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HOSTILE, hos'til, _adj._ belonging to an enemy: showing enmity: warlike: adverse.--_adv._ HOS'TILELY.--_n._ HOSTIL'ITY, enmity:--_pl._ HOSTIL'ITIES, acts of warfare. [L. _hostilis_--_hostis_.]

HOSTLER, OSTLER, hos'l[.e]r, or os'-, _n._ he who has the care of horses at an inn. [_Hostler_=_hosteleer_.]

HOT, hot, _adj._ having heat: very warm: fiery: pungent: animated: ardent in temper: fervent: vehement: violent: passionate: lustful.--_adj._ HOT'-AND-HOT', of food cooked and served up at once in hot dishes.--_ns._ HOT'BED, a glass-covered bed heated for bringing forward plants rapidly: any place favourable to rapid growth or development, as 'a hotbed of vice,'

&c.; HOT'BLAST, a blast of heated air blown into a furnace to raise the heat.--_adjs._ HOT'-BLOOD'ED, having hot blood: high-spirited: irritable; HOT'-BRAINED, hot-headed, rash and violent.--_n._ HOT'-COCK'LES, an old game in which a person is blindfolded, and being struck, guesses who strikes him; HOT'-FLUE, a drying-room.--_adj._ HOT'-HEAD'ED, hot in the head: having warm passions: violent: impetuous.--_n._ HOT'-HOUSE, a house kept hot for the rearing of tender plants: any heated chamber or drying-room, esp. that where pottery is placed before going into the kiln: (_Shak._) a brothel.--_adv._ HOT'LY.--_adj._ HOT'-MOUTHED, headstrong.--_n._ HOT'NESS; HOT'-POT, a dish of chopped mutton seasoned and stewed with sliced potatoes.--_v.t._ HOT'PRESS, to press paper, &c., between hot plates to produce a glossy surface.--_adjs._ HOT'-SHORT, brittle when heated; HOT'-SPIR'ITED, having a fiery spirit.--_n._, one pressing his steed with spurs as in hot haste: a violent, rash man.--_adj._ HOT'-TEM'PERED, having a quick temper.--_ns._ HOT'-TROD, the hot pursuit in old Border forays; HOT'-WALL, a wall enclosing passages for hot air, affording warmth to fruit-trees trained against it, when needed; HOT'-WELL, in a condensing engine, a reservoir for the warm water drawn off from the condenser.--HOT COPPERS (see COPPER); HOT CROSS-BUNS (see CROSS); HOT FOOT, with speed, fast; IN HOT WATER, in a state of trouble or anxiety; MAKE A PLACE TOO HOT TO HOLD A PERSON, to make it impossible for him to stay there. [A.S. _hat_; Ger. _heiss_, Sw. _het_.]

HOT, hot, HOTE, h[=o]t (_Spens._) named, called. [_Pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _hight_.]

HOTCHPOTCH, hoch'poch, HOTCHPOT, hoch'pot, HODGEPODGE, hoj'poj, _n._ a confused mass of ingredients shaken or mixed together in the same pot: a kind of mutton-broth in which green peas take the place of barley or rice.--HOTCHPOT, a commixture of property in order to secure an equable division amongst children. [Fr. _hochepot_--_hocher_, to shake, and pot, a pot--Old Dut. _hutsen_, to shake, Dut. _pot_, a pot.]

HOTEL, h[=o]-tel', _n._ a superior house for the accommodation of strangers: an inn: in France, also a public office, a private town-house, a palace.--_ns._ HoTEL'-DE-VILLE (Fr.), a town-hall; HoTEL'-DIEU, a hospital.

[M. E. _hostel_--O. Fr. _hostel_ (Fr. _hotel_)--L. _hospitalia_, guest-chambers--_hospes_.]

HOTTENTOT, hot'n-tot, _n._ a native of the Cape of Good Hope: a brutish individual. [Dut., because the language of the South Africans seemed to the first Dutch settlers to sound like a repetition of the syllables _hot_ and _tot_; Dut. _en_--and.]

HOTTERING, hot'er-ing, _adj._ (_prov._) raging.


