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MANGONEL, mang'go-nel, _n._ an engine used before the invention of cannon for throwing stones, &c. [O. Fr.,--Low L. _mangonellus_--Gr. _manganon_, a machine for throwing stones.]

MANGOSTAN, mang'go-stan, MANGOSTEEN, mang'go-st[=e]n, _n._ an East Indian tree, and its fruit, which is of a most delicious taste. [Malay.]

MANGROVE, man'gr[=o]v, _n._ a tree which grows on muddy shores and river-banks in the East and West Indies. [Malayan.]

MANGY, m[=a]nj'i, _adj._ scabby.--_n._ MANG'INESS. [Anglicised form of Fr.

_mange_, eaten, pa.p. of _manger_, to eat--L. _manduc[=a]re_, to chew.]

MANIA, m[=a]'ni-a, _n._ violent madness: insanity: excessive or unreasonable desire.--_n._ M[=A]'NIAC, a person affected with mania: a madman.--_adj._ raving mad.--_adj._ MANIACAL (ma-n[=i]'a-kal).--_adv._ MAN[=I]'ACALLY. [L.,--Gr. _mania_; cf. _menos_, mind.]

MANICATE, man'i-k[=a]t, _adj._ (_bot._) covered with hairs so matted or interwoven as to be easily stripped off. [L. _manic[=a]tus_, sleeved--_manicae_, long sleeves.]

MANICHaeAN, MANICHEAN, man-i-k[=e]'an, _adj._ pertaining to the _Manichees_ or followers of _Mani_, a native of Ecbatana (215-276 A.D.), who taught that everything sprang from two chief principles, light and darkness, or good and evil.--_n._ a believer in Manichaeanism--also MAN'ICHEE.--_ns._ MANICHae'ANISM, MANICH[=E]'ISM, the doctrines of the Manichaeans.

MANICURE, man'i-k[=u]r, _n._ the care of hands and nails: one who practises this.--_v.t._ to treat the hands and nails. [L. _manus_, hand, _cura_, care.]

MANIFEST, man'i-fest, _adj._ that may be easily seen by the eye or perceived by the mind: clear: apparent: evident.--_v.t._ to make clear or easily seen: to show plainly: to put beyond doubt: to reveal or declare.--_n._ an open or public statement: a list or invoice of a ship's cargo to be exhibited at the custom-house.--_adjs._ MANIFEST'ABLE, MANIFEST'IBLE, that can be manifested or clearly shown.--_n._ MANIFEST[=A]'TION, act of disclosing what is dark or secret: that by which something is manifested or shown: display: revelation.--_adv._ MAN'IFESTLY.--_n._ MAN'IFESTNESS, state of being manifest. [Fr.,--L.

_manifestus_--_manus_, the hand, _-festus_, _pa.p._ of obs. _fend[)e]re_, to dash against.]

MANIFESTO, man-i-fest'[=o], _n._ a public written declaration of the intentions, opinions, or motives of a sovereign or of a leader of a party.--_v.i._ (_rare_) to issue a manifesto. [It.,--L.; see MANIFEST.]

MANIFOLD, man'i-f[=o]ld, _adj._ various in kind or quality: many in number: multiplied.--_adj._ MAN'IFOLDED (_Spens._), having many folds or complications.--_adv._ MAN'IFOLDLY.--_n._ MAN'IFOLDNESS.

MANIFORM, man'i-form, _adj._ having the shape or form of a hand. [L.

_manus_, the hand, _forma_, a shape.]

MANIGRAPH, man'i-graf, _n._ a device for multiplying copies of writings or drawings.

MANIHOT, man'i-hot, _n._ a genus of tropical American, mainly Brazilian, herbs of the spurge family--two species yielding the bitter and the sweet cassava respectively.

MANIKIN, man'i-kin, _n._ a dwarf: a pasteboard model exhibiting the different parts and organs of the human body. [Old Dut. _mann-ek-en_, a double dim. of _man_, Eng. _man_.]

