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CHILL, chil, _n._ coldness: a cold that causes shivering: anything that damps or disheartens.--_adj._ shivering with cold: slightly cold: opposite of _cordial_.--_v.i._ to grow cold.--_v.t._ to make chill or cold: to blast with cold: to discourage.--_adj._ CHILLED, made cold: hardened by chilling, as iron.--_n._ CHILL'INESS.--_adj._ CHILL'ING, cooling, cold.--_n._ CHILL'NESS.--_adj._ CHILLY, that chills: somewhat chill.--TAKE THE CHILL OFF, to give a slight heat: to make lukewarm. [A.S. _cele_, _ciele_, cold.


CHILLI, chil'li, _n._ the seed pod or fruit of the capsicum, extremely pungent and stimulant, and employed in sauces, mixed pickles, &c.; when dried and ground, forms the spice called Cayenne pepper. [The Mexican name.]

CHILLUM, chil'um, _n._ the part of a hookah containing the tobacco and charcoal balls: a hookah itself: the act of smoking it. [Hind. _chilam_.]


CHIME, ch[=i]m, _n._ the harmonious sound of bells or other musical instruments: agreement of sound or of relation: harmony: (_pl._) a set of bells.--_v.i._ to sound in harmony: to jingle: to accord or agree: to rhyme.--_v.t._ to strike, or cause to sound in harmony: to say words over mechanically.--CHIME IN, to join in, in agreement; CHIME IN WITH, to agree, or fall in with. [M. E. _chimbe_, prob. O. Fr. _cymbale_--L. _cymbalum_, a cymbal.]

CHIME, CHIMB, ch[=i]m, _n._ the rim formed by the ends of the staves of a cask: (_naut._) a hollowed or bevelled channel in the waterway of a ship's deck. [Cog. with Dut. _kim_, Ger. _kimme_, edge.]

CHIMER, shim'er, CHIMERE, shi-m[=e]r, _n._ the upper robe worn by a bishop, to which lawn sleeves are attached. [O. Fr. _chamarre_; Sp. _zamarra_, _chamarra_, sheepskin.]

CHIMERA, CHIMaeRA, ki-m[=e]'ra, _n._ a fabulous, fire-spouting monster, with a lion's head, a serpent's tail, and a goat's body: any idle or wild fancy: a picture of an animal having its parts made up of various animals: a genus of cartilaginous fishes, often ranked along with the sharks and rays.--_adjs._ CHIMER'IC, -AL, of the nature of a chimera: wild: fanciful.--_adv._ CHIMER'ICALLY. [L.,--Gr. _chimaira_, a she-goat.]

CHIMNEY, chim'ni, _n._ a passage for the escape of smoke or heated air from a furnace: in houses, that part of the passage which is built above the roof: anything of a like shape.--_ns._ CHIM'NEY-CAN, or -POT, a cylindrical pipe of earthenware or other material placed at the top of a chimney to increase the draught; CHIM'NEY-COR'NER, in old chimneys, the space between the fire and the wall forming the sides of the fireplace: fireside, commonly spoken of as the place for the aged and infirm; CHIM'NEY-PIECE, a shelf over the fireplace; CHIM'NEY-SHAFT, the stalk of a chimney which rises above the building; CHIM'NEY-STACK, a group of chimneys carried up together; CHIM'NEY-STALK, a very tall chimney; CHIM'NEY-SWALL'OW, the _Hirundo rustica_, a very common swallow: the chimney-swift; CHIM'NEY-SWEEP, CHIM'NEY-SWEEP'ER, one who sweeps or cleans chimneys; CHIM'NEY-TOP, the top of a chimney.--CHIMNEY-POT HAT, a familiar name for the ordinary cylindrical hat of gentlemen. [Fr. _cheminee_--L.

_cam[=i]nus_; Gr. _kaminos_, a furnace.]

CHIMPANZEE, chim-pan'z[=e], _n._ an African ape, the highest of the anthropoid or more man-like apes, belonging to the same genus as the gorilla. [West African.]

CHIN, chin, _n._ the jutting part of the face below the mouth.--UP TO THE CHIN, deeply immersed. [A.S. _cin_; Ger. _kinn_, Gr. _genys_.]