HOUDAN, h[=oo]'dang, _n._ a valued breed of domestic fowls, orig. from _Houdan_ in Seine-et-Oise.

HOUGH, hok, HOCK, hok, _n._ the joint on the hind-leg of a quadruped, between the knee and fetlock, corresponding to the ankle-joint in man: in man, the back part of the knee-joint: the ham.--_v.t._ to hamstring:--_pr.p._ hough'ing; _pa.p._ houghed (hokt). [A.S. _hoh_, the heel.]

HOUND, hownd, _n._ a dog used in hunting: a cur: a caitiff.--_v.t._ to set on in chase: to hunt: to urge, pursue, harass (with _on_).--_ns._ HOUND'FISH, same as DOGFISH; HOUNDS'-BERR'Y, the common dogwood; HOUND'S'-TONGUE, a plant, so called from the shape of its leaves.--GABRIEL HOUNDS, a popular name for the noise made by distant curlews, ascribed to damned souls whipped on by the angel Gabriel; MASTER OF HOUNDS, the master of a pack of hounds. [A.S. _hund_; Gr. ky[=o]n, _kynos_, L. _canis_, Sans.


HOUR, owr, _n._ 60 min., or the 24th part of a day: the time indicated by a clock, &c.: an hour's journey, or three miles: a time or occasion; (_pl., myth._) the goddesses of the seasons and the hours: set times of prayer, the _canonical hours_, the offices or services prescribed for these, or a book containing them.--_ns._ HOUR'-CIR'CLE, a circle passing through the celestial poles and fixed relatively to the earth: the circle of an equatorial which shows the hour-angle of the point to which the telescope is directed; HOUR'-GLASS, an instrument for measuring the hours by the running of sand from one glass vessel into another; HOUR'-HAND, the hand which shows the hour on a clock, &c.--_adj._ HOUR'LY, happening or done every hour: frequent.--_adv._ every hour: frequently.--_n._ HOUR'PLATE, the plate of a timepiece on which the hours are marked: the dial.--AT THE ELEVENTH HOUR, at the last moment possible (Matt. xx. 6, 9); IN A GOOD, OR EVIL, HOUR, acting under a fortunate, or an unfortunate, impulse--from the old belief in astrological influences; KEEP GOOD HOURS, to go to bed and to rise early: to lead a quiet and regular life; THE HOUR IS COME, the destined day of fate has come (John, xiii. 1); THE SMALL HOURS, the early hours of the morning; THREE HOURS SERVICE, a service held continuously on Good Friday, from noon to 3 P.M., in commemoration of the time of Christ's agony on the cross. [O. Fr. _hore_ (Fr. _heure_)--L. _hora_--Gr.


HOURI, how'ri, h[=oo]'ri, _n._ a nymph of the Mohammedan paradise. [Pers.

_huri_--Ar. _h[=u]riya_, a black-eyed girl.]