MANILA, MANILLA, ma-nil'a, _n._ a cheroot manufactured in _Manila_, in the Philippine Islands.

MANILLA, ma-nil'a, _n._ a ring worn as an ornament on the arm or leg, or used as money among the tribes of West Africa.--Also M[=A]'NILIO, MANILLE'.

[Low L. _manilia_, a bracelet--L. _manus_, the hand.]

MANILLE, ma-nil', _n._ in ombre and quadrille, the highest card but one.


MANIOC, m[=a]'ni-ok, _n._ a tropical plant from which cassava and tapioca are obtained.--Also written MAN'DIOC, M[=A]'NIHOC, M[=A]'NIHOT. [Sp.


MANIPLE, man'i-pl, _n._ a company of foot-soldiers in the Roman army: in the Western Church, a eucharistic vestment, a narrow strip worn on the left arm.--_adj._ MANIP'ULAR, of or pertaining to a maniple: pertaining to handling or manipulation. [L. _manipulus_--_manus_, the hand, _pl[=e]re_, to fill.]

MANIPULATE, ma-nip'[=u]-l[=a]t, _v.t._ to work with the hands.--_v.i._ to use the hands, esp. in scientific experiments: to handle or manage: to give a false appearance to: to turn to one's own purpose or advantage.--_n._ MANIPUL[=A]'TION, act of manipulating or working by hand: use of the hands in a skilful manner in science or in art.--_adjs._ MANIP'ULATIVE, MANIP'ULATORY, done by manipulation.--_n._ MANIP'ULATOR, one who manipulates or works with the hand. [Low L. _manipul[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_.


MANIS, m[=a]'nis, _n._ the pangolin or scaly ant-eater.

MANITO, man'i-t[=o], _n._ a spirit or other object of reverence among some of the American Indians.--Also MANITOU. [Algonkin.]

MANNA, man'a, _n._ the food supplied to the Israelites in the wilderness of Arabia: delicious food for body or mind: a sweet juice or gum got from many trees, as the ash of Sicily.--_adj._ MANNIF'EROUS. [Heb. _m[=a]n h[=u]_, what is it? or from _man_, a gift.]

MANNER, man'[.e]r, _n._ the way in which anything is done: method: fashion: personal style of acting or bearing one's self: habit: custom: style of writing or of thought: sort: style: (_pl._) morals: good behaviour: character: respectful deportment.--_adj._ MANN'ERED, having manners (esp.

in compounds, as well- or ill-mannered): affected with mannerism: artificial: stilted.--_ns._ MANN'ERISM, a constant sameness of manner: a marked peculiarity of style or manner, esp. in literary composition: manner or style becoming wearisome by its sameness; MANN'ERIST, one addicted to mannerism.--_adj._ MANNERIS'TIC.--_adv._ MANNERIS'TICALLY.--_n._ MANN'ERLINESS.--_adj._ MANN'ERLY, showing good manners: well-behaved: complaisant: not rude.--_adv._ with good manners: civilly: respectfully: without rudeness.--BY NO MANNER OF MEANS, under no circumstances whatever; IN A MANNER, to a certain degree; IN, or WITH, THE MANNER (_B._), in the very act; MAKE ONE'S MANNERS, to salute a person on meeting by a bow, courtesy, &c.; SHARK'S MANNERS, rapacity; TO THE MANNER BORN, accustomed to something from birth. [Fr. _maniere_--_main_--L. _manus_, the hand.]

MANNING, man'ing, _n._ the act of supplying with men.

MANNITE, man'[=i]t, _n._ a sweetish crystalline compound found in celery, sea-grasses, the dried sap of the flowering ash, &c.

