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CARTE is a doublet.]

CARD, kard, _n._ an instrument for combing wool or flax.--_v.t._ to comb wool, &c.--_n._ CARD'ER, one who has to do with carding wool. [Fr.

_carde_--L. _carduus_, a thistle.]

CARDAMINE, kar'da-m[=i]n, _n._ a genus of cress, including the cuckoo-flower or lady's smock, &c. [Gr. _kardamin[=e]_--_kardamon_, cress.]

CARDAMOM, kar'da-mom, _n._ the capsules of certain tropical plants, which form an aromatic, pungent spice. [L. _cardamomum_--Gr. _kardam[=o]mon_.]

CARDECU, kar'de-k[=u], _n._ (_obs._) an old French silver coin. [Fr. _quart d'ecu_, quarter of a crown.]

CARDIAC, kar'di-ak, _adj._ belonging to the heart: cordial, reviving--also CARDIAC'AL.--_ns._ CAR'DIAC, a disease of the heart: a cordial; CAR'DIALGY, CARDIAL'GIA, an uneasy sensation or burning pain at the upper orifice of the stomach, apparently at the heart--hence called heartburn; CAR'DIOGRAPH, an apparatus for recording by a tracing--CAR'DIOGRAM--the movements of the heart; CAR'DIOID, a geometrical curve, so called from its heart-like form; CARD[=I]T'IS, inflammation of the heart. [L.--Gr. _kardiakos_--_kardia_, the heart.]

CARDIGAN, kar'de-gan, _n._ a knitted woollen jacket, named from the Crimean hero, the Earl of _Cardigan_ (1797-1868).

CARDINAL, kar'din-al, _adj._ denoting that on which a thing hinges or depends: principal; of a deep scarlet colour, like a cardinal's cassock.--_n._ one of the seventy princes of the church constituting the sacred college at Rome, to whom pertains the right of electing a new pope: a short cloak, formerly worn by ladies.--_ns._ CAR'DINALATE, CAR'DINALSHIP, the office or dignity of a cardinal; CAR'DINAL-BIRD, a species of grosbeak, one of the finest song-birds of America, probably so called from its red plumage.--_adv._ CAR'DINALLY, fundamentally: (_Shak._, _Measure for Measure_, II. i. 81) carnally.--CARDINAL FLOWER (see LOBELIA); CARDINAL NUMBERS, numbers expressing how many; CARDINAL POINTS, the four chief points of the compass--north, south, east, and west; CARDINAL VIRTUES, justice, prudence, temperance, fortitude, so called because the whole of human nature was supposed to hinge or turn upon them--the _natural_ as distinguished from the _theological_ virtues. [Fr.--L.

_cardinalis_--_cardo_, _cardinis_, a hinge.]

CARDOON, kar-d[=oo]n', _n._ a perennial plant, the prickly artichoke of the Mediterranean region.--Also CHARDOON'. [O. Fr.,--L. _carduus_, a thistle.]

CARDUUS, kar'd[=u]-us, _n._ (_Shak._) a thistle.--_n._ CARD[=O]'PHAGUS, a thistle-eater, a donkey. [L.,--Gr. _kardos_, thistle; _phagos_, eater.]

CARE, k[=a]r, _n._ anxiety, heedfulness: charge, oversight: the object of anxiety.--_v.i._ to be anxious: to be inclined: to have regard.--_adjs._ CARE'-CRAZED (_Shak._), crazed or broken with care and solicitude; CARE'FUL, full of care: heedful: (_B._) anxious: (_Spens._) dreadful.--_adv._ CARE'FULLY.--_n._ CARE'FULNESS.--_adj._ CARE'LESS, without care: heedless, unconcerned.--_ns._ CARE'LESSNESS; CARE'-TAK'ER, one put in charge of anything, esp. of an Irish farm from which a tenant has been evicted.--_adj._ CARE'WORN, worn or vexed with care.--TAKE CARE, to be careful or cautious; TAKE CARE OF, to look after with care. [A.S.

