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IDIOCRASY, id-i-ok'ra-si, _n._ same as IDIOSYNCRASY.--_adj._ IDIOCRAT'IC.


IDIOELECTRIC, id-i-o-e-lek'trik, _adj._ electric by virtue of its own peculiar properties.

IDIOGRAPH, id'i-o-graf, _n._ a private mark or trademark.--_adj._ IDIOGRAPH'IC.

IDIOM, id'i-um, _n._ a mode of expression peculiar to a language, a peculiar variation of any language, a dialect.--_n._ ID'IASM, a peculiarity.--_adjs._ IDIOMAT'IC, -AL, conformed or pertaining to the idioms of a language.--_adv._ IDIOMAT'ICALLY.--_n._ IDIOT'ICON, a vocabulary of a particular dialect or district. [Fr.,--L.,--Gr.

_idi[=o]ma_, peculiarity--_idios_, one's own.]

IDIOMORPHIC, id-i-o-mor'fik, _adj._ having a peculiar or distinctive form.

IDIOPATHY, id-i-op'a-thi, _n._ a peculiar affection or state: (_med._) a primary disease, one not occasioned by another.--_adj._ IDIOPATH'IC (_med._), primary, not depending on or preceded by another disease.--_adv._ IDIOPATH'ICALLY. [Gr. _idios_, peculiar, _pathos_, suffering--_pathein_ to suffer.]

IDIOSYNCRASY, id-i-o-sin'kra-si, _n._ peculiarity of temperament or constitution; crotchet or peculiar view, any characteristic of a person.--_adj._ IDIOSYNCRAT'IC. [Gr. _idios_, one's own, _syncrasis_, a mixing together--_syn_, together, _krasis_, a mixing.]

IDIOT, id'i-ut, _n._ one deficient in intellect: a foolish or unwise person.--_adj._ afflicted with idiocy: idiotic.--_v.t._ to make idiotic--_ns._ ID'IOCY, ID'IOTCY, state of being an idiot: imbecility: folly.--_adjs._ IDIOT'IC, -AL, pertaining to or like an idiot: foolish.--_adv._ IDIOT'ICALLY.--_adj._ IDIOT'ISH, idiotic.--_n._ ID'IOTISM, the state of being an idiot. [Fr.,--L. _idiota_--_idi[=o]t[=e]s_, orig. a 'private man,' then a rude person--_idios_, one's own.]

IDLE, [=i]'dl, _adj._ vain: trifling: unemployed: averse to labour: not occupied: useless: unimportant: unedifying.--_v.t._ to spend in idleness.--_v.i._ to be idle or unoccupied.--_adj._ I'DLE-HEAD'ED, foolish.--_ns._ I'DLEHOOD, I'DLENESS; I'DLER; ID'LESSE, idleness; I'DLE-WHEEL, a wheel placed between two others simply for transferring the motion from one to the other without changing the I'DLE-WORMS, once jocularly supposed to be bred in the fingers of lazy maid-servants.--_adv._ I'DLY. [A.S. _idel_; Dut. _ijdel_, Ger. _eitel_.]

IDOCRASE, id'o-kr[=a]z, _n._ the mineral vesuvianite. [Gr. _eidos_, form, _krasis_, mixture.]

IDOL, [=i]'dul, _n._ a figure: an image of some object of worship: a person or thing too much loved or honoured: any phantom of the brain, or any false appearance by which men are led into error or prejudice which prevents impartial observation, a fallacy--also ID[=O]'LON, ID[=O]'LUM:--_pl._ ID[=O]'LA--Bacon (_Novum Organum_, i. -- 38) makes these four in number--_Idols of the nation or tribe_; _Idols of the den or cave_ (fallacies due to personal causes); _Idols of the forum_ (those due to the influence of words or phrases); _Idols of the theatre_ (those due to misconceptions of philosophic system or demonstration).--_v.t._ I'DOL[=I]SE, to make an idol of, for worship: to love to excess.--_ns._ IDOL[=I]S'ER; I'DOLISM (_Milt._), idolatrous worship; I'DOLIST (_Milt._), an idolater; IDOL'OCLAST, a breaker of images.--_adj._ IDOLOGRAPH'ICAL, treating of idols. [O. Fr. _idole_--L. _idolum_--Gr. _eid[=o]lon_--_eidos_, what is seen--_idein_, to see.]

