LUCE, l[=u]s, _n._ a fresh-water fish, the pike. [O. Fr. _lus_--Low L.
LUCENT, l[=u]'sent, _adj._ shining: bright.--_n._ L[=U]'CENCY, brightness.--_adj._ LUCER'NAL, pertaining to a lamp. [L.
_lucens_--_luc[=e]re_, to shine--_lux_, _lucis_, light.]
LUCERNE, l[=u]'s[.e]rn, _n._ a species of Medick, a valuable forage-plant.
LUCID, l[=u]'sid, _adj._ shining: transparent: easily understood: intellectually bright: not darkened with madness.--_ns._ LUCID'ITY, L[=U]'CIDNESS.--_adv._ L[=U]'CIDLY.--_ns._ LUC'IFER, the planet Venus when it appears as the morning-star: Satan: a match of wood tipped with a combustible substance ignited by friction.--_adjs._ LUCIF[=E]'RIAN, LUCIF'EROUS, of or pertaining to _Lucifer_: bearing light: affording means of discovery; LUCIF'UGAL, LUCIF'UGOUS, shunning light.--_n._ LUCIM'ETER, an instrument for measuring the intensity and duration of sunshine in promoting evaporation. [L.,--_lux_, _lucis_, light.]
LUCIGEN, l[=u]'si-jen, _n._ one of the most powerful artificial lamps, and specially adapted for lighting large spaces, whether open or covered. [L.
_lux_, _lucis_, light, and root of _gign[)e]re_, to beget.]
LUCINA, l[=u]'s[=i]-na, _n._ a name applied both to Diana and to Juno--to the latter as the especial divinity that presides over childbirth.
LUCK, luk, _n._ fortune, good or bad: chance: lot: good fortune.--_adv._ LUCK'ILY.--_n._ LUCK'INESS.--_adj._ LUCK'LESS, without good luck: unhappy.--_adv._ LUCK'LESSLY.--_ns._ LUCK'LESSNESS; LUCK'-PENN'Y, a trifle returned for luck by a seller to a buyer: a coin carried for luck.--_adj._ LUCK'Y, having good luck: auspicious.--_n._ LUCK'Y-BAG, a receptacle for lost property on board a man-of-war.--BE DOWN ON ONE'S LUCK, to be unfortunate. [From a Low Ger. root, seen in Dut. _luk_; cf. Ger. _gluck_, prosperity.]
LUCKY, LUCKIE, luk'i, _n._ (_Scot._) an elderly woman.
LUCKY, luk'i, _n._ (_slang_) departure.--CUT ONE'S LUCKY, to bolt.
LUCRE, l[=u]'k[.e]r, _n._ gain (esp. sordid gain): profit: advantage.--_adj._ L[=U]'CRATIVE, bringing lucre or gain: profitable.--_adv._ L[=U]'CRATIVELY. [Fr.,--L. _lucrum_, gain.]
LUCTATION, luk-t[=a]'shun, _n._ struggle. [L.,--_luct[=a]ri_.]
LUCUBRATE, l[=u]'k[=u]-br[=a]t, _v.i._ to study by lamplight or at night.--_n._ LUCUBR[=A]'TION, a product of close study or thought, any composition produced in retirement.--_adj._ L[=U]'CUBR[=A]TORY, composed by candle-light. [L. _lucubr[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_lux._]
LUCULENT, l[=u]'k[=u]-lent, _adj._ lucid: clear: transparent: evident.--_adv._ L[=U]'CULENTLY. [L. _luculentus_--_lux_.]
LUCUMO, l[=u]'k[=u]-m[=o], _n._ an appellation of the Etruscan princes and priests. [L.]
LUD, _n._ a minced form of _lord_.
LUDICROUS, l[=u]'di-krus, _adj._ that serves for sport: adapted to excite laughter: laughable: comic.--_adv._ L[=U]'DICROUSLY.--_n._ L[=U]'DICROUSNESS. [L. _ludicrus_--_lud[)e]re_, to play.]
LUE, l[=u], _v.t._ to sift.
LUES, l[=u]'[=e]z, _n._ a plague.--_adj._ LUET'IC. [L.]
LUFF, luf, _n._ the windward side of a ship: the act of sailing a ship close to the wind: the loof.--_v.t._ to turn a ship towards the wind. [M.
E. _lof_, a paddle; cf. Scot. _loof_, Dut. _loef_.]
LUFFA, luf'a, _n._ a genus of climbing herbs of the gourd family, whose seeds are contained in a fibrous network removed entire by soaking, &c., and used as a flesh-brush.--Also LOOF'A, &c. [Ar.]