_caru_; Goth. _kara_, sorrow; Ice. _kaera_, to lament; Celt. _car_, care; allied to L. _carus_, dear.]

CAREEN, ka-r[=e]n', _v.t._ to lay a ship on her side to repair her bottom and keel.--_v.i._ of a ship, to move with an inclination to one side.--_n._ the position of a ship laid on one side.--_n._ CAREEN'AGE, a place where ships are careened: the cost of careening. [Fr. _carene_--L. _carina_, the bottom of a ship, the keel.]

CAREER, ka-r[=e]r', _n._ a racecourse: a race: course of action: manner of life; _v.i._ to gallop: to move or run rapidly. [Fr. _carriere_, a racecourse. See CAR.]

CAReME, kar-[=a]m', _n._ Lent. [Fr.]

CARESS, ka-res', _v.t._ to treat with affection: to fondle: to embrace.--_n._ any act or expression of affection. [Fr. _caresser_--It.

_carezza_, an endearment; Low L. _caritia_--L. _carus_, dear.]

CARET, k[=a]'ret, _n._ a mark, ^, used in writing when a word is left out.

[L. _caret_, there is wanting.]

CAREX, k[=a]'reks, _n._ a genus of plants including the sedges. [L.

_carex_, reed-grass, sedge.]

CARFAX, -FOX, kar'faks, -foks, _n._ a place where four roads meet--now used only of particular examples, as at Oxford. [Fr.--L. _quadrifurc-us_, four-forked.]

CARGO, kar'go, _n._ what a ship carries: its load. [Sp., from root of CAR.]

CARGOOSE, kar'g[=oo]s, _n._ the crested grebe. [Scand.; Ice. _kjarr_, copse wood, and GOOSE.]

CARIACOU, kar'i-a-k[=oo], _n._ the Virginian deer of North America.--Also CAR'JACOU.

CARIAMA, kar-i-a'ma, _n._ a South American bird of prey of large size.

[Braz. _cariama_.]

CARIB, kar'ib, _n._ one of a native race inhabiting parts of Central America and the north of South America--also CAR'IBBEE.--_adj._ CARIBB[=E]'AN.

CARIBOU, kar-i-b[=oo]', _n._ the American reindeer. [Can.Fr.]

CARICATURE, kar'i-ka-t[=u]r, _n._ a likeness of anything so exaggerated or distorted as to appear ridiculous.--_v.t._ to turn into ridicule by overdoing a likeness: to burlesque. Formerly spelt CARICAT[=U]'RA.--_n._ CARICATUR'IST, one who caricatures. [It. _caricatura_--_carricare_, to load, from root of CAR.]

CARIES, k[=a]'ri-[=e]z, _n._ rottenness or decay of a bone.--_adj._ C[=A]'RIOUS, decayed. [L.]

CARILLON, kar'il-yong, _n._ a suite of musical bells for playing tunes: the melody played on these. [Fr.,--Low L. _quadrilion-em_, a quaternary, because carillons were formerly rung on four bells.]

CARINATE, kar'i-n[=a]t, _p.adj._ keel-shaped: having a prominence on the outer surface. [L. _carinatus_--_carina_, a keel.]

CARIOLE, CARRIOLE, kar'i-[=o]l, _n._ a small open carriage: a light cart.

[Fr. _carriole_--root of CAR.]

CARK, kark, _n._ (_arch._) care, anxiety, or solicitude.--_v.t._ to burden, harass.--_v.i._ to be anxious.--_adj._ CARK'ING, distressing, causing anxiety. [A.S. _cearig_, careful, anxious--_caru_, _cearu_, care. See CARE.]

CARL, karl, _n._ a husbandman, a clown: a churl: (_Scot._) a niggard.--_ns._ CAR'LINE, an old woman: a witch; CAR'LOT (_Shak._), a churl, peasant. [Scand., Ice. _karl_, a man, a male. See CHURL.]

