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CARNAUBA, kar-na-[=oo]'ba, _n._ a Brazilian palm yielding a yellowish wax: the wax--also _Brazilian wax_. [Braz.]

CARNELIAN, kar-n[=e]'li-an, _n._ the name given to the finer varieties of chalcedony, blood-red or flesh-colour, reddish-brown, reddish-white, or yellow, more rarely milk-white.--Also CORN[=E]'LIAN.

CARNIVAL, kar'ni-val, _n._ a feast observed by Roman Catholics just before the fast of Lent: any season of revelry or indulgence: riotous feasting, merriment, or amusement. [It. _carnevale_--Low L. _carnelevarium_, apparently from L. _carnem levare_, to put away flesh.]

CARNIVORA, kar-niv'[=o]-ra, order of flesh-eating animals.--_n._ CAR'NIVORE, a carnivorous animal.--_adj._ CARNIV'OROUS, flesh-eating.--_adv._ CARNIV'OROUSLY.--_n._ CARNIV'OROUSNESS. [L. _caro_, _carnis_, flesh, _vorus_, devouring.]

CARNY, CARNEY, kar'ni, _v.t._ (_prov._) to coax, wheedle.--_v.i._ to act in such a way.--_n._ flattery.

CAROB, kar'ob, _n._ the algaroba or locust-tree, a tree of the order _Leguminosae_, native to the Mediterranean countries. [Through Fr. from Ar.


CAROCHE, ka-r[=o]sh', _n._ a coach or carriage. [Fr.,--It. _caraccio_, _carro_--L. _carrus_, car.]

CAROL, kar'ol, _n._ a song of joy or praise.--_v.i._ to sing a carol: to sing or warble.--_v.t._ to praise or celebrate in song:--_pr.p._ car'olling; _pa.p._ car'olled.--_n._ CAR'OLLING, the act of the verb to carol. [O. Fr. _carole_; It. _carola_, orig. a ring-dance; acc. to Diez, a dim. of L. _chorus_.]

CAROLINGIAN, kar-[=o]-lin'ji-an, _adj._ Same as CARLOVINGIAN (q.v.).

CAROLUS, kar'ol-us, _n._ a gold coin of the time of Charles I.--_adj._ CAR'OLINE, belonging to the time of Charles. [L. _Carolus_, Charles.]

CAROM, kar'om, _n._ an abbreviation for CARAMBOLE, the same as CANNON in billiards.

CAROTID, ka-rot'id, _adj._ relating to the two great arteries of the neck.

[Gr. _kar[=o]tides_--_karos_, sleep, the ancients supposing that deep sleep was caused by compression of them.]

CAROUSE, kar-owz', _n._ a drinking-bout: a noisy revel.--_v.i._ to hold a drinking-bout: to drink freely and noisily.--_ns._ CAROUS'AL, a carouse: a feast; CAROUS'ER, one who carouses.--_adv._ CAROUS'INGLY. [O. Fr. _carous_, Fr. _carrousse_--Ger. _gar aus_, quite out!--that is, empty the glass.]

CAROUSEL, kar-[=oo]'zel, _n._ a tilting match or tournament, to which were added games, shows, and allegorical representations. [Fr.]

CARP, karp, _v.i._ to catch at small faults or errors (with _at_).--_ns._ CARP'ER, one who carps or cavils; CARP'ING, cavilling: fault-finding.--_adv._ CARP'INGLY. [Most prob. Scand., Ice. _karpa_, to boast, modified in meaning through likeness to L. _carp[)e]re_, to pluck, deride.]

CARP, karp, _n._ a fresh-water fish common in ponds. [O. Fr. _carpe_--Low L. _carpa_, prob. Teut.]

CARPAL, kar'pal, _adj._ pertaining to the wrist. [Gr. _karpos_, the wrist.]

CARPEL, kar'pel, _n._ a modified leaf forming the whole or part of the pistil of a flower.--_adj._ CAR'PELLARY. [Gr. _karpos_, fruit.]

CARPENTER, kar'pent-[.e]r, _n._ a worker in timber as used in building houses, ships, &c.--_v.i._ to do the work of a carpenter.--_ns._ CAR'PENTER-BEE, a bee that excavates its nest in wood; CAR'PENTRY, the trade or work of a carpenter, [O. Fr. _carpentier_--Low L.

_carpentarius_--_carpentum_, a car, from root of CAR.]

