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DOES, duz, 3d pers. sing. pres. indic. of DO.

DOFF, dof, _v.t._ to do or take off: to rid one's self of. [A contr. of _do off_.]

DOFFER, dof'[.e]r, _n._ the part of a carding-machine which strips the cotton from the cylinder when carded.

DOG, dog, _n._ a domestic quadruped of the same genus as the wolf, and akin to the fox, varying in size from small terriers to huge Newfoundlands, mastiffs, and St Bernards: a mean scoundrel: a term of contempt: a fellow (as a jolly dog): one of two constellations of stars: an andiron: an iron hook for holding logs of wood: a dogfish: a cock, as of a gun.--_adj._ male (opposed to bitch), as in dog-fox, dog-ape.--_v.t._ to follow as a dog: to follow and watch constantly: to worry with importunity:--_pr.p._ dog'ging; _pa.p._ dogged.--_ns._ DOG'-BANE, a plant with an intensely bitter root, valued for its medicinal properties, said to be poisonous to dogs; DOG'-BEE, a drone; DOG'-BELT, a broad leather belt round the waist for drawing dans or sledges in the low workings of coal-mines; DOG'-BIS'CUIT, biscuit made for dogs, sometimes containing scraps of meat; DOG'-BOLT (_obs._), a contemptible fellow; DOG'-BOX, the part of a railway wagon in which dogs are carried; DOG'-BR[=I]'ER, the brier dogrose; DOG'CART, a two-wheeled carriage with seats back to back, so called from sporting-dogs being originally carried inside the box.--_adj._ DOG'-CHEAP, very cheap.--_n._ DOG'-COLL'AR, a collar for dogs: a kind of stiff collar on a woman's dress: a close-fitting clerical collar.--_adj._ DOG'-FACED.--_ns._ DOG'-FAN'CIER, one who has a fancy for, or who deals in dogs; DOG'FISH, a popular name for various small species of shark, common on British and American coasts; DOG'-FOX, a male fox; DOG'GER.--_adj._ DOG'GISH, like a dog: churlish: brutal.--_adv._ DOG'GISHLY.--_n._ DOG'GISHNESS.--_p.adj._ DOG'GONED (_vulg._), confounded.--_n._ DOG'-GRASS, a coarse perennial grass common in uncultivated grounds, akin to _couch-grass_, _dog-wheat_, &c.--_adjs._ DOG'-HEAD'ED; DOG'-HEART'ED.--_ns._ DOG'-HOLE, a hole fit only for dogs: a mean dwelling; DOG'-HOUSE, -KENN'EL; DOG'-LEECH, one who treats the diseases of dogs; DOG-LETT'ER, the letter or sound _r_--also _Canine letter_; DOG'-LOUSE; DOG'-PARS'LEY, fool's parsley; DOG'ROSE, a wild-rose, a brier; DOG'S'-EAR, the corner of the leaf of a book turned down like a dog's ear.--_v.t._ to turn down the corners of leaves.--_p.adjs._ DOG'S'-EARED, DOG'-EARED.--_ns._ DOG'S'-FENN'EL, May-weed; DOG'SHIP, the quality or personality of a dog.--_adj._ DOG'-SICK.--_n._ DOG'SKIN, leather made from the skin of a dog, or from sheepskin in imitation of it.--_adj._ made of such.--_ns._ DOG'-SLEEP, a light sleep broken by the slightest noise; DOG'S'-MEAT, coarse meat, scraps and refuse sold as food for dogs; DOG'S'-MER'CURY, the _mercurialis perennis_; DOG'S'-NOSE, a kind of mixed drink; DOG'S'-TAIL-GRASS, a common British pasture DOG'-STONES, a name for various British species of orchis.--_ns._ DOG'S'-TONGUE, the hound's-tongue plant, _Cynoglossum officinale_; DOG'-TICK.--_adjs._ DOG'-TIRED, DOG'-WEA'RY (_Shak._), tired as a dog, completely worn out.--_ns._ DOG'-TRICK, an ill-natured trick; DOG'-TROT, a gentle trot like that of a dog; DOG'-VANE, a small vane of thread, cork, and feathers placed on the weather gunwale to show the direction of the wind; DOG'-V[=I]'OLET, the common name of _Viola canina_ and other scentless species of wild violet; DOG'-WHEAT, a name of DOG-GRASS; DOG'-WHELK, the popular name for univalve molluscs of the genus _Nassa_; DOG'WOOD, a tree or shrub of the cornel genus, valuable on account of the hardness of the wood.--_interj._ DOG ON IT! a minced oath (for God damn it!).--GO TO THE DOGS, to be ruined; NOT TO LEAD THE LIFE OF A DOG, to lead a life so wretched that even a dog would not be content with it; THROW, GIVE, or SEND TO THE DOGS, to throw away or abandon. [M. E. _dogge_; not in A.S.; Dut. _dog_, a mastiff; Ger. _dogge_, _docke_.]

