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STODGY, stoj'i, _adj._ heavy, lumpy: ill put together: indigestible.--_v.t._ STODGE, to stuff, cram.--_n._ STODG'INESS.

STOG, stog, _v.t._ (_prov._) to plunge in mire: to probe a pool with a pole. [Related to _stock_.]

STOIC, st[=o]'ik, _n._ a disciple of the philosopher Zeno (340-260 B.C.), who opened his school in a colonnade called the _Stoa Poikil[=e]_ ('painted porch') at Athens--later Roman Stoics were Cato the Younger, Seneca, Marcus Aurelius: one indifferent to pleasure or pain.--_adjs._ ST[=O]'IC, -AL, pertaining to the Stoics, or to their opinions; indifferent to pleasure or pain.--_adv._ ST[=O]'ICALLY.--_ns._ ST[=O]'ICALNESS; ST[=O]'ICISM, the doctrines of the Stoics, a school of ancient philosophy strongly opposed to Epicureanism in its views of life and duty: indifference to pleasure or pain. [L. _Stoicus_--Gr. _St[=o]kos_--_stoa_, a porch.]

STOKE, st[=o]k, _v.i._ to stir or tend a fire.--_ns._ STOKE'-HOLE, the space about the mouth of a furnace: the space allotted to the stokers: a hole in a reverberatory furnace for introducing a stirring-tool; ST[=O]K'ER, one who, or that which, feeds a furnace with fuel.

[Dut.,--_stoken_, to light a fire, _stok_, a stick.]

STOLE, st[=o]l, _pa.t._ of _steal_.

STOLE, st[=o]l, _n._ a long robe reaching to the feet: a narrow vestment, usually black silk, fringed at the ends, sometimes coloured according to the seasons, worn by bishops and priests in the Latin Church during mass.--_n._ ST[=O]'LA, the outer garment of the Roman matron: a chorister's surplice: (_her._) a bearing showing a fringed scarf. [L. _stola_--Gr.

_stol[=e]_, a robe--_stellein_, to array.]

STOLEN, st[=o]l'en, _pa.p._ of _steal_.

STOLID, stol'id, _adj._ dull: heavy: stupid: foolish.--_n._ STOLID'ITY, STOL'IDNESS, state of being stolid: dullness of intellect.--_adv._ STOL'IDLY. [L. _stolidus_.]

STOLON, st[=o]'lon, _n._ a shoot from the root of a plant: a sucker.--_adjs._ ST[=O]'LONATE, ST[=O]L[=O]NIF'EROUS. [L. _stolo_, a twig.]

STOMA, st[=o]'ma, _n._ (_bot._) one of the minute openings in the epidermis of leaves and tender green stems of plants, subserving the purpose of respiration: (_zool._) one of the breathing-holes in the bodies of certain of the articulata:--_pl._ ST[=O]'MATA.--_adjs._ STOMAT'IC; STOMATIF'EROUS.--_n._ STOMAT[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the interior of the mouth.--_adj._ ST[=O]'MATODE, having a stoma.--_ns._ STOMATOL'OGY, the scientific knowledge of the mouth; ST[=O]'MATOSCOPE, an instrument for examining the interior of the mouth. [Gr. _stoma_, a mouth.]

STOMACH, stum'ak, _n._ the strong muscular bag into which the food passes when swallowed, and where it is principally digested: the cavity in any animal for the digestion of its food: appetite, relish for food, inclination generally: disposition, spirit, courage, pride, spleen.--_v.t._ to brook or put up with: to turn the stomach of: to resent.--_adj._ STOM'ACHAL.--_ns._ STOM'ACHER, a part of the dress covering the front of the body, generally forming the lower part of the bodice in front, sometimes richly ornamented: a large brooch; STOMACH'IC, a medicine for the stomach.--_adjs._ STOMACH'IC, -AL, pertaining to the stomach: strengthening or promoting the action of the stomach; STOM'ACHOUS (_Spens._), angry, stout, obstinate.--_ns._ STOM'ACH-PUMP, a syringe with a flexible tube for withdrawing fluids from the stomach, or injecting them into it; STOM'ACH-STAG'GERS, a disease in horses due to a paralytic affection of the stomach. [O. Fr. _estomac_--L. _stomachus_--Gr. _stomachos_, the throat, stomach--_stoma_, a mouth.]

