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ETERNAL, [=e]-t[.e]r'nal, _adj._ without beginning or end of existence: everlasting: ceaseless: unchangeable--(_arch._) ETERNE'.--_v.t._ ETER'NALISE, ETER'NISE, to make eternal: to immortalise.--_n._ ETER'NALIST, one who thinks that matter has existed from eternity.--_adv._ ETER'NALLY.--_n._ ETER'NITY, eternal duration: the state or time after death.--THE ETERNAL, an appellation of God; THE ETERNITIES, the eternal reality or truth. [Fr. _eternel_--L. _aeternus_, _aeviternus_--_aevum_--Gr.

_aion_, a period of time, an age.]

ETESIAN, e-t[=e]'zhan, _adj._ periodical: blowing at stated seasons, as certain winds. [L. _etesius_--Gr. _et[=e]sios_, annual--_etos_, a year.]

ETHE, [=e]th, _adj._ (_Spens._) easy. [A.S. _eath._]

ETHER, [=e]'th[.e]r, _n._ the clear, upper air: the subtile medium supposed to fill all space: a colourless, transparent, volatile liquid of great mobility and high refractive power, and possessing a fragrant odour and a fiery, passing to a cooling, taste.--_adj._ ETH[=E]'REAL, consisting of ether: heavenly: airy: spirit-like.--_n._ ETHEREALIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ ETH[=E]'REALISE, to convert into ether, or the fluid ether: to render spirit-like.--_n._ ETHEREAL'ITY.--_adv._ ETH[=E]'REALLY.--_adj._ ETH[=E]'REOUS (_Milt._), ethereal.--_n._ ETHERIFIC[=A]'TION.--_adj._ E'THERIFORM.--_n._ ETHERIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ E'THERISE, to convert into ether: to stupefy with ether.--_n._ E'THERISM, the condition induced by using ether. [L.,--Gr. _aith[=e]r_, _aithein_, to light up.]

ETHIC, eth'ik, _adj._ relating to morals: treating of morality or duty.--_n._ (more commonly in _pl._ ETH'ICS) the science of morals, that branch of philosophy which is concerned with human character and conduct: a treatise on morals.--_adj._ ETH'ICAL, relating to the science of ethics.--_adv._ ETH'ICALLY.--_n._ ETH'ICIST, one versed in ethics.--ETHICAL DATIVE, the dative of a first or second personal pronoun implying an indirect interest in the fact stated, used colloquially to give a livelier tone to the sentence. [Gr. _[=e]thikos_--_[=e]thos_, custom.]

ETHIOPIAN, [=e]-thi-[=o]'pi-an, _adj._ pertaining to _Ethiopia_, a name given to the countries south of Egypt inhabited by the negro races.--_n._ a native of Ethiopia: a blackamoor--(_arch._) ETHIOP.--_adj._ ETHIOP' [=E]'THIOPS, a term applied by the ancient chemists to certain oxides and sulphides of the metals which possessed a dull, dingy, or black appearance. [Gr. _Aithiops_, sun-burnt, Ethiopian--_aithein_, to burn, _[=o]ps_, the face.]

ETHMOID, -AL, eth'moid, -al, _adj._ resembling a sieve.--ETHMOID BONE, one of the eight somewhat cubical bones which collectively form the cranial box. [Gr. _[=e]thmos_, a sieve, and _eidos_, form.]

ETHNIC, -AL, eth'nik, -al, _adj._ concerning nations or races: pertaining to the heathen.--_ns._ ETH'NIC, a heathen; ETH'NICISM, heathenism; ETHNOG'RAPHER.--_adj._ ETHNOGRAPH'IC.--_n._ ETHNOG'RAPHY, the scientific description of the races of the earth.--_adj._ ETHNOLOG'ICAL.--_adv._ ETHNOLOG'ICALLY.--_ns._ ETHNOL'OGIST; ETHNOL'OGY, the science that treats of the varieties of the human race. [L.,--Gr. _ethnos_, a nation; Gr.

_graph[=e]_, writing, _logia_, discourse.]

ETHOLOGY, [=e]-thol'o-ji, _n._ a discourse on ethics: the science of character.--_adjs._ ETHOLOG'IC, -AL, relating to ethology: treating of morality.--_ns._ ETHOL'OGIST, one versed in ethology or ethics; [=E]'THOS, habitual character and disposition: the quality of a work of art which produces a high moral impression. [Gr. _[=e]thos_, custom, _logia_, a discourse.]

ETHYL, [=e]'thil, _n._ a colourless, inflammable gas, insoluble in water, soluble in alcohol--supposed base of ether. [Gr. _aith[=e]r_, ether, _hyl[=e]_, base.]

