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AXILE, aks'il, _adj._ lying in the axis of anything, as an embryo in the axis of a seed.

AXILLA, aks'il-la, _n._ (_anat._) the armpit.--_ns._ AX'ILLA, AX'IL (_bot._), the angle between the upper side of a branch and the trunk, or a petiole and the stem it springs from.--_adjs._ AX'ILLAR, AX'ILLARY. [L.

_axilla_, the armpit.]

AXINOMANCY, aks'in-o-man-si, _n._ a mode of divination from the motions of an axe poised upon a stake, or of an agate placed upon a red-hot axe. [Gr.

_axin[=e]_, an axe, and _manteia_, divination.]

AXIOM, aks'yum, _n._ a self-evident truth: a universally received principle in an art or science.--_adjs._ AXIOMAT'IC, AXIOMAT'ICAL.--_adv._ AXIOMAT'ICALLY. [Gr. _axi[=o]ma_--_axio-ein_, to think worth, to take for granted--_axios_, worth.]

AXIS, aks'is, _n._ the axle, or the line, real or imaginary, on which a body revolves: the straight line about which the parts of a body or system are systematically arranged, or which passes through the centre of all the corresponding parallel sections of it, as of a cylinder, globe, or spheroid. The axis of a curved line is formed by a right line dividing the curve into two symmetrical parts, as in the parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola:--_pl._ AXES (aks'[=e]z).--_adj._ AX'IAL.--_adv._ AX'IALLY.--_n._ AX'OID, a curve generated by the revolution of a point round an advancing axis.--AXIS OF A LENS, the right line passing through a lens in such a manner as to be perpendicular to both sides of it; AXIS OF A TELESCOPE, a right line which passes through the centres of all the glasses in the tube; AXIS OF INCIDENCE, the line passing through the point of incidence perpendicularly to the refracting surface; AXIS OF REFRACTION, the continuation of the same line through the refracting medium; AXIS OF THE EQUATOR, the polar diameter of the earth, which is also the axis of rotation; AXIS OF THE EYE, the right line passing through the centres of the pupil and the crystalline lens. [L. _axis_; cf. Gr. _ax[=o]n_, Sans.

_aksha_, A.S. _eax_.]

AXIS, aks'is, _n._ the hog-deer of India. [L. _axis_, Pliny's name for an Indian quadruped.]

AXLE, aks'l, AXLE-TREE, aks'l-tr[=e], _n._ the pin or rod in the nave of a wheel on which the wheel turns: a pivot or support of any kind; the imaginary line of ancient cosmographers on which a planet revolved.--_adj._ AX'LED. [More prob. Norse _oxull_ than a dim. from A.S. _eax_.]

AXOLOTL, aks'o-lotl, _n._ a reptile found in Mexico, allied to the tailed batrachia, but distinguished by retaining its gills through life.


AY, [=a], _interj._ ah! oh! alas! esp. in _ay me!_ [M. E. _ey_, _ei_, perh.

from Fr. _ahi_, _a_; cf. Sp. _ay de mi!_]

AY, AYE, [=i], _adv._ yea: yes: indeed.--_n._ AYE ([=i]), a vote in the affirmative: (_pl._) those who vote in the affirmative. [Perh. a dial. form of _aye_, ever; perh. a variant of _yea_.]

AYAH, [=a]'ya, _n._ a native Indian waiting-maid. [Anglo-Ind.: Hind.

_[=a]ya_, derived from the Port. _aia_, nurse.]

AYE, AY, [=a], _adv._ ever: always: for ever.--FOR AYE, FOR EVER AND AYE, for ever, to all eternity.--In combination, with sense of 'ever,' as in Shakespeare's 'aye-remaining,' &c. [Ice. _ei_, ever; A.S. _a_; conn. with AGE, EVER.]

AYE-AYE, [=i]'[=i], _n._ a quadruped about the size of a hare found in Madagascar, closely allied to the lemurs, with much of the aspect of a squirrel. [Malagasy _aiay_.]

AYELP, a-y[.e]lp', _adv._ yelping.

AYENBITE, [=i]'en-b[=i]t, _n._ (_obs._) remorse, as in the book-title _Ayenbite of Inwyt_ ('remorse of conscience'). [M. E. _ayen_, again bite.]

AYGULETS, obsolete form of AIGLETS.

AYME, obsolete form of AIM.


AZALEA, a-z[=a]'le-a, _n._ a genus of shrubby plants, with fine white, yellow, or crimson flowers, mostly natives of China or North America, closely allied to the rhododendron. [Gr. _azaleos_, dry--_aza_, dryness.]

AZIMUTH, az'im-uth, _n._ the arc of the horizon between the meridian of a place and a vertical circle passing through any celestial body.--_adj._ AZ'IMUTHAL, pertaining to the azimuth. [Ar. _as-sum[=u]t_, _as_ = _al_, the, _s[=u]mut_, _samt_, direction. See ZENITH.]

AZO-, in combination, for AZOTE.

AZOIC, a-z[=o]'ik, _adj._ without life: before the existence of animal life: formed when there was no animal life on the globe, as rocks. [Gr.

_a_, neg., and _z[=o][=e]_, life--_za-ein_, to live.]

AZONIC, a-zon'ik, _adj._ not limited to a zone, not local. [Gr.; _a_, neg., _z[=o]n[=e]_, a belt region.]

AZOTE, a-z[=o]t', _n._ an old name for nitrogen, so called because it does not sustain animal life.--_adj._ AZOT'IC.--_v.t._ AZ'OTISE, to impregnate with acid.--_n._ AZ'OTITE, a salt of azotic or nitrous acid.--_adj._ AZOT'OUS, nitrous. [Gr. _a_, neg., and _za-ein_, to live.]