STOMATOPOD, st[=o]'ma-to-pod, _n._ one of the STOMATOP'ODA, an order of marine crustaceans, having most of their seven or eight pair of legs near the mouth. [Gr. _stoma_, mouth, _pous_, _podos_, foot.]

STOND, stond, _n._ (_Spens._) station: also=_stound_.

STONE, st[=o]n, _n._ a hard mass of earthy or mineral matter, the hard material of which rock consists: a piece of rock of a certain size or form, or for a particular purpose, as grind_stone_, mill_stone_, &c.: a precious stone or gem, a crystal mirror: a tombstone: a concretion formed in the bladder: a hard shell containing the seed of some fruits: a standard weight of 14 lb. avoirdupois (other stones occur, as that of 24 lb. for wool, 22 lb. for hay, 16 lb. for cheese, &c.): torpor and insensibility.--_adj._ made of stone, or of stoneware.--_v.t._ to pelt with stones: to free from stones: to wall with stones.--_n._ STONE'-AGE, the condition of a people using stone as the material for the cutting-tools and weapons which, in a higher condition of culture, were made of metals.--_adj._ STONE'-BLIND, as blind as a stone, perfectly blind.--_ns._ STONE'-BOIL'ING, a primitive method of making water boil by putting hot stones in it; STONE'-BOW, a crossbow for shooting stones: a children's catapult; STONE'-BRASH, a soil made up of finely-broken rock; STONE'-BREAK, the meadow-saxifrage; STONE'-BREAK'ER, one who, or that which, breaks stones, a stone-crushing machine; STONE'-BRUISE, a bruise caused by a stone, esp. on the sole of the foot from walking barefooted; STONE'-CAST, STONE'S'-CAST, STONE'-SHOT, STONE'S'-THROW, the distance which a stone may be thrown by the hand; STONE'CHAT, STONE'CHATTER, STONE'CLINK, one of the most common of the British _Turdidae_, smaller than the redbreast--the Wheat-ear is the true STONE'-CIR'CLES, or Circles of Standing Stones, popularly but erroneously called _Druidical Circles_ in Britain, and _Cromlechs_ in France, consist of unhewn stones set up at intervals round the circumference of a circular area usually of level ground.--_n._ STONE'-COAL, mineral coal, as opposed to charcoal: any hard coal, anthracite.--_adj._ STONE'-COLD, cold as a stone.--_n._ STONE'-COL'OUR, the colour of stone, grayish.--_adj._ STONE'-COL'OURED.--_ns._ STONE'-COR'AL, massive coral, as distinguished from branching or tree coral; STONE'CROP, the wall-pepper, _Sedum acre_; STONE'-CURLEW, a large species of plover; STONE'-CUT'TER, one whose occupation is to hew stone; STONE'-CUT'TING, the business of hewing and carving stones for walls, monuments, &c.--_adjs._ STONED, containing stones; STONE'-DEAD, lifeless; STONE'-DEAF, quite deaf.--_ns._ STONE'-DRESS'ER, one who prepares stones for building; STONE'-FAL'CON, a species of hawk or falcon which builds its nest among the rocks; STONE'-FLY, a genus of insects typical of the order _Plecoptera_--several species are native to Britain, and furnish good lures to anglers; STONE'-FRUIT, a fruit whose seeds are enclosed in a hard kernel; STONE'-HAM'MER, a hammer for breaking stones.--_adjs._ STONE'-HARD (_Shak._), as hard as a stone; STONE'-HEART'ED (_Shak._), hard-hearted, cruel, pitiless.--_ns._ STONE'HORSE, a stallion; STONE'-LIL'Y, the popular name of an _Encrinite_; STONE'-M[=A]'SON, a mason who works with stone; STONE'-MILL, a machine for breaking stone; STONE'-OIL, rock-oil, petroleum; STONE'-PINE, a Mediterranean nut-pine; STONE'-PLOV'ER, the stone-curlew; ST[=O]'NER, one who strikes or kills with stones; STONE'-RAG, -RAW, a lichen, _Parmelia saxatilis_; STONE'-SNIPE, the greater tell-tale or long-legged tattler, a common North American bird.--_adj._ STONE'-STILL (_Shak._), as still as a stone, motionless.--_ns._ STONE'WARE, a coarse kind of potter's ware baked hard and glazed; STONE'-WORK, mason-work.--_adv._ ST[=O]'NILY.--_n._ ST[=O]'NINESS, the state of being stony or abounding with stones: hardness of heart or mind.--_adjs._ ST[=O]'NY, made of, or resembling, stone: abounding with stones: hard: pitiless: obdurate: (_B._) rocky; ST[=O]'NY-HEART'ED, hard-hearted, cruel, pitiless.--LEAVE NO STONE UNTURNED, to do everything that can be done in order to secure the effect desired; MARK WITH A WHITE STONE, to mark as particularly fortunate. [A.S. _stan_; Ger. _stein_, Dut. _steen_.]

