_canopeum_--Gr. _k[=o]n[=o]peion_, a mosquito curtain--_k[=o]n[=o]ps_, a mosquito.]
CANOROUS, kan-[=o]'rus, _adj._ musical: melodious.--_adv._ CAN[=O]'ROUSLY.--_n._ CAN[=O]'ROUSNESS. [L. _canorus_, from _canor_, melody--_can[)e]re_, to sing.]
CANSTICK, kan'stik, _n._ (_Shak._) a candlestick.
CANT, kant, _v.i._ to speak in a conventional manner: to use the language of thieves, &c.: to talk in an affectedly solemn or hypocritical way.--_n._ a hypocritical or affected style of speech: the language peculiar to a sect: odd or peculiar talk of any kind: _slang_: a common saying: affected use of religious phrases or sentiments.--_n._ CANT'ER, one who cants, a beggar: one who makes hypocritical professions.--_adj._ CANT'ING, whining, pretending to piety: (_her._) allusive (see ALLUSIVE). [L. c_ant[=a]re_, freq. of _can[)e]re_, to sing.]
CANT, kant, _n._ an inclination from the level: a toss or jerk: a sloping or tilted position: one of the segments forming a side-piece in the head of a cask: a ship's timber lying obliquely to the line of the keel.--_v.t._ to turn on the edge or corner: to tilt or toss suddenly.--_ns._ CANT'ING, tilting; CANT'ING-COIN; CANT'ING-WHEEL; CANT'-RAIL, a timber running along the tops of the upright pieces in the sides of the body of a railway-carriage and supporting the roof and roof-sticks. [Prob. conn. with Dut. _kant_; Ger. _kante_, corner.]
CANT, kant, _n._ sale by auction.--_v.t._ to sell by auction. [O. Fr.
_encant_, auction; der. uncertain, cf. Low L. _incant[=a]re_, to put up to auction.]
CANT, kant, _adj._ brisk: lively. [Scot.; der. unknown. See CANTY.]
CAN'T, kant, a colloquial contraction for CANNOT.
CANTAB, kan'tab, for CANTABRIGIAN, _adj._ of or pertaining to Cambridge--Latinised _Cantabrigia_.
CANTABANK, kan'ta-bangk, _n._ a strolling singer. [It. _cantambanco_.]
CANTALOUP, kan'ta-loop, _n._ a small, ribbed variety of musk-melon.
[Fr.,--It. _Cantalupo_, a town near Rome, where it was first grown in Europe.]
CANTANKEROUS, kan-tang'k[.e]r-us, _adj._ cross-grained: perverse in temper.--_adv._ CANTAN'KEROUSLY.--_n._ CANTAN'KEROUSNESS. [M. E. _contak_, quarrelling.]
CANTAR, kan'tar, _n._ a Turkish weight of 100 rotls or pounds.
CANTATA, kan-ta'ta, _n._ originally the name applied to a sort of musical narrative by one person, accompanied by a single instrument; subsequently an air was introduced--the modern concert-aria: now also a choral work, either sacred, and similar to, but shorter than the oratorio, or secular, either lyric or dramatic, but not intended for the stage.--_ns._ CANTA'TE, the 98th Psalm, from its opening words in Latin, 'Cantate Domino;'
CAN'TATRICE, a female singer. [It.,--L. _cant[=a]re_, freq. of _can[)e]re_, to sing.]
CANTEEN, kan-t[=e]n', _n._ a tin vessel used by soldiers for holding liquors: a barrack-tavern, or refreshment-house for the use of the soldiers. [Fr. _cantine_--It. _cantina_, a cellar; further der. uncertain.]
CANTER, kan't[.e]r, _n._ an easy gallop.--_v.i._ to move at an easy gallop.--_v.t._ to make to canter. [Orig. _Canterbury-gallop_, from the easy pace at which the pilgrims rode to the shrine at Canterbury.]
CANTERBURY, kan't[.e]r-ber-ri, _n._ a stand with divisions in it for holding books, music, &c.--CANTERBURY BELLS (see CAMPANULA).
CANTHARIDES, kan-thar'i-d[=e]z, _n.pl._ Spanish flies, used for blistering.--_adjs._ CANTHAR'IDAL, CANTHARID'IAN, CANTHARID'IC, composed of cantharides.--_n._ CANTHAR'IDINE, the active principle of blistering-flies.
[L. _cantharis_, beetle, pl. _cantharides_.]
CANTHARUS, kan'tha-rus, _n._ a large two-handled drinking-cup: a laver in the atrium before ancient churches;--_pl._ CAN'THAR[=I], [L.]
