sel', _v.t._ to be superior to: to exceed: to surpass.--_v.i._ to have good qualities in a high degree: to perform very meritorious actions: to be superior:--_pr.p._ excel'ling; _pa.p._ excelled'.--_ns._ EX'CELLENCE, EX'CELLENCY, great merit: any excellent quality: worth: greatness: a title of honour given to persons high in rank or office.--_adj._ EX'CELLENT, surpassing others in some good quality: of great virtue, worth, &c.: superior: valuable.--_adv._ EX'CELLENTLY.--_adj._ EXCEL'SIOR (L. _comp._), higher still. [L. _excell[)e]re_--_ex_, out, up, and a word from the root of _celsus_, high.]
EXCEPT, ek-sept', _v.t._ to take or leave out: to exclude.--_v.i._ to object.--_prep._ leaving out: excluding: but.--_adj._ and _n._ EXCEPT'ANT.--_prep._ EXCEPT'ING, with the exception of, except.--_n._ EXCEP'TION, the act of excepting: that which is excepted: exclusion: objection: offence.--_adj._ EXCEP'TIONABLE, objectionable.--_adv._ EXCEP'TIONABLY.--_adj._ EXCEP'TIONAL, peculiar.--_adv._ EXCEP'TIONALLY.--_adjs._ EXCEP'TIOUS, disposed to take exception; EXCEPT'IVE, including, making, or being an exception; EXCEPT'LESS (_Shak._), making an exception, usual.--_n._ EXCEPT'OR. [L. _excip[)e]re_, _exceptum_--_ex_, out, _cap[)e]re_, to take.]
EXCERPT, ek's[.e]rpt, or ek-s[.e]rpt', _n._ a passage selected from a book, an extract.--_v.t._ EXCERPT', to select: to extract.--_ns._ EXCERPT'ING, EXCERP'TION; EXCERP'TOR. [L. _excerptum_, pa.p. of _excerp[)e]re_--_ex_, out, _carp[)e]re_, to pick.]
EXCESS, ek-ses', _n._ a going beyond what is usual or proper: intemperance: that which exceeds: the degree by which one thing exceeds another.--_adj._ EXCES'SIVE, beyond what is right and proper: immoderate: violent.--_adv._ EXCES'SIVELY.--_n._ EXCES'SIVENESS.--CARRY TO EXCESS, to do too much. [L.
_excessus_--_exced[)e]re_, _excessum_, to go beyond.]
EXCHANGE, eks-ch[=a]nj', _v.t._ to give or leave one place or thing for another: to give and take mutually: to barter.--_n._ the giving and taking one thing for another: barter: the thing exchanged: process by which accounts between distant parties are settled by bills instead of money: the difference between the value of money in different places: the building where merchants, &c., meet for business.--_n._ EXCHANGEABIL'ITY.--_adj._ EXCHANGE'ABLE, that may be exchanged.--_n._ EXCHAN'GER, one who exchanges or practises exchange: (_B._) a money-changer, a banker. [O. Fr.
_eschangier_ (Fr. _echanger_)--Low L. _excambi[=a]re_--L. _ex_, out, _camb[=i]re_, to barter.]
EXCHEAT, eks-ch[=e]t', _n._ (_Spens._). Same as ESCHEAT.
EXCHEQUER, eks-chek'[.e]r, _n._ a superior court which had formerly to do only with the revenue, but now also with common law, so named from the chequered cloth which formerly covered the table, and on which the accounts were reckoned.--_v.t._ to proceed against a person in the Court of Exchequer.--EXCHEQUER BILL, bill issued at the Exchequer, under the authority of acts of parliament, as security for money advanced to the government.--CHANCELLOR OF THE EXCHEQUER (see CHANCELLOR); COURT OF EXCHEQUER, originally a revenue court, became a division of the High Court of Justice in 1875, and is now merged in the Queen's Bench Division. [From root of _check_, _checker_.]
EXCIDE, ek-sid', _v.t._ to cut off. [L. _excid[)e]re_--_ex_, out, _caed[)e]re_, to cut.]
EXCIPIENT, ek-sip'i-ent, _n._ a substance mixed with a medicine to give it consistence, or used as a vehicle for its administration.
EXCISE, ek-s[=i]z', _n._ a tax on certain home commodities and on licenses for certain trades; the department in the civil administration which is concerned with this tax.--_v.t._ to subject to excise duty.--_adj._ EXCIS'ABLE, liable to excise duty.--_n._ EXCISE'MAN, an officer charged with collecting the excise. [Old Dut. _excijs_--O. Fr. _acceis_, tax--Low L. _accens[=a]re_, to tax--_ad_, to, _census_, tax.]
EXCISE, ek-s[=i]z', _v.t._ to cut off or out.--_n._ EXCI'SION, a cutting out or off of any kind: extirpation. [L. _excid[)e]re_, to cut out--_ex_, out, _caed[)e]re_, to cut.]
EXCITE, ek-s[=i]t', _v.t._ to call into activity: to stir up: to rouse: to irritate.--_ns._ EXC[=I]TABIL'ITY, EXC[=I]T'ABLENESS.--_adj._ EXC[=I]T'ABLE, capable of being excited, easily excited.--_ns._ EXCITANT (ek'sit-ant, or ek-s[=i]t'ant), that which excites or rouses the vital activity of the body: a stimulant; EXCIT[=A]'TION, act of exciting: means of excitement: state of excitement.--_adjs._ EXC[=I]T'[=A]TIVE, EXC[=I]T'[=A]TORY, tending to excite.--_p.adj._ EXC[=I]T'ED, agitated.--_ns._ EXCITE'MENT, agitation: that which excites; EXC[=I]T'ER.--_p.adj._ EXC[=I]T'ING, tending to excite.--_adj._ EXC[=I]'TO-M[=O]'TOR, exhibiting muscular contraction. [Fr.,--L.
_excit[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_exci[=e]re_--_ex_, out, _ci[=e]re_, to set in motion.]
EXCLAIM, eks-kl[=a]m', _v.i._ to cry out: to utter or speak vehemently.--_n._ an exclamation, outcry.--_n._ EXCLAM[=A]'TION, vehement utterance: outcry: an uttered expression of surprise, and the like: the mark expressing this (!): an interjection.--_adjs._ EXCLAM'ATIVE, EXCLAM'ATORY, containing or expressing exclamation. [Fr. _exclamer_--L.
_exclam[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_ex_, out, _clam[=a]re_, to shout.]