ETIOLATE, [=e]-ti-o-l[=a]t', _v.t._ (_med._, _bot._) to cause to grow pale from want of light and fresh air.--_v.i._ to become pale from disease or absence of light.--_n._ ETIOL[=A]'TION. [Fr. _etioler_, to become pale, to grow into stubble, _eteule_, stubble--L. _stipula_, a stalk.]

ETIOLOGY, [=e]-ti-ol'o-ji, _n._ Same as aeTIOLOGY.

ETIQUETTE, et-i-ket', _n._ forms of ceremony or decorum: ceremony: the unwritten laws of courtesy observed between members of the same profession, as 'medical etiquette.' [Fr. See TICKET.]

ETNA, et'na, _n._ a vessel for heating water, &c., at table or in the sick-room, in a cup placed in a saucer is which alcohol is burned.--_adj._ aeTN[=E]'AN. [From the volcano, Mount _aetna_.]

ETONIAN, et-[=o]n'i-an, _n._ and _adj._ one educated at _Eton_ College.--ETON JACKET, a boy's dress-coat, untailed.

ETRURIAN, et-r[=u]'ri-an, _adj._ and _n._ of or belonging to _Etruria_.--_adj._ and _n._ ETRUS'CAN, of or belonging to ancient Etruria or its people, language, art, &c.--sometimes jocularly put for Tuscan.

ETTLE, et'l, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to purpose, intend.--_v.t._ to guess.--_n._ purpose, intent. [Ice., _aetla_, to think, from root of Goth. _aha_, understanding.]

eTUDE, [=a]-tud', _n._ (_mus._) a composition intended either to train or to test the player's technical skill. [Fr.]

ETUI, ETWEE, et-w[=e]', _n._ a small case for holding valuables. [Fr.]

ETYMOLOGY, et-i-mol'o-ji, _n._ the investigation of the derivation and original signification of words: the science that treats of the origin and history of words: the part of grammar relating to inflection.--_adjs._ ETYM'IC; ETYMOLOG'ICAL.--_adv._ ETYMOLOG'ICALLY.--_ns._ ETYMOLOG'ICON, -CUM, an etymological dictionary.--_v.t._ ETYMOL'OGISE, to give, or search into, the etymology of a word.--_ns._ ETYMOL'OGIST, one skilled in or who writes on etymology; ET'YMON, the origin of a word: an original root: the genuine or literal sense of a word. [O. Fr.,--L.,--Gr. _etymos_, true, _logia_, an account.]

ETYPIC, -AL, [=e]-tip'ik, -al, _adj._ unconformable to type.

EUCALYPTUS, [=u]-kal-ip'tus, _n._ the 'gum-tree,' a large Australian evergreen, beneficial in destroying the miasma of malarious districts.--_ns._ EU'CALYPT, a eucalyptus; EUCALYP'TOL, a volatile, colourless, limpid oil. [Coined from Gr. _eu_, well, _kalyptos_, covered--_kalyptein_, to cover.]

EUCHARIST, [=u]'ka-rist, _n._ the sacrament of the Lord's Supper: the elements of the sacrament, as 'to receive the Eucharist.'--_adjs._ EUCHARIST'IC, -AL. [Gr. _eucharistia_, thanksgiving--_eu_, well, and _charizesthai_, to show favour--_charis_, grace, thanks.]

EUCHLORINE, [=u]-kl[=o]'rin, _n._ a very explosive green-coloured gas, prepared by the action of strong hydrochloric acid on chlorate of potash.--_adj._ EUCHL[=O]'RIC. [Gr. _eu_, well, _chloros_, green.]

EUCHOLOGION, [=u]-ko-l[=o]'ji-on, _n._ a formulary of prayers, primarily that of the Greek Church.--Also EUCHOL'OGY. [Gr. _euchologion_--_euch[=e]_, a prayer, _logia_--_legein_, to speak.]

EUCHRE, [=u]'k[.e]r, _n._ an American game at cards for two, three, or four persons, with the 32, 28, or 24 highest cards of the pack--if a player fails to make three tricks he is _euchred_, and his adversary scores against him.--_v.t._ to outwit. [Ety. uncertain; prob. Ger., like the term _bower_ (q.v.), used in the game; some have suggested a Sp. _yuca_.]

EUCLASE, [=u]'kl[=a]s, _n._ a silicate of aluminium and glucinum occurring in pale-green transparent crystals. [Fr.,--Gr. _eu_, well, _klasis_, breaking.]

EUCLIDEAN, [=u]-klid'e-an, or [=u]-kli-d[=e]'an, _adj._ pertaining to Euclid, a mathematician of Alexandria about 300 B.C.