MANOEUVRE, ma-n[=oo]'v[.e]r, or ma-n[=u]'-, _n._ a piece of dexterous management: stratagem: a skilful and clever movement in military or naval tactics.--_v.i._ and _v.t._ to perform a manoeuvre: to manage with art: to change the position of troops or of ships: to affect or to gain by manoeuvres.--_n._ MANOEU'VRER. [Fr.,--Low L. _manuopera_--L. _manu_, by hand, _opera_, work. Cf. _manure_.]

MANOMETER, man-om'e-t[.e]r, _n._ an instrument for measuring the rarity or density of gases from their elastic force--also MAN'OSCOPE.--_adjs._ MANOMET'RIC, -AL.--_n._ MANOS'COPY. [Gr. _manos_, rare, _metron_, measure.]

MANOR, man'or, _n._ the land belonging to a nobleman, or so much as he formerly kept for his own use: the district over which the court of the lord of the manor had authority: a tract of land in America for which a fee-farm rent was paid.--_ns._ MAN'OR-HOUSE, -SEAT, the house or seat belonging to a manor.--_adj._ MAN[=O]'RIAL, pertaining to a manor. [O. Fr.

_manoir_--L. _man[=e]re_, _mansum_, to stay.]

MANQUe, mang'k[=a], _adj._ spoiled: defective: off: lost: missed. [Fr.]

MANSARD-ROOF, man'sard-r[=oo]f, _n._ a form of roof having a break in the slope, the lower part being steeper than the upper, so called from the architect, Francois _Mansart_ (1598-1666).

MANSE, mans, _n._ the residence of a clergyman, esp. of Presbyterians in Scotland. [O. Fr.,--Low L. _mansa_, a farm--_man[=e]re_, _mansus_, to remain.]

MANSION, man'shun, _n._ a house, esp. one of some size: a manor-house: the dwelling of a nobleman or a landholder: (_B._) a resting-place.--_ns._ MAN'SION-HOUSE, a mansion: the official residence of the Lord Mayor of London; MAN'SIONRY (_Shak._), a mansion, place of residence. [O. Fr.,--L.

_mansion-em_--_man[=e]re_, _mansus_, to remain.]

MANSUETUDE, man'swe-t[=u]d, _n._ gentleness: tameness: mildness.--_adj._ MAN'SUETE (_rare_), mild. [Fr.,--L. _mansuetudo_, mildness.]

MANSWORN, man'sworn, _p.adj._ (_obs._) perjured. [A.S. _manswerian_, to swear falsely.]

MANTEL, man'tl, _n._ the ornamental shelf over a fireplace.--Also MAN'TEL-PIECE, MAN'TEL-SHELF.

MANTIC, man'tik, _adj._ relating to divination: prophetic. [Gr.

_mantikos_--_mantis_, a prophet.]

MANTICORE, man'ti-k[=o]r, _n._ a fabulous beast of prey with a human head.

[Fr.,--L.,--Gr. _mantich[=o]ras_.]

MANTILLA, man-til'a, _n._ a small mantle: a kind of veil covering the head and falling down upon the shoulders. [Sp.; cf. _mantle_.]

MANTIS, man'tis, _n._ a genus of orthopterous insects somewhat like locusts, carrying their large spinous forelegs in the attitude of prayer.

[Gr. _mantis_.]

MANTLE, man'tl, _n._ a covering: a cloak or loose outer garment: spirit: (_zool._) the thin fleshy membrane lining a mollusc's shell: a conical wire-network covered with some highly refractory earth that becomes luminous under a flame.--_v.t._ to cover: to disguise.--_v.i._ to spread like a mantle: to revel: to joy: to froth: to rush to the face and impart a crimson glow, as blood.--_ns._ MAN'TLET, MAN'TELET, a small cloak for women: (_fort._) a movable shield or screen to protect an attacking force, or gunners while serving their guns; MAN'TLING, cloth suitable for mantles: (_her._) the representation of a mantle, or the drapery of a coat-of-arms.

[O. Fr. _mantel_ (Fr. _manteau_)--L. _mantellum_, a napkin.]

MANTOLOGY, man-tol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the act or art of divination.--n.

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