HUMECTANT, h[=u]-mek'tant, _adj._ pertaining to remedies supposed to increase the fluidity of the blood.--_vs.t._ HUMECT', HUMEC'TATE, to moisten.--_n._ HUMECT[=A]'TION.--_adj._ HUMEC'TIVE, having the power to moisten.--_v.t._ H[=U]'MEFY, to make moist. [L. _humectans_--_hum[=e]re_, to be moist.]
HUMERAL, h[=u]'m[.e]r-al, _adj._ belonging to the shoulder.--_n._ an oblong scarf worn round the priest's shoulders at certain parts of the Mass and of Benediction.--_n._ H[=U]'MERUS, the arm from the shoulder to the elbow: the bone of the upper arm:--_pl._ H[=U]'MERI (-r[=i]).--_adjs._ H[=U]'MERO-C[=U]'BITAL; H[=U]'MERO-DIG'ITAL; H[=U]'MERO-DOR'SAL; H[=U]'MERO-METACAR'PAL; H[=U]'MERO-R[=A]'DIAL. [Fr.,--L. _humerus_, the shoulder.]
HUMET, HUMETTE, h[=u]-met', _n._ (_her._) a fesse or bar cut off short at each end.--_adj._ HUMETe.
HUMGRUFFIN, hum'gruf-in, _n._ a terrible person.
HUMIAN, h[=u]m'i-an, _adj._ of or pertaining to David _Hume_ (1711-76), or his philosophy.
HUMHUM, hum'hum, _n._ a kind of plain, coarse cotton cloth used in the East Indies.
HUMIC, h[=u]'mik, _adj._ denoting an acid formed by the action of alkalies on humus or mould.
HUMID, h[=u]'mid, _adj._ moist: damp: rather wet.--_adv._ H[=U]'MIDLY.--_ns._ H[=U]'MIDNESS, HUMID'ITY, moisture: a moderate degree of wetness. [L. _humidus_--_hum[=e]re_, to be moist.]
HUMILIATE, h[=u]-mil'i-[=a]t, _v.t._ to make humble: to depress: to lower in condition.--_adjs._ HUMIL'IANT, humiliating; HUMIL'I[=A]TING, humbling, mortifying.--_n._ HUMILI[=A]'TION, the act of humiliating: abasement: mortification. [L. _humili[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_.]
HUMILITY, h[=u]-mil'i-ti, _n._ the state or quality of being humble: lowliness of mind: modesty. [O. Fr. _humilite_--L.
HUMINE, h[=u]m'in, _n._ Same as HUMUS.
HUMMEL, hum'el, _adj._--hornless.--_n._ HUMM'ELLER, a machine for separating awns of barley from seed.
HUMMING, hum'ing, _n._ a low, murmuring sound, like that made by bees.--_ns._ HUMM'ING-BIRD, a tropical bird, of brilliant plumage and rapid flight, from the humming sound of its wings; HUMM'ING-TOP, a top which when spun gives a humming sound. [_Hum_.]
HUMMOCK, hum'uk, _n._ a hillock: pile or ridge (of ice): (_Scot._) a fistful.--_n._ HUMM'IE, a small protuberance.--_adjs._ HUMM'OCKED, HUMM'OCKY. [Dim. of _hump_.]
HUMMUM, the same as Hammam (q.v.).