DOGBERRY, dog'ber-ri, _n._ the fruit of a species of dogwood: a stupid, obstinate fellow, from the old watchman in Shakespeare's _Much Ado about Nothing_.

DOGDAYS, dog'd[=a]z, the period when the dogstar rises and sets with the sun (generally reckoned July 3d to August 11th)--erroneously supposed to be the time when dogs are specially liable to hydrophobia.

DOGE, d[=o]j, _n._ formerly the chief-magistrate in Venice and Genoa.--_ns._ DOGARESS'A, the wife of a doge; DOG'ATE, DOGE'ATE, DOGE'SHIP.

[It., prov. for _duce_ = Eng. _duke_--L. _dux_, a leader--_duc[)e]re_, to lead.]

DOGGED, dog'ed, _adj._ surly like an angry dog: sullen: obstinate.--_adv._ (_slang_) very.--_adv._ DOGG'EDLY.--_n._ DOGG'EDNESS.

DOGGER, dog'[.e]r, _n._ a two-masted Dutch fishing-vessel.--_n._ DOGG'ERMAN. [Dut.]

DOGGER, dog'er, _n._ a sandy and oolitic ironstone.

DOGGEREL, dog'[.e]r-el, _n._ irregular measures in burlesque poetry, so named in contempt: worthless verses.--_adj._ irregular in rhythm, mean.--Also DOG'GREL. [Usually assumed to be from _dog_, but no good ground for this.]

DOGGY, dog'i, _adj._ fond of dogs.

DOG-HEAD, dog'-hed, _n._ the hammer of a gun-lock.

DOG-LATIN, dog'-lat'in, _n._ barbarous or bad Latin. [See DOGGEREL.]

DOGMA, dog'ma, _n._ a settled opinion: a principle or tenet: a doctrine laid down with authority.--_adjs._ DOGMAT'IC, -AL, pertaining to a dogma: asserting a thing as if it were a dogma: asserting positively: overbearing.--_adv._ DOGMAT'ICALLY.--_n._ DOGMAT'ICS (_theol._), the statement of Christian doctrines, systematic theology.--_v.i._ DOG'MATISE, to state one's opinion dogmatically or arrogantly.--_ns._ DOG'MATISER; DOG'MATISM, dogmatic or positive assertion of opinion; DOG'MATIST, one who makes positive assertions; DOGMATOL'OGY, the science of dogma.--_adj._ DOG'MATORY. [Gr., 'an opinion,' from _dokein_, to think, allied to L.


DOG-SHORES, dog'-sh[=o]rz, the pieces of timber used to shore up a vessel, to keep it from falling or from starting during the preparations for launching, knocked aside when the ship is ready to be launched.

DOGSTAR, dog'star, _n._ Sirius, a star of the first magnitude, whose rising and setting with the sun gave name to the dogdays.


DOG-TOOTH, dog'-t[=oo]th, _n._ a moulding for doors and windows in later Norman architecture, consisting of a series of ornamented conical projections: a canine tooth.

DOG-WATCHES, dog'-woch'ez, on shipboard, the two watches 4-6 P.M.

and 6-8 P.M., consisting each of two hours only, instead of four.

DOILT, doilt, _adj._ (_Scot._) crazy, foolish.--Also DOILED.

DOILY, doi'li, _n._ (_obs._) an old kind of woollen stuff: a small napkin used at dessert. [From _Doily_ or _Doyley_, a famous haberdasher.]

DOINGS, d[=oo]'ingz, things done, events: proceedings: behaviour.

DOIT, doit, _n._ a small Dutch coin worth about half a farthing: a thing of little or no value. [Dut. _duit_.]

DOITED, doit'ed, _p.adj._ a Scotch form of DOTED.

DOKE, d[=o]k, _n._ (_prov._) a dimple, dint.

DOLABELLA, d[=o]-la-bel'a, _n._ a genus of tectibranchiate gasteropods.

DOLABRA, d[=o]-l[=a]'bra, _n._ an ancient Roman cutting or digging implement, of various shapes.--_adj._ DOLAB'RIFORM, like a hatchet or cleaver, used of leaves, also of shells straight and thick at one side, and thin at the other. [L. _dolabra_, a cleaver.]

