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DOLMAN, dol'man, _n._ a Turkish robe with slight sleeves and open in front: a hussar's jacket, worn like a cloak, with one or both sleeves hanging loose. [Fr.,--Turk. _d[=o]l[=a]m[=a]n_.]


DOLMEN, dol'men, _n._ a stone table: the French name for a cromlech, a prehistoric structure of two or more erect unhewn stones, supporting a large flattish stone. [Fr. _dolmen_; usually explained as Bret.

_dolmen_--_dol_, _taol_, table, _men_, a stone. But _tolmen_ in Cornish meant 'hole of stone.']

DOLOMITE, dol'o-m[=i]t, _n._ a magnesian limestone, so called from the French geologist D. Guy de _Dolomieu_ (1750-1801).--_adj._ DOLOMIT'IC.

DOLOUR, d[=o]'lor, _n._ pain: grief: anguish.--_adjs._ DOLORIF'EROUS, DOLORI'FIC, causing or expressing dolour, pain, or grief.--_adv._ DOLOR[=O]'SO (_mus._), noting a soft and pathetic manner.--_adj._ DOL'OROUS, full of dolour, pain, or grief: doleful.--_adv._ DOL'OROUSLY.--_n._ DOL'OROUSNESS.--DOLOURS OF THE VIRGIN, the prophecy of Simeon, the flight into Egypt, the three days' loss of Jesus, the meeting of Him on the way to Calvary, the crucifixion, the descent from the cross, the entombment. [Fr.,--L. _dol[=e]re_, to grieve.]

DOLPHIN, dol'fin, _n._ an animal of the whale kind, closely resembling the porpoise, about 8 or 10 feet long: the coryphaena, a fish about 5 feet in length, noted for the brilliancy of its colours when dying.--_ns._ DOL'PHINET (_Spens._), a female dolphin; DOL'PHIN-FLY, a black aphis or plant-louse, destructive to bean-plants. [O. Fr. _daulphin_--L.

_delphinus_--Gr. _delphis_, _-phinos_.]

DOLT, d[=o]lt, _n._ a dull or stupid fellow.--_adj._ DOLT'ISH, dull: stupid.--_adv._ DOLT'ISHLY.--_n._ DOLT'ISHNESS. [_Dolt_ = _dulled_ or blunted. See DULL.]

DOM, dom, _n._ the Portuguese form of _Don_: also a title given to certain Catholic dignitaries and members of some monastic orders, esp. the Benedictine. [L. _dominus_, lord.]

DOMAIN, do-m[=a]n', _n._ what one is master of or has dominion over: an estate: territory: ownership of land: the scope or range of any subject or sphere of knowledge.--_adjs._ DOMAIN'AL, DOM[=A]'NIAL. [Fr.,--L.

_dominium_, _dominus_, a master.]

DOMAL, d[=o]m'al, _adj._ relating to a house. [L. _domus_, a house.]

DOMBOC, d[=o]m'b[=o]k, _n._ a collection of laws made by authority of King Alfred, but now lost. [A.S. _dom_, judgment, law, and _boc_, book.]

DOMDANIEL, dom-dan'yel, _n._ a hall under the sea inhabited by a sorcerer and his disciples: (_Carlyle_) an infernal cave, den of iniquity generally.

[Fr.,--Gr. _d[=o]ma Dani[=e]l_, house of Daniel.]

DOME, d[=o]m, _n._ a structure raised above the roof of large buildings, usually hemispherical: a large cupola: a cathedral: (_poet._) a building.--_v.t._ to furnish with a dome.--_adjs._ DOMED, DOM'ICAL, having a dome. [L. _domus_, a house; Fr. _dome_, It. _duomo_, Ger. _dom_.]

DOME, d[=o]m, _n._ (_Spen._). Same as DOOM.