CANTHUS, kan'thus, _n._ the angle formed by the junction of the eyelids: one of the upper and lower or anterior and posterior extremities of the compound eyes of insects:--_pl._ CAN'THI (-th[=i]). [Gr. _kanthos_, corner of the eye.]
CANTICLE, kan'ti-kl, _n._ a song: a non-metrical hymn, esp. one of those used in the public services of the church, as the _Benedicite_: (_pl._) the Song of Solomon.--_n._ CAN'TICUM, a canticle: a part-song in an ancient play. [L. _canticulum_, dim of _canticum_.]
CANTILENA, kan-ti-l[=e]'na, _n._ a ballad or light song: a cantus firmus or melody for church use: a singing exercise or solfeggio. [L.]
CANTILEVER, kan'ti-l[=e]v-[.e]r, _n._ a large bracket used in architecture for supporting cornices, balconies, and even stairs--the principle has been applied in the construction of bridges to support enormous weights.--Also CAN'TALIVER. [Prob. made up of CANT, angle, and Fr. _lever_, to raise.]
CANTILLATE, kan'ti-l[=a]t, _v.t._ and _v.i._ to chant, intone.--_n._ CANTILL[=A]'TION.--_adj._ CAN'TILLATORY.
CANTION, kan'shun, _n._ (_Spens._) a song.
CANTLE, kan'tl, _n._ a fragment or edge of anything: the protuberant part of the back of a saddle: (_Scot._) the top of the head.--_v.t._ to cut a piece from: to divide.--_ns._ CANT'LET, a fragment, cantle; CANT'LING, the lower course of bricks enclosing a brick-clamp. [CANT, edge.]
CANTO, kan't[=o], _n._ division of a song or poem: the treble or leading melody.--_n._ CAN'TOR, the leader of the singing in a church, a precentor.--_adjs._ CANT[=O]'RIAL; CANT[=O]'RIS (gen. of L. _cantor_), of or belonging to the cantor or precentor.--_n._ CAN'TUS, a melody, esp. an ecclesiastical style of music.--CANTO FERMO, the simple melody of the hymns and chants used in the Christian Church of the West from the earliest times. [It.,--L. _cantus_--_can[)e]re_, to sing.]
CANTON, kan'tun, _n._ a division of territory, constituting in Switzerland a separate government, in France a subdivision of an arrondissement: (_her._) an ordinary of a shield, being a square occupying generally the dexter, sometimes the sinister, chief of the field.--_v.t._ to divide into cantons: to allot quarters to troops.--_adjs._ CAN'TONAL, pertaining to or divided into cantons; CAN'TONED (_archit._), ornamented at the corners with projecting pilasters: (_her._) placed in the midst of charges occupying the corners.--_n._ CAN'TONMENT (also pronounced can-t[=oo]n'ment), the temporary quarters of troops when taking part in manoeuvres or active operations: in India, permanent military towns, distinct and at some little distance from the principal cities. [O. Fr. _canton_; It. _cantone_, corner, district--_canto_, a corner: cf. CANT (2).]
CANTOR. See under CANTO.
CANTRED, kan'tred, _n._ a division of the country: a hundred. [W.
_cantref_--_cant_, hundred, and _tref_, town.]
CANTRIP, kan'trip, _n._ a freak or wilful piece of trickery: a witch's spell. [Scot.; ety. unknown; Jamieson suggested _cant_, to turn over, _raip_, a roap.]
CANTUARIAN, kan-t[=u]-[=a]'ri-an, _adj._ pertaining to Canterbury as the archiepiscopal see of the primate of the Church of England. [Low L.
_Cantuarius_, _Cantuarensis_--A.S. _Cantware_ (pl.), the people of Kent.]
CANTY, kan'ti, _adj._ cheerful, lively.--_n._ CAN'TINESS. [Scot.; cf. Low Ger. _kantig_.]
CANVAS, kan'vas, _n._ a coarse cloth made of hemp, used for sails, tents, &c., and for painting on: the sails of a ship.--_v.t._ to cover with canvas.--_ns._ CAN'VAS-BACK, a North American duck, very good eating, its back ashy white, crossed by broken, zigzag, dark lines; CAN'VAS-CLIMB'ER (_Shak._), a sailor; CAN'VAS-STRETCH'ER, a wooden frame on which canvas is stretched for oil-painting; CAN'VAS-WORK, embroidery upon cloth over which canvas has been laid to guide the stitches: an embroidery in Berlin wool on silk canvas with plush-stitch.--UNDER CANVAS, having the sails unfurled, under sail: living in tents. [O. Fr. _canevas_--L. and Gr. _cannabis_, hemp.]
