HOY, hoi, _interj._ ho! stop!--_v.t._ to incite, drive on. [Imit.]
HOYDEN, HOIDEN, hoi'den, _n._ a tomboy, a romp. [Old Dut. _heyden_, a heathen, a gipsy, _heyde_, heath.]
HUB, hub, _n._ the projecting nave of a wheel; a projection on a wheel for the insertion of a pin: the hilt of a weapon: a mark at which quoits, &c., are cast.--HUB (i.e. centre) OF THE UNIVERSE, Boston, U.S. [A form of _hob_.]
HUBBLE, hub'l, _n._ (_Scot._) an uproar: a heap, as of work: (_U.S._) a lump.--_adj._ HUB'BLY.
HUBBLE-BUBBLE, hub'l-bub'l, _n._ an East Indian tobacco-pipe, in which the smoke is drawn through water with a bubbling sound. [Reduplic. from _bubble_.]
HUBBUB, hub'ub, _n._ a confused sound of many voices: riot: uproar. [Prob.
a repetition of _hoop_, _whoop_.]
HUBBY, hub'bi, _n._ (_coll._) a diminutive of husband.
HUCKABACK, huk'a-bak, _n._ a coarse variety of linen for towels, &c., having raised figures on it. [Skeat suggests as the original meaning 'pedlar's ware,' Low Ger. _hukkebak_; cf. _hawker_.]
HUCKLE, huk'l, _n._ a hunch: the hip--also HUCK.--_adjs._ HUCK'LE-BACKED, -SHOUL'DERED, having the back or shoulders round.--_n._ HUCK'LE-BONE, the hip-bone, or ankle-bone. [Dim. of _huck_, a prov. form of _hook_.]
HUCKLEBERRY, huk'l-ber'ri, _n._ a North American shrub (_Gaylussacia_) with blue berries. [Prob. a corr. of _hurtleberry_.]
HUCKSTER, huk'st[.e]r, _n._ a retailer of smallwares, a hawker or pedlar: a mean, trickish fellow:--_fem._ HUCK'STRESS.--_v.i._ to deal in small articles, to higgle meanly.--_n._ HUCK'STERAGE, business of a huckster.
[With fem. suff. _-ster_, from Dut. _heuker_, a retailer, Old Dut.
_hucken_, to stoop or bow; cf. Ice. _huka_, to sit on one's hams, and Eng.
HUDDLE, hud'l, _v.i._ to put up things confusedly: to hurry in disorder: to crowd.--_v.t._ to throw or crowd together in confusion: to put on hastily.--_n._ a crowd: tumult: confusion. [M. E. _hodren_; prob. a freq.
of M. E. _huden_, to hide.]
HUDDUP, hud-up', _interj._ get up! (to a horse).
HUDIBRASTIC, h[=u]-di-bras'tik, _adj._ similar in style to _Hudibras_, a metrical burlesque on the Puritans by Samuel Butler (1612-80): doggerel.
HUE, h[=u], _n._ appearance: colour: tint: dye.---_adjs._ HUED, having a hue; HUE'LESS. [A.S. _hiw_, _heow_; Sw. _hy_, complexion.]
HUE, h[=u], _n._ a shouting.--HUE AND CRY, a loud clamour about something: name of a police gazette, established in 1710. [Fr. _huer_, imit.]
HUFF, huf, _n._ sudden anger or arrogance: a fit of disappointment or anger: a boaster.--_v.t._ to swell: to bully: to remove a 'man' from the board for not capturing pieces open to him, as in draughts.--_v.i._ to swell: to bluster.--_adjs._ HUFF'ISH, HUFF'Y, given to huff: insolent: arrogant.--_adv._ HUFF'ISHLY.--_ns._ HUFF'ISHNESS, HUFF'INESS. [Imit., like _puff_; cf. Ger. _hauchen_, to breathe.]
HUG, hug, _v.t._ to embrace closely and fondly: to cherish: to congratulate (one's self): (_naut._) to keep close to.--_v.i._ to crowd together:--_pr.p._ hug'ging; _pa.p._ hugged.--_n._ a close and fond embrace: a particular grip in wrestling.--HUG ONE'S SELF, to congratulate one's self. [Scand., Ice. _huka_, to sit on one's hams. See HUCKSTER.]
HUGE, h[=u]j, _adj._ having great dimensions, especially height: enormous: monstrous: (_B._) large in number.--_adv._ HUGE'LY.--_n._ HUGE'NESS. [M. E.
_huge_; formed by dropping _a_ from O. Fr. _ahuge_, of Teut. origin, cog.
with Ger. _hoch_.]
HUGGER-MUGGER, hug'[.e]r-mug'[.e]r, _n._ secrecy: confusion. [Perh. a rhyming extension of _hug_.]
HUGUENOT, h[=u]'ge-not, or -n[=o], _n._ the name formerly given in France to an adherent of the Reformation. [Prob. a dim. of the personal name _Hugo_, _Hugon_, _Hugues_, Hugh, name of some French Calvinist, later a general nickname. Not the Swiss _eidguenot_, Ger. _eidgenossen_, confederates.]
HUIA-BIRD, hw[=e]'a-b[.e]rd, _n._ a New Zealand starling.
HULK, hulk, _n._ the body of a ship: an old ship unfit for service: a big lubberly fellow: anything unwieldy--often confounded in meaning with _hull_, the body of a ship:--_pl._ THE HULKS, old ships formerly used as prisons.--_adjs._ HULK'ING, HULK'Y, clumsy. [Low L. _hulka_--Gr.
