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1150-1250); SEM'I-SEP'TATE, half-partitioned.--_ns._ SEM'I-SEX'TILE, the position of planets when they are distant from each other the twelfth part of a circle, or 30; SEM'I-SMILE, a faint smile.--_adjs._ SEM'I-SOLID, partially solid; SEMISPHER'ICAL, having the figure of a half-sphere.--_ns._ SEM'I-SPIN[=A]'LIS, a deep muscular layer of the back; SEM'I-SQUARE, an aspect of two planets when 45 degrees from each other; SEM'I-STEEL, puddled steel.--_adjs._ SEM'I-SUPERNAT'URAL, half-divine and half-human; SEM'I-S[=U]'PINATED, placed between supination and pronation.--_ns._ SEM'I-TAN'GENT, the tangent of half an arc; SEM'I-TENDIN[=O]'SUS, a fusiform muscle on the back of the thigh.--_adjs._ SEMITEN'DINOUS, tendinous for half its length; SEMIT[=E]R[=E]'TE, half-round; SEMITER'TIAN, partly tertian and partly quotidian.--_n._ SEM'ITONE, half a tone: one of the lesser intervals of the musical scale, as from B to C.--_adj._ SEMITON'IC.--_n._ SEM'I-TRANSP[=A]'RENCY.--_adjs._ SEM'I-TRANSP[=A]RENT, half or imperfectly transparent; SEM'I-TROP'ICAL, subtropical; SEM'I-T[=U]'BULAR, like the half of a tube divided longitudinally; SEM'I-TYCHON'IC, approximating to Tycho Brahe's astronomical system; SEM'I-UN'CIAL, intermediate between uncial and minuscule.--_n._ a method of writing Latin and Greek in use in the sixth and seventh centuries.--_adjs._ SEMIVIT'REOUS, partially vitreous; SEMIVIT'RIFIED, half-vitrified; SEM'IVIVE (_obs._) half-alive; SEM'I-V[=O]'CAL, pertaining to a semivowel: imperfectly sounding.--_n._ SEMIVOW'EL, a half-vowel, a letter possessing the character of both a vowel and a consonant, usually only _w_ and _y_, but sometimes including also the liquids _l_ and _r_ and the nasals _m_ and _n_.--_adj._ SEM'I-WEEK'LY, issued twice a week.--SEMICYLINDRICAL LEAF, a leaf elongated, flat on one side, round on the other.

SEMINAL, sem'in-al, _adj._ pertaining to seed: radical: rudimentary.--_n._ (_obs._) a seed.--_n._ SEMINAL'ITY, the germinating principle.--_v.t._ SEM'IN[=A]TE, to sow: to propagate: to disseminate.--_n._ SEMIN[=A]'TION, act of sowing: natural dispersion of seed: propagation.--_adjs._ SEMINIF'EROUS, seed-bearing: producing seed; SEMINIF'IC, producing seed.--_ns._ SEMINIFIC[=A]'TION; SEM'INIST, one who holds that the admixture of the male and female seed originates the new individual. [L.

_semen_, _seminis_, seed--_ser[)e]re_, to sow.]

SEMINARY, sem'in-ar-i, _n._ the original place whence anything is derived, a nursery: a place of education, esp. in branches of knowledge to be afterwards applied in practice, as theology, &c.: a group of advanced students working in some specific subject of study under a teacher--also and more commonly SEMINaR' (the German name): a seminary priest.--_n._ SEM'INARIST, a student at a seminary: a R.C. priest educated in a foreign seminary.

SEMINOLE; sem'i-n[=o]l, _n._ one of a tribe of American Indians, originally a vagrant branch of the Creeks, now mostly confined to the Indian Territory.


SEMIOTELLUS, s[=e]-mi-[=o]-tel'us, _n._ a widely distributed genus of hymenopterous parasites.

SEMIS, s[=e]'mis, _n._ a bronze coin of the ancient Roman republic, half the value of an as.

SEMISPATA, sem-i-sp[=a]'ta, _n._ a Frankish dagger. [L. _semi-_, half, _spatha_, a sword.]

