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CAN-CAN, kan-kan, _n._ a dance in some public balls at Paris and elsewhere, characterised by immodest gestures and postures. [Usually referred to L.

_quamquam_, the pronunciation of which was long hotly disputed in the French schools; Littre quotes an O. Fr. _caquehan_, a noisy assembly.]

CANCEL, kan'sel, _v.t._ to erase or blot out by crossing with lines: to annul or suppress, as a printed page, &c.: to obliterate: to frustrate: to counterbalance or compensate for: to remove equivalent quantities on opposite sides of an equation:--_pr.p._ can'celling; _pa.p._ can'celled.--_n._ the suppression of a printed page or sheet, the page so cancelled, or the new one substituted. [Fr. _canceller_--L.

_cancell-[=a]re_, from _cancelli_, railings, lattice-work, dim. of _cancer_.]

CANCELLI, kan-sel'[=i], cross-pieces forming a lattice-work or grating, as in the division between the choir and the body of a church: (_anat._) reticulations.--_adjs._ CAN'CELLATE, -D, marked latticewise, reticulated.--_n._ CANCELL[=A]'TION.--_adj._ CAN'CELLOUS. [L., a lattice.]

CANCER, kan's[.e]r, _n._ the name for an important group of malignant tumours, divided into two groups, _Carcinomata_ and _Sarcomata_, the name being now strictly used only of the former: a constellation between Gemini and Leo, and a sign of the zodiac showing the limits of the sun's course northward in summer: the typical genus of the family _Cancridae_--_v.i._ CANCER'ATE, to become cancerous.--_ns._ CANCER[=A]'TION; CAN'CERITE, a petrified crab.--_adj._ CAN'CEROUS, of or like a cancer.--_adv._ CAN'CEROUSLY.--_n._ CAN'CEROUSNESS.--_adjs._ CAN'CRIFORM, CAN'CROID, crab-like. [L. _cancer_; cog. with Gr. _karkinos_, a crab.]

CANCIONERO, kan-th[=e]-on-[=e]'ro, _n._ a collection of songs. [Sp.]

CANDELABRUM, kan-de-l[=a]'brum, _n._ a branched and ornamented candlestick:--_pl._ CANDEL[=A]'BRA. [L.]

CANDENT, kan'dent, _adj._ making white: glowing with heat.

CANDESCENCE, kan-des'ens, _n._ a white heat.--_adj._ CANDES'CENT. [L.

_candesc-[)e]re_, inceptive of _cand-[=e]re_, to glow.]

CANDID, kan'did, _adj._ frank, ingenuous: free from prejudice: fair, impartial.--_adv._ CAN'DIDLY.--_n._ CAN'DIDNESS. [Fr. _candide_--L.

_candidus_, white--_cand-[=e]re_, to shine.]

CANDIDATE, kan'di-d[=a]t, _n._ one who offers himself for any office or honour, so called because, at Rome, the applicant used to dress in white.--_ns._ CAN'DIDATURE, CAN'DIDATESHIP, CAN'DIDACY. [L. _candidatus_, from _candidus_.]