STONIED, ston'id, _adj._ (_Spens._) astonished, alarmed.

STOOD, stood, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _stand_.

STOOK, stook, _n._ (_Scot._) a full shock of corn-sheaves, generally twelve, as set up in the field.--_v.t._ to set up in stooks, as sheaves--also STOUK.--_n._ STOOK'ER, one who sets up the corn in stooks.

[Cf. Low Ger. _stuke_, a bundle.]

STOOL, st[=oo]l, _n._ a seat without a back: a low bench for the feet or for kneeling on: the seat used in evacuating the bowels: the act of evacuating the bowels, also that which is evacuated: a root of any kind from which sprouts shoot up: a portable piece of wood to which a pigeon is fastened as a decoy for wild birds.--_n._ STOOL'-PI'GEON, a decoy-pigeon: a gambler's decoy.--STOOL OF REPENTANCE, same as _Cutty-stool_ (q.v.).--FALL BETWEEN TWO STOOLS, to lose both of two things between the choice of which one was hesitating. [A.S. _stol_, Ger. _stuhl_; cf. Ger. _stellen_, to place.]

STOOP, st[=oo]p, _v.i._ to bend the body: to lean forward: to submit: to descend from rank or dignity: to condescend: to swoop down on the wing, as a bird of prey.--_v.t._ to cause to incline downward.--_n._ the act of stooping: inclination forward: descent: condescension: a swoop.--_adj._ STOOPED, having a stoop, bent.--_n._ STOOP'ER, one who stoops.--_p.adj._ STOOP'ING.--_adv._ STOOP'INGLY. [A.S. _stupian_; Old Dut. _stuypen_, Ice.


STOOP, st[=oo]p, _n._ (_Shak._) a vessel of liquor, a flagon: liquor for drinking: a basin for holy water. [A.S. _stoppa_, a cup--_steap_, a cup; Low Ger. _stoop_.]

STOOP, st[=oo]p, _n._ an open platform before the entrance of a house.

[Dut. _stoep_.]

STOOP, st[=oo]p, _n._ a prop, support, a patron.

STOOR, st[=oo]r, _adj._ (_obs._) great, formidable: stiff, harsh, austere.--Also STOUR. [A.S. _stor_, great.]

STOOR, st[=oo]r, _n._ dust in motion--hence commotion, bustle: a gush of water.--_v.t._ to stir up, to pour out.--_adj._ STOOR'Y, dusty. [A.S.

_strian_, to stir.]