DOMESDAY-, DOOMSDAY-BOOK, d[=oo]mz'd[=a]-book, _n._ a book compiled by order of William the Conqueror, containing a survey of all the lands in England, their value, owners, &c.--so called from its authority in judgment (A.S. _dom_) on the matters contained in it.

DOMESTIC, do-mes'tik, _adj._ belonging to the house: remaining much at home: private: tame: not foreign.--_n._ a servant in the house: (_pl._) articles of home manufacture, esp. home-made cotton cloths.--_adv._ DOMES'TICALLY.--_v.t._ DOMES'TIC[=A]TE, to make domestic or familiar: to tame.--_ns._ DOMESTIC[=A]'TION; DOMESTIC[=A]'TOR; DOMESTIC'ITY.--DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE, the architecture of mansions, dwelling-houses, cottages, &c.; DOMESTIC ECONOMY, the principles of thrifty housekeeping. [Fr.,--L.

_domesticus_--_domus_, a house.]

DOMET, dom'et, _n._ a kind of plain cloth, in which the warp is cotton and the weft woollen.

DOMICILE, dom'i-sil, _n._ a house: an abode: a man's legal place of residence.--_v.t._ to establish a fixed residence.--_adjs._ DOM'ICILED; DOMICIL'IARY, pertaining to the domicile.--_v.t._ DOMICIL'I[=A]TE, to establish in a permanent residence.--_n._ DOMICILI[=A]'TION.--DOMICILIARY VISIT, a visit, under authority, to a private house for the purpose of searching it. [Fr.,--L. _domicilium_--_domus_, a house.]

DOMINANT, dom'in-ant, _adj._ prevailing: predominant.--_n._ (_mus._) the fifth note of the scale in its relation to the first and third.--_ns._ DOM'INANCE, DOM'INANCY, ascendency.--_adv._ DOM'INANTLY. [L. _dominans_, _-antis_, pr.p. of _domin[=a]ri_, to be master.]

DOMINATE, dom'in-[=a]t, _v.t._ to be lord over: to govern: to prevail over, to be the chief feature of.--_n._ DOMIN[=A]'TION, government: absolute authority: tyranny.--_adj._ DOM'INATIVE, governing: (_rare_) arbitrary.--_n._ DOM'INATOR (_Shak._), a ruler or governor: a ruling influence. [L. _domin[=a]ri_, _-[=a]tus_, to be master--_dominus_, master--_domare_ = Eng. _tame_.]

DOMINEER, dom-in-[=e]r', _v.i._ to rule arbitrarily: to command haughtily: to be overbearing.--_adj._ DOMINEER'ING, overbearing. [Prob. through Dut.

from O. Fr. _dominer_--L. _domin[=a]ri_.]

DOMINICAL, do-min'ik-al, _adj._ belonging to our Lord, as the Lord's Prayer, the Lord's Day.--DOMINICAL LETTER, one of the first seven letters of the alphabet, used in calendars to mark the Sundays throughout the year.

[Low L. _dominicalis_--L. _dominicus_--_dominus_, lord, master.]

DOMINICAN, do-min'i-kan, _adj._ belonging to St _Dominic_ or to the _Dominicans_.--_n._ a friar or monk of the order of St Dominic--_Fratres Predicatores_, founded in 1215--the _Black Friars_, from their black mantle.

DOMINIE, dom'i-ni, _n._ (_Scot._) a schoolmaster, a tutor: in parts of the United States, a clergyman. [L. _domine_, voc. case of _dominus_, lord, master, sir.]

DOMINION, do-min'yun, _n._ lordship: highest power and authority: control: the country or persons governed, esp. the Dominion of Canada: (_pl._, _B._) a class of angelic spirits (Col. i. 16).--_n._ DOMIN'IUM, the ownership of a thing.--DOMINION DAY, a Canadian festival on the anniversary of the union of the provinces, 1st July 1867.