CANDLE, kan'dl, _n._ wax, tallow, or other like substance surrounding a wick: a light.--_ns._ CAN'DLE-BERR'Y, the wax-myrtle, also its fruit: the fruit of _Aleurites triloba_, the candle-berry tree; CAN'DLE-BOMB, a small glass bomb filled with water, exploding on being held in a candle-flame; CAN'DLE-COAL (same as CANNEL-COAL); CAN'DLE-DIP'PING, the method of making candles by dipping instead of moulding; CAN'DLE-END, the end-piece of a burnt-out candle; CAN'DLE-FISH, the eulachon, a deep-sea fish of the smelt family found along the north-west coast of America, producing eulachon oil: another West American fish, resembling a pollock--the _black candle-fish_ or _horse-mackerel_; CAN'DLE-HOLD'ER, one who holds a candle to another while working--hence one who renders another slight assistance, or humours him; CAN'DLE-LIGHT, the light of a candle, illumination by means of candles: the time when candles are lighted; CAN'DLE-LIGHT'ER, one whose business is to light the candles: a spill; CAN'DLE-POW'ER, the illuminating power of a standard sperm candle--a unit of luminosity; CAN'DLESTICK, an instrument for holding a candle, originally a stick or piece of wood; CAN'DLE-WAST'ER, one who studies late; CAN'DLE-WOOD, the wood of various West Indian and Mexican resinous trees.--BURN THE CANDLE AT BOTH ENDS, to waste in two directions at once.--NOT FIT TO HOLD A CANDLE TO, not fit even to be some one's inferior, not to be compared with.--SELL BY THE CANDLE, to offer for sale as long as a small piece of candle burns, the bid made just before it goes out being successful.--THE GAME IS NOT WORTH THE CANDLE, the thing is not worth the labour or expense of it. [A.S. _candel_--L.

_candela_, from _cand-[=e]re_, to glow.]

CANDLEMAS, kan'dl-mas, _n._ a festival of the R.C. Church in honour of the purification of the Virgin Mary, on 2d February, and so called from the number of candles used. [CANDLE and MASS.]

CANDOCK, kan'dok, _n._ the yellow water-lily. [CAN (n.) and DOCK.]

CANDOUR, kan'dur, _n._ freedom from prejudice or disguise: sincerity: justice: openness. [L. _candor_, whiteness, from _cand[=e]re_, to be shining.]

CANDY, kan'di, SUGAR-CANDY, shoog'ar-kan'di, _n._ a sweetmeat made of sugar: anything preserved in sugar.--_v.t._ to preserve or dress with sugar: to congeal or crystallise as sugar.--_v.i._ to become congealed.--_p.adj._ CAN'DIED, encrusted with candy or sugar: (_fig._) sugared, flattering. [Fr. _candi_, from Ar. _qandah_, candy.]

CANDY, kan'di, _n._ a South Indian weight, generally containing 20 maunds, about 500 pounds English.--Also CAN'DIE and KAN'DY. [Tamil.]

CANE, k[=a]n, _n._ the stem of one of the smaller palms--the calamus or rattan, or the larger grasses--bamboo and sugar-cane: a walking-stick.--_v.t._ to beat with a cane.--_ns._ CANE'-BRAKE, a brake or thicket of canes; CANE'-CHAIR, a chair made of rattan; CANE'-MILL, a mill for bruising sugar-canes for the manufacture of sugar; CANE'-S[=U]'GAR, sugar obtained from the sugar-cane; CANE'-TRASH, refuse of sugar-cane used for fuel in boiling the juice; C[=A]N'ING, a thrashing with a cane.--_adj._ C[=A]N'Y, made of cane.--MALACCA CANE, a walking-cane made without removing the bark from the brown-mottled or clouded stem of the palm, _Calamus Scipionum_, brought from Singapore or Sumatra. [Fr. _canne_--L.

_canna_--Gr. _kann[=e]_, a reed.]

CANELLA, kan-el'a, _n._ a genus of low aromatic trees, one species the whitewood of wild cinnamon of the West Indies, yielding _canella_ or white cinnamon bark.

CANEPHOR, kan'e-f[=o]r, _n._ (_archit._) a female figure bearing a basket on her head. [Gr. _kan[=e]phoros_, one of the bearers upon their heads at the Panathenaic festival of the baskets containing the sacrificial implements.]

CANESCENT, ka-nes'ent, _adj._ tending to white: hoary. [L.

_canescens_--_can[=e]re_--_canus_, hoary.]

CANGUE, CANG, kang, _n._ a Chinese portable pillory borne on the shoulders by petty offenders. [Fr. _cangue_--Port. _cango_, a yoke.]

CANICULAR, ka-nik'[=u]-lar, _adj._ pertaining to the Dog-star (CANIC'ULA) or to the Dog-days: (_coll._ and _hum._) pertaining to a dog. [L.

