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TAIL, t[=a]l, _n._ (_law_) the term applied to an estate which is cut off or limited to certain heirs.--_ns._ TAIL'[=A]GE, TALL'[=A]GE. [Fr.

_taille_, cutting. Cf. _Entail_.]

TAILOR, t[=a]l'ur, _n._ one whose business is to cut out and make men's clothes:--_fem._ TAIL'ORESS.--_v.i._ to work as a tailor.--_v.t._ to make clothes for.--_ns._ TAIL'OR-BIRD, one of several Oriental small passerine birds which sew leaves together to form a nest: TAIL'ORING, the business or work of a tailor.--_adj._ TAIL'OR-MADE, made by a tailor, esp. of plain, close-fitting garments for women, in imitation of men's. [Fr.

_tailleur_--_tailler_, to cut.]

TAILZIE, TAILYE, t[=a]l'y[=e], _n._ (_law_) a Scotch form of _tail_.

TAINT, t[=a]nt, _v.t._ to tinge, moisten, or impregnate with anything noxious: to infect: to stain.--_v.i._ to be affected with something corrupting.--_n._ a stain or tincture: infection or corruption: a spot: a moral blemish.--_adj._ TAINT'LESS, without taint, pure.--_adv._ TAINT'LESSLY, without taint.--_n._ TAINT'URE (_Shak._), taint, tinge, stain. [O. Fr. _taint_ (Fr. _teint_), pa.p. of _teindre_, to dye--L.

_ting[)e]re_, _tinctum_, to wet.]

T'aI-P'ING, t[=i]-ping', _n._ the name given by foreigners to one of the followers of Hung Hsiu-ch'wan (S'eiw-tseuen), who raised the standard of rebellion in China in 1851, and whose enterprise was finally suppressed in 1865 mainly through the vigour of Colonel Charles ('Chinese') Gordon, the hero of Khartoum.

TAISCH, t[=a]sh, _n._ the sound of the voice of a person about to die heard by some one at a distance beyond the range of ordinary sounds.--Also TASK.

[Gael. _taibhs_, _taibhse_, an apparition.]

TAJ, taj, _n._ a crown, a distinctive head-dress, esp. the tall conical cap worn by Mohammedan dervishes--applied as expressing pre-eminence to the _Taj_ Mahal, the magnificent mausoleum of Shah Jehan (1628-58) at Agra.


TAKE, t[=a]k, _v.t._ to lay hold of: to get into one's possession: to catch: to capture: to captivate: to receive: to choose: to use: to allow: to understand: to agree to: to become affected with.--_v.i._ to catch: to have the intended effect: to gain reception, to please: to move or direct the course of: to have recourse to:--_pa.t._ took; _pa.p._ t[=a]'ken.--_n._ quantity of fish taken or captured at one time.--_ns._ TAKE'-IN, an imposition, fraud: that by which one is deceived; TAKE'-OFF, a burlesque representation of any one; T[=A]'KER; T[=A]'KING, act of taking or gaining possession: a seizing: agitation, excitement: (_Spens._ sickness: (_Shak._) witchery: malignant influence.--_adj._ captivating: alluring.--_adv._ T[=A]'KINGLY.--_n._ T[=A]'KINGNESS, quality of being taking or attractive.--_adj._ T[=A]'KY, attractive.--TAKE ADVANTAGE OF, to employ to advantage: to make use of circumstances to the prejudice of; TAKE AFTER, to follow in resemblance; TAKE AIR, to be disclosed or made public; TAKE BREATH, to stop in order to breathe, to be refreshed; TAKE CARE, CARE OF (see CARE); TAKE DOWN, to reduce: to bring down from a higher place, to lower: to swallow: to pull down: to write down; TAKE FOR, to mistake; TAKE FRENCH LEAVE (see FRENCH); TAKE FROM, to derogate or detract from; TAKE HEED, to be careful; TAKE HEED TO, to attend to with care; TAKE IN, to enclose, to embrace: to receive: to contract, to furl, as a sail: to comprehend: to accept as true: to cheat: (_Shak._) to conquer; TAKE IN HAND, to undertake; TAKE INTO ONE'S HEAD, to be seized with a sudden notion; TAKE IN VAIN, to use with unbecoming levity or profaneness; TAKE IN WITH, to deceive by means of; TAKE IT OUT OF, to extort reparation from: to exhaust the strength or energy of; TAKE LEAVE (see LEAVE); TAKEN IN, deceived, cheated; TAKE NOTICE, to observe: to show that observation is made: (with _of_) to remark upon; TAKE OFF, to remove: to swallow: to mimic or imitate; TAKE ON, to take upon: to claim a character: (_coll._) to grieve; TAKE ORDERS, to receive ordination; TAKE ORDER WITH (_Bacon_), to check; TAKE OUT, to remove from within: to deduct: (_Shak._) to copy; TAKE PART, to share; TAKE PLACE, to happen: to prevail; TAKE ROOT, to strike out roots, to live and grow, as a plant: to be established; TAKE THE FIELD, to begin military operations; TAKE THE WALL OF, to pass on the side nearest the wall: to get the advantage of; TAKE TO, to apply to: to resort to: to be fond of; TAKE TO HEART, to feel sensibly; TAKE UP, to lift, to raise: (_Shak._) to borrow money, to buy on credit, to make up a quarrel: to employ, occupy or fill: to arrest: to comprise; TAKE UP ARMS, to commence to fight; TAKE UPON, to assume; TAKE UP WITH, to be pleased or contented with, to form a connection with, to fall in love with: to lodge; TAKE WITH, to be pleased with. [M. E. _taken_--Scand.; Ice. _taka_ pa.t. _tok_, pa.p.

