CAPTION, kap'shun, _n._ the act of taking: an arrest: (_Eng. law_) the formal title of indictments and depositions which shows the authority under which it is executed or taken: in Scotland, prior to 1837, the name given to the formal warrant to apprehend a debtor or other defaulting obligant, which was given in the Bill Chamber after letters of horning had been executed.--_adj._ CAP'TIOUS, ready to catch at faults or take offence: critical: peevish.--_adv._ CAP'TIOUSLY.--_n._ CAP'TIOUSNESS. [L.
_captionem_--_cap[)e]re_, to take.]
CAPTIVATE, kap'tiv-[=a]t, _v.t._ to charm: to engage the affections.--_adj._ CAP'TIV[=A]TING, having power to engage the affections.
CAPTIVE, kap'tiv, _n._ one taken: a prisoner of war: one kept in bondage.--_adj._ taken, or kept prisoner in war; charmed or subdued by anything.--_ns._ CAP'TIVAUNCE (_Spens._), captivity; CAPTIV'ITY; CAP'TOR, one who takes a prisoner or a prize; CAP'TURE, the act of taking: the thing taken: an arrest.--_v.t._ to take as a prize: to take by force. [L.
CAPUCCIO, ka-p[=oo]ch'i-o, _n._ (_Spens._) a hood. [It.]
CAPUCHE, ka-p[=u]sh', _n._ a hood, esp. that worn by the _Capuchins_.--_n._ CAPUCHIN, (kap'[=u]-chin or kap-[=oo]-sh[=e]n'), a Franciscan monk, so called from the hood he wears: a hooded pigeon. [Fr. _capucin_, It.
_cappucino_, a small cowl--Low L. _cappa_. See CAP, CAPE.]
CAPUL. See CAPLE.
CAPUT, kap'ut, _n._ a head.--CAPUT MORTUUM, the residuum after distillation: worthless residue.
CAPYBARA, kap-i-bar'a, _n._ the largest of rodent quadrupeds, native to South America, allied to the guinea-pig. [Brazilian.]
CAR (old form CARR), kar, _n._ a vehicle moved on wheels, applied to very various forms--a large and splendid vehicle, as a triumphal car, a funeral car, the two-wheeled Irish jaunting-car; in Birmingham, a four-wheeled cab, as opposed to a hansom (cab); in America, applied to all vehicles for railway travelling, as passenger-car, palace-car, freight-car, &c.; in England, applied only to the carriages of street tramways: a railway carriage: (_poet._) a chariot: the part of a balloon in which the aeronauts sit.--_n._ CAR'MAN, a man who drives a car or cart: a carter. [O. Fr.
_car_--Low L. _carra_, _carrus_, itself a Celt. word, seen in Ir. _carr_, Bret. _karr_.]
CARABINE. Sec CARBINE.
CARACAL, kar'a-kal, _n._ the Persian lynx. [Fr., prob. Turk. _qara_, _qulaq_, black ear.]
CARACARA, kar-a-kar'a, _n._ a popular name for the South American _Polyborinae_, a sub-family of _Falconidae_, resembling the vultures. [Imit.]
CARACK. See CARRACK.
CARACOLE, kar'a-k[=o]l, _n._ the half-turn or wheel made by a horseman: a winding stair.--_v.i._ to turn half-round, as cavalry in wheeling: to prance about.--_p.adj._ CAR'ACOLING. [Fr. _caracole_--It. _caracollo_--Sp.
_caracol_, the spiral shell of a snail.]
CARACT, kar'akt, _n._ mark: sign: character (q.v.).
CARAFE, ka-raf', _n._ a water-bottle for the table, [Fr. _carafe_, prob.
from Ar. _gharafa_, to draw water.]
CARAMBOLA, ka-ram'b[=o]-la, _n._ the acrid pulpy fruit of a small East Indian tree, used for tarts, &c.: the tree itself.
CARAMBOLE. See CAROM.
CARAMEL, kar'a-mel, _n._ a dark-brown substance produced by the action of heat on sugar, used in colouring whisky, wines, &c.: a kind of confection, usually of chocolate, sugar, and butter.--Also CAR'OMEL. [Fr.--Sp.
_caramelo_; further origin dubious.]
CARAPA, kar'a-pa, _n._ a genus of tropical trees of natural order _Meliaceae_, a South American species yielding the useful carap-oil or crab-oil. [_Caraipi_, the native Guiana name.]
CARAPACE, kar'a-p[=a]s, _n._ the shell of the crab, tortoise, &c.--_adj._ CARAP[=A]'CIAL. [Fr.--Sp. _carapacho_.]
CARAT, kar'at, _n._ a weight of 4 grains: a proportional measure of 1/24 in stating the fineness of gold. [Fr.,--Ar. _q[=i]r[=a]t_, perh. from Gr.
_keration_, a seed or bean used as a weight.]
CARAUNA, ka-raw'na, _n._ an aromatic resinous substance yielded by a tree on the Amazon, formerly used in plasters.--Also CARAN'NA.
CARAVAN, kar'a-van, _n._ a company of travellers associated together for security in crossing the deserts in the East: a company of people: a large close carriage, or any kind of house on wheels.--_ns._ CARAVANEER', the leader of a caravan; CARAVAN'SARY, CARAVAN'SERA, a kind of unfurnished inn where caravans stop. [Pers. _k[=a]rw[=a]nsar[=a][=i]_--_k[=a]rw[=a]n_, caravan, _sar[=a]i_, inn.]
