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SALVER, sal'v[.e]r, _n._ a plate on which anything is presented.--_adj._ SAL'VER-SHAPED, in the form of a salver or tray. [Sp. _salva_, a salver, _salvar_, to save--Low L. _salv[=a]re_, to save.]

SALVIA, sal'vi-a, _n._ a large genus of gamopetalous Labiate plants, including the sage.

SALVINIA, sal-vin'i-a, _n._ a genus of heterosporous ferns--formerly called _Rhizocarpeae_ or _Pepperworts_.

SALVO, sal'v[=o], _n._ an exception: a reservation. [L., in phrase, _salvo jure_, one's right being safe.]

SALVO, sal'v[=o], _n._ a military or naval salute with guns: a simultaneous discharge of artillery: the combined cheers of a multitude:--_pl._ SALVOS (sal'v[=o]z). [It. _salva_, a salute--L. _salve_, hail!]

SAL-VOLATILE, sal'-vo-lat'i-le. See SAL.

SALVOR, sal'vor, _n._ one who saves a cargo from wreck, fire, &c. [See SALVAGE.]

SAM, sam, _adv._ (_Spens._) together.--_v.t._ to collect, to curdle milk.

[A.S. _samnian_--_samen_, together.]

SAMARA, s[=a]-mar'a, or sam'-, _n._ a dry indehiscent, usually one-sided fruit, with a wing, as in the ash, elm, and maple--the last a double samara.--_adjs._ SAM'ARIFORM; SAM'AROID. [L.]

SAMARE, sa-mar', _n._ an old form of women's long-skirted jacket.

SAMARITAN, sa-mar'i-tan, _adj._ pertaining to _Samaria_ in Palestine.--_n._ an inhabitant of Samaria, esp. one of the despised mixed population planted therein after the deportation of the Israelites: the language of Samaria, an archaic Hebrew, or rather Hebrew Aramaic, dialect: a charitable person--from Luke, x. 30-37.--_n._ SAMAR'ITANISM, charity, benevolence.--SAMARITAN PENTATEUCH, a recension of the Hebrew Pentateuch, in use amongst the Samaritans, and accepted by them as alone canonical.

SAMAVEDA, sa-ma-v[=a]'da, _n._ the name of one of the four Vedas. [Sans.]

SAMBO, sam'b[=o], _n._ a negro: properly the child of a mulatto and a negro. [Sp. _zambo_--L. _scambus_, bow-legged.]

SAMBUCUS, sam-b[=u]'kus, _n._ a genus of gamopetalous trees and shrubs of the honeysuckle family--the elders. [L.]

SAMBUKE, sam'b[=u]k, _n._ an ancient musical instrument, probably a harp.--Also SAMB[=U]'CA. [Gr. _sambyk[=e]_--Heb. _sabeka_.]

SAMBUR, sam'bur, _n._ the Indian elk.--Also SAM'BOO. [Hind. _sambre_.]

SAME, s[=a]m, _adv._ (_Spens._). Same as SAM.

SAME, s[=a]m, _adj._ identical: of the like kind or degree: similar: mentioned before.--_adj._ SAME'LY, unvaried.--_n._ SAME'NESS, the being the same: tedious monotony.--ALL THE SAME, for all that; AT THE SAME TIME, still, nevertheless. [A.S. _same_; Goth. _samana_; L. _similis_, like, Gr.


SAMIA, s[=a]'mi-a, _n._ a genus of bombycid moths, belonging to North America.

SAMIAN, s[=a]'mi-an, _adj._ pertaining to, or from, the island of _Samos_, in the Greek Archipelago.--_n._ (also S[=A]'MIOT, S[=A]'MIOTE) a native of Samos.--SAMIAN EARTH, an argillaceous astringent earth; SAMIAN STONE, a goldsmiths' polishing-stone; SAMIAN WARE, an ancient kind of pottery, brick-red or black, with lustrous glaze.

SAMIEL, s[=a]'mi-el, _n._ the simoom. [Turk. _samyeli_--Ar. _samm_, poison, Turk. _yel_, wind.]

SAMISEN, sam'i-sen, _n._ a Japanese guitar.

SAMITE, sam'it, _n._ a kind of heavy silk stuff. [O. Fr. _samit_--Low L.

_examitum_--Gr. _hexamiton_, _hex_, six, _mitos_, thread.]

SAMLET, sam'let, _n._ a parr: a salmon of the first year. [Prob.


SAMMY, sam'i, _v.t._ to moisten skins with water.--_n._ a machine for doing this.