SEMITA, sem'i-ta, _n._ a fasciole of the spatangoid sea-urchins.--_adj._ SEM'ITAL. [L., a path.]

SEMITAUR, sem'i-tawr, _n._ a fabulous animal, half-bull, half-man. [L.

_semi-_, half, _taurus_, a bull.]

SEMITIC, sem-it'ik, _adj._ pertaining to the _Semites_, or supposed descendants of Shem, or their language, customs, &c.--also SHEMIT'IC.--_ns._ SEM'ITE; SEMITIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ SEM'ITISE, to render Semitic in language or religion.--_ns._ SEM'ITISM, a Semitic idiom; SEM'ITIST, a Hebrew scholar.--SEMITIC LANGUAGES, Assyrian, Aramean, Hebrew, Phoenician, together with Arabic and Ethiopic. [Applied by J. G. Eichhorn in 1817 to the closely allied peoples represented in Gen. x. as descended from _Shem_.]

SEMMIT, sem'it, _n._ (_Scot._) an undershirt. [_Samite_.]

SEMNOPITHECINae, sem-n[=o]-pith-[=e]-s[=i]'n[=e], _n._ a sub-family of catarrhine monkeys.--_adjs._ SEMNOPITH'ECINE, SEMNOPITH'ECOID.--_n._ SEMNOPITH[=E]'CUS, the typical genus of the foregoing sub-family, the sacred monkeys of Asia. [Gr. _semnos_, honoured, _pith[=e]kos_, an ape.]

SEMOLINA, sem-[=o]-l[=e]'na, _n._ the particles of fine, hard wheat which do not pass into flour in milling: an article of food consisting of granules of the floury part of wheat.--Also SEM'[=O]LA, SEM[=O]LI'N[=O].

[It. _semola_--L. _simila_, the finest wheat flour.]

SEMOSTOMae, s[=e]-mos't[=o]-m[=e], a sub-order of _Discomedusae_, containing jelly-fishes.--_adj._ S[=E]MOS'TOMOUS, having long oral processes. [Gr. _s[=e]ma_, a mark, _stoma_, mouth.]

SEMOTED, s[=e]-m[=o]'ted, _adj._ (_obs._) separated: remote.

SEMOTILUS, s[=e]-mot'i-lus, _n._ an American genus of leuciscine fishes, including the chub and dace. [Gr. _s[=e]ma_, a mark, _ptilon_, a feather.]

SEMPER IDEM, sem'p[.e]r [=i]'dem, always the same. [L.]

SEMPERVIRENT, sem-p[.e]r-v[=i]'rent, _adj._ evergreen. [L. _semper_, always, _virens_--_vir[=e]re_, to be green.]

SEMPER VIVUM, sem'p[.e]r v[=i]'vum, _n._ a genus of polypetalous plants, including the house-leek. [L.]

SEMPITERNAL, sem-pi-t[.e]r'nal, _adj._ everlasting: endless--also SEMP'ITERN.--_v.t._ SEMPITER'NISE, to perpetuate.--_n._ SEMPITER'NITY.--_adj._ SEMPITER'NOUS.--_n._ SEMPITER'NUM, a durable twilled woollen material. [L. _sempiternus_--_semper_, ever, _aeternus_, eternal.]

SEMPLE, sem'pl, _adj._ a Scotch form of simple, esp. meaning of low birth, the opposite of _Gentle_.

SEMPLICE, sem'pl[=e]-che, _adj._ (_mus._) simple, without embellishments.


SEMPRE, sem'pre, _adv._ (_mus._) in the same style throughout. [It.,--L.

_semper_, always.]

SEMPSTER, sem'st[.e]r, SEMPSTRESS, sem'stres, _n._ a woman who sews.


SEMUNCIA, s[=e]-mun'shi-a, _n._ a Roman coin of four drachmas weight, the twenty-fourth part of the Roman pound.--_adj._ SEMUN'CIAL.

SEN., s[=e]n, an abbreviation of _Senior_.

SEN, sen, _n._ a Japanese copper coin the hundredth part of a yen or dollar.