CARPET, kar'pet, _n._ the woven or felted covering of floors, stairs, &c.--_v.t._ to cover with a carpet:--_pr.p._ car'peting; _pa.p._ car'peted.--_ns._ CAR'PET-BAG, a travelling-bag, so called because usually made of carpeting; CAR'PET-BAG'GER, one who comes to a place for political or other ends, carrying his whole property qualification for citizenship with him in his carpet-bag; CAR'PET-BEAT'ING, the removing of dust from carpets by beating; CAR'PET-BED'DING, a system of horticulture in which plants are arranged in mosaic or geometrical designs; CAR'PETING, material of which carpets are made: carpets in general; CAR'PET-KNIGHT, one dubbed a knight by mere court favour, not on account of his military exploits--hence an effeminate person; CAR'PET-MONG'ER (_Shak._), an effeminate person; CAR'PET-ROD, one of the narrow rods used to keep a stair carpet in its place.--ON THE CARPET, under discussion. [O. Fr. _carpite_ (Fr.

_carpette_)--Low L. _carpeta_, a coarse fabric made from rags pulled to pieces--L. _carp[)e]re_, to pluck.]

CARPOLITE, kar'po-l[=i]t, _n._ fruit petrified or converted into stone.--_n._ CARPOL'OGY, the part of botany which treats of the structure of fruits and seeds. [Gr. _karpos_, fruit, _lithos_, a stone, _logos_, a discourse.]

CARRACK, kar'rak, _n._ a large ship of burden, which is also fitted for fighting.--Also CAR'ACK. [O. Fr. _carraque_--Low L. _carraca_. Ety. dub.]

CARRAGEEN, kar-ra-g[=e]n', _n._ Carrageen moss, or Irish moss--marine alga, common on the British coasts, used for making a highly digestible soup and a kind of blanc-mange, as well as size. [From _Carragheen_, near Waterford in Ireland, where it is found abundantly.]



CARRIAGE, kar'ij, _n._ act or cost of carrying: a vehicle for carrying: behaviour: bearing: (_Shak._) burden: (_B._) baggage.--_adj._ _Carr'iageable_, that may be conveyed in carriages.--_ns._ CARR'IAGE-COM'PANY, or -PEO'PLE, people who keep their carriages; CARR'IAGE-DRIVE, a road for carriages through parks, &c.; CARR'IAGE-HORSE, a horse that draws a carriage.--CARRIAGE AND PAIR, a turn-out of a carriage and two horses; CARRIAGE FREE, tree of charge for carrying. [See CARRY.]


CARRICK-BEND, kar'ik-bend, _n._ (_naut._), a kind of knot, formed on a bight by putting the end of a rope over its standing part, and then passing it. [Perh. conn. with CARRACK, and the root of BIND.]


CARRION, kar'i-un, _n._ the dead and putrid body or flesh of any animal: anything vile.--_adj._ relating to, or feeding on, putrid flesh.--_n._ CARR'ION-CROW, a species of crow which feeds on carrion, small animals, &c.

[Fr. _carogne_--Low L. _caronia_--L. _caro_, _carnis_, flesh.]

CARRITCH, kar'itch, _n._ (_Scot._) a corrupted form of the word _catechism_.--_n._ CARR'IWITCHET, a quibble.

CARRONADE, kar-un-[=a]d', _n._ a short cannon of large bore, first made at _Carron_ in Scotland.

CARRON-OIL, kar'on-oil, _n._ a liniment composed of linseed-oil and lime-water. [From its use for burns at _Carron_ Ironworks in Stirlingshire.]

CARROT, kar'ut, _n._ a genus of _Umbelliferae_, having a tapering root of a reddish or yellowish colour: the root itself, which is edible and sweet.--_adj._ CARR'OTY, carrot-coloured, applied to the hair. [Fr.

_carotte_--L. _carota_.]