CARAVEL, kar'av-el, _n._ a kind of light sailing-vessel. [Fr.,--It.
_caravelia_; cf. Low L. _carabus_, Gr. _karabos_, a bark.]
CARAWAY, kar'a-w[=a], _n._ a plant with aromatic seeds, used as a tonic and condiment.--_n._ CAR'AWAY-SEED. [Prob. through Sp. from Ar. _karwiy[=a]_; cf. Gr. _karon_.]
CARBAZOTIC, kar-b[=a]-zot'ik, _adj._ consisting of carbon and azote.
CARBIDE. See CARBON.
CARBINE, kar'b[=i]n, _n._ a short light musket--also CAR'ABINE.--_ns._ CARBINEER', CARABINEER', a soldier armed with a carbine. [Fr. _carabine_, O. Fr. _calabrin_, a carbineer--_calabre_, a machine for casting stones--Low L. _chadabula_, Gr. _katabol[=e]_, overthrow. Thus Diez; Littre thinks _calabrin_ from Calabrian.]
CARBOLIC ACID, kar-bol'ik as'id, _n._ an acid produced from coal-tar, used as a disinfectant. [L. _carbo_, coal.]
CARBON, kar'bon, _n._ an elementary substance, widely diffused, of which pure charcoal is an example.--_n._ CAR'BIDE, a compound of carbon with a metal, formerly called CAR'BURET.--_adjs._ CARBON[=A]'CEOUS, CARBON'IC, pertaining to or composed of carbon.--_n._ CAR'BONATE, a salt formed by the union of carbonic acid with a base.--_adjs._ CAR'BONATED, combined or impregnated with carbonic acid; CARBONIF'EROUS, producing carbon or coal.--_n._ CARBONIS[=A]'TION--_v.t._ CAR'BONISE, to make into carbon.--CARBONIC ACID, an acid formed of carbon and oxygen, generally gaseous, and evolved by respiration and combustion. [Fr. _carbone_--L.
CARBONADO, kar-bon-[=a]'do, _n._ (_obs._) a piece of meat cut crossways for broiling on coals.--_v.t._ to cut crossways for broiling: to slash. [Sp.
CARBONARI, kar-bon-ar'i, _n.pl._ members of a secret society in Italy at the beginning of this century, founded to help forward a republican government.--_n._ CARBONAR'ISM. [It., lit. 'charcoal burners.']
CARBOY, kar'boi, _n._ a large bottle of green or blue glass, protected with a frame of basket-work or wood, used for holding sulphuric acid or the like. [Pers. _qar[=a]bah_.]
CARBUNCLE, kar'bung-kl, _n._ a fiery-red precious stone: an inflamed ulcer: a pimple on the nose.--_adjs._ CAR'BUNCLED, set with the gem carbuncle; afflicted with carbuncles: having red inflamed spots; CARBUN'CULAR, belonging to or like a carbuncle: red: inflamed. [L. _carbunculus_, dim. of _carbo_, a coal.]
CARBURET, same as CARBIDE (q.v. under CARBON).--_adj._ CAR'BURETTED.--_n._ CARBURET'TER, or CARBURET'TOR, an apparatus for charging gases with carbon.
CARCAJOU, kar'ka-j[=oo], _n._ the American wolverine.
CARCAKE, kar'k[=a]k, _n._ a kind of cake for Shrove Tuesday. [Scot.--A.S.
_caru_, grief, and CAKE.]
CARCANET, kar'ka-net, _n._ a collar of jewels. [_Carcan_, an obsolete word for an iron collar used for punishment--Low L. _carcannum_, from Teut.]
CARCASS, CARCASE, kar'kas, _n._ a dead body or corpse, no longer used of the human body: the framework of anything: a ruin: a kind of bombshell.
[Fr. _carcasse_, a skeleton (It. _carcasso_, a quiver), prob. from Late Gr.
_tarkasion_, which is perh. the Pers. _tarkash_, a quiver.]
CARCINOLOGY, kar-si-nol'[=o]-ji, _n._ that department of zoology which treats of crabs and other crustaceans.--_adj._ CARCINOLOG'ICAL.--_n._ CARCINOL'OGIST. [Gr. _karkinos_, a crab, _logia-legein_, to speak.]
CARCINOMA, kar-si-n[=o]ma, _n._ a cancer (see CANCER).--_adj._ CARCIN[=O]'MATOUS.--_n._ CARCIN[=O]'SIS, the growth and development of cancer. [Gr.]
CARD, kard, _n._ a piece of pasteboard marked with figures for playing a game, or with a person's address upon it: a note.--_ns._ CARD'-BOARD, a stiff, finely finished pasteboard; CARD'-CASE, a case for carrying visiting-cards; CARD'-SHARP'ER, one who cheats at cards; CARD'-T[=A]'BLE, a table for playing cards on.--A KNOWING CARD (_slang_), one who is wide awake; A SURE CARD, an undertaking which will be sure to succeed.--HAVE THE CARDS IN ONE'S HANDS, to have everything under one's control; HOUSE OF CARDS, something flimsy or unsubstantial; ON THE CARDS, likely to turn up; PLAY ONE'S CARDS WELL, or BADLY, to make, or not to make, the best of one's chances; SHOW ONE'S CARDS, to expose one's secrets or designs; SPEAK BY THE CARD, to speak with elegance and to the point; THROW UP THE CARDS, to give in: to confess defeat. [Fr. _carte_--L. _charta_, Gr. _chart[=e]s_, paper.