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_bougl[=o]ssos_--_bous_, ox, _gl[=o]ssa_, tongue.]

BUGONG, b[=u]'gong, _n._ a noctuoid moth.

BUHL, b[=u]l, _n._ unburnished gold, brass, or mother-of-pearl worked in patterns for inlaying: furniture ornamented with such. [From Andre Charles _Boule_ (1642-1732), a cabinet-maker in the service of Louis XIV.]

BUHRSTONE, bur'st[=o]n, _n._ a variety of quartz, containing many small empty cells, which give it a peculiar roughness of surface, particularly adapting it for millstones.--Often BURR'-STONE. [Perh. conn. with BURR, from its roughness.]

BUILD, bild, _v.t._ to erect, as a house or bridge: to form or construct, as a railway, &c.--_v.i._ to depend (with _on_, _upon_):--_pa.p._ built or build'ed.--_n._ construction: make.--_ns._ BUILD'ER, one who builds, or who controls the actual work of building; BUILD'ING, the art of erecting houses, &c.: anything built: a house.--_p.adj._ BUILT, formed or shaped.--BUILD IN, to enclose by building; BUILD UP, to close up by building, as a door: to erect any edifice, as a reputation: to edify spiritually, as the church. [A.S. _gebyld_, _bold_, a dwelling, from an assumed _byldan_, to build.]

BUIRDLY, burd'li, _adj._ stalwart, large and well made. [_Scot._, a variant of BURLY.]

BUISSON, bw[=e]-song, _n._ a fruit-tree trained on a low stem, the branches closely pruned. [Fr.]

BUIST, bust, _n._ (_Scot._) a mark put on sheep or cattle to indicate ownership: a box.--_v.t._ to mark with such. [Ety. dub.]

BUKSHI, BUKSHEE, buk'sh[=e], _n._ the paymaster in native Indian states.

[Hind. _bakshi_--_baksh_, pay.]

BULB, bulb, _n._ an onion-like root: any protuberance or enlargement resembling such.--_v.i._ to form bulbs: to bulge out or swell.--_adjs._ BUL'BAR, BULBED, BUL'BOUS, BULB[=A]'CEOUS, BULB'IFORM, BULBIF'EROUS, BUL'BOSE, BUL'BY.--_ns._ BUL'BULE, a little bulb: a young bulb which grows from an old one; BUL'BUS, a bulb. [L. _bulbus_--Gr. _bolbos_, an onion.]

BULBUL, bool'bool, _n._ the Persian nightingale. [Arab.]

BULDERING, bul'der-ing, _adj._ (_prov._) hot, sultry.

BULGARIAN, bul-g[=a]'ri-an, _adj._ pertaining to _Bulgaria_ or its language.--_n._ a native of Bulgaria: the Bulgarian language (Slavonic).--_n._ BUL'GAR, a member of an ancient Finnic or Ugrian tribe which moved from the Volga towards Bulgaria.--_adj._ BULGAR'IC.--_n._ the ancient language of the foregoing.

BULGE, bulj, _n._ the widest part of a cask, a round protuberance, swelling.--_v.i._ to swell out.--_ns._ BUL'GER, a wooden golf-club with a convex face; BUL'GINESS.--_adj._ BUL'GY--TO GET THE BULGE ON ONE (_slang_), to get a decided advantage over a person. [O. Fr. _boulge_, prob. L.

_bulga_, a leather knapsack; a Gallic word.]

BULIMY, b[=u]l'i-mi, _n._ an unnatural hunger. [Gr.; _bous_, ox, _limos_, hunger.]

BULK, bulk, _n._ a stall or framework built in front of a shop.--_n._ BULK'ER, a street thief or strumpet. [Ety. dub.; Prof. Skeat suggests Scand. _balk-r_, beam, and Dr Murray quotes also an A.S. _bolca_, gangway of a ship.]

BULK, bulk, _n._ magnitude or size: the greater part: any huge body or structure: the whole cargo in the hold of a ship.--_v.i._ to be in bulk: to be of weight or importance.--_v.t._ to put or hold in bulk.--_ns._ BULK'HEAD, a partition separating one part of the interior of a ship from another, either transverse or longitudinal, and usually made watertight; BULK'INESS.--_adj._ BULK'Y, having bulk: of great size, unwieldy.--COLLISION BULKHEAD, that nearest the bow--usually the only one in sailing-ships.--TO LOAD IN BULK, to put the cargo in loose; TO SELL IN BULK, to sell the cargo as it is in the hold: to sell in large quantities.

[Prob. Scand.; Ice. _bulki_, a heap.]