_tekinn_); conn. with L. _tang[)e]re_, _tetig-i_, to touch, and with Eng.


TALARIA, t[=a]-l[=a]'ri-a, the winged sandals of Hermes and other divinities.--_adj._ TALAR'IC, pertaining to the ankles. [L.,--_talus_, the ankle.]

TALAUNT, tal'awnt, _n._ (_Spens._) talon.

TALBOT, tal'bot, _n._ a broad-mouthed large-eared hound, usually white--apparently the same as the St Hubert's breed. [From the _Talbot_ family.]

TALBOTYPE, tal'b[=o]-t[=i]p, _n._ a photographic process invented by William Henry Fox _Talbot_ (1800-77), a calotype.

TALC, talk, _n._ a mineral occurring in thin flakes, of a white or green colour and a soapy feel.--_n._ TAL'CITE, a massive variety of talc.--_adjs._ TALC'KY, TAL'COSE, TAL'COUS, containing, consisting of, or like talc. [Fr. _talc_ (Ger. _talk_)--Sp. _talco_--Ar. _talq_.]

TALE, t[=a]l, _n._ a narrative or story: a fable: what is told or counted off: number: reckoning.--_v.i._ (_obs._) to speak.--_n._ TALE'-BEAR'ER, one who maliciously tells tales or gives information.--_adj._ TALE'-BEAR'ING, given to tell tales or give information officiously.--_n._ act of telling secrets.--_adj._ TALE'FUL, abounding with stories.--_n._ TALE'-TELL'ER, one who tells stories, esp. officiously.--BE IN A (or ONE) TALE, to be in full accord; OLD WIVES' TALE, any marvellous story appealing to one's credulity; TELL ONE'S (or ITS) OWN TALE, to speak for one's self or itself; TELL TALES, to play the informer; TELL TALES OUT OF SCHOOL, to reveal confidential matters. [A.S. _talu_, a reckoning, a tale, also speech; Ger.

_zahl_, a number.]

TALEGALLA, tal-e-gal'a, _n._ the brush-turkey, a genus of gallinaceous birds, in the same family as the mound-building _Megapodes_.--Also TALEGALL'US. [The latter part is probably from L. _gallus_, a cock.]

TALENT, tal'ent, _n._ an ancient weight or denomination of money--in the Attic system of money (_N.T._), 100 _drachmae_ made a _mna_ (pound, Luke xix. 13), and 6000 made a _talent_; this talent weighed 57 lb. avoirdupois, and in value may be put roughly at about 213-235, the mna at about 4: faculty: any natural or special gift: special aptitude: eminent ability: abundance.--_adjs._ TAL'ENTED, possessing mental gifts; TAL'ENTLESS, without talent. [L. _talentum_--Gr. _talanton_, a weight, a talent, from a root meaning to lift, as in _tl[=e]nai_, to bear; akin to L. _toll[)e]re_, Ger. _dulden_, Scot. _thole_.]

