LORIS, l[=o]'ris, _n._ the slender lemur of Ceylon.
LORN, lorn, _adj._ (_Spens._) lost, forsaken. [A.S. _loren_, pa.p. of _leosan_, to lose.]
LORRY, lor'i, _n._ a four-wheeled wagon without sides. [Perh. from prov.
Eng. _lurry_, to pull.]
LORY, l[=o]'ri, _n._ a common name for the members of a family of Australian parrots. [Malay.]
LOSE, l[=oo]z, _v.t._ to be deprived of: to cease to have: to mislay: to waste, as time: to miss: to bewilder: to cause to perish: to ruin.--_v.i._ to fail, to be unsuccessful: to suffer waste:--_pr.p._ los'ing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ lost.--_adj._ LOS'ABLE.--_n._ LOS'ER.--_adj._ LOS'ING, causing loss.--_adv._ LOS'INGLY.--_n._ LOSS, the act of losing: injury: destruction: defeat: that which is lost: waste.--_adj._ LOST, parted with: no longer possessed: missing: thrown away: squandered: ruined.--LOSE ONE'S SELF, to lose one's way, to become bewildered; LOST TO, insensible to; LOST TRIBES, the tribes of Israel which never returned from captivity.--AT A LOSS, in uncertainty. [A.S. _losian_--_leosan_; cog. with Ger.
_ver-lieren_, to lose.]
LOSEL, l[=o]'zel, _n._ a sorry, worthless fellow: a scamp.--_adj._ slothful: wasteful--_n._ L[=O]'SELISM, worthlessness, worthless fellows collectively. [Prob. _lose_.]
LoSS. See LOESS.
LOT, lot, _n._ one's fate in the future: destiny: that which falls to any one as his fortune: that which decides by chance: a separate portion.--_v.t._ to allot: to separate into lots: to catalogue:--_pr.p._ lot'ting; _pa.p._ lot'ted.--CAST, or DRAW, lots, to determine an event by some arrangement of chances. [A.S. _hlot_, _hlt_, a lot--_hleotan_, to cast lots.]
LOTAH, l[=o]'ta, _n._ a Hindu small brass or copper pot.
LOTE. See LOTUS.
LOTH, l[=o]th, _adj._ Same as LOATHFUL, LOATHLY.
LOTHARIO, l[=o]-th[=a]'ri-[=o], _n._ a libertine, rake. [From _Lothario_, in Rowe's play, _The Fair Penitent_.]
LOTION, l[=o]'shun, _n._ a liquid preparation for healing or cleansing any diseased or bruised part. [Fr.,--L.,--_lav[=a]re lotum_, to wash.]
LOTTERY, lot'[.e]r-i, _n._ a distribution of prizes by lot or chance: a game of chance.
LOTTO, lot'[=o], _n._ a game played with numbered discs and cards.--Also LOT'O. [It.]
LOTUS, l[=o]'tus, _n._ the water-lily of Egypt: a tree in North Africa, whose fruit made strangers forget their home: a genus of leguminous plants--also LOTE, L[=O]'TOS.--_ns.pl._ LOT[=O]'PHAGI, L[=O]'TUS-EAT'ERS, a people who ate the fruit of the lotus, among whom Ulysses lived for a time.--_ns._ L[=O]'TUS-EAT'ER, an eater of the lotus: one given up to sloth; L[=O]'TUS-LAND, the country of the lotus-eaters. [Gr.]
LOUD, lowd, _adj._ making a great sound: noisy: showy.--_advs._ LOUD, LOUD'LY.--_adj._ LOUD'-LUNGED, vociferous.--_n._ LOUD'NESS.--_adj._ LOUD'-VOICED, stentorian. [A.S, _hlud_; Ger. _laut_, sound; L. _inclytus_, renowned, Gr. _klytos_, heard.]
LOUGH, loh, _n._ the Irish form of _loch_.
LOUIS, l[=oo]'i, _n._ a French gold coin superseded in 1795 by the 20-franc piece--also LOU'IS-D'OR.--_adjs._ LOU'IS-QUATORZE', characteristic of the reign of LOUIS XIV. (1643-1715), in architecture and decoration; LOU'IS-QUINZE, of that of Louis XV. (1715-74); LOU'IS-SEIZE, of that of Louis XVI. (1774-92); LOU'IS-TREIZE, of that of Louis XIII. (1610-43).