IDOLATER, [=i]-dol'a-t[.e]r, _n._ a worshipper of idols: a great admirer:--_fem._ IDOL'ATRESS.--_v.t._ IDOL'ATR[=I]SE, to worship as an idol: to adore.--_adj._ IDOL'ATROUS, pertaining to idolatry.--_adv._ IDOL'ATROUSLY.--_n._ IDOL'ATRY, the worship of an image held to be the abode of a superhuman personality: excessive love. [Fr. _idolatre_, corr.

of L.,--Gr. _eid[=o]lolatr[=e]s_--_eid[=o]lon_, idol, _latreuein_, to worship.]

IDOLON, [=i]-d[=o]'lon, _n._ same as IDOL, an image: a mistaken notion.

[Gr. _eid[=o]lon_, an image.]

IDRIS, [=i]'dris, _n._ a mythical figure in Welsh tradition, giant, prince, and astronomer.

IDYL, IDYLL, [=i]'dil, _n._ a short pictorial poem, chiefly on pastoral subjects: a narrative poem.--_n._ IDYL'IST, a writer of idyls.--_adj._ IDYLL'IC, of or belonging to idyls: pastoral. [L. _idyllium_--Gr.

_idyllion_, dim. of _eidos_, image.]

IF, if, _conj._ an expression of doubt; whether: in case that: supposing that.--AS IF, as it would be if. [A.S. _gif_; Dut. _of_, Ice. _ef_, if, _efa_, to doubt.]

IGNARO, ig-n[=a]'r[=o], _n._ (_Spens._) an ignorant person. [It.,--L.


IGNATIAN, ig-n[=a]'shan, _adj._ of or pertaining to St _Ignatius_, Bishop of Antioch, martyred at Rome under Trajan about 110 A.D.--The famous IGNATIAN EPISTLES exist in 3 different forms or recensions--the _Short_ (3 only, in Syriac); the _Middle_ (7, the Greek text first published in 1646--considered by Zahn and Lightfoot to be the original form); the _Long_ (these 7, together with 6 others).

IGNEOUS, ig'ne-us, _adj._ pertaining to, consisting of, or like fire: (_geol._) produced by the action of fire.--_adjs._ IGNESC'ENT, emitting sparks of fire; IGNIF'EROUS, bearing fire; IGNIG'ENOUS, engendered in fire.--IGNEOUS rocks, those which have been erupted from the heated interior of the earth--hence also termed _Eruptive rocks_. [L.

_igneus_--_ignis_, fire.]

IGNIPOTENT, ig-nip'o-tent, _adj._ (_Pope_) presiding over fire. [L.

_ignis_, fire, _potens_, _-entis_, powerful.]

IGNIS-FATUUS, ig'nis-fat'[=u]-us, _n._ a light which misleads travellers, often seen over marshy places, also called 'Will-o'-the-Wisp:'--_pl._ IGNES-FATUI (ig'n[=e]z-fat'[=u]-[=i]). [L. _ignis_, fire, _fatuus_, foolish.]

IGNITE, ig-n[=i]t', _v.t._ to set on fire, to kindle: to render luminous with heat.--_v.i._ to take fire: to burn.--_n._ IGNITIBIL'ITY.--_adj._ IGN[=I]T'IBLE, that may be ignited.--_n._ IGNI'TION, act of setting on fire: state of being kindled, and esp. of being made red hot. [L.

_ign[=i]re_, _ign[=i]tum_, to set on fire--_ignis_, fire.]

IGNOBLE, ig-n[=o]'bl, _adj._ of low birth: mean or worthless: dishonourable.--_v.i._ to degrade.--_ns._ IGNOBIL'ITY, IGN[=O]'BLENESS.--_adv._ IGN[=O]'BLY. [Fr.,--L. _ignobilis_--_in_, not, _gnobilis_, _nobilis_, noble.]

