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MANTON, man'tun, _n._ a shawl or wrap. [Sp.,--_manta_, a cloak. Same root as _mantle_.]

MANTRA, man'tra, _n._ a Vedic hymn of praise: the matter of the Sanhita or first division of the Veda: a sacred text used as an incantation. [Sans., 'thought.']

MANTUA, man't[=u]-a, _n._ a lady's cloak or mantle: a lady's gown--(_Scot._) MANT'Y.--_n._ MAN'TUA-MAK'ER, a maker of ladies' gowns and dresses. [Prob. arose through confusion of _manteau_ (It. _manto_) with _Mantua_, in Italy.]

MANTUAN, man't[=u]-an, _adj._ of or pertaining to _Mantua_ in Italy, or to the poet Virgil or his works.--_n._ a native of Mantua, esp. Virgil.

MANUAL, man'[=u]-al, _adj._ pertaining to the hand: done, made, or used by the hand.--_n._ drill in the use of weapons, &c.: a handbook: a handy compendium of a large subject or treatise: the key-board of an organ, &c.: an old office-book like the modern R.C. _ritual_.--_adv._ MAN'UALLY.--MANUAL ALPHABET, the letters made by the deaf and dumb with the hand in conversation; MANUAL EXERCISE, the exercise by which soldiers are made to handle their arms. [L. _manualis_--_manus_, the hand.]

MANUBRIUM, m[=a]-n[=u]'bri-um, _n._ the presternum of most mammals: in organ-building, a stop-knob or handle.--_adj._ MAN[=U]'BRI[=A]TED. [L., 'a handle.']

MANUFACTURE, man-[=u]-fakt'[=u]r, _v.t._ to make from raw materials by any means into a form suitable for use.--_v.i._ to be occupied in manufactures.--_n._ the process of manufacturing: anything manufactured.--_n._ MANUFACT'ORY, a factory or place where goods are manufactured.--_adj._ MANUFACT'URAL.--_n._ MANUFACT'URER, one who manufactures.--_p.adj._ MANUFACT'URING, pertaining to manufactures.

[Fr.,--L. _manus_, the hand, _factura_, a making, from _fac[)e]re_, _factum_, to make.]

MANUMIT, man-[=u]-mit', _v.t._ to release from slavery: to set free, as a slave:--_pr.p._ man[=u]mit'ting; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ man[=u]mit'ted.--_n._ MANUMISS'ION, act of manumitting or setting free from slavery. [L.

_manumitt[)e]re_--_manus_, the hand, _mitt[)e]re_, _missum_, to send.]

MANUMOTOR, man-[=u]-m[=o]'tor, _n._ a small wheel-carriage moved by the hand of the person in it.--_adj._ MANUM[=O]'TIVE. [L. _manus_, hand, _motor_, a mover.]

MANURE, man-[=u]r', _v.t._ to enrich land with any fertilising substance.--_n._ any substance applied to land to make it more fruitful.--_ns._ MANUR'ANCE (_Spens._), cultivation; MANUR'ER.--_adj._ MAN[=U]'RIAL.--_n._ MANUR'ING, a dressing or spreading of manure on land.

[Contr. of Fr. _manoeuvrer_. See MANOEUVRE.]

MANUS, m[=a]'nus, _n._ the hand, the corresponding part of an animal's fore-limb.

MANUSCRIPT, man'[=u]-skript, _adj._ written by the hand: not printed.--_n._ a book or paper written by the hand.--_adj._ MANUSCRIPT'AL. [L. _manus_, the hand, _scrib[)e]re_, _scriptum_, to write.]

MANX, mangks, _n._ the language of the Isle of _Man_, belonging to the Gadhelic branch of Celtic.--_adj._ pertaining to the Isle of Man or to its inhabitants.