LOUNDER, lown'd[.e]r, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to beat.--_n._ a heavy blow.--_n._ LOUN'DERING, a beating.
LOUNGE, lownj, _v.i._ to recline at one's ease: to move about listlessly.--_n._ the act or state of lounging: an idle stroll: a place for lounging: a kind of sofa.--_n._ LOUNG'ER. [Fr. _longis_, one that is long in doing anything, formed (but with a pun on L. _longus_, long) from L.
_Longius_ or _Longinus_, the legendary name of the centurion who pierced the body of Christ.]
LOUP, l[=oo]p, _n._ (_Spens._) loop.
LOUP, lowp, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to leap.--_ns._ LOUP'ING-ILL, a disease causing sheep to spring up in walking; LOUP'ING-ON'-STANE, a stone from which to mount a horse; LOUP'-THE-DYKE', runaway.
LOUR, lowr, _v.i._ Same as _lower_, to frown.
LOUSE, lows, _n._ a common wingless parasitic insect, with a flat body, and short legs furnished with claws:--_pl._ LICE (l[=i]s).--_v.t._ (_obs._) to remove lice from.--_n._ LOUS'INESS.--_adj._ LOUS'Y, swarming with lice.
[A.S. _lus_, pl. _ls_; Ger. _laus_; from the root of Goth. _liusan_, to destroy.]
LOUT, lowt, _n._ a clown, awkward fellow.--_v.t._ to treat as a lout.--_v.i._ to bend.--_adj._ LOUT'ISH, clownish: awkward and clumsy.--_adv._ LOUT'ISHLY.--_n._ LOUT'ISHNESS. [A.S. _lutan_, to stoop.]
LOUVRE, LOUVER, l[=oo]'v[.e]r, _n._ an opening of a turret shape on roofs, to allow the smoke or foul air to escape from halls, kitchens, &c.--_n._ LOU'VRE-WIN'DOW, an open window in a church tower, crossed by a series of sloping boards. [O. Fr. _louvert_ for _l'ouvert_, the open space.]
LOVAGE, luv'[=a]j, _n._ a genus of plants of the natural order _Umbelliferae_, allied to Angelica, used as a salad plant: a liquor made from the above. [O. Fr. _luvesche_--L. _ligusticum_, belonging to Liguria.]
LOVE, luv, _n._ fondness: an affection of the mind caused by that which delights: pre-eminent kindness: benevolence: reverential regard: devoted attachment to one of the opposite sex: the object of affection: the god of love, Cupid: (_Shak._) a kindness, a favour done: nothing, in billiards, tennis, and some other games.--_v.t._ to be fond of: to regard with affection: to delight in with exclusive affection: to regard with benevolence.--_v.i._ to have the feeling of love.--_adj._ LOV'ABLE, worthy of love: amiable.--_ns._ LOVE'-APP'LE, the fruit of the tomato; LOVE'BIRD, a genus of small birds of the parrot tribe, so called from their attachment to each other; LOVE'-BROK'ER (_Shak._), a third person who carries messages and makes assignations between lovers; LOVE'-CHARM, a philtre; LOVE'-CHILD, a bastard; LOVE'-DAY (_Shak._), a day for settling disputes; LOVE'-F[=A]'VOUR, something given to be worn in token of love; LOVE'-FEAST, a religious feast held periodically by certain sects of Christians in imitation of the love-feasts celebrated by the early Christians in connection with the Lord's-supper; LOVE'-FEAT, the gallant act of a lover; LOVE'-IN-[=I]'DLENESS, the heart's-ease; LOVE'-JUICE, a concoction used to excite love; LOVE'-KNOT, an intricate knot, used as a token of love.--_adj._ LOVE'LESS, without love, tenderness, or kindness.--_ns._ LOVE'-LETT'ER, a letter of courtship; LOVE'-LIES-BLEED'ING, a species of the plant Amaranthus; LOVE'LINESS; LOVE'LOCK, a lock of hair hanging at the ear, worn by men of fashion in the reigns of Elizabeth and James I.--_adj._ LOVE'LORN, forsaken by one's love.--_n._ LOVE'LORNNESS.--_adj._ LOVE'LY, exciting love or admiration: amiable: pleasing: delightful.--_adv._ beautifully, delightfully.