_canicularis_, _canicula_, dim. of _canis_, a dog.]

CANINE, ka-n[=i]n', _adj._ like or pertaining to the dog.--CANINE APPETITE, an inordinate appetite; CANINE LETTER = R; CANINE TEETH, the four sharp-pointed tearing teeth in most mammals, one on each side of the upper and lower jaw, between the incisors or cutting teeth and the molars or grinders. [L. _caninus_, _canis_, a dog.]

CANISTER, kan'is-t[.e]r, _n._ a box or case, usually of tin, for holding tea, shot, &c.: short for canister-shot, or case-shot.--_n._ CAN'ISTER-SHOT (same as CASE-SHOT, q.v.). [L. _canistrum_, a wicker-basket; Gr.

_kanastron_--_kann[=e]_, a reed.]

CANITIES, ka-nish'i-[=e]z, _n._ whiteness of the hair.

CANKER, kang'k[.e]r, _n._ an eating sore: a gangrene: a disease in trees, or in horses' feet: anything that corrupts, consumes, irritates, or decays.--_v.t._ to eat into, corrupt, or destroy: to infect or pollute: to make sour and ill-conditioned.--_v.i._ to grow corrupt: to decay.--_adj._ CANK'ERED, corroded: venomous, malignant: soured: crabbed.--_adv._ CANK'EREDLY.--_n._ CANK'EREDNESS.--_adj._ CANK'EROUS, corroding like a canker.--_n._ CANK'ER-WORM, a worm that cankers or eats into plants.--_adj._ CANK'ERY, affected with canker: (_Scot._) crabbed. [L.

_cancer_, a crab, gangrene.]

CANNA, kan'na, _n._ a genus of reed-like plants--_Indian shot_: the upright stem of a candlestick, &c.: the tube by which the wine was taken from the chalice. [L., a reed.]

CANNA, kan'na, _n._ cotton-grass. [Gael. _canach_.]

CANNABIC, kan'a-bik, _adj._ pertaining to hemp.--_ns._ CANN'ABIN, a resin obtained from the plant _Cannabis Indica_; CANN'ABIS, a genus of urticaceous plants, yielding bhang.

CANNEL, kan'el, _n._ a bituminous coal that burns with a bright flame, and is much used for making coal oils and gas.--Also CANN'EL-COAL, CAN'DLE-COAL. [Prob. conn. with CANDLE, because of the similarity in burning.]

CANNELURE, kan'e-l[=u]r, _n._ a groove or a fluting: a groove round the cylindrical part of a bullet. [Fr.]

CANNIBAL, kan'i-bal, _n._ one who eats human flesh.--_adj._ relating to cannibalism.--_n._ CANN'IBALISM, the practice of eating human flesh.--_adj._ CANNIBALIST'IC--_adv._ CANN'IBALLY (_Shak._). [Sp., a corr.

of _Caribals_ (Eng. _Caribs_), the native name of the West India Islanders, who ate human flesh.]

CANNIKIN, kan'i-kin, _n._ a small can. [Dim. of CAN.]

CANNON, kan'un, _n._ a great gun used in war: a stroke in billiards in which the player hits both the red and his opponent's ball.--_v.i._ to cannonade: to make a cannon at billiards: to collide.--_n._ CANNONADE', an attack with cannon.--_v.t._ to attack or batter with cannon.--_ns._ CANNONAD'ING; CANN'ON-BALL, a ball usually made of cast-iron, to be shot from a cannon; CANN'ON-BIT, or CANN'ON, a smooth round bit; CANN'ON-BONE, the long bone between the knee and the foot of a horse; CANNONEER', CANNONIER', one who manages cannon; CANN'ON-GAME, a form of billiards in which, the table having no pockets, the game consists in making a series of cannons; CANN'ON-MET'AL, an alloy of about 90 parts of copper and 10 of tin, from which cannon are manufactured.--_adj._ CANN'ON-PROOF, proof against cannon-shot.--_ns._ CANN'ONRY, cannonading: artillery; CANN'ON-SHOT, a cannon-ball: the distance to which a cannon will throw a ball. [Fr. _canon_, from L. _canna_, a reed.]