MANY, men'i, _adj._ consisting of a great number of individuals: not few: numerous:--_comp._ MORE (m[=o]r); _superl._ MOST (m[=o]st).--_n._ many persons: a great number: (with def. art.) the people.--_adj._ MAN'Y-SID'ED, having many qualities or aspects: not narrow-minded.--_n._ MAN'Y-SID'EDNESS.--THE MANY, the crowd. [A.S. _manig_.]

MANYPLIES, men'i-pl[=i]z, _n.sing._ and _pl._ the third stomach of a ruminant--the _omasum_ or _psalterium_.--Also MAN'IPLIES and MON'YPLIES.

MANZANILLA, man-za-nil'a, _n._ a very dry and light kind of sherry, esp.

that produced in the district of San Lucar de Barrameda in Spain. [Prob.

from the town near Seville.]

MAORI, mow'ri, or ma'[=o]-ri, _n._ a native of New Zealand:--_pl._ MAO'RIS.

[A New Zealand word signifying native or indigenous.]

MAORMOR, mar'm[=o]r, _n._ a royal steward in ancient Scotland. [Gael., _maor_, _maer_, steward, _mor_, great.]

MAP, map, _n._ a representation of the surface of the earth, or of part of it on a plane surface: a similar drawing of the stars in the sky.--_v.t._ to draw in the form of a map, as the figure of any portion of land: to describe clearly:--_pr.p._ map'ping; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ mapped.--_ns._ MAP'-MEAS'URER, an instrument for measuring distances other than in straight lines on a map; MAP'-MOUNT'ER, one who mounts maps, or backs them with canvas and fixes them on rollers, &c.; MAP'PERY (_Shak_.), the art of planning and designing maps; MAP'PIST.--MAP OUT, to mark down the chief points clearly. [L. _mappa_, a napkin, a painted cloth, orig. Punic.]

MAPLE, m[=a]'pl, _n._ a tree of several species, from one of which, the rock-maple, sugar is made.--_adj._ of or pertaining to maple. [A.S.

_mapul_, maple.]

MAQUI, m[=a]'kwi, _n._ an evergreen shrub, native of Chili, producing a berry yielding wine.

MAR, mar, _v.t._ to injure by wounding or by cutting off a part: to damage: to interrupt: to disfigure:--_pr.p._ mar'ring; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ marred.

[A.S. _merran_, _mirran_; cf. Dut. _marren_, to retard.]

MARABOU, mar'a-b[=oo], _n._ a species of Indian stork, the feathers of which are much used as ornaments by ladies: a very white raw silk.

MARABOUT, mar'a-b[=oo]t, _n._ one of a priestly race of Mohammedans in Northern Africa. [Ar.]

MARAH, m[=a]'ra, _n._ bitterness: something bitter. [Heb.]

MARANATHA, mar-a-n[=a]'tha, or mar-a-nath'a, _n._ See Anathema.

MARASCHINO, mar-as-k[=e]'no, _n._ a liqueur distilled from a species of cherry grown in Dalmatia. [It.,--_marasca_, _amarasca_, a sour cherry--L.

_am[=a]rus_, bitter.]

MARASMUS, ma-raz'mus, _n._ a wasting of flesh without apparent disease, a kind of consumption. [Gr. _marasmos_--_marainein_, to decay.]

MARATHI, ma-ra'thi, _n._ the language of the _Mahrattas_.--Also _Mahrat'ti_.

MARAUD, ma-rawd', _v.i._ to rove in quest of plunder.--_n._ MARAUD'ER, one who roves in quest of booty or plunder. [Fr. _maraud_, rogue; prob. O. Fr.

_mar-ir_, to wander--Old High Ger. _marrjan_, to hinder.]

MARAVEDI, mar-a-v[=a]'d[=i], _n._ the smallest copper coin of Spain, less than a farthing. [Sp.,--Ar. _Mur[=a]bit[=i]n_, the dynasty of the Almoravides (1086-1147 A.D.).]