DOMINO, dom'i-no, _n._ a cape with a hood worn by a master or by a priest: a long cloak of black silk with a hood, used at masked balls, a person wearing such: one of the oblong pieces with which the game of DOM'INOES (-n[=o]z) is played, usually twenty-eight in number, divided into two compartments, each of which is blank or marked with from one to six spots.

[Sp. _domino_--L. _dominus_.]


DON, don, _n._ a Spanish title, corresponding to English Sir, formerly applied only to noblemen, now to all classes: a fellow of a college, a college authority: (_coll._) a swell, adept:--_fem._ DOnA, in English, usually with the Italian spelling, DON'NA.--_adj._ DON'NISH, pertaining to a don: with the airs of a don.--_ns._ DON'NISM, self-importance; DON'SHIP, rank or dignity of a don. [Sp.,--L. _dominus_.]

DON, don, _v.t._ to do or put on: to assume:--_pr.p._ don'ning; _pa.p._ donned. [A contr. of _do on_.]

DONAT, do'nat, _n._ a grammar, a primer.--Also DON'ET. [O. Fr. _donat_, from aelius _Donatus_, author about 358 A.D. of a long famous Latin grammar.]

DONATION, do-n[=a]'shun, _n._ act of giving: that which is given, a gift of money or goods: (_law_) the act by which a person freely transfers his title to anything to another.--_n._ D[=O]'NARY, a thing given to a sacred use.--_v.t._ DON[=A]TE', to present a gift.--_n._ DON'ATIVE, a gift: a gratuity: a benefice presented by the founder or patron without reference to the bishop.--_adj._ vested or vesting by donation.--_ns._ DON[=A]'TOR, one who makes a gift, a donor; DON'ATORY (_Scots law_), one to whom lands escheated to the crown are made over; DONEE', the person to whom a gift is made; D[=O]'NOR, a giver: a benefactor.--DONA NOBIS, the last section of the mass, beginning 'Dona nobis pacem.' [Fr.,--L. _don[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_donum_, a gift--_d[)a]re_, to give.]

DONATISTS, don'a-tists, the members of an African sect in the Christian Church of the 4th and 5th centuries, who protested against any diminution of the extreme reverence paid to martyrs, who treated the lapsed severely, and rebaptised converts from the Catholic Church.--_n._ DON'ATISM.--_adjs._ DONATIS'TIC, -AL. [From _Donatus_, one of their leaders.]

DONE, dun, _pa.p._ of DO, often with sense of utterly exhausted: so DONE UP, DONE OUT.

DONGA, dong'ga, _n._ the South African name for a channel or gully formed by the action of water.

DONJON, dun'jun, _n._ a strong central tower in ancient castles, to which the garrison retreated when hard pressed. [A doublet of _dungeon_.]

DONKEY, dong'ki, _n._ the ass.--_ns._ DON'KEY-EN'GINE, a small engine used in steam-vessels for loading and unloading, pumping water into the boilers, &c.; DON'KEY-PUMP, an extra steam-pump. [Still regarded as slang in 1823.

Perh. = _dun-ik-ie_, a double dim. of _dun_, from its colour; or from _Duncan_, cf. DICKY.]


DONNERED, don'erd, _adj._ (_Scot._) stupefied, stunned.--Also DONN'ERD, DONN'ERT.

DO-NOTHING, d[=oo]'-nuth'ing, _n._ one who does nothing: a lazy or idle person: a faineant.--_ns._ DO-NOTH'INGISM, DO-NOTH'INGNESS.

DONSIE, don'si, _adj._ (_Scot._) unlucky, perverse: neat, trim: sickly.

DON'T, d[=o]nt. For _do not_.

DONZEL, don'zel, _n._ a page or squire:--_fem._ DONZEL'LA.

DOOB, d[=oo]b, _n._ Indian name for the dog's-tooth grass.

DOOD, d[=oo]d, _n._ a riding camel or dromedary. [Beng.]

DOODLE, d[=oo]d'l, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to dandle.

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