HUMOUR, h[=u]'mur, or [=u]'mur, _n._ the moisture or fluids of animal bodies: an animal fluid in an unhealthy state: state of mind (because once thought to depend on the humours of the body), as 'good' and 'ill humour:'
disposition: caprice: a mental quality which delights in ludicrous and mirthful ideas: playful fancy.--_v.t._ to go in with the humour of: to gratify by compliance.--_adj._ H[=U]'MORAL, pertaining to or proceeding from the humours.--_ns._ H[=U]'MORALISM, the state of being humoral: the doctrine that diseases have their seat in the humours; H[=U]'MORALIST, one who favours the doctrine of humoralism; HUMORESQUE', a musical caprice; H[=U]'MORIST, one whose conduct and conversation are regulated by humour or caprice: one who studies or portrays the humours of people: one possessed of humour: a writer of comic stories.--_adjs._ HUMORIS'TIC, humorous; H[=U]'MORLESS, without humour; H[=U]'MOROUS, governed by humour: capricious: irregular: full of humour: exciting laughter.--_adv._ H[=U]'MOROUSLY.--_n._ H[=U]'MOROUSNESS.--_adj._ H[=U]'MOURSOME, capricious, petulant.--_n._ H[=U]'MOURSOMENESS.--Out of humour, out of temper, displeased; THE NEW HUMOUR, a so-called modern literary product in which there is even less humour than novelty. [O. Fr. _humor_ (Fr. _humeur_)--L.
_humor_--_hum[=e]re_, to be moist.]
HUMP, hump, _n._ a lump or hunch upon the back.--_v.t._ to bend in a hump: (_U.S. slang_) to prepare for a great exertion: (_slang_) to vex or annoy.--_v.i._ to put forth effort.--_n._ HUMP'BACK, a back with a hump or hunch: a person with a humpback.--_adjs._ HUMP'BACKED, having a humpback; HUMPED, having a hump on the back; HUMP'Y, full of humps or protuberances.
[Prob. a nasalised form of _heap_.]
HUMPH, humf, _interj._ an exclamation expressive of dissatisfaction or incredulity.
HUMPHREY, TO DINE WITH. See DINE.
HUMPTY-DUMPTY, hum'ti-dum'ti, _n._ a short, squat, egg-like being of nursery folklore: a gipsy drink, ale boiled with brandy.--_adj._ short and broad.
HUMSTRUM, hum'strum, _n._ a hurdy-gurdy.
HUMUS, h[=u]m'us, HUMINE, h[=u]m'in, _n._ a brown or black powder in rich soils, formed by the action of air on animal or vegetable matter.--_adj._ H[=U]'MOUS. [L., 'the ground,' akin to Gr. _chamai_, on the ground.]
HUN, hun, _n._ one of a powerful, squat, swarthy, and savage nomad race of Asia, probably of Mongolian or Tartar stock, who began to move westwards in Europe about 372 A.D., pushing the Goths before them across the Danube, and under Attila (433-453) overrunning Europe: a shortened form of Hungarian.--_adjs._ HUN'NIC, HUN'NISH.
HUNCH, hunsh, _n._ a hump, esp. on the back: a lump.--_n._ HUNCH'BACK, one with a hunch or lump on his back.--_adj._ HUNCH'BACKED, having a humpback.
[The nasalised form of _hook_; cog. with Ger. _hucke_, the bent back; cf.
Scot. to _hunker_ down, to sit on one's heels with the knees bent up towards the chin.]
HUNDRED, hun'dred, _n._ the number of ten times ten: a division of a county in England, orig. supposed to contain a hundred families.--_adjs._ HUN'DREDFOLD, folded a hundred times, multiplied by a hundred; HUN'DREDTH, coming last or forming one of a hundred.--_n._ one of a hundred.--_n._ HUN'DREDWEIGHT, a weight the twentieth part of a ton, or 112 lb.
avoirdupois; orig. a hundred lb., abbreviated _cwt._ (c. standing for L.
_centum_, _wt._ for weight).--HUNDRED DAYS, the period between Napoleon's return from Elba and his final downfall after Waterloo (the reign lasted exactly 95 days, March 20-June 22, 1815); HUNDRED YEARS' WAR, the struggle between England and France, from 1337 down to 1453; CHILTERN HUNDREDS, a district of Bucks, whose stewardship is a nominal office under the Crown, the temporary acceptance of which by a member of parliament enables him technically to vacate his seat; GREAT, or LONG, HUNDRED, six score; NOT A HUNDRED MILES OFF, an indirect phrase for 'here,' 'in this very place;' OLD HUNDRED, or HUNDREDTH, a well-known long-metre setting of the hundredth psalm, 'All people that on earth do dwell.' [A.S. _hundred_--old form _hund_, a hundred, with the superfluous addition of _red_ or _r['ae]d_ (Eng.