IGNOMINY, ig'n[=o]-min-i, _n._ the loss of one's good name: public disgrace: infamy--formerly also IG'NOMY.--_adj._ IGNOMIN'IOUS, dishonourable: marked with ignominy: contemptible: mean.--_adv._ IGNOMIN'IOUSLY.--_n._ IGNOMIN'IOUSNESS. [Fr.,--L. _ignominia_--_in_, not, _gnomen_, _nomen_, name.]

IGNORAMUS, ig-n[=o]-r[=a]'mus, _n._ the word formerly written by a grand-jury on the back of an indictment, meaning that they rejected it: an ignorant person, esp. one making a pretence to knowledge:--_pl._ IGNOR[=A]'MUSES. [L., 'We are ignorant,' 1st pers. pl. pres. indic. of _ignor[=a]re_.]

IGNORANT, ig'n[=o]-rant, _adj._ without knowledge: uninstructed: unacquainted with: resulting from want of knowledge: (_Shak._) unconscious: (_Shak._) undiscovered.--_n._ IG'NORANCE, state of being ignorant: want of knowledge--in R.C. theol. _vincible_ or _wilful_ ignorance is such as one might be fairly expected to overcome, hence it can never be an excuse for sin, whether of omission or of commission; while _invincible_ ignorance, which a man could not help or abate, altogether excuses from guilt: (_pl._) in Litany, sins committed through ignorance.--_adv._ IG'NORANTLY.--_n._ IGNOR[=A]'TION. [Fr.,--L. _ignorans_, _-antis_, _pr.p._ of _ignor[=a]re_.


IGNORANTINES, ig-n[=o]-ran't[=i]nz, (_R.C._) name of a religious congregation of men devoted to the instruction of poor children--now better known as the _Brothers of Christian Schools_.

IGNORE, ig-n[=o]r', _v.t._ wilfully to disregard: to set aside. [Fr.,--L.

_ignor[=a]re_, not to know--_in_, not, and _gno-_, root of _(g)nosc[)e]re_, to know.]

IGUANA, i-gwa'na, _n._ a genus of thick-tongued arboreal lizards in tropical America. [Sp., prob. Haytian.]

IGUANODON, i-gwa'no-don, _n._ a large extinct herbivorous reptile, with teeth like those of the iguana. [_Iguana_, and Gr. _odous_, _odontos_, a tooth.]

ILEAC, il'e-ak, _adj._, ILEUM, il'e-um, _n._ See ILIAC.

ILEX, [=i]'leks, _n._ the scientific name for Holly (which see): the evergreen or holm oak. [L.]

ILIAC, il'i-ak, _adj._ pertaining to the lower intestines.--_ns._ IL'EUM, the lower part of the smaller intestine in man; IL'IUM, the upper part of the hip-bone:--_pl._ IL'IA.--ILEUS, ILEAC, or ILIAC PASSION, a severe colic with vomiting, &c. [Fr., through a Low L. _iliacus_--_ilia_, the flanks, the groin.]

ILIAD, il'i-ad, _n._ an epic poem by Homer, giving an account of the destruction of _Ilium_ or ancient Troy. [L. _Ilias_, _Iliadis_--Gr.

_Ilias_, _Iliados_, a poem relating to _Ilium_, the city of _Ilos_, its founder.]

ILK, ilk, _adj._ the same.--OF THAT ILK, of that same, used in connection with a man whose name is the same as that of his ancestral estate--often used erroneously for 'of that kind.' [A.S. _ilc_, _ylc_, from _y-_ or _i-_ (base of _he_), and _lic_=like.]

ILKA, il'ka, _adj._ (_Scot._) each. [A.S. _['ae]lc_, each.]