TALES, t[=a]'l[=e]z, a list of persons, apparently a selection from spectators in court, made by the sheriff or judge at a trial, to supply any defect in a jury or panel.--_n._ T[=A]'LESMAN, a bystander so chosen.--PRAY A TALES, to plead that the number of jurymen be completed in this way.

[From the phrase '_tales_ de circumstantibus,' _tales_, _pl._ of L.

_talis_, such.]

TALIACOTIAN, tal-i-a-k[=o]'shi-an, _adj._ pertaining to the rhinoplastic operation of _Tagliacozzi_ or _Taliacotius_ (1546-99), in which the skin for the new nose was taken from the arm of the patient, the arm requiring to be kept in apposition with the face for about twenty days.

TALIAN, tal'i-an, _n._ an old Bohemian dance, or its music.

TALION, tal'i-on, _n._ the law of retaliation.--_adj._ TALION'IC. [L.

_talio_, like punishment--_talis_, of such kind.]

TALIPED, tal'i-ped, _adj._ club-footed: walking like the sloth.--_n._ a club-footed person.--_n._ TAL'IPES, a club-foot: club-footedness: the distorted formation of the feet of the sloth. [L. _talus_, the ankle, _pes_, the foot.]

TALIPOT, tal'i-pot, _n._ an East Indian palm with fan-shaped leaves.--Also TAL'IPUT, TAL'IPAT. [Hind. _t[=a]lp[=a]t_.]

TALISMAN, tal'is-man, _n._ a species of charm engraved on metal or stone when two planets are in conjunction, or when a star is at its culminating point, and supposed to exert some protective influence over the wearer of it: (_fig._) something that produces extraordinary effects:--_pl._ TAL'ISMANS.--_adjs._ TALISMAN'IC, -AL, pertaining to, or having the properties of, a talisman: magical. [Fr.,--Ar. _tilsam_--Late Ger.

_telesma_, consecration, incantation--Gr. _telein_, to consecrate.]

TALK, tawk, _v.i._ to speak familiarly: to prattle: to reason.--_n._ familiar conversation: that which is uttered in familiar intercourse: subject of discourse: rumour.--_adjs._ TALK'ABLE, capable of talking, or of being talked about; TALK'ATIVE, given to much talking: prating.--_adv._ TALK'ATIVELY.--_ns._ TALK'ATIVENESS; TALK'EE-TALK'EE, a corrupt dialect: incessant chatter--also _adj._ TALK'Y-TALK'Y.--_n._ TALK'ER.--_adj._ TALK'ING, given to talking.--TALK AGAINST TIME, to keep on talking merely to fill up time, as often in parliament: TALK BIG, to talk boastfully; TALK DOWN, to argue down; TALK FROM THE POINT, to wander away from the proper question; TALK GREEK, to talk above the understanding of one's hearers; TALKING OF, apropos of, with regard to; TALK OVER, to persuade, convince: to discuss, consider together; TALK ROUND, to exhaust the subject: to bring to one's way of thinking by persuasive talk; TALK SHOP (see SHOP); TALK TO, to address: to rebuke; TALK UP, to speak impudently or boldly to. [Prof.

Skeat takes the M. E. _talken_ from Scand., and that from Lithuanian; Sw.

_tolka_ (Ice. _tulka_), to interpret--Lith. _tulkas_, an interpreter.

Prob., however, the M. E. _talken_ is _talen_, _talien_, to speak, with formative _-k_, giving a freq. or dim. force; cf. _Tale_.]

TALL, tawl, _adj._ high, esp. in stature: lofty: long: sturdy: bold: courageous: great, remarkable: demanding much credulity, hardly to be believed.--_n._ TALL'NESS. [Ety. very dub.; perh. conn. with W. _tal_, large.]

TALLAGE, tal'[=a]j, _n._ a name applied to those taxes to which, under the Anglo-Norman kings, the demesne lands of the crown and all royal towns were subject--also TALL'IAGE.--_v.t._ to lay an impost upon--also TALL'IATE.--_adj._ TALL'IABLE, subject to tallage.

TALLAT, tal'at, _n._ (_prov._) a hay-loft.--ALSO TALL'OT, TALL'ET.

TALLITH, tal'ith, _n._ the mantle worn by the Jews at prayer. [Heb.]