LUG, lug, _v.t._ to pull along: to drag: to pull with difficulty:--_pr.p._ lug'ging; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ lugged.--_ns._ LUG'GAGE, the trunks and other baggage of a traveller; LUG'GAGE-VAN, a wagon for baggage; LUG'GER, a small vessel with two or three masts, a running bowsprit, and long or lug sails; LUG'SAIL, LUG, a square sail bent upon a yard that hangs obliquely to the mast.--LUG IN, to introduce without any apparent connection. [Scand., Sw.
_lugga_, to pull by the hair--_lugg_, the forelock; from a base _luk_, to pull, present in Scot. _lug_, the ear.]
LUG, lug, _n._ (_Spens._) a perch or rod of land.
LUG, lug, _n._ (_Scot._) the ear.--_adj._ LUGGED, having ears.--_n._ LUG'GIE, a small vessel with ears.
LUGUBRIOUS, l[=u]-g[=u]'bri-us, _adj._ mournful: dismal.--_adv._ LUG[=U]'BRIOUSLY. [L. _lugubris_--_lug[=e]re_, to mourn.]
LUGWORM, lug'wurm, _n._ a sluggish worm found in the sand on the sea-shore, much used for bait by fishermen.--Also _Lobworm_.
LUKEWARM, l[=u]k'wawrm, _adj._ partially or moderately warm: indifferent--also LUKE.--_adv._ LUKE'WARMLY.--_ns._ LUKE'WARMNESS, LUKE'WARMTH. [M. E. _leuk_, _luke_, an extension of _lew_, cog. with the A.S. _hleo_, the source of _lee_; prob. confused with A.S. _wlaec_, _wlacu_, tepid; cf. Dut. _leuk_, Ger. _lau_.]
LULL, lul, _v.t._ to soothe: to compose: to quiet.--_v.i._ to become calm: to subside.--_n._ a season of calm.--_n._ LULL'ABY, a song to lull children to sleep, a cradle-song.--_v.t._ to lull to sleep. [Scand., as in Sw.
_lulla_; imit. like Ger. _lallen_, Gr. _lalein_.]
LUM, lum, _n._ (_Scot._) a chimney. [W. _llumon_.]
LUMBAGO, lum-b[=a]'g[=o], _n._ a rheumatic affection of the muscles or fibrous tissues in the lumbar region.--_adjs._ LUMBAG'INOUS; LUM'BAR, LUM'BAL, pertaining to, or near, the loins. [L.,--_lumbus_, loin.]
LUMBER, lum'b[.e]r, _n._ anything cumbersome or useless: timber sawed or split for use.--_v.t._ to fill with lumber: to heap together in confusion.--_n._ LUM'BERER, one employed in felling timber and bringing it from the forest.--_adj._ LUM'BERING, filling with lumber: putting in confusion.--_n._ LUM'BER-ROOM, a room for holding things not in use. [Fr.
_Lombard_--Ger. _Langbart_; the _lumber_-room being orig. the _Lombard_-room or place where the Lombards, the medieval bankers and pawnbrokers, stored their pledges.]
LUMBER, lum'b[.e]r, _v.i._ to move heavily. [Scand.; prov. Sw. _lomra_, to resound, Ice. _hljomr_, a sound.]
LUMBRICAL, lum'brik-al, _adj._ (_anat._) worm-like.--_adj._ LUMBRIC'IFORM.
[L. _lumbricus_, a worm.]
LUMINARY, l[=u]'min-ar-i, _n._ any body which gives light, esp. one of the heavenly bodies: one who illustrates any subject or instructs mankind.--_adj._ L[=U]'MINANT, emitting light.--_n._ an illuminating agent.--_n._ LUMIN[=A]'TION, a lighting up.--_v.t._ L[=U]'MINE (_Spens._), to illumine.--_adjs._ LUMINIF'EROUS, transmitting light; L[=U]'MINOUS, giving light: shining: illuminated: clear: lucid.--_adv._ L[=U]'MINOUSLY.--_ns._ L[=U]'MINOUSNESS, LUMINOS'ITY.--LUMINOUS PAINT, a phosphorescent powder, such as sulphide or oxysulphide of calcium, ground up with a colourless varnish or other medium, and used as a paint. [L.
_lumen_, _luminis_, light--_luc[=e]re_, to shine.]
LUMMY, lum'i, _adj._ (_slang_) knowing, cute.