MARBLE, mar'bl, _n._ any species of limestone taking a high polish: that which is made of marble, as a work of art: a little ball used by boys in play.--_adj._ made of marble: veined like marble: hard: insensible.--_v.t._ to stain or vein like marble.--_adjs._ MAR'BLE-BREAST'ED, hard-hearted, cruel; MAR'BLE-CON'STANT, constant or firm as marble, immovable.--_n._ MAR'BLE-CUT'TER, one who hews marble: a machine for cutting marble.--_adjs._ MAR'BLE-EDGED, having the edges marbled, as a book; MAR'BLE-HEART'ED, hard-hearted, insensible.--_ns._ MAR'BLE-P[=A]'PER, paper coloured in imitation of variegated marble; MAR'BLER; MAR'BLING, the act of veining or painting in imitation of marble.--_adv._ MAR'BLY, resembling marble, in the manner of marble.--ELGIN MARBLES, a collection of marbles obtained chiefly from the Parthenon by Lord _Elgin_ in 1811, now in the British Museum. [O. Fr. _marbre_--L. _marmor_; cf. Gr. _marmaros_, _marmairein_, to sparkle.]

MARCANDO, mar-kan'do, _adj._ and _adv._ (_mus._) with distinctness or precision.--Also MARCA'TO. [It., _marcare_, to mark.]

MARCASITE, mar'ka-s[=i]t, _n._ an iron ore, a variety of pyrites (q.v.).

[Fr.; prob. of Ar. origin.]

MARCESCENT, mar-ses'ent, _adj._ withering, decaying.--_adj._ MARCESC'IBLE, that may wither. [L. _marcescens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _marcesc[)e]re_--_marc[=e]re_, to fade.]

MARCH, march, _n._ the third month of the year, named from Mars, the god of war. [L. _Martius_ (_mensis_), (the month) of Mars.]

MARCH, march, _n._ a border: boundary of a territory:--used chiefly in _pl._ MARCH'ES.--_v.i._ to border: to be adjacent.--_ns._ MARCH'MAN, a borderer; MARCH'-TREA'SON, the betrayal of a border or march to an enemy.--RIDING THE MARCHES, a ceremony in which the magistrates and chief men of a city ride on horseback round the bounds of the property of the city, so as to mark plainly what are its limits. [A.S. _mearc_; doublet of _mark_.]

MARCH, march, _v.i._ to move in order, as soldiers: to walk in a grave or stately manner.--_v.t._ to cause to march.--_n._ the movement of troops: regular advance: a piece of music fitted for marching to: the distance passed over.--MARCH PAST, the march of a body of soldiers in front of one remaining stationary to review them; FORCED MARCH, a march in which the men are vigorously pressed forward for combative or strategic purposes; ROGUE'S MARCH, music played in derision of a person when he is expelled as a soldier, &c. [Fr. _marcher_. Ety. dub.; acc. to Scheler, prob. from L.

_marcus_, a hammer (cf. 'to _beat_ time'); others suggest root of _march_, a frontier.]

MaRCHEN, MaHRCHEN, marh'hen, _n.sing._ and _pl._ a story or fable, a folk-tale. [Ger.]

MARCHIONESS, mar'shun-es, MARCHESA, mar-ch[=e]'za, _n._ feminine of MARQUIS.

MARCHPANE, march'p[=a]n, _n._ (_Shak._) a kind of sweet bread or biscuit composed of sugar, almonds, and a small quantity of flour. [Fr.

_massepain_, the latter part of the word being from L. _panis_, bread.]

MARCID, mar'sid, _adj._ withered, wasted.

MARCIONITE, mar'shun-[=i]t, _n._ and _adj._ a follower of _Marcion_ of Sinope (died 165 A.D.), who, partly under Gnostic influences, constructed an ethico-dualistic philosophy of religion, with rigorously ascetic practices. He claimed alone to have understood Paul aright, and accepted as authoritative his own version of Luke and ten of Paul's epistles.--_ns._ MAR'CIONIST; MAR'CIONITISM.

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