CHINA, ch[=i]n'a, _n._ fine kind of earthenware, originally made in _China_: porcelain.--_ns._ CHIN'A-BARK, a common name of cinchona bark (derived not from the empire of China, but from. _Kina_ or _Quina_, the Peruvian name of cinchona--see QUININE); CHIN'A-CLAY, a fine white clay used in making porcelain; CHIN'A-GRASS (_Boehmeria nivea_), a small shrubby-like plant, allied to the nettle, native to China; the fibre of this plant used for making ropes and cordage, and also in China for the manufacture of grass-cloth; CHIN'A-INK (see INK); CHIN'AMAN, a native of China; CHIN'A-ROOT, the root-stock of a Chinese shrubby plant, formerly used in Europe medicinally, but still in the East as a remedy in rheumatic or syphilitic cases; CHIN'A-ROSE, a name applied to several varieties of garden roses; CHIN'A-SHOP, a shop in which china, crockery, &c. are sold; CHIN'A-WARE, porcelain-ware; CHINEE', a Chinaman.--_adj._ CHINESE', of or belonging to China.--CHINA ASTER (see ASTER).

CHINCH, chinch, _n._ the bed-bug in America. [Sp.,--L. _cimic-em_.]

CHINCHILLA, chin-chil'la, _n._ a small rodent quadruped of South America, valued for its soft gray fur: the fur itself. [Sp.]

CHINCOUGH, chin'kof, _n._ a disease, esp. of children, attended with violent fits of coughing: whooping-cough. [For _chink-cough_; Scot.

_kink-host_, Dut. _kinkhoest_. See CHINK and COUGH.]

CHINE, ch[=i]n, _n._ the spine or backbone: a piece of the backbone and adjoining parts for cooking: a ridge, crest.--_v.t._ (_Spens._) to break the back. [O. Fr. _eschine_, prob. from Old High Ger. _scina_, a pin, thorn.]

CHINe, sh[=e]-n[=a]', _adj._ mottled in appearance, the warp being dyed in different colours, or from threads of different colours twisted together.

[Fr., lit. 'Chinese.']

CHINE, ch[=i]n, _n._ a ravine. [A.S. _cinu_, a cleft.]

CHINK, chingk, _n._ a cleft, a narrow opening.--_v.i._ to crack.--_v.t._ to fill up cracks.--_adj._ CHINK'Y, full of chinks. [Apparently formed upon M.

E. _chine_, a crack--A.S. _cinu_, a cleft.]

CHINK, chingk, _n._ the clink, as of coins.--_v.i._ to give forth a sharp sound. [From the sound.]

CHINK, chingk, _n._ a gasp for breath.--_v.i._ to gasp--the northern form _Kink_. [Cf. Dut. _kinken_, to cough; Ger. _keichen_, to gasp.]

CHINKAPIN, ching'ka-pin, _n._ the dwarf chestnut, a native of the United States.--Also CHIN'CAPIN. [Ind.]

CHINOOK, chin-[=oo]k', _n._ a trader's jargon, consisting of words from French and English, as well as Chinook and other Indian tongues.

CHINTZ, chints, _n._ a highly glazed printed calico, with a pattern generally in several colours on a white or light-coloured ground. [Orig.

pl. of Hind, _chint_, spotted cotton-cloth.]

CHIP, chip, _v.t._ to chop or cut into small pieces: to hew: of chickens, to break the shell of the egg in hatching: to pare away the crust of bread, &c.: to bet:--_pr.p._ chip'ping; _pa.p._ chipped.--_n._ a small piece of wood or other substance chopped off: (_slang_) a sovereign.--_n._ CHIP'-HAT, a cheap kind of hat, made of what is popularly called Brazilian grass, but really consisting of strips of the leaves of a palm (_Chamaerops argentea_) imported from Cuba.--_adj._ CHIP'PY, abounding in chips: dry as a chip: seedy from an overdose of liquor.--CHIP IN, to supply one's part.--A CHIP OF THE OLD BLOCK, one with the characteristics of his father.

[M. E. _chippen_, to cut in pieces. Conn. with CHOP.]