BULL, bool, _n._ the male of the ox kind: an old male whale, fur-seal, &c.: a sign of the zodiac: one who tries artificially and unduly to raise the price of stocks, and speculates on a rise.--_adj._ denoting largeness of size--used in composition, as bull-trout: favourable to the bulls, rising.--_v.t._ to try to raise, as the price of shares, artificially: to copulate with a cow, of a bull.--_v.i._ to be in heat, of a cow.--_ns._ BULL'-BAITING, the sport of baiting or exciting bulls with dogs; BULL'-BAT (_U.S._), the night-hawk or goat-sucker; BULL'-BEEF, the beef or flesh of bulls, coarse beef: (_Shak._, in _pl._) BULL'-BEEVES; BULL'-BEGG'AR, a hobgoblin, &c.; BULL'-CALF, a male calf: a stupid fellow, a lout; BULL'-DANCE, a dance of men only; BULL'DOG, a breed of dogs of great courage, formerly used for baiting bulls, its general appearance that of a smooth-coated, compact dog, low in stature, but broad and powerful, with a massive head, large in proportion to its body: a person of obstinate courage: a short-barrelled revolver of large calibre: a proctor's attendant at Oxford and Cambridge.--_v.t._ BULL'-DOSE (_U.S._) to intimidate, bully: flog.--_n._ BULL'-D[=O]S'ER.--_adj._ BULL'-FACED, having a large face.--_ns._ BULL'-FIGHT, a popular spectacle in Spain, in which a bull is goaded to fury in a kind of circus by mounted _picadores_ armed with lances, and finally despatched by a specially skilful _espada_ or swordsman; BULL'-FIGHT'ER; BULL'-FINCH, a species of red-breasted finch a little larger than the common linnet, closely allied to the grossbeaks and crossbills: a kind of hedge hard to jump; BULL'-FROG, a large North American frog.--_adj._ BULL'-FRONT'ED, having a front or forehead like a bull.--_n._ BULL'-HEAD, or _Miller's Thumb_, a small river fish remarkable for its large, flat head.--_adj._ BULL'-HEAD'ED, impetuous and obstinate.--_n._ BULL'-HEAD'EDNESS.--_adj._ BULL'ISH.--_ns._ BULL'OCK, an ox or castrated bull; BULL'-ROAR'ER, a provincial English name for a boy's plaything, made of an oblong piece of wood, to one end of which a string is tied, then twisted tightly round the finger, when the whole is whirled rapidly round and round until a loud and peculiar whirring noise is produced--the native Australian _turndun_, the _rhombos_ of the Greek mysteries; BULL'S'-EYE, the central boss formed in making a sheet of blown glass (hence _adj._ BULL'S'-EYED), a round piece of glass in a lantern, a policeman's lantern, a round opening or window: the centre of a target, of a different colour from the rest, and usually round: a thick lump of coloured or striped candy; BULL'-TERR'IER, a species of dog, a cross-breed between the bulldog and the terrier; BULL'-TROUT, a large trout of the salmon genus, also migratory in its habits, often called the _Gray Trout_; BULL'-WHACK, a heavy whip.--_v.t._ to lash with such.--_n._ BULL'WORT, the bishop's weed.--BULL INTO, to plunge hastily into.--A BULL IN A CHINA-SHOP, a synonym for a man who does harm through ignorance or fury, a man completely out of place.--TAKE THE BULL BY THE HORNS, to face a danger or difficulty with courage, to take the initiative boldly in a struggle. [M.E.

_bole_, prob. Scand. _bole_, _boli_; most prob. cog. with BELLOW.]

BULL, bool, _n._ an edict of the pope which has his seal affixed.--_adj._ BULLAN'TIC--_n._ BULL'ARY, a collection of papal bulls. [L. _bulla_, a knob, a leaden seal.]

BULL, bool, _n._ a ludicrous blunder in speech implying some obvious absurdity or contradiction, often said to be an especial prerogative of Irishmen--'I was a fine child, but they changed me.' [Prob. O. Fr. _boul_, cheat.]

BULL, bool, _n._ drink made by pouring water into a cask that had held liquor.

BULLA, bool'a, _n._ a round metal ornament worn by ancient Roman children: a seal attached to a document: anything rounded or globular. [L.]

BULLACE, bool'l[=a]s, _n._ a shrub closely allied to the sloe and the plum, its fruit making excellent pies or tarts. [O. Fr. _beloce_, of uncertain origin; prob. Celt.]

BULLATE, bul'[=a]t, _adj._ blistered, inflated--_ns._ BULL[=A]'TION; BULLES'CENCE.

BULLARY, bul'a-ri, _n._ a house in which salt is prepared by boiling.

BULLER, bool'er, _n._ the boiling of a torrent. [Dan. _bulder_.]