STOP, stop, _v.t._ to stuff or close up: to obstruct: to render impassable: to hinder from further motion, progress, effect, or change: to restrain, repress, suppress, suspend: to intercept: to apply musical stops to: to regulate the sounds of a stringed instrument by shortening the strings with the fingers: (_naut._) to make fast.--_v.i._ to cease going forward: to cease from any motion or action, to stay, tarry: to leave off: to be at an end: to ward off a blow:--_pr.p._ stop'ping; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ stopped.--_n._ act of stopping: state of being stopped: hinderance: obstacle: interruption: (_mus._) one of the vent-holes in a wind instrument, or the place on the wire of a stringed instrument, by the stopping or pressing of which certain notes are produced: a mark used in punctuation: an alphabetic sound involving a complete closure of the mouth-organs: a wooden batten on a door or window-frame against which it closes: a stop-thrust in fencing.--_ns._ STOP'-COCK, a short pipe in a cask, &c., opened and stopped by turning a cock or key; STOP'-GAP, that which fills a gap or supplies a deficiency, esp. an expedient of emergency; STOP'-M[=O]'TION, a mechanical arrangement for producing an automatic stop in machinery, as for shutting off steam, &c.; STOP'PAGE, act of stopping: state of being stopped: an obstruction; STOP'PER, one who stops: that which closes a vent or hole, as the cork or glass mouthpiece for a bottle: (_naut._) a short rope for making something fast.--_v.t._ to close or secure with a stopper.--_ns._ STOP'PING, that which fills up, material for filling up cracks, &c., filling material for teeth: STOP'PING-OUT, the practice in etching of covering certain parts with a composition impervious to acid, to keep the acid off them while allowing it to remain on the other parts to mark them more; STOP'-WATCH, a watch whose hands can be stopped to allow of time that has elapsed being calculated more exactly, used in timing a race, &c. [M. E. _stoppen_--O. Fr. _estouper_ (Ice. _stoppa_, Ger.

_stopfen_, to stuff); all from L. _stupa_, the coarse part of flax, tow.]

STOPE, st[=o]p, _v.t._ to excavate, to remove the contents of a vein.--_n._ an excavation for this purpose.--_n._ ST[=O]'PING.

STOPPLE, stop'l, _n._ that which stops or closes the mouth of a vessel: a cork or plug.--_v.t._ to close with a stopple.

STORAX, st[=o]'raks, _n._ a resin resembling benzoin, obtained from the stem of _Styrax officinalis_, a native of Greece and the Levant, formerly used as a stimulating expectorant.--LIQUID STORAX, liquidambar. [L.,--Gr.


STORE, st[=o]r, _n._ a hoard or quantity gathered: abundance: a storehouse: any place where goods are sold: (_pl._) supplies of provisions, ammunition, &c. for an army or a ship.--_v.t._ to gather in quantities: to supply: to lay up in store: to hoard: to place in a warehouse.--_adj._ ST[=O]'RABLE, capable of being stored.--_ns._ ST[=O]'RAGE, the placing in a store: the safe-keeping of goods in a store: the price paid or charged for keeping goods in a store; STORE'-FARM (_Scot._), a stock-farm, a cattle-farm; STORE'-FARM'ER; STORE'HOUSE, a house for storing goods of any kind: a repository: a treasury; STORE'-KEEP'ER, a man who has charge of a store: one who owns a store: (_U.S._) any unsaleable article; ST[=O]'RER, one who stores; STORE'ROOM, a room in which things are stored: a room in a store; STORE'-SHIP, a vessel used for transporting naval stores.--IN STORE (_Shak._), in hoard for future use, ready for supply; SET STORE BY, to value greatly. [O. Fr. _estor_, _estoire_--L. _instaur[=a]re_, to provide.]

STOREY, st[=o]'ri, _n._ Same as STORY.

STORGE, stor'j[=e], _n._ natural affection. [Gr.]


STORK, stork, _n._ a long-necked and long-legged wading-bird nearly allied to the heron, spoonbill, and ibis--the COMMON STORK or WHITE STORK (_Ciconia alba_) about 3 feet long, migratory in habit, common in Holland and northern Germany, often semi-domesticated, nesting on the tops of houses, &c.--_n._ STORK'S'-BILL, any plant of the genus _Erodium_, esp. the heron's-bill: a plant of the genus _Pelargonium_. [A.S. _storc_; Ger.