CANVASS, kan'vas, _v.t._ to sift, examine: to discuss: to solicit votes, contributions, &c.--_v.i._ to solicit votes, &c. (with _for_).--_n._ close examination: a seeking or solicitation.--_n._ CAN'VASSER. [From CANVAS.]
CANY, k[=a]n'i, _adj._ (_Milton_) made of canes.
CANYON. Same as CAnON.
CANZONE, kan-z[=o]'n[=a], _n._ a song or air in two or more parts, with passages of fugue and imitation: a series of stanzas in Italian poetry, of various metrical arrangements, and restricted to no set themes--(_dim._) CANZONET', CANZONETTE'. [It., a song (Fr. _chanson_), L. _cantion-em_, _can[)e]re_, to sing.]
CAOUTCHOUC, kow'chuk, _n._ the highly elastic juice or gum of a plant which grows in South America and Asia: india-rubber. [Fr.--Carib. _cahuchu_.]
CAP, kap, _n._ a woman's head-dress of muslin, or the like: a boy's head-dress, any kind of unbrimmed covering for the head: a cap-like covering of any kind: a cover: the top.--_v.t._ to put on a cap, as the official cap of a degree in some colleges: to outdo or surpass: to cover the end or top: to raise the cap in token of respect:--_pr.p._ cap'ping; _pa.p._ capped.--_n._ CAP'-CASE, a small travelling-case, a chest.--CAP AND BELLS, the characteristic marks of a professional jester; CAP A STORY, QUOTATION, VERSE, &c., to follow one up with another, or with its proper continuation or conclusion; CAP IN HAND, symbolic of reverence or submission; CAP OF LIBERTY, or _Phrygian bonnet_, the conical cap given to a Roman slave on enfranchisement, now the symbol of republicanism; CAP OF MAINTENANCE (see MAINTENANCE).--A FEATHER IN ONE'S CAP, something giving distinction: something to be proud of.--BLACK CAP, that put on by the judge before pronouncing sentence of death; COLLEGE CAP, the so-called square mortarboard, or trencher-cap, worn at English colleges.--PERCUSSION CAP, a small copper cylinder, closed at one end, for conveniently holding the detonating powder which is exploded by the act of percussion in percussion-arms.--SET ONE'S CAP AT, of a woman, to set herself to captivate a man's fancy.--THE CAP FITS, the allusion hits or suits; THROW UP ONE'S CAP, in token of immoderate joy. [A.S. _caeppe_--Low L. _cappa_, a cape or cope.]
CAP, kap, _n._ a wooden drinking-bowl, with two handles. [Scot., prob. from A.S. _copp_, a cup; prob. Scand. _koppr_.]
CAPA, ka'pa, _n._ a Spanish cloak: fine Cuban tobacco for the outsides of cigars. [Sp.]
CAPABLE, k[=a]p'a-bl, _adj._ having ability, power, or skill to do: qualified, competent.--_ns._ CAPABIL'ITY, CAP'ABLENESS. [Fr.,--Low L.
_capabilis_--L. _cap[)e]re_, to hold, take.]
CAPACITY, kap-as'i-ti, _n._ power of holding or grasping a thing: room: volume: power of mind: character: position enabling one to do something.--_adj._ CAP[=A]'CIOUS, including much: roomy: wide: extensive.--_adv._ CAP[=A]'CIOUSLY.--_n._ CAP[=A]'CIOUSNESS.--_v.t._ CAPAC'ITATE, to make capable: to qualify; CAPACITY FOR HEAT, power of absorbing heat.--LEGAL CAPACITY, the power to alter one's rights or duties by the exercise of free-will, or responsibility to punishment for one's acts. [Fr.,--L. _capacitas_,--_cap[)e]re_, to take, hold.]
CAP-a-PIE, kap-a-p[=e]', _adv._ from head to foot, referring to arming, as a knight. [O. Fr. _cap a pie_ (mod. _de pied en cap_)--L. _caput_, head, and _pes_, foot.]
CAPARISON, ka-par'is-un, _n._ the covering of a horse: a rich cloth laid over a war-horse: dress and ornaments generally.--_v.t._ to cover with a cloth, as a horse: to dress very richly.--_adj._ CAPAR'ISONED. [Fr.
_caparacon_--Sp. _caparazon_, augmentative of _capa_, a cape, cover--Low L.