DOLCE, d[=o]l'che, _adj._ (_mus._) sweet.--_n._ a soft-toned organ-stop.--_adv._ DOLCEMEN'TE (_mus._), softly and sweetly. [It.]

DOLDRUMS, dol'drumz, (_naut._) those parts of the ocean about the equator where calms and baffling winds prevail: low spirits. [Prob. conn.

with _dold_, stupid, or _dol_ = dull.]

DOLE, d[=o]l, _v.t._ to deal out in small portions.--_n._ a share distributed: something given in charity: a small portion. [A doublet of _deal_, to divide.]

DOLE, d[=o]l, _n._ pain: grief: (_arch._ and _poet._) heaviness at heart.--_adj._ DOLE'FUL, full of dole or grief: melancholy.--_adv._ DOLE'FULLY.--_n._ DOLE'FULNESS.--_adjs._ D[=O]'LENT (_obs._), DOLE'SOME, dismal.--_adv._ DOLE'SOMELY. [O. Fr. _doel_ (Fr. _deuil_), grief--L.

_dol[=e]re_, to feel pain.]

DOLERITE, dol'er-[=i]t, _n._ basaltic greenstone. [Fr.,--Gr. _doleros_, deceptive, it being hard to distinguish from real greenstone.]

DOLICHOCEPHALIC, dol-i-ko-sef-al'ik, _adj._ long-headed, a term used to denote a head whose diameter from front to back is longer than from side to side--also DOLICHOCEPH'ALOUS.--_ns._ DOLICHOCEPH'ALY, DOLICHOCEPH'ALISM.

[Formed from Gr. _dolichos_, long, _kephal[=e]_, the head.]

DOLICHOS, dol'i-kos, _n._ a genus of leguminous plants allied to the Haricot. [Gr., long.]

DOLICHOSAURUS, dol-i-k[=o]-saw'rus, _n._ the typical genus of DOLICOSAU'RIA, a group of fossil _Lacertilia_ of the Cretaceous formation.

DOLICHOTIS, dol-i-k[=o]'tis, _n._ a genus of long-eared South American rodents. [Gr. _dolichos_, long, _ous_, _[=o]tos_, the ear.]

DOLICHURUS, dol-i-k[=u]'rus, _n._ a dactylic hexameter with a redundant syllable at the end, the sixth foot being a dactyl. [Gr., long-tailed.]

DOLIUM, d[=o]'li-um, _n._ a Roman earthenware jar for wine, oil, grain, &c.:--_pl._ D[=O]'LIA. [L.]

DOLL, dol, _n._ a puppet or toy-baby for a child: a pretty but silly woman: the smallest or pet pig in a litter.--_ns._ DOLL'DOM; DOLL'HOOD; DOLL'SHIP; DOLL'S'-HOUSE. [Prob. from _Dolly_, familiar dim. of _Dorothy_.]

DOLLAR, dol'ar, _n._ a silver coin (= 100 cents) of U.S.A., Mexico, Singapore, &c. The U.S.A. dollar = about 4s. 2d. sterling.--_adjs._ DOLL'ARED; DOLL'ARLESS.--_ns._ DOLLAROC'RACY; DOLL'ARSHIP. [Ger., short for _Joachimsthaler_, because first coined at the silver mines in Joachimsthal (Joachim's dale) in Bohemia--Low Ger. _daler_, Sw., Dan. _daler_.]

DOLLOP, dol'op, _n._ a lump.--Also DALL'OP. [Prob. cog. with Norw. dial.

_dolp_, a lump.]

DOLLY, dol'i, _n._ a complimentary offering of flowers, sweetmeats, &c. on a tray. [Anglo-Ind.,--Hindi, _d[=a]l[=i]_.]

DOLLY, dol'i, _n._ dim. of DOLL.--_adj._ babyish.--_n._ DOLL'INESS.

DOLLY, dol'i, _n._ a wooden shaft attached to a disc with projecting arms, used for stirring clothes in a washing-tub; somewhat similar pieces of apparatus in mining, pile-driving, &c.--_v.t._ to wash (clothes) in a tub: to beat (red-hot metal) with a hammer: to crush ore with a dolly, to obtain or yield by this method.--_adj._ DOLL'IED.--_n._ DOLL'IER. [Prob. from _Dolly_, the familiar form of _Dorothy_.]

DOLLY-SHOP, dol'i-shop, _n._ a marine store, a low pawn-shop--often having a black doll as signboard.

DOLLY VARDEN, dol'i var'den, _n._ a flowered muslin dress for women, with pointed bodice and tucked-up skirt: a large hat, one side bent downwards, abundantly trimmed with flowers. [Named from _Dolly Varden_, a character in Dickens's _Barnaby Rudge_.]

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