TALLOW, tal'[=o], _n._ the fat of animals melted: any coarse, hard fat.--_v.t._ to grease with tallow.--_ns._ TALL'OW-CAN'DLE, a candle made of tallow; TALL'OW-CATCH, -KEECH, (_Shak._), a keech or lump of tallow: a low mean fellow; TALL'OW-CHAND'LER, a dealer in tallow, candles, &c.; TALL'OW-CHAND'LERY, the trade or place of business of a tallow-chandler; TALL'OWER, a tallow-chandler; TALL'OW-FACE, a yellow pasty-faced person.--_adj._ TALL'OW-FACED.--_n._ TALL'OW-TREE, the name given to trees of different kinds which produce a thick oil or vegetable tallow, or a somewhat resinous substance, capable of making candles.--_adj._ TALL'OWY, like tallow, greasy. [Old Dut. _talgh_, _talch_; Low Ger. _talq_, Ice.

_tolgr_, _tolg_.]

TALLY, tal'i, _n._ a stick cut or notched to match another stick, used to mark numbers or keep accounts by--(down to the beginning of the 19th century these were used in England for keeping accounts in Exchequer, answering the double purpose of receipts and public records): anything made to suit another:--_pl._ TALL'IES.--_v.t._ to score with corresponding notches: to make to fit.--_v.i._ to correspond: to suit:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ tall'ied.--_ns._ TALL'IER, one who keeps a tally; TALL'YMAN, one who keeps a tally-shop: one who lives with a woman without marriage; TALL'YSHOP, a shop where goods are sold to be paid by instalments, the seller having one account-book which tallies with the buyer's; TALL'Y-SYS'TEM, -TRADE, a mode of dealing by which dealers furnish certain articles on credit to their customers upon an agreement for the payment of the stipulated price by certain weekly or monthly instalments.--LIVE TALLY, to cohabit without marriage. [Fr. _taille_ (It. _taglia_)--L. _talea_, a cutting. Cf. _Tail_ (law).]

TALLY-HO, tal'i-h[=o], _interj._ the huntsman's cry betokening that a fox has gone away: a four-in-hand pleasure-coach.--_v.t._ to urge on, as hounds.

TALMA, tal'ma, _n._ a woman's loose cloak, generally hooded: a similar form of overcoat for men. [From F. J. _Talma_, the actor (1763-1826).]

TALMUD, tal'mud, _n._ the name of the fundamental code of the Jewish civil and canonical law, comprising the _Mishna_ and the _Gemara_, the former as the text, the latter as the commentary and complement.--There are two Talmuds, the one called the Talmud of the Occidentals, or the JERUSALEM (Palestine) TALMUD, which was closed at Tiberias in the end of the 4th century, and the other the BABYLONIAN TALMUD, emphatically styled 'our Talmud,' not completed till the end of the 5th century, and making use of the former.--_adjs._ TALMUD'IC, -AL.--n, TAL'MUDIST, one learned in the Talmud.--_adj._ TALMUDIST'IC, relating to, or contained in the Talmud.

[Chaldee _talm[=u]d_, instruction--_l[=a]mad_, to learn.]

TALON, tal'on, _n._ the claw of a bird of prey.--_adj._ TAL'ONED. [Fr.

_talon_, through Low L., from L. _talus_, the heel.]

TALPA, tal'pa, _n._ the chief genus of the family _Talpidae_, the moles: an encysted tumour on the head, a wen. [L., a mole.]

TALUK, ta-l[=oo]k', _n._ in south and western India, a subdivision of a district presided over as regards revenue matters by a _tahs[=i]ld[=a]r_--in Bengal, a tract of proprietary land.--_n._ TALUK'DAR.


TALUS, t[=a]'lus, _n._ the ankle-bone: (_arch._) a slope: (_fort._) the sloping part of a work: (_geol._) a sloping heap of fragments at the foot of a steep rock. [L.]

TAMAL, ta-mal', _n._ a dish of crushed Indian corn highly seasoned, sold on the streets in Mexico, Texas, &c.--Also TAMA'LE. [Sp.]

TAMANDUA, ta-man'd[=u]-a, _n._ an arboreal ant-eater with prehensile tail.--_n._ TAMANOIR (tam'a-nwor), the great ant-eater of tropical America.


TAMANU, tam'a-n[=oo], _n._ a lofty gamboge tree of the East Indies and Pacific Islands, its trunk yielding tacamabac. [East Ind.]

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