CARRY, kar'i, _v.t._ to convey or bear: to lead or transport: to take by force: to effect: to behave or demean: (of money) to be sufficient for a certain purpose: to gain the election of a candidate: to get a bill passed by a majority.--_v.i._ (of a gun, &c.) to reach, indicating the range of its shot:--_pr.p._ carr'ying; _pa.p._ carr'ied.--_n._ the distance a golf-ball goes when struck till it touches the ground: range: the portage of a boat: land across which a boat has to be carried between one navigable stream and another: the position of 'carry arms,' &c.: (_prov._) the sky, cloud-drift.--_ns._ CARR'IER, one who carries, esp. for hire; CARR'Y-ALL, a light, four-wheeled, one-horsed carriage; CARR'YING, the act of one who carries; CARR'Y-TALE (_Shak._), a tale-bearer.--CARRY ALL BEFORE ONE, to bear down all obstacles; CARRY AWAY, to carry off: to excite the feelings: to transport; CARRY OFF, to cause the death of: to gain, to win, as a prize: to cause to pass muster, to make to pass by assurance or dissimulation; CARRY ON, to promote: to continue: to behave in a certain fashion (a term of mild reprobation); CARRY ONE'S POINT, to overrule objections in favour of one's plan; CARRY OUT, to accomplish fully: to carry out for burial; CARRY OUT ONE'S BAT (_cricket_), to leave the wickets without having been put out; CARRY OVER, to induce to join the other party; CARRY THE DAY, or CARRY IT, to be successful: to win the day; CARRY THROUGH, to succeed in accomplishing; CARRY TOO FAR, to exceed reasonable limits; CARRY UP, to continue a building to a certain height: to trace back; CARRY WEIGHT, to possess authority: to have force.--BE CARRIED, to be highly excited: to have the head turned. [O. Fr. _carier_,--Low L.

_carric[=a]re_, to cart--L. _carrus_, a car.]

CARSE, kars, _n._ in Scotland, a stretch of alluvial land along the banks of some rivers. [_Scot._; perh. from an obsolete word _car_, a fen; cf.

Dan. _kjaer_.]

CART, kart, _n._ a two-wheeled vehicle without springs, used for farm purposes, and for conveying heavy loads.--_v.t._ to convey in a cart: to carry publicly in a cart as a punishment--formerly done to bawds.--_ns._ CART'AGE, the act or cost of carting; CART'ER, one who drives a cart; CART'-HORSE, a horse used for drawing a cart; CART'-HOUSE, a shed for keeping carts; CART'-LOAD, as much as a cart can carry; CART'S-TAIL, the hind part of a cart; CART'WAY, a road or way by which carts may pass; CART'WRIGHT, a carpenter who makes carts; T'-CART, a four-wheeled open phaeton, seated for four, its ground-plan resembling a T--see also DOG-CART, MAIL-CART, TAX-CART, &c.--PUT THE CART BEFORE THE HORSE, to reverse the natural order of things.--VILLAGE CART, an uncovered two-wheeled carriage for one horse, with a low body and one seat; WHITECHAPEL CART, or CHAPEL CART, a light two-wheeled spring-cart much used by butchers in delivering goods to their customers. [Ety. uncertain; from A.S. _craet_, or Ice. _kartr_.]

CARTE, kart, _n._ the fourth position of the wrist in fencing. [Fr.

_quart_--L. _quartus_, fourth.]

CARTE, kart, _n._ a bill of fare: (_Scot._), a playing-card: short for _carte-de-visite_.--_ns._ CARTE-BLANCHE', a blank paper, duly signed, and given to a person, to be filled up at his pleasure; CARTE-DE-VISITE', a small photographic portrait pasted on a card; CART'EL, a challenge: an agreement for exchange of prisoners; a card with writing on it.--HAVE CARTE-BLANCHE, to have a commission to act with full discretionary powers.

[Fr.,--L. _charta_. See CARD.]

CARTESIAN, kar-t[=e]'zhi-an, _adj._ relating to the French philosopher Rene _Descartes_ (1596-1650), or his philosophy.--CARTESIAN DEVIL, DIVER, or BOTTLE-IMP, a scientific toy named after Descartes, illustrating the principle of specific gravity.

CARTHAMINE, kar'tha-min, _n._ a dye obtained in crystals by a chemical process from safflower. [Low L. _carthamus_--Ar. _qartum_, saffron.]

CARTHUSIAN, kar-th[=u]'zi-an, _n._ one of an order of monks founded by St Bruno in 1086, noted for their strictness: a scholar of the Charterhouse School.--_adj._ of or pertaining to the order. [L.

_Cartusianus_--_Catorissium_, _Chatrousse_, a village in Dauphine, near which their first monastery was founded.]

CARTILAGE, kar'ti-l[=a]j, _n._ in vertebrate animals, a firm elastic substance, of a pearly whiteness, presenting to the unaided eye a uniform and homogeneous appearance: gristle.--_adj._ CARTILAGI'NOUS, pertaining to or consisting of cartilage, gristly. [Fr.,--L. _cartilago_; cog. with _crates_, Gr. _kartalos_.]

CARTOGRAPHY, kar-tog'ra-fi, _n._ the art of preparing charts or maps. [L.

_charta_, chart, map, and Gr. _graphia_, _graph-ein_, to write.]

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