_rate_), a reckoning.]
HUNG, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of hang.--_n._ HUNG'-BEEF, beef cured and dried.
HUNGARIAN, hung-g[=a]'ri-an, _adj._ pertaining to _Hungary_ or its inhabitants.--_n._ a native of Hungary: the Magyar or Hungarian language.
HUNGER, hung'g[.e]r, _n._ desire for food: strong desire for anything.--_v.i._ to crave food: to long for.--_adjs._ HUNG'ER-BIT'TEN, bitten, pained, or weakened by hunger; HUNG'ERFUL, hungry; HUNG'ERLY (_Shak._), hungry.--_adv._ (_Shak._) hungrily.--_adv._ HUNG'RILY.--_adj._ HUNG'RY, having eager desire: greedy: lean: poor. [A.S. _hungor_ (n.), _hyngran_ (v.); cf. Ger. _hunger_, Dut. _honger_, &c.]
HUNK, the same as HUNCH.
HUNK, hungk, _n._ (_U.S._) goal or base in boys' games.--_n._ HUNK'ER, a conservative.--_adj._ HUNK'Y, in good position. [Dut. _honk_.]
HUNKER, hungk'er, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to squat down.--_n.pl._ HUNK'ERS, the hams. [See HUNCH.]
HUNKS, hungks, _n.sing._ a covetous man: a miser.
HUNT, hunt, _v.t._ to chase wild animals for prey or sport: to chase such over a country: to search for: to pursue.--_v.i._ to go out in pursuit of game: to search.--_n._ a chase of wild animals: search: a pack of hunting hounds: an association of huntsmen.--_ns._ HUNT'-COUNT'ER, a dog that runs back or counter on the scent, a worthless dog--hence (_Shak._), a blunderer, and _v.t._ to retrace one's steps; HUNT'ER (_fem._ HUNT'RESS), one who hunts: a horse used in the chase: a watch whose face is protected, like the reverse, with a metal case; HALF'-HUNT'ER, such a watch where that metal case has a small circle of glass let in, so that one can see the time without opening it; HUNT'ING, the pursuit of wild game, the chase; HUNT'ING-BOX, HUNT'ING-LODGE, HUNT'ING-SEAT, a temporary residence for hunting; HUNT'ING-CAP, a form of cap much worn in the hunting-field; HUNT'ING-COG, an extra cog in one of two geared wheels, by means of which the order of contact of cogs is changed at every revolution; HUNT'ING-CROP, -WHIP, a short whip with a crooked handle and a loop of leather at the end, used in the hunting-field; HUNT'ING-GROUND, a place or region for hunting; HUNTING-HORN, a horn used in hunting, a bugle; HUNT'ING-KNIFE, -SWORD, a knife or short sword used to despatch the game when caught, or to skin and cut it up; HUNT'ING-SONG, a song about hunting; HUNT'ING-TIDE, the season of hunting; HUNTS'MAN, one who hunts: a servant who manages the hounds during the chase; HUNTS'MANSHIP, the qualifications of a huntsman; HUNT'S-UP (_Shak._), a tune or song intended to arouse huntsmen in the morning--hence, anything calculated to arouse.--HUNT DOWN, to destroy by persecution or violence; HUNT OUT, up, after, to search for, seek; HUNT-THE-GOWK, to make an April fool (see APRIL); HUNT-THE-SLIPPER, an old-fashioned game in which one in the middle of a ring tries to catch a shoe which those forming the ring upon the ground shove about under their hams from one to another.--HAPPY HUNTING-GROUNDS, the paradise of the Red Indian; MRS LEO HUNTER, of 'The Den, Eatanswill,' a social lion-hunter in the _Pickwick Papers_ whose husband hunts up all the newest celebrities to grace her breakfast parties. [A.S. _huntian_; A.S. _hentan_, to seize.]