BULLET, bool'et, _n._ the projectile of lead or other metal discharged from any kind of small-arm: a plumb or sinker in fishing.--_n._ BULL'ET-HEAD, a head round like a bullet: (_U.S._) an obstinate fellow.--_adjs._ BULL'ET-HEAD'ED; BULL'ET-PROOF, proof against bullets. [Fr. _boulet_, dim.

of _boule_, a ball--L. _bulla_. See BULL, an edict.]

BULLETIN, bool'e-tin, _n._ an official report of public news. [Fr.,--It.


BULLION, bool'yun, _n._ gold and silver in the mass and uncoined, though occasionally used as practically synonymous with the precious metals, coined and uncoined: a heavy twisted cord fringe, often covered with gold or silver wire.--_n._ BULL'IONIST, one in favour of an exclusive metallic currency. [Ety. dub.; but apparently related to Low L. _bullio_, a boiling, melting.]

BULLY, bool'i, _n._ a blustering, noisy, overbearing fellow: a ruffian hired to beat or intimidate any one: a fellow who lives upon the gains of a prostitute: (_obs._) a term of familiarity to either man or woman.--_adj._ blustering: brisk: (_U.S._) first-rate.--_v.i._ to bluster.--_v.t._ to threaten in a noisy way:--_pr.p._ bull'ying; _pa.p._ bull'ied.--_n._ BULL'YISM.--_v.t._ BULL'YRAG (_coll._), to assail with abusive language, to overawe.--_ns._ BULL'YRAGGING; BULL'Y-ROOK, a bully.--BULLY FOR YOU, bravo!

[Perh. Dut. _boel_, a lover; cf. Ger. _buhle_.]

BULLY, bool'i, _n._ a miner's hammer.

BULLY-TREE, bool'i-tr[=e], _n._ a name given to several West Indian sapotaceous trees yielding good timber.--Also BULL'ET-TREE, BULL'ETRIE, BOLL'ETRIE.

BULRUSH, bool'rush, _n._ a large strong rush, which grows on wet land or in water--often applied to the cat's-tail (_Typha_).--_adj._ BUL'RUSHY.

BULSE, buls, _n._ a bag for diamonds, &c.: a package or certain quantity of such. [Port. _bolsa_--Low L. _bursa_, a purse. See PURSE.]

BULWARK, bool'wark, _n._ a fortification or rampart: a breakwater or sea-wall: any means of defence or security.--_v.t._ to defend. [Cf. Ger.


BUM, bum, _n._ (_Shak._) the buttocks.--_ns._ BUM'-BAIL'IFF, an under-bailiff; BUM'-BOAT, boat for carrying provisions to a ship, originally a Thames scavenger's boat. [Ety. dub., prob. from _bump_, from sense of 'swelling.']

BUM, bum, _v.i._ to hum or make a murmuring sound, as a bee: (_slang_) to live dissolutely.--_pr.p._ bum'ming; _pa.p._ bummed.--_n._ a humming sound: a spree, debauch: a dissipated fellow. [Onomatopoeic.]

BUMBAZE, bum'b[=a]z, _v.t._ to confound, bamboozle.

BUMBLE-BEE, bum'bl-b[=e], _n._ a large kind of bee that makes a bumming or humming noise: the humble-bee.--_n._ BUM'-CLOCK (_Scot._), a drone-beetle.

[M. E. _bumble_, freq. of BUM, and BEE.]

BUMBLEDOM, bum'bl-dom, _n._ fussy pomposity. [From _Bumble_, name of the beadle in Dickens's _Oliver Twist_.]

BUMBLE-FOOT, bum'bl-foot, _n._ a disease of domestic fowls, marked by inflammation of the ball of the foot: a club-foot.--_adj._ BUM'BLE-FOOT'ED, club-footed.

BUMBLE-PUPPY, bum'bl-pup'i, _n._ whist played regardless of rules: the game of nine-holes.--_n._ BUM'BLE-PUPP'IST, one who plays whist without knowing the game.

BUMBO, bum'b[=o], _n._ a punch of rum or gin with sugar, nutmeg, &c.

BUMKIN, BUMPKIN, bum'kin, _n._ a short beam of timber projecting from each bow of a ship, for the purpose of extending the lower corner of the foresail to windward: a small outrigger over the stern of a boat, usually serving to extend the mizzen. [From BOOM, and dim. termination _kin_.]

BUMMALO, bum'a-l[=o], _n._ a small fish dried and salted all round the coast of India--_Bombay duck_ and _nehar_.--Also BUMMAL[=O]'TI. [East Ind.]

BUMMAREE, bum'ar-[=e], _n._ a middleman in the Billingsgate fish-market.

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