CHIPMUCK, CHIPMUNK, chip'muk, -mungk, _n._ a kind of squirrel, common in North America.

CHIPPENDALE, chip'pen-d[=a]l, _adj._ applied to a light style of drawing-room furniture, after the name of a well-known cabinet-maker of the 18th century. The name is also applied to a style of book plates.

CHIRAGRA, k[=i]-rag'ra, _n._ gout in the hand.--_adjs._ CHIRAG'RIC, -AL.



CHIRK, ch[.e]rk, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to grate: to chirp or squeak. [A.S.

_cearcian_, to creak.]

CHIRL, chirl, _v.i._ to emit a low sound: to warble.--_n._ a kind of musical warble. [Scot., from the sound. See CHIRR.]

CHIRM, ch[.e]rm, _v.i._ to cry out: to chirp.--_n._ noise, din, hum of voices. [A.S. _cirman_, to cry out; cf. Dut. _kermen_.]

CHIROGNOMY, k[=i]-rog'n[=o]-mi, _n._ the so-called art or science of judging character from the lines of the hand, palmistry.--_adj._ CHIROGNOM'IC. [Gr. _cheir_, the hand, _gn[=o]m[=e]_, understanding.]

CHIROGRAPH, k[=i]-rog-raf', _n._ any written or signed document.--_ns._ CHIROG'RAPHER, CHIROG'RAPHIST, one who professes the art of writing---_adj._ CHIROGRAPH'IC--_n._ CHIROG'RAPHY, the art of writing, or penmanship. [Gr. _cheir_, the hand, _graph[=e]_, writing.]

CHIROLOGY, k[=i]-rol'o-ji, _n._ the art of discoursing with the hands or by signs, as the deaf and dumb do.--_n._ CHIROL'OGIST, one who converses by signs with the hands. [Gr. _cheir_, the hand, _logia_, a discourse.]


CHIROPODIST, k[=i]-rop'o-dist, _n._ a hand and foot doctor: one who removes corns, bunions, warts, &c. [Gr. _cheir_, the hand, and _pous_, _podos_, the foot.]

CHIRP, ch[.e]rp, _n._ the sharp, shrill sound of certain birds and insects.--_v.i._ to make such a sound; to talk in a happy and lively strain.--_v.t._ to cheer.--_n._ CHIRP'ER, a little bird: a chirping-cup.--_adj._ CHIRP'ING, merry: cheering.--_n._ CHIRP'ING-CUP, a cup that cheers.--_adj._ CHIRP'Y, lively: merry. [From the sound.]

CHIRR, ch[.e]r, _v.i._ to chirp, as is done by the cricket or grasshopper.

[From the sound.]

CHIRRUP, chir'up, _v.i._ to chirp: to make a sound with the mouth to urge on a horse: to cheer up. [Lengthened form of CHIRP, and then brought into connection with _cheer up_.]

CHIRT, ch[.e]rt, _n._ a squeeze.--_v.t._ to squeeze. [Conn. with CHIRR.]

CHIRUR'GEON, CHIRUR'GERY, CHIRUR'GICAL, old forms of SURGEON, SURGERY, SURGICAL.--_adv._ CHIRUR'GEONLY (_Shak._), in a manner becoming a surgeon.

[Fr. _chirurgien_--Gr. _cheirourgos_--_cheir_, the hand, _ergon_, a work.]

CHISEL, chiz'el, _n._ an iron or steel tool to cut or hollow out wood, stone, &c.: esp. the tool of the sculptor.--_v.t._ to cut, carve, &c. with a chisel: (_slang_) to cheat:--_pr.p._ chis'elling; _pa.p._ chis'elled.--_adj._ CHIS'ELLED, cut with a chisel; (_fig._) having sharp outlines, as cut by a chisel.--_n._ CHIS'ELLING.--_adj._ CHIS'EL-SHAPED.--_n._ CHIS'EL-TOOTH, the scalpriform perennial incisor of a rodent. [O. Fr. _cisel_--L. _caed[)e]re_, to cut.]

CHISEL, chiz'el, _n._ See CHESIL.

CHISLEU, chis'l[=u], _n._ the ninth month of the Jewish year, including parts of November and December. [Heb.]

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