STORM, storm, _n._ a violent commotion of the atmosphere producing wind, rain, &c.: a tempest: a fall of snow, a prolonged frost: an outbreak of anger, or the like: violent agitation of society: commotion: tumult: calamity: (_mil._) an assault.--_v.i._ to raise a tempest: to blow with violence: to be in a violent passion.--_v.t._ to attack by open force: to assault.--_n._ STORM'-[=A]'REA, the area covered by a storm.--_adjs._ STORM'-BEAT, -BEAT'EN, beaten or injured by storms.--_ns._ STORM'-BELT, a belt of maximum storm frequency; STORM'-BIRD, a petrel.--_adj._ STORM'BOUND, delayed by storms.--_ns._ STORM'-CARD, a sailors' chart showing from the direction of the wind the ship's position in relation to a storm-centre, and accordingly the proper course to be shaped; STORM'-CEN'TRE, the position of lowest pressure in a cyclonic storm; STORM'-COCK, the fieldfare: the mistle-thrush; STORM'-CONE, a cone of canvas stretched on a frame 3 feet high as a storm-signal; STORM'-DOOR, an outer supplementary door to shelter the interior of a building; STORM'-DRUM, a canvas cylinder extended on a hoop 3 feet high by 3 feet wide, hoisted in conjunction with the cone as a storm-signal.--_adj._ STORM'FUL, abounding with storms.--_ns._ STORM'FULNESS; STORM'-GLASS, a tube containing a solution of camphor, the amount of the precipitate varying with the weather; STORM'-HOUSE, a temporary shelter for men working on a railway, &c.; STORM'INESS; STORM'ING-PAR'TY, the party of men who first enter the breach or scale the walls in storming a fortress.--_adj._ STORM'LESS, without storms.--_ns._ STORM'-SAIL, a sail of the strongest canvas, for stormy weather; STORM'-SIG'NAL, a signal displayed on seacoasts, &c., to intimate the approach of a storm by the cone and drum, or by flags and lanterns in the United States; STORM'-STAY, a stay on which a storm-sail is set.--_adjs._ STORM'-STAYED, hindered from proceeding by storms; STORM'-TOSSED, tossed about by storms: much agitated by conflicting passions.--_ns._ STORM'-WIND, a wind that brings a storm, a hurricane; STORM'-WIN'DOW, a window raised above the roof, slated above and at the sides.--_adj._ STORM'Y, having many storms: agitated with furious winds: boisterous: violent: passionate. [A.S. _storm_; Ice. _stormr_; from root of _stir_.]

STORNELLO, stor-nel'[=o], _n._ an Italian kind of improvised folk-song:--_pl._ STORNELL'I. [It.]

STORTHING, st[=o]r'ting, _n._ the legislative assembly of Norway. [Norw.

_stor_, great, _thing_, assembly.]

STORY, st[=o]'ri, _n._ history or narrative of incidents in their sequence: an account, report, statement: an anecdote: the plot of a novel or drama: a lie, a fib, a fictitious narrative.--_v.t._ to tell or describe historically, to relate: to adorn with sculptured or painted scenes from history.--_v.i._ to relate.--_adjs._ STORI[=A]'TED, decorated with elaborate ornamental designs; ST[=O]'RIED, told or celebrated in a story: having a history: interesting from the stories belonging to it: adorned with scenes from history.--_ns._ STORIOL'OGIST, one learned in the comparative study of folk-tales; STORIOL'OGY, the scientific study of folk-tales; ST[=O]'RY-BOOK, a book of stories or tales true or fictitious; ST[=O]'RY-TELL'ER, one who relates tales, a liar; ST[=O]'RY-TELL'ING, act of relating stories: lying. [A short form of _history_.]

STORY, STOREY, st[=o]'ri, _n._ a division of a house reached by one flight of stairs: a set of rooms on the same floor.--THE UPPER STORY, the brain.

[O. Fr. _estoree_--_estorer_--L. _instaur[=a]re_, to build.]

STOSH, stosh, _n._ fish-offal, pomace.

STOT, stot, _n._ a young ox, a steer. [Ice. _stutr_, a bull.]

STOT, stot, _v.i._ (_prov._) to stumble.--Also STOT'TER.

STOUND, stownd, _n._ (_Spens._) a stunning influence, a blow, amazement: a shooting pain: a noise: sorrow, grief, mishap: effort.--_v.t._ to stun, astound. [A contr. of _astound_.]

STOUND, stownd, _n._ (_Spens._) a moment of time: time, season, hour. [A.S.


STOUND, stownd (_Spens._). Same as STUNNED.

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