HUNTERIAN, hun-t[=e]'ri-an, _adj._ of or pertaining to the great surgeon John _Hunter_ (1728-93), to his collection of anatomical specimens and preparations, the nucleus of the great Hunterian Museum in London, or to the Hunterian Oration delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons on the anniversary of his birth, 14th February: of or pertaining to his elder brother, William _Hunter_ (1718-83), or his museum at Glasgow.
HUNTINGDONIAN, hun-ting-d[=o]'ni-an, _n._ a member of the Countess of Huntingdon's Connection, a denomination of Calvinistic Methodists founded by Whitefield in conjunction with Selina, Countess of _Huntingdon_ (1707-91).
HUON-PINE, h[=u]'on-p[=i]n', _n._ a Tasmanian yew, with light-yellow wood, used in boat-building.
HURDIES, hur'diz, _n.pl._ (_Scot._) the buttocks.
HURDLE, hur'dl, _n._ a frame of twigs or sticks interlaced: (_agri._) a movable frame of timber or iron for gates, &c.: a rude sledge on which criminals were drawn to the gallows.--_v.t._ to enclose with hurdles.--_n._ HUR'DLE-RACE, a race where the runners, whether men or horses, have to clear a succession of hurdles. [A.S. _hyrdel_; Ger. _hurde_.]
HURDS. Same as HARDS.
HURDY-GURDY, hur'di-gur'di, _n._ a musical stringed instrument, like a rude violin, whose strings are sounded by the turning of a wheel: a hand-organ: an impact-wheel. [Imit.]
HURL, hurl, _v.i._ to make a noise by throwing: to move rapidly: to dash with force: to whirl: (_Scot._) to convey in a wheeled vehicle.--_v.t._ to throw with violence: to utter with vehemence.--_n._ act of hurling, tumult, confusion: (_Scot._) conveyance in a wheeled vehicle.--_ns._ HURL'ER; HURL'EY, the game of hockey, or the stick used in playing it; HURL'ING, a game in which a ball is forced through the opponent's goal, hockey; HURL'Y (_Scot._), a wheelbarrow; HURL'Y-HACK'ET, an ill-hung carriage. [_Hurtle_.]
HURLY-BURLY, hur'li-bur'li, _n._ tumult: confusion.--_n._ HUR'LY (_Shak._).
[_Hurly_ is from O. Fr. _hurler_, to yell, orig. _huller_, whence Eng.
_howl_. _Burly_ is simply a rhyming addition.]
HURRAH, HURRA, hoor-ra', _interj._ an exclamation of excitement or joy.--Also _n._ and _v.i._ [Ger. _hurra_; Dan. and Sw. _hurra_.]
HURRICANE, hur'ri-k[=a]n, _n._ a storm with extreme violence and sudden changes of the wind: a social party, a rout--(_Shak._) HUR'RICANO.--HURRICANE DECK, a cross-deck about amidships, a bridge-deck or bridge: the upper light deck of a passenger-steamer. [Sp. _huracan_, from Caribbean.]
HURRY, hur'i, _v.t._ to urge forward: to hasten.--_v.i_ to move or act with haste:--_pa.p._ hurr'ied.--_n._ a driving forward: haste: tumult: a tremolando passage for violins, &c., in connection with an exciting situation.--_adj._ HURR'IED.--_adv._ HURR'IEDLY.--_n._ HURR'IEDNESS.--_adv._ HURR'YINGLY.--_n._ HURR'Y-SKURR'Y, confusion and bustle.--_adv._ confusedly. [Imit. Cf. Old Sw. _hurra_, to whirl round.]