CARLINE, kar'lin, _n._ a genus of plants closely allied to the true thistles. [From a legend that an angel showed the root of one to _Charlemagne_ as a remedy for a plague.]

CARLIST, kar'list, _n._ a supporter of the claims of the Spanish pretender Don _Carlos_ de Bourbon (1788-1855), second son of Charles IV., and his representatives, as against Queen Isabella, daughter of Ferdinand VII., and her descendants.--_n._ CAR'LISM, devotion to the Carlist cause.

CARLOCK, kar'lok, _n._ a Russian isinglass obtained from the bladder of the sturgeon. [Russ.]

CARLOVINGIAN, kar-lo-vin'ji-an, _adj._ relating to a dynasty of Frankish kings, so called from _Carl_ the Great or Charlemagne (742-814).

CARLYLESE, kar-l[=i]l'[=e]z, _n._ the vigorous, irregular, hypermetaphorical literary style and phraseology peculiar to Thomas _Carlyle_ (1795-1881).--_adjs._ CARLYL'ESQUE, CARLYL'[=E]AN.--_n._ CARLYL'ISM.

CARMAGNOLE, kar'man-y[=o]l, _n._ a. popular song and dance of the French Revolution: a kind of jacket worn by revolutionists at that time, with short skirts, a broad collar and lapels, and several rows of buttons.

[Prob. from _Carmagnola_ in Piedmont.]

CARMELITE, kar'mel-[=i]t, _n._ a monk of the order of Our Lady of Mount _Carmel_, in Syria, founded there about 1156, made a mendicant order in 1247--the habit brown, with white cloak and scapular, hence the Carmelites were popularly known as the White Friars: a monk or nun of discalced or reformed branch established by St Teresa--the barefooted Carmelites: a variety of pear; a fine woollen stuff like beige.

CARMINATIVE, kar-min'a-tiv, _adj._ a medicine to relieve flatulence and pain in the bowels, such as cardamoms, peppermint, ginger, and other stimulating aromatics. [L. _carmin[=a]re_, to card--_carmen_, a card for wool.]

CARMINE, kar'm[=i]n, _n._ the red colouring principle obtained from the cochineal insect. [Fr. or Sp. _carmin_--Sp. _carmesi_, crimson--Ar.

_qirmazi_, crimson. Same root as CRIMSON.]

CARNAGE, kar'n[=a]j, _n._ (_obs._) a heap of slain: slaughter. [Fr.,--It.

_carnaggio_, carnage--L. _caro_, _carnis_, flesh.]

CARNAL, kar'nal, _adj._ fleshly: sensual: unspiritual: (_Shak._) murderous, flesh-eating.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ to convert into flesh, to become fleshy.--_v.t._ CAR'NALISE, to make carnal: to debase carnally:--_pr.p._ car'nal[=i]sing; _pa.p._ car'nal[=i]sed.--_ns._ CAR'NALIST, a sensualist: a worldling; CARNAL'ITY state of being carnal.--_adv._ CAR'NALLY,--_adjs._ CAR'NAL-MIND'ED, worldly-minded; CAR'NEOUS, CARNOSE', fleshy: of or like flesh.--_n._ CAR'NIFEX, executioner.--_adj._ CARNIFIC'IAL.--_n._ CARNOS'ITY, a fleshy excrescence growing in and obstructing any part of the body. [L. _carnalis_--_caro_, _carnis_, flesh.]

CARNALLITE, kar'nal-[=i]t, _n._ a milk-white or pinkish hydrous chloride of potassium and magnesium found in the salt-mines of Stassfurt in Prussia.

[Named from the mineralogist Von _Carnall_ (1804-74).]

CARNATION, kar-n[=a]'shun, _n._ flesh-colour: one of the finest of florists' flowers, a double-flowering variety of the clove pink, and existing only in a state of cultivation.--_adj._ CARN[=A]'TIONED, having a flesh-like colour. [L. _carnatio_, fleshiness.]

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