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TAMARA, tam'a-ra, _n._ a condiment much used in Italy, made of powdered cinnamon, cloves, coriander, &c. [East Ind.]

TAMARACK, tam'a-rak, _n._ the American or black larch. [Amer. Ind]

TAMARIN, tam'a-rin, _n._ a small South American squirrel-monkey.

TAMARIND, tam'a-rind, _n._ a beautiful spreading East Indian tree, its pods filled with a pleasant, acidulous, sweet, reddish-black pulp, in which the seeds are embedded. [_Tamarindus_, Latinised from Ar. _tamar-u'l Hind_, 'date of India,' or perhaps rather, in Persian form, _tamar-i-Hind[=i]_.]

TAMARISK, tam'ar-isk, _n._ a genus of Mediterranean evergreen shrubs with small white or pink flowers. [L. _tamariscus_.]

TAMBAC, tam'bak, _n._ agallochum or aloes-wood.--Also TOM'BAC.


TAMBOUR, tam'b[=oo]r, _n._ a small, shallow drum: a frame on which muslin or other material is stretched for embroidering: a rich kind of gold and silver embroidery: silk or other stuff embroidered on a tambour: a cylindrical stone in the shaft of a column, a drum: a vestibule of timber-work serving to break the draught in a church-porch, &c.: a work formed of palisades, defending a gate, &c.--_v.t._ to embroider on a tambour.--_v.i._ to do tambour-work. [Fr. _tambour_. Cf. _Tabour_.]

TAMBOURINE, tam-b[=oo]-r[=e]n', _n._ a shallow drum with one skin and bells or jingles, and played on with the hand: a Provencal dance, also the music for such--(_Spens._) TAM'BURIN. [Fr. _tambourin_, dim. of tambour.]

TAME, t[=a]m, _adj._ having lost native wildness and shyness: domesticated: gentle: spiritless: without vigour: dull, flat, uninspiring: wonted, accustomed.--_v.t._ to reduce to a domestic state: to make gentle: to reclaim: to civilise.--_ns._ T[=A]MABIL'ITY, T[=A]MEABLI'ITY, T[=A]M'ABLENESS, T[=A]ME'ABLENESS.--_adjs._ T[=A]M'ABLE, T[=A]ME'ABLE, that may be tamed; T[=A]ME'LESS.--_n._ T[=A]ME'LESSNESS.--_adv._ T[=A]ME'LY.--_ns._ T[=A]ME'NESS; T[=A]'MER, one who tames. [A.S. _tam_; cog. with Ger. _zahm_.]

TAMIL, tam'il, _n._ one of the Dravidian languages spoken in south-eastern India and the northern half of Ceylon, possessing a rich and varied literature: one of the Dravidian inhabitants of southern India and Ceylon.--_adjs._ TAM'IL, TAMIL'LIAN, TAMIL'IC, TAMUL'IC.

TAMIN, tam'in, _n._ a thin worsted stuff, highly glazed.--Also TAM'INE, TAM'INY, TAM'MY.

TAMISE, ta-m[=e]z', _n._ a trade name for various thin woollen fabrics.--_n._ TAM'IS, a cloth for straining liquids.

TAMMANY, tam'a-ni, _n._ the Tammany Society, a Democratic organisation in New York, notorious for the corrupt influence it has exerted in city politics. [From the name of an Indian chief, _Tammanend_, who is said to have signed the treaty with Penn.]

TAMMUZ, tam'uz, _n._ a Syrian deity, same as the Phoenician Adonis, a sun-god, worshipped with peculiar naturalistic rites by women among the Chaldaeans, and even in Jerusalem (Ezek. viii. 14).

TAMMY-NORIE, tam'i-n[=o]'ri, _n._ (_Scot._) a sea-bird, the auk or puffin.

TAM-O'-SHANTER, tam-[=o]-shan't[.e]r, _n._ a broad bonnet. [From the hero of Burns's famous poem.]