--_ns._ LOVE'-MATCH, a marriage for love, not money; LOVE'-MONG'[.E]R, one who deals in affairs of love; LOVE'-P[=O]'TION, a philtre; LOV'ER, one who loves, esp. one in love with person of the opposite sex, in the singular almost exclusively of the man: one who is fond of anything: (_B._) a friend.--_adjs._ LOV'ERED (_Shak._), having a lover; LOV'ERLY, like a lover.--_n._ LOVE'-SHAFT, a dart of love from Cupid's bow.--_adjs._ LOVE'-SICK, languishing with amorous desire; LOVE'SOME, lovely.--_ns._ LOVE'-SUIT (_Shak._), courtship; LOVE'-T[=O]'KEN, a gift in evidence of love.--_adj._ LOV'ING, having love or kindness: affectionate: fond: expressing love.--_ns._ LOV'ING-CUP (see under CUP); LOV'ING-KIND'NESS, kindness full of love: tender regard: mercy: favour.--_adv._ LOV'INGLY.--_n._ LOV'INGNESS.--FOR LOVE OR MONEY, in some way or another; IN LOVE, enamoured; MAKE LOVE TO, to try to gain the affections of; PLAY FOR LOVE, to play without stakes; THERE'S NO LOVE LOST BETWEEN THEM, they have no regard for each other. [A.S. _lufu_, love; Ger.
_liebe_; cf. L. _libet_, _lubet_.]
LOVELACE, luv'l[=a]s, _n._ a well-mannered libertine. [From _Lovelace_, the hero of _Clarissa Harlowe_.]
LOVER, an obsolete form of _louvre_.
LOW, l[=o], _v.i._ to make the loud noise of oxen: to bellow.--_n._ the bellow of oxen.--_n._ LOW'ING, the bellowing of cattle. [A.S. _hlowan_; Dut. _loeijen_; imit.]
LOW, l[=o], _adj._ (_comp._ LOW'ER; _superl._ LOW'EST) lying in an inferior place or position: not high: deep: shallow: small: moderate: cheap: dejected: mean: plain: in poor circumstances: humble.--_adv._ not aloft: cheaply: meanly: in subjection, poverty, or disgrace: in times near our own: not loudly: (_astron._) near the equator.--_adj._ LOW'-BORN, of mean birth.--_ns._ LOW'-CHURCH, a party within the Church of England minimising sacerdotal claims, ecclesiastical constitutions, ordinances, and forms, holding evangelical views of theology:--opp. to _High-church_; LOW'-CHURCH'ISM; LOW'-CHURCH'MAN.--_v.t._ LOW'ER, to bring low: to depress: to degrade: to diminish.--_v.i._ to fall: to sink: to grow less.--_adjs._ LOW'ER-CASE (_print._), kept in a lower case, denoting small letters as distinguished from capitals; LOW'ER-CLASS, pertaining to persons of the humbler ranks.--_n._ LOW'ERING, the act of bringing low or reducing.--_adj._ letting down: sinking: degrading.--_adj._ LOW'ERMOST, lowest.--_ns._ LOW'LAND, land low with respect to higher land; LOW'LANDER, a native of lowlands; LOW'-LIFE, humble life; LOW'LIHEAD, LOW'LIHOOD, a lowly or humble state; LOW'LINESS.--_adjs._ LOW'-LIVED, vulgar: shabby; LOW'LY, of a low or humble mind: not high: meek: modest; LOW'-MIND'ED, moved by base or gross motives: vulgar; LOW'-NECKED, cut low in the neck and away from the shoulders, decollete.--_n._ LOW'NESS.--_adjs._ LOW'-PRESS'URE, employing or exerting a low degree of pressure (viz. less than 50 lb. to the sq. inch), said of steam and steam-engines; LOW'-SPIR'ITED, having the spirits low or cast down: not lively: sad.--_n._ LOW'-SPIR'ITEDNESS.--_adj._ LOW'-THOUGHT'ED, having the thoughts directed to low pursuits.--_n._ LOW'-WA'TER, the lowest point of the tide at ebb.--LOW LATIN, a term often applied loosely to the Latin spoken and written after the fall of the Roman Empire, as well as during the Middle Ages; LOW SUNDAY, the first Sunday after Easter, so called in contrast to the great festival whose octave it ends; LOW WINES, the weak spirit produced from the first distillation of substances containing alcohol.--LIE LOW, to keep quiet or hidden. [Ice. _lagr_, Dut. _laag_, low; allied to A.S. _licgan_, to lie.]