AZOTH, az'[=o]th, _n._ the alchemist's name for mercury: Paracelsus's universal remedy. [From Ar. _az-z[=a][=u]g_, _az_ = _al_, the, _z[=a][=u]g_, from Pers. _zh[=i]wah_, quicksilver.]

AZRAEL, az'r[=a]-el, _n._ in Mohammedan mythology, the angel of death.

AZTEC, az'tek, _adj._ relating to or descended from the Aztecs, the dominant tribe in Mexico at the time of the arrival of the Spaniards.

AZURE, azh'[=u]r, or [=a]'zh[=u]r, _adj._ of a faint blue: sky-coloured; clear, cloudless.--_n._ a delicate blue colour: the sky.--_adjs._ AZUR[=E]'AN, AZ'URINE, azure.--_n._ AZ'URITE, blue carbonate of copper.--_adjs._ AZ'URN (_Milton_), azure; AZ'URY, bluish. [O. Fr.

_azur_--Low L. _azura_--Ar. (_al_) _lazward_, Pers. _l[=a]jward_, lapis lazuli, blue colour.]

AZYGOUS, az'i-gus, _adj._ not yoked or joined with another: (_anat._) not one of a pair, as a muscle. [Gr. _azygos_--_a_, neg., and _zygos_, a yoke, from _zeugnumi_, to join.]

AZYMOUS, az'i-mus, _adj._ unfermented: unleavened.--_ns._ AZ'YM, AZ'YME, unleavened bread; AZ'YMITE, a member of a church using unleavened bread in the Eucharist--a name applied by the Eastern Church to the Western, as well as to the Armenian and Maronite Churches. [Gr. _azymos_--_a_, neg., _[=e]zym_, leaven.]


the second letter of our alphabet, called by the Phoenicians _beth_, 'the house,' coresponding to Greek [Greek: beta], '_beta_.'--B in music is the seventh note of the scale of C major; B or B FLAT, a humorous euphemism for the domestic _bug_.

BAA, ba, _n._ the cry of a sheep.--_v.i._ to cry or bleat as a sheep.--_n._ BAA'ING. [From the sound.]

BAAL, b[=a]'al, _n._ the chief male deity of the Phoenician nations: a false god generally:--_pl._ B[=A]'ALIM.--_ns._ B[=A]'ALISM; B[=A]'ALITE.


BABBLE, bab'bl, _v.i._ to speak like a baby: to make a continuous murmuring sound like a brook, &c.: to make a babbling noise: to tell secrets.--_v.t._ to prate: to utter.--_adjs._ BAB'BLATIVE, BAB'BLY.--_ns._ BAB'BLE, BAB'BLEMENT, BAB'BLING, idle senseless talk: prattle: confused murmur, as of a stream; BAB'BLER, one who babbles. [Prob. imit., from the repeated syllable _ba_; cf. Dut. _babbelen_, Ger. _pappelen_, Fr. _babiller_.]

BABE, b[=a]b, BABY, b[=a]'bi, _n._ an infant or child: a doll, puppet: the reflection of one's self in miniature seen in the pupil of another's eye.--_ns._ B[=A]'BY-FARM'ER, one who takes in infants to nurse on payment; B[=A]'BYHOOD.--_adj._ B[=A]'BYISH.--_n._ B[=A]'BY-JUMP'ER, a seat suspended from the ceiling of a room by elastic straps, to enable a baby to jump.

[Prob. imitative. See BABBLE.]

BABEL, b[=a]'bel, _n._ a lofty structure: a confused combination of sounds: a scene of confusion.--_ns._ B[=A]'BELDOM, B[=A]'BELISM. [Heb. _Babel_, explained in Gen. xi. as confusion.]

BABIROUSSA, -RUSSA, ba-bi-r[=oo]'sa, _n._ a species of wild hog found in the East Indies, often called the horned or deer hog. [Malay _babi_, hog, and _rusa_, deer.]

BABOO, ba'b[=oo], _n._ orig. the Hindu title corresponding to our _Mr_, but often applied disparagingly to a Hindu with a superficial English education, or adjectively as in 'baboo English,' which is more copious than correct, with long and learned words often most ingeniously misapplied.--_ns._ BA'BOODOM, BA'BOOISM. [Hind. _b[=a]b[=u]_.]

BABOON, ba-b[=oo]n', _n._ a species of large monkey, having a long face, dog-like tusks, large lips, and a short tail.--_n._ BABOON'ERY.--_adj._ BABOON'ISH. [Fr. _babouin_; remoter origin unknown.]

BABYLONIAN, bab-i-l[=o]n'i-an, _adj._ pertaining to Babylon: hence (_fig._) huge, gigantic: Romish, popish (_obs._ from the identification with Rome of the scarlet woman of Rev. xvii.); BABEL-LIKE, confused in language.--Also BABYLON'ISH.

BACCALAUREATE, bak-ka-law're-[=a]t, _n._ the university degree of bachelor.--_adj._ BACCALAU'REAN [Low L. _baccalaureus_, corrupted from, _baccalarius_, with some imaginary reference to _bacca lauri_, the laurel berry. See BACHELOR.]

BACCARAT, BACCARA, bak-ar-[=a]', _n._ a French game of cards played by any number of betters and a banker. [Fr. _baccara_.]

BACCATE, bak'[=a]t, _adj._ having berries: berry-like or pulpy.--_adjs._ BACCIFEROUS (bak-sif'[.e]r-us), bearing berries; BAC'CIFORM, of the shape of a berry; BACCIV'OROUS, living on berries. [L. _baccatus_--_bacca_, a berry.]

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