TAMP, tamp, _v.t._ to fill up, as a hole bored in a rock for blasting: to pack earth, &c., round, as a mine, to prevent an explosion in a wrong direction.--_n._ TAM'PING, the act of filling up a hole in a rock for blasting: the material used. [_Tampion_ (q.v.).]

TAMPER, tam'p[.e]r, _v.i._ to try the temper of: to try little experiments without necessity or authority: to meddle: to practise secretly and unfairly.--_n._ TAM'PERER. [A by-form of _temper_.]

TAMPION, tamp'i-un, _n._ the stopper used to close the mouth of a cannon or mortar.--Also TOM'PION. [O. Fr. _tampon_, _tapon_--_tape_, a tap--Dut.

_tap_, a bung.]

TAMPON, tamp'on, _n._ (_surg._) a. plug inserted in a cavity of the body in order to arrest haemorrhage.--_v.t._ to plug tightly.--_ns._ TAMPONADE', TAM'PONAGE, TAM'PONING, TAM'PONMENT. [_Tampion_.]


TAN, tan, _n._ bark of the oak, &c., bruised and broken for tanning: a yellowish-brown colour.--_v.t._ to convert skins and hides into leather by steeping in vegetable solutions containing tannin: to make brown or tawny: to take the freshness from: (_coll._) to beat.--_v.i._ to become tanned:--_pr.p._ tan'ning; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ TAN'-BALLS, the spent bark of the tanner's yard pressed into lumps, which harden on drying, and serve for fuel.--_n._ TAN'-BED (_hort._), a bark-bed.--_adj._ TAN'-COL'OURED, of the colour of tan.--_ns._ TAN'LING (_Shak._), one tanned or scorched by the heat of the sun; TAN'-LIQ'UOR, -OOZE, an aqueous extract of tan-bark.--_adj._ TAN'NABLE.--_ns._ TAN'NAGE, act of tanning: browning from exposure to the sun: the act of steeping cast slabs of artificial marble in a solution of potash alum to harden it and make it insoluble; TAN'NER, one who tans; TAN'NERY, a place for tanning; TAN'NING, the art of tanning or converting into leather; TAN'-PIT, -VAT, a vat in which hides are steeped in liquor with tan; TAN'-YARD, a yard or enclosure where leather is tanned. [A.S. _tannian_; cf. Dut. _tanen_, or prob. O. Fr.

_tan_--Bret. _tann_, an oak. If the latter, then Old High Ger. _tanna_ (Ger. _tanne_), fir, oak, is borrowed.]

TANA, ta'na, _n._ a military or police station In India--also TAN'NA, THAN'NAH.--_ns._ Ta'NADAR, TAN'NADAR, the commandant of a tana. [Hind.


TANAGER, tan'[=a]-j[.e]r, _n._ any tanagrine bird, a member of the _Tanagridae_, a family of the Passeriformes or perching birds, closely allied to the finches.--_n._ TAN'[=A]GRA, the name-giving genus of the family, now restricted to about a dozen species.--_adjs._ TAN'[=A]GRINE, TAN'[=A]GROID. [Braz. _tangara_.]

TANDEM, tan'dem, _adv._ applied to the position of horses harnessed singly one before the other instead of abreast.--_n._ a team of horses (usually two) so harnessed: a bicycle or tricycle on which two ride one before the other. [Originated in university slang, in a play on the L. adv. _tandem_, at length.]

TANE, t[=a]n, _pa.p._ ta'en, taken.

TANG, tang, _n._ seaweed. [_Tangle_.]

TANG, tang, _n._ a twang or sharp sound.--_v.t._ to cause to ring.--_v.i._ to ring. [Imit., like _twang_.]

TANG, tang, _n._ a strong or offensive taste, esp. of something extraneous: relish: taste: specific flavour.--_adj._ TANG'Y. [A special use of _tang_, point.]