ILL, il, _adj._ (comp. _worse_; superl. _worst_) evil, bad: contrary to good: wicked: producing evil: unfortunate: unfavourable: sick: diseased: improper: incorrect: cross, as temper.--_adv._ not well: not rightly: with difficulty--(_rare_) ILL'Y.--_n._ evil: wickedness: misfortune.--_Ill_, when compounded with other words, expresses badness of quality or condition, as 'ill-advised,' 'ill-affected,' 'ill-disposed,' &c.--_adj._ ILL'-BESEEM'ING (_Shak._), unbecoming.--_n._ ILL'-BLOOD, ill-feeling: resentment.--_adjs._ ILL'-BOD'ING, inauspicious; ILL'-BRED, badly bred or educated: uncivil.--_n._ ILL'-BREED'ING.--_adjs._ ILL'-CONDIT'IONED, in bad condition: churlish; ILL'-FAT'ED, bringing ill-fortune; ILL'-FAURD (_Scot._), ILL'-F[=A]'VOURED, ill-looking: deformed: ugly.--_n._ ILL'-F[=A]'VOUREDNESS, state of being ill-favoured: deformity.--_adjs._ ILL'-GOT, -TEN, procured by bad means; ILL'-HAIRED (_Scot._) cross-grained; ILL'-JUDGED, not well judged; ILL'-LOOK'ING, having a bad look; ILL'-MANNED', insufficiently provided with men; ILL'-N[=A]'TURED, of an ill nature or temper: cross: peevish.--_adv._ ILL'-N[=A]'TUREDLY.--_ns._ ILL'-N[=A]'TUREDNESS, the quality of being ill-natured; ILL'NESS, sickness: disease.--_adjs._ ILL'-OFF, in bad circumstances; ILL'-[=O]'MENED, having bad omens: unfortunate; ILL'-STARRED, born under the influence of an unlucky star: unlucky; ILL'-TEM'PERED, having a bad temper: morose: fretful: (_Shak._) disordered; ILL'-TIMED, said or done at an unsuitable time.--_v.t._ ILL'-TREAT, to treat ill: to abuse.--_n._ ILL'-TURN, an act of unkindness or enmity.--_adj._ ILL'-USED, badly used or treated.--_ns._ ILL'-WILL, unkind feeling: enmity; ILL'-WISH'ER, one who wishes harm to another.--_adj._ ILL'-WREST'ING, misinterpreting to disadvantage.--GO ILL WITH, to result in danger or misfortune; TAKE IT ILL, to be offended. [From Ice. _illr_, a contraction of the word which appears in A.S. _yfel_, evil.]

ILLAPSE, il-laps', _n._ a sliding in: the entrance of one thing into another.--_v.i._ to glide. [L. _illapsus_--_illabi_--_in_, into, _labi_, to slip, to slide.]

ILLAQUEATE, i-lak'w[=e]-[=a]t, _v.t._ to ensnare.--_adj._ ILLAQ'UEABLE.--_n._ ILLAQUE[=A]'TION.

ILLATION, il-l[=a]'shun, _n._ act of inferring from premises or reasons: inference: conclusion.--_adj._ IL'LATIVE, denoting an inference: that may be inferred.--_adv._ IL'LATIVELY. [Fr.,--L. _illation-em_--_inferre_, _ill[=a]tum_--_in_, in, into, _ferre_, to bear.]

ILLAUDABLE, il-law'da-bl, _adj._ not laudable or praiseworthy.--_adv._ ILLAU'DABLY.

ILLEGAL, il-l[=e]'gal, _adj._ contrary to law.--_v.t._ ILL[=E]'GAL[=I]SE, to render unlawful.--_n._ ILLEGAL'ITY, the quality or condition of being illegal.--_adv._ ILL[=E]'GALLY.

ILLEGIBLE, il-lej'i-bl, _adj._ that cannot be read: indistinct.--_ns._ ILLEG'IBLENESS, ILLEGIBIL'ITY.--_adv._ ILLEG'IBLY.

ILLEGITIMATE, il-le-jit'i-m[=a]t, _adj._ not according to law: not born in wedlock: not properly inferred or reasoned: not genuine.--_n._ ILLEGIT'IMACY.--_adv._ ILLEGIT'IM[=A]TELY.--_n._ ILLEGITIM[=A]'TION, the act of rendering, or state of being, illegitimate.

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