LUMP, lump, _n._ a small shapeless mass: a protuberance: swelling: the whole together: the gross.--_v.t._ to throw into a confused mass: to take in the gross.--_ns._ LUMP'ER, a labourer employed in the lading or unlading of ships: (_prov._) a militiaman; LUMP'FISH, a clumsy sea-fish with a short, deep, and thick body and head, and a ridge on its back, also called LUMP'SUCKER, from the power of its sucker.--_adjs._ LUMP'ING, in a lump: heavy: bulky; LUMP'ISH, like a lump: heavy: gross: dull.--_adv._ LUMP'ISHLY.--_ns._ LUMP'ISHNESS; LUMP'-SUG'AR, loaf-sugar in small pieces.--_adj._ LUMP'Y, full of lumps.--IN THE LUMP, in gross. [Scand., Norw. _lump_, a block; Dut. _lomp_.]
LUNAR, l[=u]'nar, _adj._ belonging to the moon: measured by the revolutions of the moon: caused by the moon: like the moon--also L[=U]'NARY.--_ns._ L[=U]'NACY, a kind of madness formerly supposed to be affected by the moon: insanity; LUN[=A]'RIAN, L[=U]'NARIST, a student of lunar phenomena; L[=U]'NARY, the moonwort fern.--_adjs._ L[=U]'N[=A]TE, -D, formed like a half-moon: crescent-shaped; L[=U]'NATIC, affected with lunacy.--_n._ a person so affected: a madman (_De lunatico inquirendo_, the title of the writ or commission for inquiry into the mental state of an alleged lunatic).--_n._ LUN[=A]'TION, the time between two revolutions of the moon: a lunar month.--_adjs._ L[=U]'NIFORM, moon-shaped; L[=U]'NISOLAR, resulting from the united action of the sun and moon: compounded of the revolution of the sun and the moon.--_n._ L[=U]'NULA, a crescent-like appearance, esp.
the whitish area at the base of the nails.--_adjs._ L[=U]'NULATE, -D (_bot._), shaped like a small crescent.--_ns._ L[=U]'NULE, L[=U]'NULET, anything in form like a small crescent; L[=U]'NULITE, a small circular fossil coral.--LUNAR CAUSTIC, fused crystals of nitrate of silver, applied to ulcers, &c.; LUNAR CYCLE=METONIC CYCLE (q.v.); LUNAR MONTH (see MONTH); LUNAR OBSERVATION, an observation of the moon's distance from a star for the purpose of finding the longitude; LUNAR RAINBOW (see RAINBOW, under RAIN); LUNAR THEORY, a term employed to denote the _a priori_ deduction of the moon's motions from the principles of gravitation; LUNAR YEAR (see YEAR). [L. _lunaris_--_luna_, the moon--_luc[=e]re_, to shine.]
LUNCH, lunsh, _n._ a slight repast between breakfast and dinner--also LUNCH'EON.--_v.i._ to take lunch.--_n._ LUNCH'EON-BAR, a counter at a restaurant where luncheons are served. [_Lunch_, a contr. of _luncheon_, itself extended from _lunch_, a lump.]
LUNE, l[=u]n, _n._ anything in the shape of a half-moon: (_Shak._) a fit of lunacy.--_n._ LUNETTE', a little moon: (_fort._) a detached bastion: a hole in a concave ceiling to admit light: a watch-glass flattened more than usual in the centre: in the R.C. Church, a moon-shaped case of crystal used for receiving the consecrated host. [Fr. _lune_--L. _luna_.]
LUNG, lung, _n._ one of the organs of breathing--from its spongy texture.--_adjs._ LUNGED; LUNG'-GROWN, having an adhesion of the lung to the pleura.--_n._ LUNG'WORT, an herb with purple flowers and spotted leaves: a lichen on tree-trunks, used as a remedy for pulmonary diseases.
[A.S. _lunge_, pl. _lungan_, the lungs; cog. with _light_ (adj.).]
LUNGE, lunj, _n._ a sudden thrust in fencing.--_v.i._ to give such.--_v.t._ to cause to plunge. [Fr. _allonger_, to lengthen--L. _ad_, to, _longus_, long.]
LUNIFORM, LUNISOLAR, LUNULATE. See LUNAR.
LUNT, lunt, _n._ a light, blaze.--_v.i._ (_Scot._) to burn, to smoke. [Dut.
_lont_, a match; cf. Ger. _lunte_.]
LUPINE, l[=u]'p[=i]n, _adj._ like a wolf: wolfish.--_n._ a genus of leguminous plants.--_adj._ LUPAN[=A]'RIAN, bawdy.--_n._ LUPERC[=A]'LIA, a festival among the ancient Romans, held on the 15th of February, in honour of _Lupercus_ (Pan), god of fertility and patron of shepherds--(_Shak._) L[=U]'PERCAL. [L. _lupinus_--_lupus_, a wolf, _lupa_, a whore.]