EUDEMONISM, EUDaeMONISM, [=u]-d[=e]'mon-izm, _n._ the system of ethics that makes happiness the test of rectitude--whether _Egoistic_, as Hobbes, or _Altruistic_, as Mill.--_ns._ EUD[=E]'MONIST, EUDae'MONIST. [Gr.

_eudaimonia_, happiness--_eu_, well, _daim[=o]n_, a god.]

EUDIOMETER, [=u]-di-om'e-t[.e]r, _n._ an instrument for measuring the purity of, or the quantity of oxygen contained in, the air.--_adjs._ EUDIOMET'RIC, -AL.--_n._ EUDIOM'ETRY. [Gr. _eudios_, clear, _metron_, measure.]

EUGE, [=u]'j[=e], _interj._ well! well done! [L.]

EUGENIC, [=u]-jen'ik, _adj._ pertaining to race EUGEN'ICS, the science of such.--_n._ EU'GENISM.

EUGENIN, [=u]'je-nin, _n._ a substance procured from the distilled water of cloves.

EUGH, EUGHEN, obsolete forms of _yew_, _yewen_.

EUGUBINE, [=u]'g[=u]-bin, _adj._ pertaining to the ancient town of _Eugubium_ or _Iguvium_ (mod. _Gubbio_), or to its famous seven tablets of bronze, the chief monument of the ancient Umbrian tongue.

EUHARMONIC, [=u]-har-mon'ik, _adj._ producing perfectly concordant sounds.

EUHEMERISM, [=u]-h[=e]'me-rizm, _n._ the system which explains mythology as growing out of real history, its deities as merely magnified men.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ EUH[=E]'MERISE.--_n._ and _adj._ EUH[=E]'MERIST.--_adj._ EUHEMERIS'TIC.--_adv._ EUHEMERIS'TICALLY. [From _Euhemerus_, a 4th-cent.

(B.C.) Sicilian philosopher.]

EULOGIUM, [=u]-l[=o]'ji-um, EULOGY, [=u]'lo-ji, _n._ a speaking well of: a speech or writing in praise of.--_adjs._ EULOG'IC, -AL, containing eulogy or praise.--_adv._ EULOG'ICALLY.--_v.t._ EU'LOG[=I]SE, to speak well of: to praise.--_n._ EU'LOGIST, one who praises or extols another.--_adj._ EULOGIST'IC, full of praise.--_adv._ EULOGIST'ICALLY. [Late L.

_eulogium_--Gr. _eulogion_ (classical _eulogia_)--_eu_, well, _logia_, a speaking.]

EUMENIDES, [=u]-men'i-d[=e]z, the Erinyes or Furies--the euphemistic name for these. [Gr. _eu_, well, _menos_, mind.]

EUNOMY, [=u]'n[=o]-mi, _n._ equal, righteous law. [Gr.]

EUNUCH, [=u]'nuk, _n._ a castrated man--often employed as chamberlain in the East.--_v.t._ EU'NUCHATE.--_n._ EU'NUCHISM, the state of being a eunuch. [Gr. _eunouchos_--_eun[=e]_, a couch, _echein_, to have charge of.]

EUONYM, [=u]'[=o]-nim, _n._ a fitting name for anything. [Gr.]

EUPATRID, [=u]-pat'rid, _n._ a member of the Athenian aristocracy. [Gr.

_eupatrid[=e]s_--_eu_, well--_pat[=e]r_, father.]

EUPEPSY, [=u]-pep'si, _n._ good digestion--opp. to _Dyspepsia_.--_adj._ EUPEP'TIC, having good digestion.--_n._ EUPEPTIC'ITY. [Gr.

_eupepsia_--_eu_, well, _pepsis_, digestion--_peptein_, to digest.]

EUPHEMISM, [=u]'fem-izm, _n._ a figure of rhetoric by which an unpleasant or offensive thing is designated by an indirect and milder term.--_v.t._ or _v.i._ EU'PHEMISE, to express by a euphemism: to use euphemistic terms.--_adj._ EUPHEMIST'IC.--_adv._ EUPHEMIST'ICALLY. [Gr.

_euph[=e]mismos_--_euph[=e]mos_--_eu_, well, _ph[=e]m[=e]_--_phanai_, to speak.]

EUPHONY, [=u]'fo-ni, _n._ an agreeable sound: a pleasing, easy pronunciation--also EUPH[=O]'NIA.--_adjs._ EUPHON'IC, -AL, EUPH[=O]'NIOUS, pertaining to euphony: agreeable in sound.--_adv._ EUPH[=O]'NIOUSLY.--_v.t._ EU'PHON[=I]SE, to make euphonious.--_n._ EUPH[=O]'NIUM, the bass instrument of the saxhorn family: a variation of the harmonica, invented by Chladni in 1790. [Gr. _euph[=o]nia_--_eu_, well, _ph[=o]n[=e]_, sound.]

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