SEnAL, se-nyal', _n._ (_Amer._) a landmark. [Sp.]

SENARY, sen'ar-i, _adj._ containing six: of or belonging to six.--_n._ SEN[=A]'RIUS, in Latin prosody, a verse of six feet. [L.

_senarius_--_seni_, six each--_sex_, six.]

SENATE, sen'[=a]t, _n._ a legislative or deliberative body, esp. the upper house of a national legislature, as of France, the United States, &c.: a body of venerable or distinguished persons: the governing body of the University of Cambridge.--_ns._ SEN'ATE-HOUSE, a house in which a senate meets; SEN'ATOR, a member of a senate: in Scotland, the lords of session are called SENATORS OF THE COLLEGE OF JUSTICE.--_adj._ SENAT[=O]'RIAL, pertaining to, or becoming, a senate or a senator.--_adv._ SENAT[=O]'RIALLY, with senatorial dignity.--_ns._ SEN'ATORSHIP; SEN[=A]'TUS, a governing body in certain universities.--SEN[=A]TUS ACADEMICUS, the governing body of a Scotch university, consisting of the principal and professors; SEN[=A]TUS CONSULT, a decree of the senate of ancient Rome. [L. _senatus_--_senex_, _senis_, an old man.]

SENCE, sens, _n._ an obsolete form of sense.

SENCH, sensh, _v.t._ to cause to sink.

SENCION, sen'shi-on, N. (_obs._) groundsel. [L. _senecio_.]

SEND, send, _v.t._ to cause to go: to cause to be conveyed: to despatch: to forward: to compel: to throw: to hurl: to authorise: to grant: to drive: to dismiss: to commission: to diffuse: to bestow.--_v.i._ to despatch a message or messenger: (_naut._) to pitch into the trough of the sea:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ sent.--_n._ (_Scot._) a messenger, esp. one sent for the bride: a present: the impulse of a wave on a ship.--_ns._ SEN'DER, one who sends: (_teleg._) the instrument by which a message is transmitted; SEN'DING, despatching: pitching bodily into the trough of the sea; SEND'-OFF, a start as on a journey.--SEND FOR, to require by message to come or be brought; SEND FORTH, or OUT, to give, put, or bring forth; SEND TO COVENTRY, to cut: to exclude from society. [A.S. _sendan_; Ice. _senda_, Goth. _sandjan_, Ger. _senden_.]

SENDAL, sen'dal, _n._ a thin silk or linen. [O. Fr.,--Low L. _cendalum_--L.

_sindon_--Gr. _sind[=o]n_.]

SENECA-OIL, sen'[=e]-ka-oil, _n._ crude petroleum.--SENECA'S MICROSCOPE, a glass globe filled with water.

SENECIO, s[=e]-n[=e]'si-o, _n._ a genus of composite plants--ragwort, &c.--_adj._ SEN[=E]'CIOID.

SENEGA, sen'[=e]-ga, _n._ the seneca snakeroot, the dried root of _Polygala Senega_, good for snake-bites.

SENEGAL, sen'[=e]-gal, _n._ a small African blood-finch, the fire-bird.

SENESCENCE, s[=e]-nes'ens, _n._ the state of growing old or decaying: decay by time.--_n._ SENEC'TITUDE.--_adj._ SENES'CENT, growing old: decaying with the lapse of time. [L. _senescens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _senesc[)e]re_, to grow old--_senex_, old.]

SENESCHAL, sen'e-shal, _n._ a steward: a major-domo.--_n._ SEN'ESCHALSHIP.

[O. Fr., (Fr. _senechal_)--_sin-s_, old, _skalks_, a servant.]

SENEX, s[=e]'neks, _n._ a South American hawk: a Brazilian swift.

SENG-GUNG, seng'-gung, _n._ the teledu or Javan badger.

SENGREEN, sen'gr[=e]n, _n._ the house-leek: (_her._) a figure resembling it. [A.S. _singrene_; Ger. _singrun_.]

SENHOR, se-ny[=o]r', _n._ the Portuguese form corresponding to the Spanish _senor_ and Italian _signor_.

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