HOUSE, hows, _n._ a building for dwelling in: a dwelling-place: an inn: household affairs: a family: kindred: a trading establishment: one of the twelve divisions of the heavens in astrology: one of the estates of the legislature (House of Lords or Upper House, House of Commons or Lower House; also Upper and Lower Houses of Convocation, House of Representatives, &c.): at Oxford, 'The House,' Christ Church College: the audience at a place of entertainment, a theatre, &c. (a full house, a thin house): (_coll._) the workhouse:--_pl._ HOUSES (howz'ez).--_v.t._ HOUSE (howz), to protect by covering: to shelter: to store: to provide houses for.--_v.i._ to take shelter: to reside.--_ns._ HOUSE'-[=A]'GENT, one who has the letting of houses; HOUSE'-BOAT, a barge with a deck-cabin that may serve as a dwelling-place; HOUSE'-BOTE, wood that a tenant may take to repair his house, or for fuel; HOUSE'-BREAK'ER, one who breaks open and enters a house by day for the purpose of stealing; HOUSE'-BREAK'ING; HOUSE'-CARL, a member of a king or noble's bodyguard, in Danish and early English history; HOUSE'-D[=U]'TY, -TAX, a tax laid on inhabited houses; HOUSE'-FAC'TOR (_Scot._), a house-agent; HOUSE'-FA'THER, the male head of a household or community; HOUSE'-FLAG, the distinguishing flag of a shipowner or company of such; HOUSE'-FLY, the common fly universally distributed; HOUSE'HOLD, those who are held together in the same house, and compose a family.--_adj._ pertaining to the house and family.--_ns._ HOUSE'HOLDER, the holder or tenant of a house; HOUSE'KEEPER, a female servant who keeps or has the chief care of the house: one who stays much at home; HOUSE'KEEPING, the keeping or management of a house or of domestic affairs: hospitality.--_adj._ domestic.--_n._ HOUSE'-LEEK, a plant with red star-like flowers and succulent leaves that grows on the roofs of houses.--_adj._ HOUSE'LESS, without a house or home: having no shelter.--_ns._ HOUSE'-LINE (_naut._), a small line of three strands, for seizings, &c.; HOUSE'MAID, a maid employed to keep a house clean, &c.; HOUSE'-MATE, one sharing a house with another; HOUSE'-MOTH'ER, the mother of a family, the female head of a family; HOUSE'-ROOM, room or place in a house; HOUSE'-STEW'ARD, a steward who manages the household affairs of a great family; HOUSE'-SUR'GEON, the surgeon or medical officer in a hospital who resides in the house--so also HOUSE'-PHYSI'CIAN; HOUSE'-WARM'ING, an entertainment given when a family enters a new house, as if to warm it; HOUSEWIFE (hows'w[=i]f, huz'wif, or huz'if), the mistress of a house: a female domestic manager: a small case for articles of female work.--_adj._ HOUSE'WIFELY.--_n._ HOUSE'WIFERY--(_Scot._) HOUSE'WIFESKEP.--HOUSE OF CALL, a house where the journeymen of a particular trade call when out of work; HOUSE OF CORRECTION, a jail; HOUSE OF GOD, PRAYER, or WORSHIP, a place of worship; HOUSE OF ILL FAME, a bawdy-house.--A HOUSEHOLD WORD, a familiar saying; BRING DOWN THE HOUSE, to evoke very loud applause in a place of entertainment; CRY FROM THE HOUSE-TOP, to announce in the most public manner possible; HOUSEHOLD GODS, one's favourite domestic things--a playful use of the Roman _penates_ (q.v.); HOUSEHOLD SUFFRAGE, or FRANCHISE, the right of householders to vote for members of parliament; HOUSEHOLD TROOPS, six regiments whose peculiar duty is to attend the sovereign and defend the metropolis; HOUSEMAID'S KNEE, an inflammation of the sac between the knee-pan and the skin, to which housemaids are specially liable through kneeling on damp floors.--INNER HOUSE, the higher branch of the Scotch Court of Session, its jurisdiction chiefly appellate; OUTER HOUSE, the lower branch of the Court of Session.--KEEP A GOOD HOUSE, to keep up a plentifully supplied table; KEEP HOUSE, to maintain or manage an establishment; KEEP OPEN HOUSE, to give entertainments to all comers; KEEP THE HOUSE, to be confined to the house; LIKE A HOUSE AFIRE, with astonishing rapidity; THE HOUSEHOLD, the royal domestic establishment.

[A.S. _hus_; Goth. _hus_, Ger. _haus_.]

HOUSEL, howz'el, _n._ the Eucharist: the act of taking the same.--_n._ HOUS'ELING-CLOTH, a linen cloth held or stretched beneath the communicants.--_adj._ HOUS'LING (_Spens._), sacramental. [A.S. _husel_, sacrifice.]

HOUSING, howz'ing, _n._ an ornamental covering for a horse: a saddle-cloth: (_pl._) the trappings of a horse. [O. Fr. _housse_, a mantle, of Teut.


HOUSTY, hows'ti, _n._ (_prov._) a sore throat.

HOUT-TOUT, hoot-toot, _interj._ Same as HOOT.