CANNOT, kan'ot, _v.i._ to be unable. [CAN and NOT.]

CANNULA, kan'[=u]-la, _n._ a surgical tube, esp. that enclosing a trocar or perforator, and the breathing-tube inserted in the windpipe after tracheotomy.--_adj._ CANN'ULATE. [Dim. of _canna_, a reed.]

CANNY, kan'i, _adj._ (_Scot._) knowing: shrewd: having supernatural power (see UNCANNY): comfortable: careful in money matters: gentle: sly or pawky.--_adv._ CANN'ILY.--_n._ CANN'INESS.--TO CA' CANNY, to go or act cautiously. [From CAN, to be able.]

CANOE, ka-n[=oo]', _n._ a boat made of the hollowed trunk of a tree, or of bark or skins: a skiff driven by paddling.--_v.t._ to paddle a canoe.--_n._ CANOE'IST. [Sp. _canoa_--Haytian _canoa_.]

CAnON, kan-yon', _n._ a deep gorge or ravine between high and steep banks, worn by watercourses. [Sp. _canon_, a hollow, from root of CANNON.]

CANON, kan'un, _n._ a law or rule, esp. in ecclesiastical matters: a general rule: standard: the books of Scripture accepted as the standard or rule of faith by the Christian Church: a species of musical composition: one bound by certain vows over and above those binding upon regular members of his community--a canon _regular_: a clerical dignitary belonging to a cathedral, enjoying special emoluments, and obliged to reside there part of the year: a list of saints canonised: (_print._) a large kind of type.--_n._ CAN'ONESS, a female beneficiary of a regular religious college.--_adjs._ CANON'IC, -AL, according to or included in the canon: regular: ecclesiastical.--_adv._ CANON' CANON'ICALS, the official dress of the clergy, regulated by the church canons.--_ns._ CANONIC'ITY, the state of belonging to the canon of Scripture; CANONIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ CAN'ONISE, to enrol in the canon or list of saints.--_n._ CAN'ONIST, one versed in the canon law.--_adj._ CANONIST'IC.--_ns._ CAN'ON-LAW, a digest of the formal decrees of councils, oecumenical, general, and local, of diocesan and national synods, and of patriarchal decisions as to doctrine and discipline; CAN'ONRY, the benefice of a canon.--CANON OF THE MASS, that part of the mass which begins after the 'Sanctus' with the prayer 'Te igitur,' and ends just before the 'Paternoster;' CANON RESIDENTIARY, a canon obliged to reside at a cathedral and take a share in the duty; HONORARY CANON, one having the titular rank of canon in a cathedral, but without duties or emoluments; MINOR CANON, a cleric in orders, attached to a cathedral, his duty being to assist the canons in singing divine service. [A.S., Fr., from L. _canon_--Gr.

_kan[=o]n_, a straight rod--_kann[=e]_, a reed.]

CANOPHILIST, ka-nof'i-list, _n._ a lover of dogs. [L. _canis_, a dog, Gr.

_philein_, to love.]

CANOPUS, ka-n[=o]'pus, _n._ a bright star in the southern constellation _Argo navis_: an Egyptian vase for holding the entrails of the body embalmed.--_adj._ CANOP'IC. [L.,--Gr.]

CANOPY, kan'o-pi, _n._ a covering over a throne or bed: a covering of state stretched over the head: any covering, as the sky: a roof-like projection over a niche, tomb, statue, &c.: the wooden covering over prebends' stalls in cathedrals, pulpits, altars, &c.--_v.t._ to cover with a canopy:--_pr.p._ can'opying; _pa.p._ can'opied. [Fr. _canape_--Low L.

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