LOW, low, _n._ (_Scot._) a flame.--_v.i._ to blaze.--_n._ LOW'-BELL, a bell used in fowling by night, in connection with a light, to frighten birds into a net. [Ice. _logi_; cf. Dan. _lue_, Ger. _lohe_.]
LOWER, low'[.e]r, _v.i._ to appear gloomy, as the clouds: to threaten a storm: to frown.--_adjs._ LOU'RY, LOW'ERY, cloudy; LOW'ERING, looking sullen: appearing dark and threatening.--_adv._ LOW'ERINGLY. [M. E.
_louren_, from M. E. _lure_, _lere_, the cheek, allied to A.S. _hleor_, and thus a variant of _leer_.]
LOWN, lown, _n._ a variant of _loon_.
LOWN, lown, _adj._ (_Scot._) sheltered, tranquil.
LOXIA, lok'si-a, _n._ wryneck. [Gr.]
LOXODROMIC, lok-so-drom'ik, _adj._ pertaining to certain lines on the surface of a sphere which cut all meridians at the same angle, and indicate the course held by ships in rhumb sailing.--LOXODROMIC CURVE, line, or spiral, the course of a ship oblique to the equator and cutting all the meridians at the same angle, sailing constantly toward the same point of the compass.--LOXODROMICS, the art of such oblique sailing. [Gr. _loxos_, oblique, _dromos_, a course.]
LOYAL, loi'al, _adj._ faithful to one's sovereign: obedient: true to a lover.--_n._ LOY'ALIST, a loyal adherent of his sovereign, esp. in English history, a partisan of the Stuarts: in the American war, one that sided with the British troops.--_adv._ LOY'ALLY.--_n._ LOY'ALTY. [Fr.,--L.
_legalis_--_lex_, _legis_, law.]
LOZENGE, loz'enj, _n._ an oblique-angled parallelogram or a rhombus: a small cake of flavoured sugar, originally lozenge or diamond shaped: (_her._) the rhomb-shaped figure in which the arms of maids, widows, and deceased persons are borne.--_adjs._ LOZ'ENGED, formed in the shape of a lozenge; LOZ'ENGE-SHAPED, shaped like a lozenge or rhomb; LOZ'ENGY (_her._), divided into lozenge-shaped compartments. [O. Fr. _losange_, flattery, whence its use for an epitaph, square slab, window-pane.]
LUBBER, lub'[.e]r, LUBBARD, lub'ard, _n._ an awkward, clumsy fellow: a lazy, sturdy fellow.--_adj._ LUBB'ARD, lubberly.--_adj._ and _adv._ LUBB'ERLY.--_n._ LUBB'ER'S-HOLE (_naut._), a hole between the head of the lower mast and the edge of the top through which 'lubbers' may climb, instead of going round the futtock shroud. [W. _llob_, a dolt, _llabbi_, a stripling.]
LUBRICATE, l[=u]'bri-k[=a]t, _v.t._ to make smooth or slippery: to supply with oil to overcome friction.--_adjs._ L[=U]'BRIC, -AL, L[=U]'BRICOUS, slippery: lewd.--_ns._ L[=U]'BRICANT; LUBRIC[=A]'TION.--_adj._ L[=U]'BRICATIVE.--_ns._ L[=U]'BRICATOR; LUBRICITY (l[=u]-bris'i-ti), slipperiness: smoothness: instability: lewdness; LUBRIFAC'TION. [L.
_lubric[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_lubricus_, slippery.]
LUCARNE, l[=u]'karn, _n._ a dormer-window, esp. in a church spire.
[Fr.,--L. _lucerna_, a lamp.]