TANG, tang, _n._ a point, the tapering part of a knife or tool which goes into the haft. [Ice. _tangi_; cog. with _tongs_.]


TANGENT, tan'jent, _n._ a line which touches a curve, and which when produced does not cut it.--_ns._ TAN'GENCY, TAN'GENCE, state of being tangent: a contact or touching.--_adj._ TANGEN'TIAL, of or pertaining to a tangent: in the direction of a tangent.--_n._ TANGENTIAL'ITY.--_adv._ TANGEN'TIALLY, in the direction of a tangent.--GO OFF, or FLY OFF, AT A TANGENT, to break off suddenly into a different line of thought, &c. [L.

_tangens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _tang[)e]re_, to touch.]

TANGERINE, tan-je-r[=e]n', _adj._ relating to _Tangiers_ on the Morocco coast.--_n._ a native of Tangiers: a Tangerine orange.

TANGHIN, tang'gin, _n._ a vegetable poison of Madagascar, acting upon the heart like digitalis--formerly used for the judicial ordeal.

TANGIBLE, tan'ji-bl, _adj._ perceptible by the touch: capable of being possessed or realised.--_ns._ TANGIB'IL[=E], a tactile sensation or object; TANGIBIL'ITY, quality of being tangible or perceptible to the touch; TAN'GIBLENESS, the state or quality of being tangible.--_adv._ TAN'GIBLY.

[L. _tangibilis_--_tang[)e]re_.]

TANGIE, tang'i, _n._ an Orcadian water-spirit, appearing as a seahorse, or man covered with seaweed.

TANGLE, tang'gl, _n._ a knot of things united confusedly: an edible seaweed: a perplexity, complication: (_Scot._) any long hanging thing, even a lank person: an apparatus for dredging.--_v.t._ to unite together confusedly: to interweave: to ensnare, entangle.--_n._ TANG'LEFOOT (_U.S._), whisky, &c.--_adj._ TANG'LESOME (_prov._), quarrelsome.--_adv._ TANG'LINGLY.--_adj._ TANG'LY, in a tangle: united confusedly: covered with tangle or seaweed. [Scand.; Dan. _tang_, Ice. _thang_, seaweed.]

TANGRAM, tan'gram, _n._ a Chinese puzzle, consisting of a square of wood cut into seven pieces of various shapes.

TANGUM, tang'gum, _n._ the Tibetan piebald horse.

TANIST, tan'ist, _n._ the chief or holder of lands, &c., in certain Celtic races, also the chief's elective successor.--_n._ TAN'ISTRY, an ancient Celtic mode of tenure, according to which the right of succession lay not with the individual, but with the family in which it was hereditary, and by the family the holder of office or lands was elected. [Ir. and Gael.

_tanaiste_, lord--_tan_, country.]

TANITE, tan'[=i]t, _n._ an emery cement.

TANJIB, tan'jib, _n._ a kind of figured muslin made in Oude.--Also TAN'ZIB.

TANK, tangk, _n._ a large basin or cistern: a reservoir of water.--_v.t._ to cause to flow into a tank: to plunge into a tank.--_ns._ TANK'AGE, the act of storing oil, &c., in tanks: the price charged for such storage: the capacity of a tank or series of tanks; TANK'-CAR, a railway-car for carrying petroleum in bulk in a long cylindrical tank; TANK'-EN'GINE, a locomotive that carries the water and coal it requires; TANK'-WORM, a nematode worm in the mud of tanks in India. [Port. _tanque_ (Sp.

_estanque_, O. Fr. _estang_)--L. _stagnum_, a stagnant pool.]

TANKA, tan'ka, _n._ the boat population of Canton, inhabiting permanently the so-called tanka-boats, about 25 feet long.--Also TAN'KIA.

TANKARD, tangk'ard, _n._ a large vessel for holding liquors: a drinking-vessel with a lid. [O. Fr. _tanquard_, prob. from L.

_cantharus_--Gr. _kantharos_.]

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