HOUYHNHNM, whin'im, _n._ one of the noble rational horse race in _Gulliver's Travels_. [From _whinny_.]

HOVA, h[=o]'va, _n._ one of the dominant race in Madagascar:--_pl._ H[=O]'VAS.

HOVE, h[=o]v, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to heave, to raise.

HOVE, h[=o]v, _v.i._ (_Spens._) to hover, to loiter.

HOVE, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _heave_.

HOVEL, hov'el, _n._ a small or mean dwelling: a shed.--_v.t._ to put in a hovel: to shelter: to construct a chimney so as to prevent smoking, by making two of the more exposed walls higher than the others, or making an opening on one side near the top:--_pr.p._ hov'elling; _pa.p._ hov'elled.--_n._ HOV'ELLER, a boatman acting as a non-certificated pilot or doing any kind of occasional work on the coast: a small coasting-vessel.

[Dim. of A.S. _hof_, a dwelling.]

HOVER, hov'[.e]r, _v.i._ to remain aloft flapping the wings: to wait in suspense: to move about near.--_adv._ HOV'ERINGLY, in a hovering manner.

[Formed from A.S. _hof_, house.]

HOW, how, _adv._ in what manner: to what extent: for what reason: by what means: from what cause: in what condition: (_N.T._) sometimes=that.--THE HOW AND THE WHY, the manner and the cause. [A.S. _hu_ is prob. a form of _hwi_, in what way, why, the instrumental case of _hwa_, who.]

HOW, Howe, how, _n._ (_Scot._) a hollow, glen, dell, or narrow plain.

[Prob. related to _hole_.]

HOW, how, _n._ (_prov._) a low hill. [Akin to high, A.S. _heah_.]

HOWBEIT, how-b[=e]'it, _conj._ be it how it may: notwithstanding: yet: however--(_Spens._) HOW'BE.

HOWDAH, HOUDAH, how'da, _n._ a seat fixed on an elephant's back. [Ar.


HOWDIE, HOWDY, how'di, _n._ (_Scot._) a midwife. [Webster ingeniously at least suggests a derivation in 'How d'ye?' the midwife's first question.]

HOWDY, how'di, _interj._ a colloquial form of the common greeting, 'How do you [do]?'--_n._ HOW'DY-DO, a troublesome state of matters.

HOWEVER, how-ev'[.e]r, _adv._ and _conj._ in whatever manner or degree: nevertheless: at all events.

HOWFF, HOUFF, howf, _n._ (_Scot._) a haunt, resort.--_v.i._ to resort to a place. [A.S. _hof_, a house.]

HOWITZER, how'its-[.e]r, _n._ a short, light cannon, used for throwing shells. [Ger. _haubitze_, orig. _hauffnitz_--Bohem. _haufnice_, a sling.]

HOWK, howk, _v.t._ and _v.i._ (_Scot._) to dig, burrow.

HOWKER, how'k[.e]r, _n._ Same as HOOKER.

HOWL, howl, _v.i._ to yell or cry, as a wolf or dog: to utter a long, loud, whining sound: to wail: to roar.--_v.t._ to utter with outcry:--_pr.p._ howl'ing; _pa.p._ howled.--_n._ a loud, prolonged cry of distress: a mournful cry.--_n._ HOWL'ER, a South American monkey, with prodigious power of voice: (_slang_) a glaring or very stupid error.--_adj._ HOWL'ING, filled with howlings, as of the wind, or of wild beasts: (_slang_) tremendous.--_n._ a howl. [O. Fr. _huller_--L. _ulul[=a]re_, to shriek or howl--_ulula_, an owl; cf. Ger. _heulen_, Eng. _owl_.]

HOWLET, how'let. Same as OWLET.

HOWSO, how'so, _adv._ howsoever.

HOWSOEVER, how-so-ev'[.e]r, _adv._ in what way soever: although: however.--Provincial forms are HOWSOMEV'ER and HOWSOMDEV'ER.

HOX, hoks, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to hough or hamstring.

HOY, hoi, _n._ a large one-decked boat, commonly rigged as a sloop. [Dut.

_heu_, Flem. _hui_.]

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