_holkas_--_helkein_, to draw.]
HULL, hul, _n._ the husk or outer covering of anything.--_v.t._ to strip off the hull: to husk. [A.S. _hulu_, a husk, as of corn--_helan_, to cover; Ger. _hulle_, a covering, _hehlen_, to cover.]
HULL, hul, _n._ the frame or body of a ship.--_v.t._ to pierce the hull (as with a cannon-ball).--_v.i._ to float or drive on the water, as a mere hull. [Same word as above, perh. modified in meaning by confusion with Dut.
_hol_, a ship's hold, or with _hulk_.]
HULLABALOO, hul'la-ba-loo', _n._ an uproar.
HULLO, hul-l[=o]', _v._, _n._, and _interj._ Same as HALLOO.
HULLY, hul'i, _adj._ having husks or pods.
HULSEAN, hul's[=e]-an, _adj._ of or pertaining to John _Hulse_ (1708-89), founder of the Hulsean divinity lectures at Cambridge.
HUM, hum, _v.i._ to make a buzzing sound like bees: to utter a low, droning sound: to supply an interval in speaking by an audible sound.--_v.t._ to sing in a low tone: to applaud anything by humming:--_pr.p._ hum'ming; _pa.p._ hummed.--_n._ the noise of bees and some other insects: any low, dull noise.--_interj._ a sound with a pause implying doubt.--_n._ HUM'MER, something that hums.--HUM AND HAW, to hesitate in giving a direct answer; HUMMING ALE, ale that froths up well, or that makes the head hum; MAKE THINGS HUM, to set things agoing briskly. [Imit.; cf. Ger. _hummen_, _humsen_.]
HUM, hum, _v.t._ to impose on.--_n._ an imposition. [Contr. of _humbug_.]
HUMAN, h[=u]'man, _adj._ belonging or pertaining to man or mankind: having the qualities of a man.--_n._ (_coll._) a human being.--_n._ H[=U]'MANKIND, the human species.--_adv._ H[=U]'MANLY. [Fr.,--L. _humanus_--_homo_, a human being.]
HUMANE, h[=u]-m[=a]n', _adj._ having the feelings proper to man: kind: tender: merciful.--_adv._ HUMANE'LY.--_n._ HUMANE'NESS, kindness: tenderness.
HUMANISE, h[=u]'man-[=i]z, _v.t._ to render human or humane: to soften.--_v.i._ to become humane or civilised.--_n._ HUMANIS[=A]'TION.
HUMANIST, h[=u]'man-ist, _n._ a student of polite literature: at the Renaissance, a student of Greek and Roman literature: a student of human nature.--_n._ H[=U]'MANISM, polite learning, literary culture: any system which puts human interests paramount.--_adj._ HUMANIST'IC.
HUMANITARIAN, h[=u]-man'i-t[=a]'ri-an, _n._ one who denies Christ's divinity, and holds Him to be a mere man: a philanthropist.--_adj._ of or belonging to humanity, benevolent.--_n._ HUMANIT[=A]'RIANISM.
HUMANITY, h[=u]-man'it-i, _n._ the nature peculiar to a human being: the kind feelings of man: benevolence: tenderness: mankind collectively:--_pl._ HUMAN'ITIES, in Scotland, grammar, rhetoric, Latin, Greek, and poetry, so called from their humanising effects.--PROFESSOR OF HUMANITY, in Scotch universities, the professor of Latin. [Fr.,--L.
_humanitas_--_humanus_--_homo_, a man.]
HUMBLE, hum'bl, or um'bl, _adj._ low: meek: modest.--_v.t._ to bring down to the ground: to lower: to abase: to mortify: to degrade.--_adj._ HUM'BLE-MOUTHED, humble in speech.--_n._ HUM'BLENESS--(_Spens._) HUM'BLESS.--_adj._ HUM'BLING, making humble.--_n._ a humiliation.--_advs._ HUM'BLINGLY, in a humiliating manner; HUM'BLY. [Fr.,--L. _humilis_, low--_humus_, the ground.]
HUMBLE, hum'bl, _adj._ having no horns.
HUMBLE-BEE, hum'bl-b[=e], _n._ the humming-bee: a genus of social bees which construct their hives under ground. [_Humble_ is a freq. of _hum_.]
HUMBLE-PIE, hum'bl-p[=i], _n._ a pie made of the umbles or numbles (liver, heart, &c.) of a deer.--EAT HUMBLE-PIE, to humiliate one's self, eat one's own words.
HUMBUG, hum'bug, _n._ an imposition under fair pretences: hollowness, pretence: one who so imposes: a kind of candy.--_v.t._ to deceive: to hoax:--_pr.p._ hum'bugging; _pa.p._ hum'bugged.--_adj._ HUMBUG'ABLE, capable of being humbugged.--_ns._ HUM'BUGGER, one who humbugs; HUM'BUGGERY, the practice of humbugging. [Orig. 'a false alarm,' 'a bugbear,' from _hum_ and _bug_, a frightful object.]
HUMBUZZ, the same as the Bull-roarer (q.v.).
HUMDRUM, hum'drum, _adj._ dull: droning: monotonous: commonplace.--_n._ a stupid fellow: monotony, tedious talk. [_Hum_ and _drum_.]
HUMDUDGEON, hum'duj-on, _n._ (_Scot._) an unnecessary outcry.