SAMNITE, sam'n[=i]t, _adj._ and _n._ pertaining to an ancient Sabine people of central Italy, crushed by the Romans after a long struggle: a Roman gladiator armed with shield, sleeve on right arm, helmet, shoulder-piece, and greave.

SAMOAN, sa-m[=o]'an, _adj._ and _n._ pertaining to _Samoa_ in the Pacific.--SAMOAN DOVE, the tooth-billed pigeon.

SAMOLUS, sam'[=o]-lus, _n._ a genus of herbaceous plants of the primrose family. [L.]

SAMOSATENIAN, sam-[=o]-sa-t[=e]'ni-an, _n._ a follower of Paul of _Samosata_, bishop of Antioch, the Socinus of the 3d century.

SAMOTHRACIAN, sam-[=o]-thr[=a]'si-an, _adj._ belonging to the island of _Samothrace_ in the aegean Sea.

SAMOVAR, sam'[=o]-var, _n._ a tea-urn used in Russia, commonly of copper, the water in it heated by charcoal in a tube extending from top to bottom.

[Russ. _samovar[)u]_, prob. Tartar.]

SAMOYED, sa-m[=o]'yed, _n._ one of a Ural-Altaic race between the Obi and the Yenisei.--_adj._ SAMOYED'IC.

SAMP, samp, _n._ Indian corn coarsely ground: a kind of hominy, also porridge made from it.


SAMPAN, sam'pan, _n._ a small boat used in China and Japan.--Also SAN'PAN.

[Chin. _san_, _sam_, three, _pan_, a board.]

SAMPHIRE, sam'f[=i]r, or sam'f[.e]r, _n._ an herb found chiefly on rocky cliffs near the sea, used in pickles and salads. [Corr. from Fr. _Saint Pierre_, Saint Peter.]

SAMPI, sam'p[=i], _n._ a character, [sampi] representing a sibilant in early Greek use, later obsolete except as a numeral sign for 900.

SAMPLE, sam'pl, _n._ a specimen: a part to show the quality of the whole: an example.--_v.t._ to make up samples of: to place side by side with: to match: to test by examination.--_ns._ SAM'PLER, one who makes up samples (in compounds, as _wool-sampler_); SAM'PLE-ROOM, a room where samples are shown: (_slang_) a grog-shop; SAM'PLE-SCALE, an accurately balanced lever-scale for weighing ten-thousandths of a pound. [Short for _esample_, from O. Fr. _essample_--L. _exemplum_, example.]

SAMPLER, sam'pl[.e]r, _n._ a pattern of work: a piece of ornamental embroidery, worsted-work, &c., containing names, figures, texts, &c.--_n._ SAM'PLARY (_obs._), a pattern, an example. [Formed from L. _exemplar_.]

SAMPSUCHINE, samp-s[=oo]'ch[=e]n, _n._ (_obs._) sweet marjoram.

SAMSHOO, SAMSHU, sam'sh[=oo], _n._ an ardent spirit distilled by the Chinese from rice: any kind of spirits. [Chin. _san_, _sam_, three, _shao_, to fire.]

SAMSON-POST, sam'son-p[=o]st, _n._ a strong upright stanchion or post for various uses on board ship.

SAMURAI, sam'[=oo]-r[=i], _n. sing._ (also _pl._) a member of the military class in the old feudal system of Japan, including both daimios, or territorial nobles, and their military retainers: a military retainer, a two-sworded man. [Jap.]

SAMYDA, sam'i-da, _n._ a genus of shrubs, native to the West Indies. [Gr.

_s[=e]myda_, the birch.]

SANABLE, san'a-bl, _adj._ able to be made sane or sound: curable.--_ns._ SANABIL'ITY, SAN'ABLENESS, capability of being cured; SAN[=A]'TION (_obs._), a healing or curing.--_adj._ SAN'ATIVE, tending, or able, to heal: healing.--_ns._ SAN'ATIVENESS; SANAT[=O]'RIUM (see SANITARY).--_adj._ SAN'ATORY, healing: conducive to health. [L. _sanabilis_--_san[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to heal.]

SANBENITO, san-be-n[=e]'t[=o], _n._ a garment grotesquely decorated with flames, devils, &c., worn by the victims of the Inquisition--at an _auto-de-fe_--for public recantation or execution. [Sp., from its resemblance in shape to the garment of the order of _St Benedict_--Sp. _San Benito_.]

SANCHO, sang'k[=o], _n._ a musical instrument like the guitar, used by negroes.

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